Julius Caesar Julius Caesar Act

Document Sample
Julius Caesar Julius Caesar Act Powered By Docstoc
					Julius Caesar

    Act One Study Guide

 wherefore – why; for what reason
 exeunt – exit; leave the stage (stage
 vulgar – common people

(Flavius, line 72, noun)
 construe – think; interpret
Literary Terms

 blank verse – unrhymed poetry or lines of
  dramatic verse
(characters – Flavius, Murellus)

 prose – literature written in sentence and
  paragraph form
(characters – Cobbler, Carpenter)
(reason for prose/poetry – separate the upper
  class of society from the lower)
Literary Terms, cont.

   tragedy – play in which a main character
    (tragic hero) suffers a downfall

 pun – humorous play on two or more
  meanings of the same word or on two
  different words with the same sound
(example – Truly, sir, all that I live by is with the
Literary Terms, cont

  conflict – struggle between opposing forces in
   a story or play
(external - against outside force
 1 – person vs. person, 2 – person vs. nature,
 3 – person vs. society, 4 – person vs. fate)
(internal – within the mind of a character torn
   between opposing feelings or goals; person
   vs. self)
Literary Terms, cont.

 soliloquy – long speech spoken by character in
  dramatic work who is typically alone on stage
(example – Cassius’s speech in Act 1, Scene 2,
  lines 303 – 317)
 iambic meter – two syllables given a predictable
  rhythm; unstressed, followed by stressed
 iambic pentameter – five iambic meters; most
  common meter in English poetry
(O par/don me, /thou bleed/ing piece/of earth.
Literary Terms, cont.

 metaphor – figure of speech that compares two
  or more things that have something in common
(example – Upon what meat doth this our Caesar
  feed that he is grown so great, lines 149 - 150)

 simile – a figure of speech using like or as to
  compare seemingly unlike things
(example – He doth bestride the narrow world like
  a Colossus, lines 135 – 136)

Where and when was Shakespeare born?
 Stratford-upon-Avon

 1564

What theatre did Shakespeare help build?
 Globe (Wooden O)

When did he die?
 1616

In what historical period was Shakespeare
 English Renaissance (16th century)

Who was the ruler of England at that time?
 Elizabeth I

What three types of plays did Shakespeare
  write? Give examples of each.
 Comedies – Much Ado About Nothing

 Tragedies – Julius Caesar; Romeo and Juliet

 Histories – Henry IV

What was it like to go to a play during
  Shakespear’s time?
 Three levels of galleries – for middle class
  and nobility (benches of stone or wood)
 Less well-to-do people – stand and watch
  from the center; on the ground (groundlings)
 Play’s length – 3 hours; no intermission

 Play’s time – daylight hours

 Theatre Season – May to September

What historian did Shakespeare use as a
  source for writing Julius Caesar?
 Thomas North’s translation of Plutarch’s
 Original source – Plutarch’s history (Plutarch
  was a famous historian from Caesar’s era.)

When and where did Julius Caesar live?
 100 BC – 44 BC

 Rome

What was his given name?
 Full name – Gaius Julius Caesar

Who was Pompey?
 Roman general

Although he is not in the play, why is he
  important to the plot?
 Caesar defeated him in battle right before the
  play begins in a civil war.
 Caesar seems prepared to reestablish a
  monarchy in Rome after many years of living
  in a republic.

What is the setting of the play?
 A street in Rome

What holiday is being celebrated?
 The Feast of Lupercal (religious festival for a
  god worshiped by shepherds as a protector
  of flocks)
 Also, people are out celebrating Caesar’s
  victory and homecoming.

Who are Murellus and Flavius?
 Tribunes – public officials who protect the
  rights of the lower classes (plebians)

Why do they want to drive the commoners
  (plebians) from the street?
 Murellus and Flavius were loyal followers of
  the former ruler, Pompey, and they are upset
  that Caesar is being celebrated for victory
  over a fellow Roman and not a foreign foe

What do these two tribunes do to further hinder
  the celebration of Caesar’s victory?
 Remove the decorations honoring Caesar
  from statues around Rome
 Send the common people back to their
  homes and jobs

What does Caesar tell Antony to do to
  Calphurnia during the race?
 To touch Calphurnia with his leather thong (a
  strip of leather or hide used for whipping) as
  he runs in a race.
 Caesar hopes it will make her fertile

Why might Caesar ask Antony to do this in front
  of everyone else?
 To demonstrate Antony’s loyalty to Caesar in
  front of everyone present.
 “When Caesar says, ‘Do this,’ it is

What is a soothsayer?
 A person who predicts the future

Of what does he warn Caesar?
 “Beware the Ides of March (March 15)

What does the Latin term ides mean?
 The middle of the month.

Does Marcus Brutus like Caesar?
 Yes

What does Brutus think of Caesar’s rise to
  power? Use lines from the play to support
  your answer.
 He’s afraid of what it means for Rome if
  Caesar becomes King.
 “ . . . yet I love him well.” (line 82)

Brutus says, “For let the gods so speed me as I
  love/The name of honor more than I fear
  death.” What do these lines imply about
  Brutus’s most important value in life?
 He values truthfulness

 He’d rather lose his life than lie.

What story does Cassius tell Brutus about
 That once Caesar dared Cassius to swim to a
  specific point off the banks of the Tiber River.
 Cassius had to save Caesar when Caesar
  became too weak to swim any further.

Why do you think Cassius told this story?
 To show Caesar is not as powerful as he may
  appear to be.

What is Caesar’s opinion of Cassius?
 He doesn’t like or trust him. He says his eyes
  are like a ferret’s and that he is too lean.
Why does he feel this way?
 Cassius likes to read and think; he’s too
  serious for Caesar. Caesar also believes
  he’s power hungry and wily.

What handicap does Caesar reveal about
  himself when speaking to Antony?
 He’s deaf in his left ear.

How many times was Caesar offered a coronet
  (a small crown) while at the race?
 Three

What was Caesar’s reaction to the offering,
  according to Casca?
 He would have liked to accept the crown, but
  didn’t dare to yet.
 Caesar put on a show of modesty for the
It’s important to remember that it’s Caesar’s “yes”
      man offering the crown and not the people.

What sickness does Caesar appear to be
  afflicted with?
 Epilepsy - “falling sickness”

What happens to Murellus and Flavius?
 They were “put to silence” (banned from
  speaking in public, exiled, or even executed)
  for removing decorations from the statues of

What does Cassius plan to do to convince
  Brutus to conspire against Caesar?
 Secretly deliver letters that appear to be from
  several citizens hinting to Brutus that Caesar
  will not be a good ruler.

What unusual events occur during the storm?
 Casca saw a man with hands on fire, but his
  skin was not burning.
 A lion was walking on the street by the
  Capitol, but did not attack Casca.
 Others saw people on fire walking on the
 An screeching owl, a night bird, was seen in
  the marketplace during the day.

What meaning does Cassius interpret from the
 He believes these seemingly bad omens are
  good signs for his purposes.
 He believes the gods are warning the
  Romans about bad things that will come if
  Caesar comes to power.

According to Casca, what are the senators
  planning to do to Caesar tomorrow?
 They will make Caesar king of Rome.

Who is definitely part of the conspiracy?
 Cassius

 Casca

 Cinna

 Decius

 Trebonius

 Metellus Cimber
    Brutus has not yet decided to join the conspiracy
    so including his name in this group, at the end of
               ACT 1, would be premature.

Shared By: