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Seed Mixes - Pheasants Forever

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					                                Pheasants Forever & Quail Forever


                                       Seed Mixture Calculator
                                                     Updated January 20, 2012

                                                                                                   PLS        % of
                                                                                        PLS lbs seeds        Mixture   CO   Bloom
                 Species                                    Scientific Name             per acre per sq ft    PLS       C   Period

                                                          Available Grasses
Alkali Sacaton                                      Sporobolus airoides                             0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Annual Rye                                          Latium multifortum                              0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Basin Wildrye                                                                                       0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Big Bluestem                                        Andropogon gerardii                             0.00     #DIV/0!   5
Blue Grama, VNS                                     Bouteloua gracilis                              0.00     #DIV/0!   4
Blue Grama, Bad River                               Bouteloua gracilis                              0.00     #DIV/0!   4
Blue Grama, Hachita                                 Bouteloua gracilis                              0.00     #DIV/0!   4
Buffalograss                                        Buchloe dactyloides                             0.00     #DIV/0!
Canada Wildrye                                      Elymus canadensis                               0.00     #DIV/0!   5
Creeping Foxtail                                    Alopecurus arundinaceus                         0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Crested Wheatgrass                                  Agropyron cristatum                             0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Eastern Gamagrass                                   Tripsacum dactyloides                           0.00     #DIV/0!   7
Green Needlegrass                                   Stipa viridula                                  0.00     #DIV/0!   4
Indiangrass                                         Sorghastrum Nutans                              0.00     #DIV/0!   5
Intermediate Wheatgrass                             Elymus hispidus                                 0.00     #DIV/0!
Kentucky Bluegrass                                  Poa pratensis                                   0.00     #DIV/0!   0
Little Bluestem, Native                             Schizachyrium scoparium                         0.00     #DIV/0!   4
Little Bluestem                                     Schizachyrium scoparium                         0.00     #DIV/0!   4
Meadow Bromegrass                                   Bromus biebersteinii                            0.00     #DIV/0!
Needle & Thread                                     Stipa Comata                                    0.00     #DIV/0!   6
Orchardgrass                                        Dactylis glomerata                              0.00     #DIV/0!
Perennial Ryegrass                                  Lolium perenne var. perenne                     0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Prairie Cordgrass                                   Spartina pectinata                              0.00     #DIV/0!   5
Prairie Dropseed                                    Sporobolus heterolepis                          0.00     #DIV/0!   7
Prairie Junegrass                                   Koeleria pyramidata                             0.00     #DIV/0!   6
Prairie Sandreed                                    Clamamovilfa longifolia                         0.00     #DIV/0!   5
                                                    Agropyron intermedium var.
Pubescent Wheatgrass                                trichophorum                                    0.00     #DIV/0!
Redtop                                              Agrostis stolonifera                            0.00     #DIV/0!
Rough or Tall Dropseed                              Sporobolus compositus                           0.00     #DIV/0!   3
Russian Wildrye                                     Elymus junceus                                  0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Sand Bluestem                                       Andropogon hailii                               0.00     #DIV/0!   5
Sand Dropseed                                       Sporobolus cryptandrus                          0.00     #DIV/0!   2
Sand Lovegrass                                      Eragrostis trichodes                            0.00     #DIV/0!   5
Sideoats Grama                                      Bouteloua curtipendula                          0.00     #DIV/0!   5
Slender Wheatgrass                                  Elymus trachycaulus                             0.00     #DIV/0!   7
Smooth Bromegrass                                   Bromus inermis                                  0.00     #DIV/0!   0
Switchgrass                                         Panicum virgatum                                0.00     #DIV/0!   4
Switchgrass, Neb 28                                 Panicum virgatum                                0.00     #DIV/0!   4
Switchgrass, Cave N Rock                            Panicum virgatum                                0.00     #DIV/0!   4
Tall Wheatgrass                                     Elymus elongatus                                0.00     #DIV/0!
Thickspike Wheatgrass                                                                               0.00     #DIV/0!
Timothy                                             Phelum pratense                                 0.00     #DIV/0!
Virginia Wildrye                                    Elymus virginicus                               0.00     #DIV/0!   4
Western Wheatgrass                                  Elymus smithii                                  0.00     #DIV/0!   3
Grass Total                                                                              0.000      0.00     #DIV/0!

