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Julius Caesar Julius Caesar Act

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					Julius Caesar


    Act One Study Guide
Vocabulary

 wherefore – why; for what reason
 exeunt – exit; leave the stage (stage
  direction)
 vulgar – common people

(Flavius, line 72, noun)
 construe – think; interpret
Literary Terms

 blank verse – unrhymed poetry or lines of
  dramatic verse
(characters – Flavius, Murellus)

 prose – literature written in sentence and
  paragraph form
(characters – Cobbler, Carpenter)
(reason for prose/poetry – separate the upper
  class of society from the lower)
Literary Terms, cont.

   tragedy – play in which a main character
    (tragic hero) suffers a downfall

 pun – humorous play on two or more
  meanings of the same word or on two
  different words with the same sound
(example – Truly, sir, all that I live by is with the
  awl.)
Literary Terms, cont

  conflict – struggle between opposing forces in
   a story or play
(external - against outside force
 1 – person vs. person, 2 – person vs. nature,
 3 – person vs. society, 4 – person vs. fate)
(internal – within the mind of a character torn
   between opposing feelings or goals; person
   vs. self)
Literary Terms, cont.

 soliloquy – long speech spoken by character in
  dramatic work who is typically alone on stage
(example – Cassius’s speech in Act 1, Scene 2,
  lines 303 – 317)
 iambic meter – two syllables given a predictable
  rhythm; unstressed, followed by stressed
  (complete)
 iambic pentameter – five iambic meters; most
  common meter in English poetry
(O par/don me, /thou bleed/ing piece/of earth.
Literary Terms, cont.

 metaphor – figure of speech that compares two
  or more things that have something in common
(example – Upon what meat doth this our Caesar
  feed that he is grown so great, lines 149 - 150)

 simile – a figure of speech using like or as to
  compare seemingly unlike things
(example – He doth bestride the narrow world like
  a Colossus, lines 135 – 136)
#1

Where and when was Shakespeare born?
 Stratford-upon-Avon

 1564
#2

What theatre did Shakespeare help build?
 Globe (Wooden O)
#3

When did he die?
 1616
#4

In what historical period was Shakespeare
  living?
 English Renaissance (16th century)

Who was the ruler of England at that time?
 Elizabeth I
#5

What three types of plays did Shakespeare
  write? Give examples of each.
 Comedies – Much Ado About Nothing

 Tragedies – Julius Caesar; Romeo and Juliet

 Histories – Henry IV
#6

What was it like to go to a play during
  Shakespear’s time?
 Three levels of galleries – for middle class
  and nobility (benches of stone or wood)
 Less well-to-do people – stand and watch
  from the center; on the ground (groundlings)
 Play’s length – 3 hours; no intermission

 Play’s time – daylight hours

 Theatre Season – May to September
#7

What historian did Shakespeare use as a
  source for writing Julius Caesar?
 Thomas North’s translation of Plutarch’s
  history.
 Original source – Plutarch’s history (Plutarch
  was a famous historian from Caesar’s era.)
#8

When and where did Julius Caesar live?
 100 BC – 44 BC

 Rome

What was his given name?
 Full name – Gaius Julius Caesar
#9

Who was Pompey?
 Roman general

Although he is not in the play, why is he
  important to the plot?
 Caesar defeated him in battle right before the
  play begins in a civil war.
 Caesar seems prepared to reestablish a
  monarchy in Rome after many years of living
  in a republic.
#10

What is the setting of the play?
 A street in Rome
#11

What holiday is being celebrated?
 The Feast of Lupercal (religious festival for a
  god worshiped by shepherds as a protector
  of flocks)
 Also, people are out celebrating Caesar’s
  victory and homecoming.
#12

Who are Murellus and Flavius?
 Tribunes – public officials who protect the
  rights of the lower classes (plebians)
#13

Why do they want to drive the commoners
  (plebians) from the street?
 Murellus and Flavius were loyal followers of
  the former ruler, Pompey, and they are upset
  that Caesar is being celebrated for victory
  over a fellow Roman and not a foreign foe
  (enemy).
#14

