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					Framework Contract IB/AMS/451                                                                                                                   with IDC




                                                                                                                      Framework Contract AMS/451



                                                                                                           Prepared by



 This report is funded by the                                                                                                     Carlos Montes
 European Union                                                                                                                 Stefano Migliorisi
                                                                                                                          www.dev-strategies.com


 EU Donor Atlas                                                                                                                         with   IDC
 Mapping Official Development Assistance




 May 2004
 The authors accept sole responsibility for this report. The report does not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.
                                                                                                                                                     1
Foreword                                                                                                                             with IDC




                       It has almost become a cliché to say that 2005 will be a challenging year for the development
                       Community. We are going to take stock of the progress made on the Millennium Development Goals on
                       the promises made in Monterrey and Johannesburg. It represents a strong and fundamental emphasis
                       on the implementation of our promises, and all the concepts and strategies that we have (individually or
                       collectively) developed since 2000. In doing so we have provided ourselves an opportunity to reflect on
                       the effectiveness and efficiency in the delivery of our assistance. In spite of the availability of an
                       overwhelming amount of statistics on development-issues, often produced on a regular basis and
                       coming from a large number of important institutions, there are not many statistics that can be readily
                       used in the framework of discussions and actions in the area of coordination and complementarity.

There is a lack of consolidated information on what we donors do, individually, together and most of all there is a lack of
recipient country-centred information. What is worse: it is costing considerable resources to get that information on the table.

The world has seen many political declarations on the need for ownership and leadership of developing countries on the one
hand, and on the need for (recipient country led) harmonisation and coordination of donor-activities on the other hand. But
without reliable and detailed information on the present situation these issues cannot be debated concretely. That is the reason
why the services of the European Commission have taken the initiative to make a start with gathering and presenting
information that could be useful in the framework of that debate. Drafts of the present report have been informally discussed
with the EU-member states. It carries the title “atlas”. That name is deliberately chosen because, like an atlas, the purpose of
the report is to provide information to those who are interested to use it, be it for information, interpretation or action.

The atlas is not yet complete or perfect. In particular the information per developing country needs to be refined and detailed.
But the material is interesting enough to be published now. We will discuss the atlas with other stakeholders to see how the
information may be optimised.

It is clear that the atlas is not just meant for state-actors. It should also be interesting for other stakeholders in the development
area. We will organise a debate with them to see if there is any interest on the side of NGO’s and the private sector to
contribute information on a recipient-country centred basis.

Such an approach could also contribute to the overall accountability for development activities.

                                                                                            Koos Richelle
                                                                                            European Commission
                                                                                            Director General for Development, May 2004



                                                                                                                                         2
Introduction                                                                                                          with IDC




This is the first exercise in mapping official development assistance for EU member states and the Commission.
The purpose of this Atlas is to provide Member States with a greater understanding of each other’s activities. This
exercise is part of the EU effort to strengthen coordination and harmonisation. The Amsterdam Treaty (Art. 180)
vests the Commission with a right of initiative in promoting coordination.

The EU Atlas presents maps of EU official development assistance (ODA) worldwide and profiles of EU donors.
The Atlas does not include ODA from the new Member States as they are not currently members of the OECD
Development Assistance Committee, DAC 1/. The EU Atlas uses data on ODA from the DAC International
Development Statistics online; DAC online (for annual aggregates) and Credit Reporting System online (for aid
activities). All data is in US dollars. The Atlas’ donor fiches for EU Member States are based on a questionnaire
sent by our team to Member States in February and March 2004. Please note that in this Atlas EU ODA is defined
as to include both bilateral ODA from Member States and European Community aid, managed by the
Commission.

This Atlas uses DAC data for all Member States. A number of Member States have noted that these data do not
always allow for a straight comparison among Member States, particularly when CRS data is used. Sector data in
the CRS is based on a combination of commitment and disbursement data which makes comparisons difficult.
The authors recognise that the data presented in the Atlas should be used with care. We hope that this EU Donor
Atlas will strengthen the resolve of the DAC EU Member States to work towards further improving the quality and
consistency of the DAC ODA data. These improvements will also be extremely useful to ODA recipient countries.

The authors of the EU Donor Atlas are Stefano Migliorisi and Carlos Montes (both from Development Strategies).
The authors acknowledge the assistance of Rosanna Ania, Isabelle Brossas and Laure Delcour. Michael Guida
and Laura Neild provided advice. We are also grateful for the kind support provided by the Member States, OECD
Development Cooperation Directorate and the Commission.

Carlos Montes and Stefano Migliorisi
euatlas@dev-strategies.com




1/information on the new Member States can be found in “The Consequences of Enlargement for Development Policy”
 http://europa.eu.int/comm/development/body/organisation/docs/study_conseq_enlarg_vol1.pdf#zoom=100

                                                                                                                          3
                                                                                                                 with IDC
List of Abbreviations
ALAT    Administrative and Technical Local Agent
CRS     Credit Reporting System
DAC     Development Assistance Committee. DAC Members are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland,
        France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy. Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain,
        Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States, and the Commission of the European Communities.
DG      Director General
EC      European Community
GNI     Gross National Income
HDI     Human Development Indicators
HIC     High Income Countries (2001 per capita GNI higher than US$9,206)
HQ      Headquarters
IDA     International Development Association (World Bank Group)
LDC     Least Developed Countries (2001 per capita GNI lower than US$745)
LMIC    Low Middle Income Countries (2001 per capita GNI between US$746 and US$2,975)
MFA     Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MS      Member States
NGO     Non Governmental Organisation
OA      Official Aid
ODA     Official Development Assistance
OECD    Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OLIC    Other Low Income Countries (2001 per capita GNI lower than US$745)
PMU     Project Management Unit
UMIC    Upper Middle Income Countries (2001 per capita GNI between US$2,976 and US$9,205)
UNDP    United Nations Development Programme
UNRWA   United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
US$m    Millions of United States Dollars




                                                                                                                     4
Table of Contents                                                                                             with IDC


     Foreword
     Introduction
     I. Development Trends
     I.a Geographic Views

     1.       Countries where the EU (Member States and the Commission) is a large donor today           10
     2.       Countries where the EU (Member States and the Commission) was a large donor a decade ago   11
     3.       Countries where the European Community is a large donor today                              12
     4.       Priority Countries: EU                                                                     13
     5.       Priority Countries: USA                                                                    14
     6.       Priority Countries: Japan                                                                  15
     7.       Regional allocation of Aid                                                                 16
     8.       30 Year Regional Allocation of Aid : EU                                                    17
     9.       30 Year Regional Allocation of Aid: European Community                                     18
     10.      30 Year Regional Allocation of Aid: DAC Members                                            19
     11.      EU and EC Aid by Region                                                                    20
     12.      European Community Aid by Region                                                           21
     13.      EU Aid to Sub-Saharan Africa                                                               22
     14.      EU Aid to Europe                                                                           23
     15.      EU Aid to Middle East and North Africa                                                     24
     16.      EU Aid to Latin America and the Caribbean                                                  25
     17.      EU Aid to Asia and Oceania                                                                 26
     18.      Top 20 Recipients of EU and EC Aid                                                         27
     19.      Top 20 Recipients of non-EU DAC Donors                                                     28
     20.      Map of the top 20 Recipients of EU Aid                                                     29
     21.      Map of the top 20 Recipients of non-EU DAC Aid                                             30

     I.b Sector Views

     22.      EU Aid by Sector: 30 years                                                                 32
     23.      Non-EU DAC Members Aid by Sector: 30 years                                                 33
     24.      EU Aid by Sector today                                                                     34
     25a.     EU Aid by Sector                                                                           35
     25b.     EU Aid by Sector                                                                           36
     26.      EU Aid for Education                                                                       37
     27.      EU Aid for Health                                                                          38
     28.      EU Aid for Water and Sanitation                                                            39
     29.      EU Aid for Infrastructure                                                                  40
     30.      EU Aid for Government and Civil Society                                                    41
     31.      EU Aid for Private Sector Development                                                      42
     32.      EU Aid for Debt Relief                                                                     43