                                           Available Wildflower/Forbs/Legume
Alfalfa, Grazer                                     Medicago spp.                                   0.00     #DIV/0!   --     2
Alfalfa, VNS                                        Medicago spp.                                   0.00     #DIV/0!   --     2
Alsike Clover                                       Trifollurn hybridum                             0.00     #DIV/0!   --     2
Alumroot or Prairie Alumroot                        Heuchera richardsonii                           0.00     #DIV/0!   8      1
American Vetch                                      Vicia americana                                 0.00     #DIV/0!   6      1
Annual or Common Sunflower                          Helianthus annuus                               0.00     #DIV/0!   --     3
Arkansas Rose **                                    Rosa arkansana                                  0.00     #DIV/0!   4      1
Aromatic Aster                                      Aster oblongifolius                             0.00     #DIV/0!   5      3
Arrowleaf Clover                                    Trifollurn vesiculosum                          0.00     #DIV/0!   --     2
Ashy Sunflower **                                   Helianthus mollis                               0.00     #DIV/0!          3
Azure or Sky Blue Aster                             Aster azureus                                   0.00     #DIV/0!   7      3
Beggar-ticks                                        Bidens frondosa                                 0.00     #DIV/0!          3
Berseem or Egyptian Clover                          Trifolum alexandrinum                           0.00     #DIV/0!   --     2
Birdsfoot Trefoil                                   Lotus corniculatus                              0.00     #DIV/0!   --     2
Blackeyed Susan                                     Rudbeckia hirta                                 0.00     #DIV/0!   3      2
Blacksamson or Purple Coneflower                    Echinacea angustifolia                          0.00     #DIV/0!   5      2
Blanketflower                                       Gaillardia aristata                             0.00     #DIV/0!   5      1
Blue Flax                                           Linum lewisii                                   0.00     #DIV/0!   --     2
Blue Vervain                                        Verbena hastata                                 0.00     #DIV/0!   4      2
Boneset                                             Eupatorium perfoliatum                          0.00     #DIV/0!   5      3
Brown-eyed Susan                                    Rudbeckia triloba                               0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Butterfly Milkweed                                  Asclepias tuberosa                              0.00     #DIV/0!   6      2
Canada Goldenrod **                                 Solidago canadensis                             0.00     #DIV/0!   2      2
Canada Milkvetch                                    Astragalus canadensis                           0.00     #DIV/0!   5      2
Canada or Showy Tick-trefoil                        Desmodium canadense                             0.00     #DIV/0!   5      2
Candle Anemone or Thimbleweed                       Anemone cylindrica                              0.00     #DIV/0!   4      2
Cardinal Flower                                     Lobelia cardinalis                              0.00     #DIV/0!   6      3
Catchfly                                            Silene armeria                                  0.00     #DIV/0!          1
Cicer or Chick-pea Milkvetch                        Astragalus cicer                                0.00     #DIV/0!          3
                                                    Rudbeckia amplexicaulis or
Clasping Coneflower                                 Dracopis amplexicaulis                          0.00     #DIV/0!          1
Common Evening Primrose                             Oenothera biennis                               0.00     #DIV/0!   1      2
Common Lespedeza                                    Kummerosia striata                              0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Common Milkweed **                                  Asclepias syriaca                               0.00     #DIV/0!   1      2
Compass Plant                                       Silphium laciniatum                             0.00     #DIV/0!   5      2
Cornflower                                          centaurea cyannus                               0.00     #DIV/0!   --
                                                    cosmos sulphureus-cosmos
Cosmos                                              bipinnatus                                      0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Cream Colored False Indigo or Plains
Wild Indigo                                         Babtisia bracteata                              0.00     #DIV/0!   7      2
Crimson Clover                                      Trifollurn incarnetum                           0.00     #DIV/0!   --     1
Cudweed Sagewort, White Sage, or
Prairie Sage                                        Artemisia ludoviciana                           0.00     #DIV/0!   4      3
Cup Plant                                           Silphium perfoliatum                            0.00     #DIV/0!   4      2