What do these two tribunes do to further hinder
  the celebration of Caesar’s victory?
 Remove the decorations honoring Caesar
  from statues around Rome
 Send the common people back to their
  homes and jobs
#15

What does Caesar tell Antony to do to
  Calphurnia during the race?
 To touch Calphurnia with his leather thong (a
  strip of leather or hide used for whipping) as
  he runs in a race.
 Caesar hopes it will make her fertile
#16

Why might Caesar ask Antony to do this in front
  of everyone else?
 To demonstrate Antony’s loyalty to Caesar in
  front of everyone present.
 “When Caesar says, ‘Do this,’ it is
  performed.”
#17

What is a soothsayer?
 A person who predicts the future

Of what does he warn Caesar?
 “Beware the Ides of March (March 15)
#18

What does the Latin term ides mean?
 The middle of the month.
#19

Does Marcus Brutus like Caesar?
 Yes

What does Brutus think of Caesar’s rise to
  power? Use lines from the play to support
  your answer.
 He’s afraid of what it means for Rome if
  Caesar becomes King.
 “ . . . yet I love him well.” (line 82)
#20

Brutus says, “For let the gods so speed me as I
  love/The name of honor more than I fear
  death.” What do these lines imply about
  Brutus’s most important value in life?
 He values truthfulness

 He’d rather lose his life than lie.
#21

What story does Cassius tell Brutus about
  Caesar?
 That once Caesar dared Cassius to swim to a
  specific point off the banks of the Tiber River.
 Cassius had to save Caesar when Caesar
  became too weak to swim any further.
#22

Why do you think Cassius told this story?
 To show Caesar is not as powerful as he may
  appear to be.
#23

What is Caesar’s opinion of Cassius?
 He doesn’t like or trust him. He says his eyes
  are like a ferret’s and that he is too lean.
Why does he feel this way?
 Cassius likes to read and think; he’s too
  serious for Caesar. Caesar also believes
  he’s power hungry and wily.
#24

What handicap does Caesar reveal about
  himself when speaking to Antony?
 He’s deaf in his left ear.
#25

How many times was Caesar offered a coronet
  (a small crown) while at the race?
 Three
#26

What was Caesar’s reaction to the offering,
  according to Casca?
 He would have liked to accept the crown, but
  didn’t dare to yet.
 Caesar put on a show of modesty for the
  crowd.
It’s important to remember that it’s Caesar’s “yes”
      man offering the crown and not the people.
#27

What sickness does Caesar appear to be
  afflicted with?
 Epilepsy - “falling sickness”
#28

What happens to Murellus and Flavius?
 They were “put to silence” (banned from
  speaking in public, exiled, or even executed)
  for removing decorations from the statues of
  Caesar.
#29

What does Cassius plan to do to convince
  Brutus to conspire against Caesar?
 Secretly deliver letters that appear to be from
  several citizens hinting to Brutus that Caesar
  will not be a good ruler.
#30

What unusual events occur during the storm?
 Casca saw a man with hands on fire, but his
  skin was not burning.
 A lion was walking on the street by the
  Capitol, but did not attack Casca.
 Others saw people on fire walking on the
  streets.
 An screeching owl, a night bird, was seen in
  the marketplace during the day.
#31

What meaning does Cassius interpret from the
  storm?
 He believes these seemingly bad omens are
  good signs for his purposes.
 He believes the gods are warning the
  Romans about bad things that will come if
  Caesar comes to power.
#32

According to Casca, what are the senators
  planning to do to Caesar tomorrow?
 They will make Caesar king of Rome.
#33

Who is definitely part of the conspiracy?
 Cassius

 Casca

 Cinna

 Decius

 Trebonius

 Metellus Cimber
    Brutus has not yet decided to join the conspiracy
    so including his name in this group, at the end of
               ACT 1, would be premature.

				
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