                                                                                                                  5
Table of Contents                                                                 with IDC


     33.      EU Aid for Programme Assistance and Food Aid                   44
     34.      EU Humanitarian Aid                                            45
     35.      EU Aid for Environment Protection                              46

     I.c Views by Sectors and Countries

     36.      Map of EU Member States Aid: Education                         48
     37.      Map of EU Member States Aid: Health                            49
     38.      Map of EU Member States Aid: Water and Sanitation              50
     39.      Map of EU Member States Aid: Infrastructure                    51
     40.      Map of EU Member States Aid: Government and Civil Society      52
     41.      Map of EU Member States Aid: Production Sectors                53
     42.      Map of EU Member States Aid: Environmental Protection          54
     43.      Map of EU Member States Aid: Humanitarian Aid                  55

     I.d Thematic Views

     44.      Official Development Assistance and the EU                     57
     45.      Official Development Assistance and the new EU Member States   58
     46.      Aid per capita: EU Member States                               59
     47.      Aid per capita: DAC Donors                                     60
     48.      Official Development Assistance                                61
     49.      Official and Private Flows to Developing Countries             62
     50.      Aid by Income Groups                                           63
     51.      High EU Aid and Low Income Countries                           64
     52.      High EC Aid and Low Income Countries                           65
     53.      How large is the share of multilateral aid                     66
     54.      How large is the share of grants                               67
     55.      How large is the share of Technical Cooperation                68
     56.      EU Aid and Programme Assistance                                69
     57.      EU Support to/through NGO's                                    70
     58.      How large is Untied Aid to all countries                       71
     59.      How large is Untied Aid to Less Developed Countries            72
     60.      High EU Aid to countries with high Aid Dependency              73
     61.      High EC Aid to countries with high Aid Dependency              74
     62.      High EU aid to countries with low Human Development            75
     63.      High EC aid to countries with low Human Development            76
     64.      High EU Aid to countries with high Corruption Indicators       77
     65.      High EC Aid to countries with high Corruption Indicators       78
     66.      High EU Aid and Political Rights and Civil Liberties           79
     67.      High EC Aid and Political Rights and Civil Liberties           80
     68.      EU Aid and Development Assistance Staff                        81
     69.      EU Aid: Administrative Expenditures                            82
     70.      EU Aid and In-country Presence                                 83

                                                                                      6
Table of Contents                                                                     with IDC


     II. Donors’ Profiles
     II.a Donor Fiches
                Austria                                                          86
                Belgium                                                          87
                Denmark                                                          88
                Finland                                                          89
                France                                                           90
                Germany                                                          91
                Greece                                                           92
                Ireland                                                          93
                Italy                                                            94
                Luxembourg                                                       95
                Netherlands                                                      96
                Portugal                                                         97
                Spain                                                            98
                Sweden                                                           99
                United Kingdom                                                  100
                European Commission                                             101
                Notes on Donor Fiches                                           102

     II.b EU Donors in Four Countries

     71.       Morocco: Top Donors and Top Sectors                              107
     72.       Morocco: Top Sectors for EU Donors                               108
     73.       Mozambique: Top Donors and Top Five Sectors                      109
     74.       Mozambique: Top Five Sectors for EU Donors                       110
     75.       Nicaragua: Top Donors and Top Five Sectors                       111
     76.       Nicaragua: Top Five Sectors for EU Donors                        112
     77.       Vietnam: Top Donors and Top Five Sectors                         113
     78.       Vietnam: Top Five Sectors for EU Donors                          114

     III. Donor Activities in the Top 20 Recipient Countries of EU AidSources
     79.        Top 1-10 recipients of EU Aid: Donor Activities in 2002         116
     80.        Top 11-12 recipients of EU Aid: Donor Activities in 2002        126

     IV. EU Donor Concentration – All Countries
     81.       EU Donor Concentration : Top and Bottom 5 EU Donors              129

     EU Atlas Sources                                                           132




                                                                                          7
                        with IDC




I. Development Trends




                            8
                       with IDC




I.a Geographic views




                           9
 1.     Countries where the EU (Member States and the                                                                  with IDC

        Commission) is a large donor today
        (Net Bilateral ODA as a share of total net ODA from all donors to each country – disbursements, 2001-
        2002 average)




 Share of EU Aid                                                                 More than 75%:
 over Total Aid (%)
                                                                                 Argentina           Mayotte
      75% – 100%                                                                 Barbados            Montserrat
                                                                                 Chile               St. Helena
      50% – 74%                                                                  Costa Rica          Suriname
      25% – 49%                                                                  Equatorial          Swaziland
                                                                                 Guinea              Tunisia
      0% – 24%                                                                   Gabon               Turkey
                                                                                 Guinea Bissau       Uruguay
                                                                                 Jamaica             Wallis & Futuna
Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development
Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                                                                     10
 2.     Countries where the EU (Member States and the                                                                                  with IDC

        Commission) was a large donor a decade ago
        (Net bilateral ODA as a share of total net ODA from all donors to each country – disbursements, 1991-
        1992 average)




 Share of EU Aid                                                                  More than 75%:
 over Total Aid (%)
                                                                                  Argentina                     Tunisia
      75% – 100%                                                                  Chile                         Algeria
                                                                                  Uruguay                       Ivory Coast
      50% – 74%
                                                                                  Brazil                        Cameroon
      25% – 49%                                                                   Colombia                      Gabon
                                                                                  Suriname                      Congo, Rep.
      0% – 24%                                                                    Trinidad and Tobago           United Arab Emirates
                                                                                  Albania                       Kazakhstan
Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development
Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)
                                                                                                                                           11
 3.      Countries where the European Community is a large                                                                   with IDC

         donor today
         (European Community ODA managed by the Commission as a share of total net ODA from all
         Donors – disbursements, 2001-2002 average)
                                                                             Turkey


                                                  Tunisia
                           Jamaica




 Share of EU Aid
 over Total Aid (%)                           More than 50%:    30-50%:                           20-30%:

                                              Jamaica           Morocco          South Africa     Dominica      Croatia
      75% – 100%
                                              Turkey            Algeria          Argentina        Panama        Chad
      50% – 74%                               Tunisia           Mauritania       Costa Rica       Namibia       Equatorial
                                                                Guinea           Swaziland        Bosnia and    Guinea
      25% – 49%                                                 Bissau           Burundi          Herzegovina   Liberia
      0% – 24%                                                  Gabon            Mauritius        Macedonia
                                                                Angola

Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance
and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                                                                                      12
     4.      Priority Countries: EU                                                                                                              with IDC
             (EU Member States Top 10 recipients – unweighted average, disbursements, 2001-2002 average)

                                                               Serbia &
                                                               Montenegro




                                                                                                                       China


                                                                                                                                       Vietnam


                                                                                             Afghanistan
Nicaragua
                                                                                           Uganda             India
                                                       Cameroon
                                                                                          Tanzania


            Bolivia
                                                                                                                               Indonesia

                                                                                    Mozambique




                                                                                                                      Priority Countries


                                                                                                                          Low (0-20)
                                                                                                                          Medium (21 – 40)
                                                                                                                          High (over 40)

     Source: DAC Aid at a Glance Charts. Top 10 recipients for each MS and Commission (score from 10
     (top) to 1 (bottom) recipient. Max possible score: 160. Low is 0 to 20, medium is 21 to 40 and high is                                          13
     over 40.
5.     Priority Countries: USA                                                                                              with IDC
       (Other DAC Member States Top 10 recipients – disbursements, 2001-2002 average)


                                                                             Serbia &
                                                                             Montenegro      Pakistan




                                     Egypt




                                                                                                   USA Priority Countries


                                                                                                        Low
                                                                                                        Medium
                                                                                                        High

 Source: DAC Aid at a Glance Charts. Top 10 recipients for each donor (score from 10 (top)
 to 1 (bottom) recipient. Official Aid (OA) recipients were not considered. Low is 1 to 4,                                      14
 medium is 4 to 8 and high is 8 to 10.
6.     Priority countries: Japan                                                                                                      with IDC
       (Other DAC Member States Top 10 recipients, disbursements, 2001-2002 average)



                                                                                                  Pakistan




                                                                                                         China

                                                                                               India
                                                                                                                            Vietnam

                                                                                                                                 Philippines




                                                                                                       Indonesia




                                                                                                           Japan Priority
                                                                                                           Countries

                                                                                                                 Low
                                                                                                                 Medium
                                                                                                                 High

 Source: DAC Aid at a Glance Charts. Top 10 recipients for each donor (score from 10 (top)
 to 1 (bottom) recipient. OA recipients were not considered. Low is 1 to 4, medium is 4 to 8
 and high is 8 to 10.
                                                                                                                                          15
7.       Regional allocation of Aid                                                                                                 with IDC
         (Net Bilateral ODA and European Community ODA, millions US$, disbursements, 2001-2002 average)



Regions:              100%
                                                                                          7%
  Europe                         10%                                                                                        11%
                                                                      15%

  South &                                          26%                                                      25%
  Central Asia                   11%                                                     20%
                                                                      10%                                                   18%
  Other Asia &                   10%
  Oceania                                                             9%
                                                   8%
  Latin America                                                                                                              9%
                                                   5%
  & Caribbean                    13%
                                                                      12%
                                                                                         26%
                                                   9%

                                                                                                            47%             19%




                                                                                         15%
     Africa - South                                35%
                                 46%                                  43%
  of Sahara
                                                                                                                            27%

                                                                                                            11%
                                                                                         22%



                                                                                                            12%
  Middle East                                      17%                                                                      16%
  N. Africa                      10%                                  11%                10%
                                                                                                             5%

                             EU Member European                      EU             Other DAC              Japan           United
                               States  Commission                  MS + EC          Countries                              States

                               13,930          5,213               19,143             15,689              5,968            7,039
Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                16
8. 30 Year Regional Allocation of Aid: EU                                                                                           with IDC

   Net EU ODA (MS bilateral ODA and EC ODA) by region as a share of total EU ODA (Disbursements, 1973-2002)



     60%



     50%



     40%



     30%



     20%



     10%



      0%
              Africa - South of    South & Central      Other Asia and       Middle East and     Latin America and
                                                                                                                           Europe
                   Sahara               Asia               Oceania             North Africa        the Caribbean
  1973-82           43%                  18%                 12%                  12%                   10%                 5%
  1983-92           50%                  11%                 13%                  12%                   11%                 3%
  1993-02           43%                  9%                  12%                  13%                   13%                 10%




Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                17
 9. 30 Year Regional Allocation of Aid: European Community                                                                    with IDC

     Net EC-managed by the Commission ODA by region as a share of total EC managed ODA (Disbursements, 1973-2002)




         70%

         60%

         50%

         40%

         30%

         20%

         10%

           0%
                   Africa - South of Latin America and          Other Asia and       South & Central       Middle East and
                                                                                                                             Europe
                        Sahara           Caribbean                 Oceania                Asia               North Africa
   1973-82               62%                    4%                    4%                    17%                    8%         5%
   1983-92               62%                    9%                    6%                    10%                    9%         4%
   1993-2002             40%                   11%                    6%                     9%                   17%         17%




Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a).           18
 10. DAC Members: 30 Year Regional Allocation of Aid                                                                               with IDC

     Net DAC ODA years by region as a share of total DAC ODA (Disbursements, 1973-2002)




     35%

     30%

     25%

     20%

     15%

     10%

       5%

       0%
               Africa - South of     Latin America and       Other Asia and                             Middle East and North
                                                                                 South & Central Asia                           Europe
                    Sahara               Caribbean              Oceania                                         Africa

1973-82              26%                    9%                    24%                    19%                    19%              3%
1983-92              31%                   13%                    20%                    13%                    21%              2%
1993-2002            32%                   13%                    23%                    12%                    14%              6%




Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)
                                                                                                                                         19
11. EU Aid by Region                                                                                                                                  with IDC

EU Member States bilateral and EC ODA
(Net Disbursements, Millions of US$ – Average 2001-2002)




                                                                              Europe
                                                                              2,829              South &
                                                                                               Central Asia
                                          Middle East                                             1,898
                                           and North
                                             Africa
                                             2,196

       Latin America
       Latin America
            and
             and
        Caribbean
         Caribbean                                                                                        Other Asia and
           2,198                                                          Africa –                        Other Asia and
            2,198                                                          Africa –                          Oceania
    64%                                                                   South of                           Oceania
                                                                          South of                            1,645
                                                                           Sahara                              1,645
                                                                           Sahara
                                                                            8,246
                                                                            8,246
                  51%

                                                                                                                       Other Asia and
                                  42%
                                                                                                                                          Latin America and
                                                                                                                          Oceania
                                                                                                                                              Caribbean
                                                  38%                                                                       9%
                                                                                                                                                 11%
                                                                                                              South and Central                  Middle East and
                                                                                                                    Asia                           North Africa
                                                                  24%                                               10%                               12%
                                                                                  23%


                                                                                                                      Europe
                                                                                                                       15%




                                                                                                                                        Sub-Saharan Africa
                                                                                                                                         SSA
   Europe    Africa - South of Latin America Middle East and    South and     Other Asia and
                  Sahara       and Caribbean   North Africa    Central Asia      Oceania                                                 43%
EU ODA share of total ODA to each Region                                                                             Regional distribution of bilateral
                                                                                                                     EU MS and EC ODA by Region
Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and
Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                                                                                                                    20
                                                                                                                                                   with IDC
 12. European Community Aid by Region
       EC ODA managed by the Commission (Net Disbursements, Millions of US$ – Average 2001-2002)




                                                                             Europe
                                                                              1,368               South &
                                                                                                Central Asia
                                        Middle East                                                 418
                                         and North
                                           Africa
                                            868



         Latin America
          Latin America
         and Caribbean
         and Caribbean                                                                                        Other Asia and
                                                                                                              Other Asia and
               413
               413                                                                                               Oceania
                                                                                                                 Oceania
                                                                     Africa – South
                                                                     Africa – South                                262
                                                                       of Sahara                                    262
                                                                        of Sahara
                                                                          1,847
                                                                          1,847

                                                                                                                          Other Asia and
                                                                                                                             Oceania
                                                                                                                                5%         Middle East and
      31%                                                                                                                                    North Africa
                                                                                                                  South and Central
                                                                                                                                                 17%
                                                                                                                        Asia
                                                                                                                         8%

                      15%
                                        11%
                                                                                                                       Europe
                                                             8%
                                                                                                                        26%
                                                                                5%
                                                                                                  4%
                                                                                                                                               Africa - South of
                                                                                                                                                    Sahara
     Europe      Middle East and   Africa - South of   Latin America and South and Central   Other Asia and                                          36%
                   North Africa         Sahara             Caribbean           Asia             Oceania              Latin America and
                                                                                                                         Caribbean
EC ODA share of total Aid to each Region                                                                                    8%
                                                                                                                      Regional distribution of EC ODA
Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development
Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                                                                                                   21
 13. EU Aid to Sub-Saharan Africa                                                                                                        with IDC

 Top Recipients - Total and per capita ODA
 Net ODA Disbursements by EU MS bilateral and EC ODA; US$ m,                                      EU Member States bilateral and EC ODA
 assistance per capita, 2001-02 average                                                           US$m, 2001/02 average
                                                                                                                                          937
                                                                                   Mozambique
                                                                                                          108
Ivory Coast                                         Ethiopia
Total 459m                                          Total 323m
Per capita 28                                       Per capita 5                                                                   639
                 Ghana                                                                Tanzania
Share 74%                                           Share 74%                                            83
                 Total 326m
                 Per capita 16
                                                                                                                             420
                 Share 50%              Uganda                       Tanzania       Ivory Coast
                                                                                                     38
                                        Total 343m           Total 722m
                                        Per capita 15        Per capita 21
                Cameroon                Share 48%            Share 58%                                           209
                                                                                   South Africa
                Total 367m                                                                                      184
                Per capita 21       Congo DR
                Share 66%           Total 233m                                                                         314
                                                                                     Cameroon
                                    Per capita 4                                                     53
                                                        Mozambique
                                    Share 44%
                                                        Total 1,045m
                                  Zambia                Per capita 57                                                  295
                                                                                       Uganda
                                  Total 257m            Share 70%                                    48
                                  Per capita 25
                                  Share 52%                                                                            294
                                             South Africa                               Ghana
                                                                                                    32
                                             Total 392m
                                             Per capita 9                                                        215
                                             Share 72%                                 Ethiopia
                                                                                                          108
 Top ODA donors to the region
                     US$ m                 % of total                                                           183
                                                                                        Zambia
                 (avg 2001-02)               ODA                                                      74
  World Bank                    2,465              15%
  United States                 1,874              12%                                                          176
                                                                                Congo Dem.Rep.
                                                                                                     58
  EC                            1,847              12%
  France                        1,521               9%
  United Kingdom                1,057               7%
                                                                                                                 EU Member States
  EU MS + EC                    8,246              51%                                                           European Commission
 Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance
 and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)
                                                                                                                                                22
14. EU Aid to Europe                                                                                                                    with IDC

Top Recipients - Total and per capita ODA
Net ODA Disbursements by EU MS bilateral and EC ODA; US$ m,                                  EU Member States and Commission Aid
assistance per capita, 2001-02 average                                                       US$m, 2001/02 average

                                                                                Serbia &                                          865
           Serbia Montenegro                                                   Montenegro                           307
           Total 1,172m
           Per capita 110
                                                                               Bosnia and                   174
           Share 72%                                                           Herzegovina                  154
                                                Moldova
                  Bosnia and Herzegovina        Total 30m
                  Total 327m                    Per capita 7                                  24
Croatia           Per capita 80                 Share 23%                          Turkey
                                                                                                                  259
Total 51m         Share 53%
Per capita 12
Share 36%                       Macedonia                                        FYROM-                95
                                Total 158m                                      Macedonia          63
                                Per capita 78
             Albania
                                Share 60%
             Total 144m                                                                                92
             Per capita 45           Turkey                                        Albania
                                                                                                  52
             Share 49%               Total 283m
                                     Per capita 4
                                     Share 71%                                                17
                                                                                   Croatia
                                                                                                  33



                                                                                              22
                                                                                  Moldova
Top ODA donors to the Region                                                                  8

 Donor                US$ m           % of total
                   (avg 2001-02)        ODA
 EC                        1,368              31%
 United States               784              17%
 Germany                     413               9%
                                                                                                                  EU Member States
 United Kingdom              271               6%
                                                                                                                  European Commission
 Netherlands                 171               4%
 EU MS + EC                2,829              64%

Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                    23
      15. EU Aid to Middle East and North Africa                                                                                                       with IDC

      Top Recipients - Total and per capita ODA
      Net ODA Disbursements by EU MS bilateral and EC ODA; US$ m,                                 EU Member States and Commission Aid
      assistance per capita, 2001-02 average                                                      US$m, average 2001-2002

                                                                                                                                                 217
                                                                                       Morocco
                               Palestinian A.     Syria                                                                                        203
                               Total 303m         Total 66m                                                                                                   317
                               Per capita 96      Per capita 4                           Egypt
                                                                                                                       81
                               Share 24%          Share 56%
                                                                                                                                 106
                                                                                        Tunisia                                                        238
                                                             Iraq
Morocco                                  Jordan              Total 86m
Total 420m             Tunisia           Total 147m          Per capita 4           Palestinian                                          158
Per capita 14          Total 345m        Per capita 29       Share 73%              adm.areas                                          145
Share 73%              Per capita 35     Share 30%
            Algeria Share 81%                                                                                      71
                                                                                        Algeria
            Total 161m                                                                                                      90
                                                 Lebanon
            Per capita 5
                                                 Total 62m                                                              87
            Share 62%                                                                   Jordan
                                 Egypt           Per capita 11                                                    60
                                 Total 398 m     Share 18%
                                 Per capita 6                                                                          77
                                                           Yemen                        Yemen
                                 Share 31%                                                           12
                                                           Total 90m
                                                           Per capita 5                                                75
                                                           Share 17%                       Iraq
                                                                                                     12

                                                                                          Syria                   59
                                                                                                    7
      Top ODA donors to the region
                           US$ m            % of total                                                       45
                                                                                       Lebanon
       Donor            (avg 2001-02)         ODA                                                       17
       Arab Countries           1,229               22%
       United States            1,114               20%
       EC                         868               15%
       France                     568               10%
                                                                                                                  EU Member States
       UNRWA                      376                7%                                                           European Commission
       EU MS + EC               2,196               39%

      Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                               24
    16. EU Aid to Latin America and the Caribbean                                                                                            with IDC

    Top Recipients - Total and per capita ODA
   Net ODA Disbursements by EU MS bilateral and EC ODA; US$ m,                                   EU Member States and Commission Aid
   assistance per capita, 2001-02 average                                                        US$m, 2001/02 average
                                             Nicaragua
                     El Salvador                                                                                                                  346
                                             Total 378m                             Nicaragua
                                                                                                           32
                     Total 132m              Per capita 72
                     Per capita 20           Share 52%                                                                                      304
                     Share 56%                                                         Bolivia
 Guatemala                                                                                             25
 Total 105m                               Honduras
 Per capita 9     Dominican               Total 125m                                    Brazil
                                                                                                                           109
                                          Per capita 19                                                          66
 Share 44%        Republic
                  Total 76m               Share 22%
                                                                                         Peru                                    133
                     Per capita 9                                                                     16
                     Share 58%
                                                                                                                           112
                       Colombia                                                    El Salvador
Ecuador                                                                                               20
                       Total 100m
Total 84m
                       Per capita 2                                                                                        105
Per capita 6                                                                        Honduras
                       Share 24%                                                                      19
Share 43%                                      Brazil
                                               Total 175m                                                            79
    Peru                                                                           Guatemala
                                               Per capita 1                                            26
    Total 149m
                                               Share 48%
    Per capita 6
                                                                                                                      83
    Share 32%        Bolivia                                                        Colombia
                                                                                                      17
                     Total 329m
                     Per capita 38                                                                                   77
                                                                                     Ecuador
                     Share 47%                                                                    8

    Top ODA donors to the Region                                                   Dominican                    53
                                                                                    Republic          23
     Donor                 US$ m            % of total
                        (avg 2001-02)         ODA
     United States                  1,148           22%
     Japan                            664           13%
     Spain                            521           10%                                                               EU Member States
     EC                               413            8%                                                               European Commission
     Germany                          322            6%
     EU MS + EC                     2,198           42%

    Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                      25
     17. EU Aid to Asia and Oceania                                                                                                        with IDC

     Top Recipients - Total and per capita ODA
     Net ODA Disbursements by EU MS bilateral and EC ODA; US$ m,                                  EU Member States and Commission Aid
     assistance per capita, 2001-02 average                                                       US$m, 2001/02 average

                            China                                                                                                                 354
                                                                                    Afghanistan
                            Total 330m                                                                           95
 Afghanistan                Per capita 0.3
 Total 449m                 Share 22%                                                                                                    287
                                                                                          India
 Per capita 17                                                                                                  91
                          Bangladesh
 Share 53%
                          Total 313m
                                              Vietnam                                                                                      303
                          Per capita 3                                                   China
Pakistan                                      Total 302m                                              27
                          Share 32%
Total 177m                                    Per capita 4
Per capita 1           Cambodia               Share 22%
                                                                                                                                         292
Share 9%               Total 118m                                                     Indonesia
                                                                                                      26
                       Per capita 10                      East Timor
Nepal                  Share 26%                          Total 124m
Total 136m                                                Per capita 159                                                           264
                                                                                    Bangladesh
                                                                                                           50
Per capita 6                                              Share 60%
Share 36%
                                                                                                                                        283
         India                                                                         Vietnam
                                              Indonesia                                              20
         Total 377m
                                              Total 318m
         Per capita 0.4
                                              Per capita 2                                                              128
         Share 24%                                                                    Pakistan
                                              Share 22%                                                    49


                                                                                                                        123
                                                                                         Nepal
                                                                                                    13
     Top ODA donors to the Region
      Donor                   US$ m          % of total                                                           100
                                                                                    Timor-Leste
                           (avg 2001-02)       ODA                                                    25
      Japan                        4,418             24%
      United States                2,446             13%                                                         92
                                                                                     Cambodia
      IDA                          2,287             12%                                              26
      Arab Countries               1,084              6%
                                                                                                                EU Member States
      United Kingdom                 701              4%
      EU MS + EC                   3,543             24%                                                        European Commission

     Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                    26
      18. Top 20 Recipients of EU and EC Aid                                                                                                          with IDC



      EU Aid                                                                                     European Community Aid
      EU MS ODA bilateral aid and EC aid;
                                                                                                 EC aid managed by the Commission;
      Disbursements, Millions US$, 2001- 2002 average
                                                                                                 Disbursements, Millions US$, 2001- 2002 average

Serbia & Montenegro                                                      1172 Serbia & Montenegro                                                         307
        Mozambique                                                1045                      Turkey                                                259
            Tanzania                                722                                    Tunisia                                              238
         Cote d'Ivoire
          Ivory Coast                      459                                            Morocco                                         203
          Afghanistan                      449                                         South Africa                                     184
             Morocco                     420                                Bosnia and Herzegovina                                154
                Egypt                    398                                 Palestinian adm.areas                              145
         South Africa                    392                                            Mauritania                          123
           Nicaragua                 378                                                  Ethiopia                        108
                 India               377                                              Mozambique                          108
           Cameroon                  367                                               Afghanistan                   95
              Tunisia               345                                                       India                  91
             Uganda                 343                                                    Algeria                   90
                China              330                                                    Tanzania                  83
               Bolivia             329                                                       Egypt                  81

 Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina             327                                                     Zambia               74
               Ghana               326                                                       Brazil            66

             Ethiopia              323                                          FYROM-Macedonia               63
            Indonesia              318                                                      Angola            61

         Bangladesh                313                                                      Jordan            60


    Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                              27
19. Top 20 Recipients of Aid from non-EU DAC members                                                                         with IDC

     ODA bilateral from non-EU DAC Members *;
     Disbursements, Millions US$, 2001- 2002 average



                 Indonesia                                                     976.765
                     China                                             841.665
                     Egypt                                           790.305
                  Pakistan                                          778.87
                      India                                558.54
                 Viet Nam
                 Vietnam                               501.755
                Philippines                          440.525
      Serbia & Montenegro                          411.6
                 Colombia                    315.79
                      Peru                   311.22
               Afghanistan                  300.28

               Bangladesh                  286.055
                  Tanzania                 284.475

                  Thailand                262.015
                 Honduras                 254.66
              Mozambique                  253.57
                    Jordan               249.56
                   Ethiopia             213.105
                    Bolivia            202.09
        Papua New Guinea               191.93
                                                                           *Australia, Canada, Japan, Norway, Switzerland,
                                                                           USA
Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)         28
20. Map of the top 20 Recipients of EU Aid                                                                                              with IDC


 EU MS bilateral ODA and EC ODA; Millions US$, 2001-                     Europe: 2
 2002

                                                      SERBIA &
                                                      MONTENEGRO
                                                                                                    Afghanistan
                                                                                BOSNIA AND
                                                                                HERZEGOVINA

                                          Middle East
                                          North Africa : 3
                                                               Tunisia
                                                                                                               China
                                              Morocco
                                                                     Egypt
                                                                                                   India                             South and
                                                                                                                                   Central Asia : 5
                                                                                                                                   Indonesia
     NICARAGUA                                  Ivory                                   Ethiopia
                                               Coast                                     Uganda     Bangladesh
                                                        GHANA
                                                                                       Tanzania
              BOLIVIA                                        Cameroon

                                                                                     Mozambique
 Latin America and the
      Caribbean: 2                                                          SOUTH AFRICA

                                                                  Sub-Saharan
                                                                    Africa: 8
                                                                                                            Ranking of countries

CHANGES FROM 10
YEARS BEFORE:                                                                                                     1st to 5th
Countries in capital
                                                                                                                  6th to 10th
letters were not among
the top 20 in 1991-92.                                                                                            11h to 15th
                                                                                                                  16th to 20th

Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                       29
   21. Map of the top 20 Recipients of non-EU DAC Aid                                                                                       with IDC

   Bilateral ODA; Millions US$, disbursements, 2001- 2002

                                                                           Europe : 1
                                                                                                                              South and Central
                                                      Serbia & Montenegro                                                     Asia : 10
                                                                                                        Afghanistan


                                               Middle East
                                               North Africa : 2
                                                                                Jordan
                                                                                                                           China
                        Honduras                                     Egypt
                                                                                                         India                      Vietnam
                                                                                             Pakistan                                     Philippines
                              Colombia
                                                                                                                                           Indonesia
                                                                                               Ethiopia
                                                                                                      Bangladesh

           Peru                                                                             Tanzania
                                                                                                                    Thailand

                 Bolivia                                                                                                            Papua New Guinea
                                                        Sub-Saharan
                                                        Africa: 3                         Mozambique

Latin America and the
Caribbean: 4
                                                                                                                 Ranking of countries


                                                                                                                     1st to 5th
                                                                                                                     6th to 10th
                                                                                                                     11h to 15th
                                                                                                                     16th to 20th
  *Australia, Canada, Japan, Norway, Switzerland, USA
   Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)                       30
                   with IDC




I.b Sector views




                       31
22. EU Aid by Sector: 30 years                                                                                                                                 with IDC

Net Disbursements of EU ODA (MS bilateral ODA and EC ODA) by sector as a
share of total EU ODA 1/




 30%

 25%


 20%


 15%


 10%


   5%


   0%
                                               Economic                      Multisector                                       Administrativ
                                                              Production                 Programme Acion relating Emergency                    Support to
          Education   Health    Other social infrastructure                (Environment                                         e Costs of                  Unallocated
                                                               Sectors                   assistance   to Debt     Assistance                    NGOs
                                             and services                  , Democracy,                                          Donors

1973-82     19%         5%          8%            15%           26%            2%           5%          5%           1%            0%             0%           14%
1983-92     15%         4%         11%            20%           18%            4%           9%          5%           3%            3%             2%            6%
1993-02     14%         4%         15%            12%            9%            8%           6%          12%          7%            5%             3%            5%




Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5)
1/ The table includes only partial data for the Commission for which a sector breakdown is available only for the years 2001 and 2002.                               32
 23. Non-EU DAC Members* Aid by Sector: 30 years                                                                                                      with IDC

 ODA Commitments as a share of total ODA




    30%


    25%


    20%


    15%


    10%


     5%


     0%
                                              Economic                 Multisector                Acion                  Administrati
                                                           Production              Programme                  Emergency                 Support to
           Education   Health   Other social infrastructur            (Environmen               relating to              ve Costs of               Unallocated
                                                            Sectors                assistance                 Assistance                 NGOs
                                                 e and                      t,                     Debt                    Donors
 1973-82      3%        4%          4%          16%         21%          2%          23%           2%            1%           0%           0%         24%
 1983-92      6%        3%          9%          18%         15%          2%          25%           10%           2%           4%           2%          4%
 1993-02      6%        4%         17%          25%         11%          6%           9%           5%            6%           6%           1%          4%




* Australia, Canada, Japan, Norway, Switzerland, USA

Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5)                                                                            33
24. EU Aid by Sector today                                                                        with IDC


ODA Commitments by sector MS bilateral and EC                              Total EU ODA: 26,730
(US$ millions, average 2001-2002)                                          US$ million
 % 2001 – 2002

   Social infrastructure and services
   Economic infrastructure and services
   Production sectors
   Multi-sector/crosscutting
   Commodity aid/ general programme assistance
   Action relating to debt
   Emergency assistance
                                                         5%
   Administrative costs of donors           8%
   Support to NGO’s
   Unallocated/unspecified              5%
                                                                                        33%

                                  7%




                                   17%

                                                                                   8%

                                                3%                       6%
                                                           8%


Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5)
                                                                                                      34
 25a. EU Aid by Sector                                                                                                                                         with IDC

  ODA Commitments 2001-2002 as a share of total bilateral ODA


                                                                                                               Economic Infrastructure & Services

                                                                                                      Germany                       15%
                                                                                                            EC                      15%
                                                                                                         Spain                      14%
                                                                                                        Sweden              9%
                                                                                                       Denmark               9%
                                                                                                       Portugal             8%
                               Social and administrative infrastructure
                                                                                                 United Kingdom             7%
                                                                                                    Netherlands            7%
            Greece                                                                   81%
                                                                                                       Belgium             6%
           Portugal                                                          67%
                                                                                                        Austria           6%
            Ireland                                                         65%                         France            5%
       Luxembourg                                                    56%                                Greece         4%
            Finland                                         48%                                          Ireland      3%
             Spain                                38%                                                   Finland       2%
           Belgium                                38%                                                      Italy      2%

            Austria                              37%                                                               0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50%

          Germany                               36%
                                                                                                                       Multisector/ crosscutting
            France                              36%
           Sw eden                              35%                                                     Finland                     15%
     United Kingdom                       30%                                                               EC                      15%
                EC                      29%                                                           Germany                    12%
          Denmark                        29%                                                            Sweden                   11%
       Netherlands                    27%                                                              Denmark                 9%
               Italy          17%                                                                      Belgium              8%
                                                                                                        France              8%
                   0%   10%   20%     30%        40%        50%       60%    70%   80%     90%
                                                                                                          Spain             8%
                                                                                                           Italy            7%
                                                                                                    Netherlands           6%
                                                                                                        Greece         4%
                                                                                                 United Kingdom        3%
                                                                                                        Austria        3%
                                                                                                       Portugal        3%
                                                                                                         Ireland     1%

Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5)
                                                                                                                   0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50%
                                                                                                                                                                   35
25b. EU Aid by Sector                                                                                                                            with IDC

ODA Commitments 2001-2002 as a share of total bilateral ODA

                                          Action Relating to Debt                               Commodity Aid / General Prog. Ass.

                        Austria                                             45%               EC                      13%
                           Italy                                      34%                    Italy               9%
                        France                                      30%               Netherlands            6%
                         Spain                             21%
                                                                                           France           5%

                       Belgium
                                                                                         Belgium          4%
                                                          20%
                                                                                         Portugal        4%
                      Germany                         18%
                                                                                           Ireland       3%
                United Kingdom                       15%
                                                                                   United Kingdom        3%
                       Portugal                8%
                                                                                          Sweden         3%
                    Netherlands           4%
                                                                                          Finland       2%
                      Denmark          3%                                                Germany       1%
                        Ireland       2%                                                  Greece       1%
                        Finland      1%                                                     Spain      1%
                       Sweden        1%                                                   Austria      1%
                        Greece      0%                                                   Denmark       0%
                                   0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50%                         0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50%


                                         Emergency Assistance                                                Production Sectors

                        Sweden                             22%                                EC                      14%
                        Finland                     13%                                   Finland                9%
                       Denmark                      13%                                  Denmark                 9%
                            EC                  10%                                      Belgium              8%
                 United Kingdom                 10%                                United Kingdom             8%
                           Italy               8%                                          Ireland            7%
                         Ireland               8%                                          Spain             7%
                    Netherlands            6%
                                                                                          France            6%
                                                                                        Germany             5%
                      Germany              6%
                                                                                             Italy          4%
                        Greece             6%
                                                                                      Netherlands        4%
                        Austria            6%
                                                                                          Sweden         4%
                       Belgium            4%
                                                                                         Portugal        4%
                        France            4%
                                                                                          Greece        3%
                          Spain        3%
                                                                                          Austria       2%
                       Portugal      1%
                                                                                                     0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50%
                                   0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50%



                                                                                                                                                     36
Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5)
26. EU Aid for Education                                                                                                                with IDC

Commitments by donor (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




                                                             Education

                         851

                            633



 Top 5 EU                         263      236                                                                                      Bottom 5
 Donors                                           159      145                                                                      EU Donors
 79% of                                                          78    63    60   59       48       45                              4% of
                                                                                                             34       29   27   8
 total EU ODA                                                                                                                       total EU ODA

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                                                                 Basic
                                                                 Education
 Top 5                                                                                                                              Bottom 5
 EU Donors                                                                                                                          EU Donors
                          190                                                                                                       3% of
 88% of                         152   68     58       25    21    14   12    9    7    6        4        1        0    -   -        total EU ODA
 total EU ODA
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Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5). Data on Luxembourg provided directly by Luxembourg.
                                                                                                                                            37
27. EU Aid for Health                                                                                                                   with IDC

Commitments by donor -(US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




                                                            Health


 Top 5                                                                                                                         Bottom 5
 EU Donors                     222 219
                                          172 126                                                                              EU Donors
 72% of                                           112 84
                                                                54    48    42    39    35   26     19                         5% of
 total EU ODA                                                                                                8    6       4
                                                                                                                               total EU ODA




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 Top 5                                                                                                                         Bottom 5
 EU Donors                                                                                                                     EU Donors
 76% of                   99    78   70     69   65                                                                            4% of
                                                       50     34     15    12     9     6      4        4     3       0   -
 total EU ODA                                                                                                                  total EU ODA
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Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5). Data on Luxembourg provided directly by Luxembourg.
                                                                                                                                            38
28. EU Aid for Water and Sanitation                                                                                                     with IDC

Commitments by donor (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




                        301
 Top 5                                                                                                                          Bottom 5
 EU Donors                    150   141    120                                                                                  EU Donors
 83% of                                          45     39    30    24     16    13    11    10     10                          4% of
                                                                                                             1   1    -
 total EU ODA                                                                                                                   total EU ODA




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Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5). Data on Luxembourg provided directly by Luxembourg.
                                                                                                                                            39
29. EU Aid for Infrastructure                                                                                                                                 with IDC

Commitments by donor (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)



                                                        Transport and
                                                        Communications
 Top 5                                                                                                                                                    Bottom 5
                    392                                                                                                                                   EU Donors
 EU Donors
 83% of                     225     148    117    75    71
                                                                                                                                                          1% of
                                                              46    34     15       11         6         6           5          2         2       -
 total EU ODA                                                                                                                                             total EU ODA




                                       m




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                     Un




                                                             Energy


 Top 5                                                                                                                                                    Bottom 5
 EU Donors            311                                                                                                                                 EU Donors
 84% of                       178     62     55                                                                                                           1% of
                                                   41    39    34     23    10          9          4         3           1          0         0       -
 total EU ODA                                                                                                                                             total EU ODA
                                  m




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                                                                                            nd
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                                  y




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                            ng




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                                                                                                            r
                                       en




                                       Sw
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                         ni
                        U




Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5).
                                                                                                                                                                  40
30. EU Aid for Government and Civil Society                                                                                             with IDC

 Commitments by donor (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




 Top 5                                                                                                                          Bottom 5
                             365
 EU Donors                                                                                                                      EU Donors
 76% of                            224 211 165 108                                                                              7% of
 total EU ODA                                      65           61    58    57    46   37    36    21     10       6            total EU ODA