Cutleaf Coneflower or Golden Glow **                Rudbeckia laciniata                             0.00     #DIV/0!   4      3
Dames Rocket                                        Hesperis matronalis                             0.00     #DIV/0!   --     1
Dotted Gayfeather **                                Liatris punctata                                0.00     #DIV/0!   5      3
Entire-leaved Rosinweed **                          Silphium integrifolium                          0.00     #DIV/0!   4      2
False or Oxeye Sunflower                            Heliopsis helianthoides                         0.00     #DIV/0!   4      2
                                                    Brickellia eupatoriodes or Kuhnia
False-boneset **                                    eupatoriodes                                    0.00     #DIV/0!   3      3
Four-point Evening Primrose **                      Oenothera rhombipetala                          0.00     #DIV/0!   2      2
Foxglove Beardstongue or Tall White
Penstemon                                           Penstemon digitalis                             0.00     #DIV/0!   6      1
Fringed Sagewort                                    Artemisia frigida                               0.00     #DIV/0!          3
Golden Alexander                                    Ziziz aurea                                     0.00     #DIV/0!   6      1
Grayhead Coneflower                                 Ratibida pinnata                                0.00     #DIV/0!   3      2
Great Blue Lobelia                                  Lobelia siphilitica                             0.00     #DIV/0!   6      3
                                                    Heterotheca villosa or Chrysopsis
Hairy or Silky Golden Aster                         villosa                                         0.00     #DIV/0!   4      2
Hairy Vetch                                         Vicia villosa                                   0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Hoary Tick Trefoil                                  Desmodium canescens                             0.00     #DIV/0!   5
Hoary Vervain **                                    Verbena stricta                                 0.00     #DIV/0!   2      2
Illinois Bundleflower                               Desmanthus illinoensis                          0.00     #DIV/0!   5      2
Illinois Tickclover                                 Desmodium illinoense                            0.00     #DIV/0!   6
Jerusalem Artichoke **                              Helianthus tuberosus                            0.00     #DIV/0!   4      3
Joe-pye-weed                                        Eupatorium fistulosum                           0.00     #DIV/0!
Ladino or White Clover                              Trifollurn repens                               0.00     #DIV/0!   --     2
Lanceleaf Coreopsis                                 Coreopsis lanceolata                            0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Leadplant **                                        Amorpha canescens                               0.00     #DIV/0!   6      2
Lemon Mint or Lemon Bee Balm                        Monarda citriodora                              0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Maximillian Sunflower                               Helianthus maximiliani                          0.00     #DIV/0!   4      3
Mexican Hat                                         Ratibida columnifera                            0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Missouri Evening Primrose                           Oenuthera missouriensis                         0.00     #DIV/0!
New England Aster                                   Aster novae-angliae                             0.00     #DIV/0!   4      3
New Jersey Tea                                      Ceanothus americanus                            0.00     #DIV/0!          1
Nodding Bur Marigold                                Bidens cernua                                   0.00     #DIV/0!   3      2
Nodding Pink Onion                                  Allium cernuum                                  0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Obedience Plant                                     Physostegia virginiana                          0.00     #DIV/0!          3
Ohio Spiderwort                                     Tradescantia ohiensis                           0.00     #DIV/0!   5      1
Pale Purple Coneflower                              Echinacea pallida                               0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Pitcher or Blue Sage **                             Salvia azurea                                   0.00     #DIV/0!   6      3
Plains Coreopsis                                    Coreopsis tinctoria                             0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Plains Wild Indigo                                  Baptisa bracteata                               0.00     #DIV/0!
Prairie Aster                                       Aster tanacetifolius                            0.00     #DIV/0!          3
                                                    Potentilla arguta or Drymocallis
Prairie Cinquefoil                                  arguta                                          0.00     #DIV/0!   6      2
Prairie Coreopsis                                   Coreopsis palmata                               0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Prairie Dock                                        Silphium terebinthinaceum                       0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Prairie Phlox                                       Phlox pilosa                                    0.00     #DIV/0!   8      2
Prairie Sainfoin                                    Onobrychis viciifolia                           0.00     #DIV/0!
Purple Coneflower                                   Echinacea purpurea                              0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Purple Prairieclover                                Dalea purpurea                                  0.00     #DIV/0!   6      2
Ragweed, Giant (Bulk Pounds Only)                   Ambrosia trifida                                0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Rape                                                Brassica campestris                             0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Rattlesnake Master                                  Eryngium yuccifolium                            0.00     #DIV/0!          3
Red Clover                                          Trifollurn pratense                             0.00     #DIV/0!   --     2
Red Corn Poppy                                      papaver rhoeas                                  0.00     #DIV/0!   --
Riddell Goldenrod                                   Solidago riddelli                               0.00     #DIV/0!          3
Rocky Mountain Bee Plant                            Monarda punctata                                0.00     #DIV/0!   0      2
Rough Gayfeather or Blazing Star                    Liatris aspera                                  0.00     #DIV/0!   5      3
Roundhead Lespedeza                                 Lespedeza capitata                              0.00     #DIV/0!   5      3
Sawtooth Sunflower **                               Helianthus grosseserratus                       0.00     #DIV/0!   4      3
Scaly Blazing Star or Plains
Gayfeather                                          Liatris squarrosa                               0.00     #DIV/0!   5      3
Scarlet Flax                                        Linum rubrum                                    0.00     #DIV/0!
Scarlet Globemallow                                 Sphaeralcea coccinea                            0.00     #DIV/0!   4      1
Seed Box                                            Ludwigia alternifolia                           0.00     #DIV/0!          3
Sensitive Briar **                                  Schrankia nuttallii                             0.00     #DIV/0!   6      2
Shell-leaf Penstemon **                             Penstemon grandiflorus                          0.00     #DIV/0!   5      1
                                                    Cassia chamaecrista or Cassia
Showy Partridgepea                                  fasciculata                                     0.00     #DIV/0!   1      2
Showy-wand goldenrod                                Solidago speciosa                               0.00     #DIV/0!   7      3
Silky Prairieclover **                              Dalea villosa                                   0.00     #DIV/0!   5      2
Small Burnet                                        Sanguisorba minor                               0.00     #DIV/0!          1
Smooth Blue Aster                                   Aster laevis                                    0.00     #DIV/0!          3
Smooth Milkweed                                     Asclepias sullivantii                           0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Sneezeweed                                          Helenium autumnale                              0.00     #DIV/0!   6      3
Spotted Joe-pye-weed                                Eupatorium maculatum                            0.00     #DIV/0!   6      3
                                                    Solidago rigidaor Oligoneuron
Stiff Goldenrod                                     rigidum                                         0.00     #DIV/0!   3      3
                                                    Helianthus rigidus or Helianthus
Stiff Sunflower **                                  pauciflorus                                     0.00     #DIV/0!   5      3
Swamp or Rose Milkweed                              Asclepias incarnata                             0.00     #DIV/0!          2
Sweet Blackeyed Susan                               Rudbeckia subtomentosa                          0.00     #DIV/0!
Sweetclover (yellow)                                Melilotus officinalis                           0.00     #DIV/0!   --     2
Tall Boneset                                        Eupatorium altissimum                           0.00     #DIV/0!   3      3
Thickspike Gayfeather or Prairie
Blazing Star                                        Liatris pycnostachya                            0.00     #DIV/0!   7      3
Upright Coneflower                                  Ratibida columnifera                            0.00     #DIV/0!   3      2
Virginia Mountian Mint or Mountain
Mint                                                Pycnanthemum virginianum                        0.00     #DIV/0!   6      2
Western Ironweed                                    Vernonia fasciculata                            0.00     #DIV/0!   4      2
Western Sunflower                                   Helianthus occidentalis                         0.00     #DIV/0!
Western Wild Rose                                   Rosa woodsii                                    0.00     #DIV/0!   4      1
Western Yarrow                                      Achillea millefolium                            0.00     #DIV/0!   2      1
                                                    Consolida ajacis or Delphinium
White or Rocket Larkspur                            virescens                                       0.00     #DIV/0!   6      2
                                                    Aster ericoides or
White/Heath Aster                                   Symphyotrichum ericoides                        0.00     #DIV/0!   3      3
White Prairieclover                                 Dalea candida                                   0.00     #DIV/0!   6      2
White Wild Indigo                                   Baptisia leucantha                              0.00     #DIV/0!   6      1
Whorled Milkweed                                    Asclepias verticillata                          0.00     #DIV/0!   3      2
Wild Bergamot                                       Monarda fistulosa                               0.00     #DIV/0!   3      2
Wild Quinine                                        Parthenium integrifolium                        0.00     #DIV/0!
Wild Senna                                          Cassia hebecarpa                                0.00     #DIV/0!
Forb Total                                                                               0.000      0.00     #DIV/0!          0      = Total 1's Used
                                                                                                                              0      = Total 2's Used
                                                                                                                              0      = Total 3's Used
1 = April to May Bloom Period                                                                                                 0      = Total Wildflowers
2 = June to July Bloom Period
3 = August to October Bloom Period
COC = Coefficient of Conservatism                                                                                           #DIV/0! = % PLS Seeding Rate 1's
** Nebraska Local Ecotype Seed Available                                                                                    #DIV/0! = % PLS Seeding Rate 2's
                                                                                                                            #DIV/0! = % PLS Seeding Rate 3's
Total Mixture                                                                            0.000      0.00