                                                                                                                   g
                           er m




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Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5). Data on Luxembourg provided directly by Luxembourg.
                                                                                                                                            41
 31. EU Aid for Private Sector Development*                                                                                             with IDC

 Commitments by donor (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




                     1,046




 Top 5                         381 336                                                                                          Bottom 5
                                       286
 EU Donors                                      184                                                                             EU Donors
                                                       131    81     80    76
 82% of                                                                            48   28   17   15    15                      3% of
                                                                                                               11     4
 total EU ODA                                                                                                                   total EU ODA
                                         m




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* Agriculture, Industry, Mining, Banking, Business Services, Trade and Tourism
Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5). Data on Luxembourg provided directly by Luxembourg.
                                                                                                                                            42
  32. EU Aid Relating to Debt                                                                                                             with IDC

  Commitments by donor (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




                     1,190




                              709

                                     491

                                               317
  Top 5                                                257    245
                                                                    197                                                              Bottom 5
  EU Donors                                                               150     127                                                EU Donors
  84% of                                                                                  29     16      6      5       3     -      1% of
  total EU ODA                                                                                                                       total EU ODA
                                om




                                                                                s


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Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5). Data on EC provided directly by EC (avg. 2001/2 Euro 265 million)

                                                                                                                                               43
33. EU Aid for Programme Assistance and Food Aid                                                                                                  with IDC


Commitments by donor (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




                        565
                                                               Programme Assistance

 Top 5                                                                                                                                          Bottom 5
 EU Donors                       204                                                                                                            EU Donors
                                            147
 94% of                                               96                                                                                        1% of
                                                              33     22          13        11      7     6   5       3       1          0   -
 total EU ODA                                                                                                                                   total EU ODA



                                                    m




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                                                               Food aid (excl. relief food aid)

 Top 5                  201                                                                                                                     Bottom 5
 EU Donors                                                                                                                                      EU Donors
 94% of                           51        38                                                                                                  1% of
                                                      19       9         9           8         2   1     0   0   -       -          -       -
 total EU ODA                                                                                                                                   total EU ODA




                                                                                                                m
                                                                     m


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Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5)
                                                                                                                                                      44
34. EU Humanitarian Aid                                                                                                                                             with IDC

Commitments by donor (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)


                                                                         Relief Food Aid

 Top 5
                                                                                                                                                                Bottom 5
 EU Donors               88                                                                                                                                     EU Donors
 90% of
                                    51      32        26                                                                                                        5% of
 total EU ODA                                              11     8      5       4           3       2        2        0           0        0       -       -
                                                                                                                                                                total EU ODA


                                    m




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                           557
                                                           Non-Food Emergency and Distress Relief


                                    278
 Top 5                                     246                                                                                                                  Bottom 5
 EU Donors                                        167
                                                           142   140                                                                                            EU Donors
                                                                       119
 76% of                                                                                                                                                         4% of
                                                                             35             31      30   27       25         14        13
 total EU ODA                                                                                                                                   5       2       total EU ODA
                                    m




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Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5). Data on Luxembourg provided directly by Luxembourg.
                                                                                                                                                                        45
35. EU Aid for Environmental Protection                                                                            with IDC

 Commitments by donor (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




 Top 5                                                                                                          Bottom 5
                         121
 EU Donors                       100                                                                            EU Donors
                                        88     78     55
 82% of                                                     24     24     20       11   8   5   3   2   1   0   2% of
 total EU ODA                                                                                                   total EU ODA




                                                                                   Po ia
                                    he C




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Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5)
                                                                                                                       46
                                     with IDC




I.c Views by Sectors and Countries




                                         47
 36. Map of EU Member States Aid: Education                                                                                             with IDC

 Commitments by country (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)


                                                                              Turkey

                                           Tunisia


                                                                                                               China
                                            Morocco
                                                    Algeria                                                     80
                                              154
                                                      66
                                 Mali                                                             India
                                Senegal                                                            110                        Vietnam

                                                                                                                                 Indonesia
                                                                                                                                    69
                                                 Cameroon
                                                                                                 Tanzania
                                                     Zambia                                         74


                                                                                        Mozambique
                                                                                            58


                                                                           South Africa
                                                                               51




                                                                                                     Commitments:
                                                                                                     US $

                                                                                                            Over 50 million
                                                                                                            25 – 50 million
                                                                                                            0-25 million


Source: CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                                               48
 37. Map of EU Member States Aid: Health                                                                                   with IDC

 Commitments by country (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




                                                                                                            China
                                                                                                             57

                                                                                                 India
                                                                                                  113




                                                                                     Kenya
                                                                                      32
                                                      Ghana
                                                       42


                                                                                Mozambique
                                                                                    32
                                                                   Zambia
                                                                     62




                                                                                                   Commitments:
                                                                                                   US $

                                                                                                         Over 50 million
                                                                                                         25 – 50 million
                                                                                                         0-25 million


Source: CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                                 49
 38. Map of EU Member States Aid: Water and Sanitation                                                                         with IDC

 Commitments by country (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)



                                                                                   Turkey
                                                                                     31




                                                                                                             China
                                                                                                              33

                                                                                                  India
                                                                                                    76                      Vietnam
                                                                                                                               35
                                                                                          Egypt
                                                                                           32




                                                                                                    Commitments:
                                                                                                    US $

                                                                                                          Over 50 million
                                                                                                          25 – 50 million
                                                                                                          0-25 million


Source: CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                                        50
 39. Map of EU Member States Aid: Infrastructure                                                                                     with IDC

 Commitments by country (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




                                           Serbia &
                                          Montenegro



                                                                                                               China
                            Morocco, Algeria,                                                                   136
                                 Egypt                                                                                      Philippines, Sri
                                                                                                  India
                                                                                                                                 Lanka,
                                                                                                    71
                                                                                                                               Vietnam




                                                                                                 Bangladesh
                                                                                                     58


                                                                                                              Indonesia
                                                                                                                 69
                                                                             Mozambique
                                                                                 66




                                                                                                     Commitments:
                                                                                                     US $

                                                                                                          Over 50 million
                                                                                                          25 – 50 million
                                                                                                          0-25 million


Source: CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                                            51
 40. Map of EU Member States Aid: Government and Civil Society                                                                with IDC

 Commitments by country (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)



                                           Bosnia and Herzegovina,
                                          Kosovo, Macedonia, Serbia
                                               & Montenegro



                                                                                                                    China


                                                                                                    India
                                                                                                      61

                                                                                                                              East Timor
                                                                                                                                  72



                           Bolivia
                                                                                                 Afghanistan, Bangladesh,
                                                                                                 China, Indonesia, Vietnam,
                                                                                                          Malaysia
                                                                               Mozambique
                                                                                   66


                                               Dem. Rep. Congo, Malawi,
                                                Rwanda, Sierra Leone,
                                                South Africa, Tanzania                              Commitments:
                                                                                                    US $

                                                                                                            Over 50 million
                                                                                                            25 – 50 million
                                                                                                            0-25 million


Source: CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                                    52
 41. Map of EU Member States Aid: Production Sectors                                                                            with IDC

 Commitments by country (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




                                                                              Turkey



                                              Tunisia
                                                72                                                            China

                                                                                                 India
                                                                                                   60                          Vietnam
                                                                                                                                  78

                                                                                                                           , Indonesia,




                                               Senegal, South Africa,
                                                    Tanzania
                                                                                                  Commitments:
                                                                                                  US $

                        Argentina, Bolivia,                                                              Over 50 million
                               Cile
                                                                                                         25 – 50 million
                                                                                                         0-25 million


Source: CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                                       53
42. Map of the EU Member States Aid: Environmental Protection                                                          with IDC

Commitments by country (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




                              Brazil
                               29




                                                                                                 Commitments:
                                                                                                 US $

                                                                                                     Over 50 million
                                                                                                     25 – 50 million
                                                                                                     0-25 million


Source: CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                             54
43. Map of EU Member States: Humanitarian Aid                                                                                with IDC

Commitments by country (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)



                                                                             Serbia &       Afghanistan
                                                                            Montenegro          218