                            Acres Needed:

                               Shipping Information:
                                      Name:

                                     Address:

                                       Phone:

                      Billing Information:
                                    Name:

                                     Address:


  I am working with the USDA office in this city:
                               Quote Date:
                      Quote Expiration Date:


              Mix Price Per Acre: #REF!
                        Shipping: $10.00
             Mixture Order Cost*: #REF!
             *Does not include sales tax

         Submit this form by email to the PF/QF State Office to mkorth@pheasantsforever.org

             **You will be contacted before any order is processed, unless otherwise noted
                             Please save a copy of this file for your records
             You will be contacted within two business days with your Seed Mix Price Quote

Use of the Seed Calculator:
If you have a seeding mixture that you would like to use, simply enter the PLS seeding rates per acre into the
calculator and submit the file for a bid.

If you are creating a mixture from scratch, please note that this calculator will provide you with the seeding rate
information for each species you enter. The “PLS Pounds per Sq FT” column in the calculator will tell you how
many PLS seeds will be planted in 1 square foot of ground over the entire acre. For your entire mixture, the PLS
Pounds per Sq Ft rate should be between 12 and 30. Rates that are higher than 30 seeds per square foot of
ground are excessive and will generally not establish any quicker or produce quality wildlife habitat.

All wildflower and grass seeding rates are specified in terms of "pounds, pure live seed” or PLS. The total weight
of a seed bag is not the pounds of pure live seed because the contents will not be 100% pure nor will every seed
germinate. This is not a reflection of poor business practices by the seed industry, but rather the nature of the

A Definition of "Pure Live Seed"
To determine the amount of Pure Live Seed (PLS) in a seed bag, use the following formula: %purity x %
germination = %PLS.

For example, a 1-pound bag of Big Bluestem grass seed might contain the following information: purity = 85%
and the germination = 75%. The PLS formula for this bag of Big Bluestem grass seed would be: 0.85 x 0.75 =
0.64 PLS.
In other words, the 1-pound bag of Big Bluestem grass seed actually contains 64% (or 0.64 pounds), of pure, live
seed. It also means that 36% or 0.36 pounds is inert material.

In order to get one pound of pure live seed, use a basic proportion equation which says ".64 pounds pure live
The sources for seed information in this file came
from the following locations:

1. The Nebraska NRCS State Office.

2. US Department of Agriculture Plants Database:
http://plants.usda.gov/

3. The Iowa NRCS State Office.

4. Restoring the Tallgrass Prairie. 1994. Shirley Shirley.

5. Prairie Moon Nursery, 2010 Catalog & Cultural Guide.

6. The Flora of Nebraska. Keys, descriptions and distributional
maps of all native and introduced species that grow outside of
cultivation. 2006. Robert B. Kaul, David M. Sutherland and
Steven B. Rolfsmeier.

7. Field guide to wildflowers of Nebraska and the Great Plains.
1990. Jon Farrar.

				
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