                                                                                                   India


                                                                                           Iraq
                                                                                            53




                                                     Angola, Dem. Rep. Congo,
                                                      Ethiopia, Sudan, Sierra
                                                              Leone                                 Commitments:
                                                                                                    US $

                                                                                                           Over 50 million
                                                                                                           25 – 50 million
                                                                                                           0-25 million


Source: CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                                   55
                     with IDC




I.d Thematic Views




                         56
  44. Official Development Assistance and the EU                                                                                                    with IDC

   Annual Net Disbursements of EU ODA to developing countries and multilateral
   organisations (Millions of US$ – Average 2001-2002)                                                                     ODA/GNI ratios (%)
                                                   1,828                                                      Denmark                                          1.00

                                                                          426                              Netherlands                                0.82

                                                                                                               Sweden                                 0.80
                   4,752                                                Finland
                                               Sweden                                                      Luxembourg                                0.76
                                       3,255                    5,157
                                                                                                               Belgium                       0.40
                                                      1,639                                                     Ireland                   0.37

                                                                                                                France                   0.35

                            4,842                                                                               Finland                  0.34
                                                                                                6,261
       342                                        Denmark
                                    Netherlands                                                         United Kingdom                  0.31
   Ireland
              United                                                                                             Spain                0.28
             Kingdom
                                            969                                                               Germany                 0.27
                                                    Germany
                                                                527
                                                                                                                Austria               0.27
               1,725
                                        Belgium             Austria                                            Portugal               0.26
                                                                                        143
                                                        8 1,980
                                                                                                               Greece             0.19
                                                                                  Luxembourg
                           France
           Spain                                                                                                   Italy         0.18
     296                                                                                                       EU Avg                    0.35
                                                        Italy                     239          EC            DAC Avg                  0.23
Portugal
                                                                                                                Japan                 0.23
                                                                           Greece
                                                                                                                USA            0.12


  Source: DAC Development Co-operation Report (Table 4 and Table 9). New EU Member States not included as they are not members of DAC.                  57
45. Official Development Assistance and the new                                                                                     with IDC
   EU Member States
    Annual Net Disbursements of new EU MS ODA to developing countries and
    multilateral organisations (Millions of US$ – Average 2001-2002)




              36.0       25.0       24.9       8.5        7.5        2.1        0.9        0.7        0.5        0.5

             Czech Slovenia        Poland    Hungary     Slovak    Cyprus    Lithuania    Latvia    Estonia     Malta
            Republic                                    Republic




Source: DAC Online for Poland, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Latvia and Lithuania. For the other new Member States Information
provided by the European Commission.                                                                                                    58
                                                                                                                                            with IDC
46. Aid per capita: EU Member States
 Net ODA per capita average                              205
 2001-2002 (disbursements)                 303                        82                                       ODA per capita (US$)
 US$ 2001
                                                                                               Luxembourg                                            325

                                                                                                  Denmark                                         303

                                                                  Finland
                                                                                                   Sweden                             205

                                                                                                Netherlands                           202
                       80
                                202
                                                                                                   Belgium                       94
                                                     Sweden           325
                                                                                                    Ireland                     88

         88        United                                                                           Finland                     82
                  Kingdom
                                                                                                    France                  81
                                      Denmark      63
                                                                                       74
                                                             66
                                                                                            United Kingdom                  80

     Ireland                          94
                                                                                                EU Average                  74
                       Netherlands           Germany
                                                                                                    Austria                66
                                                        Austria                    EU
                                                                                 Average
                                                                                                  Germany                  63

                              81 Belgium                                                             Spain            42
                  42
                                                                                                       Italy      34
                                                                  Luxembourg
                                                                                     23            Portugal      29
       29      Spain                                       34
                       France
                                                                                                    Greece       23
                                                                                   Greece
 Portugal                                                 Italy


Source: DAC Development Co-operation Report (Table 4) for net disbursements and World Bank Atlas for population data (2002).                    59
47. Aid per Capita: DAC Donors                                                                                                 with IDC




                                Net ODA per capita average
                                2001-2002 (disbursements)
                                US$ 2001

                                     Norway                                                                        338

                                Switzerland                                127

                                       Japan                       75

                                EU Average                        74

                                     Canada                   56

                                    Australia                47

                                         USA               43

                               New Zealand              30




Source: DAC Development Co-operation Report (Table 4) for net disbursements and World Bank Atlas for population data (2002).       60
      48. Official Development Assistance                                                                         with IDC

      Net disbursements by country (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)




                                Other DAC Donors                            Non DAC Donors*


                                                                                                                     1,484
United States                                                      12,360    Saudi Arabia

       Japan                                               9,565                   Korea                    272

     Canada                 1,770                                    United Arab Emirates             141

     Norway             1,521                                                       Israel        95

    Australia         931                                                          Turkey        69

 Switzerland          924                                                          Kuwait        47


New Zealand     117                                                               Iceland    11

                                                                             Other donors    2




     * Excludes EU donors
     Source: DAC Development Co-operation Report (Table 33).                                                          61
49. Official and Private Flows to Developing Countries                                                                       with IDC


Net disbursements by donor (US$ millions, 2002 constant prices)

                                           Evolution of EU financial flows to Developing Countries

                     90,000
                     80,000
                     70,000
                     60,000                                                                               Bilateral ODA
                     50,000                                                                               Multilateral ODA
                     40,000                                                                               Private Flows
                     30,000                                                                               Direct Investment
                     20,000
                     10,000
                         -
                                    1991-92          1999           2000            2001           2002


                                  Evolution of Japanese and US financial flows to Developing Countries

                     35,000

                     30,000
                     25,000
                                                                                                          Bilateral ODA
                     20,000                                                                               Multilateral ODA
                     15,000                                                                               Private Flows
                                                                                                          Direct Investment
                     10,000
                      5,000

                         -
                                    1991-92          1999           2000           2001            2002

Source: DAC Online Database - Disbursements and Commitments of Official and Private Flows (Table 1).                             62
 50. Aid by Income Groups                                                                                                      with IDC

      (Commitments 2001-2002, average, US$ million)


 Income               100%                                    2%                 1%
                                    6%                                                         4%                 5%         5%
 groups:                                                                   7%
                                                       12%
   HICs (High Income
   Countries)
                                                                                              28%
                                   30%                                                                                       33%
                                                                           32%
                                                                                                                  47%
   UMICs (Upper
   Middle Income)                                      40%




   LMICs (Low Middle               29%
                                                                           25%
   Income)                                                                                                                   34%
                                                                                              52%
                                                       13%
                                                                                                                  25%
   OLICs (Other Low
   Income)

                                   35%                 33%                 35%
                                                                                                                             28%
   LDCs (Least                                                                                                    23%
   Developed)                                                                                 16%



                             EU Member          European                 EU                                     United       DAC
                                                                                            Japan
Total bilateral ODA            States          Commission              MS + EC                                  States     Members
Million of US$,
2001-2002,                    20,845                6,045              26,891                10,476              10,863     46,312
Commitments

 Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Commitments (Table 3a).             63
51. High EU Aid and Low Income Countries                                                                                                    with IDC

(net bilateral EU MS ODA and EC ODA – disbursements, 2001-2002 average)




                                                                                    Income Groups                Share of EU Aid/ Total Aid
 Low Income Countries where EU share
                                                                                    (DAC Definition)
 is greater than 50%:
 Afghanistan                Kenya                                                        Low Income                     At least 50%
 Benin                      Mauritania
 Burkina Faso               Mozambique                                                   Low - middle Income
 Burundi                    Nicaragua
 Cameroon                   Rwanda                                                       Upper - middle Income
 Central African Republic   São Tome and Principe
 Ivory Coast                Tanzania                                                     Higher Income
 East Timor                 Togo
 Equatorial Guinea          Zambia
 Guinea Bissau              Zimbabwe

Sources: Disbursements: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a).
Per capita GNI: 2a.GNI per capita: World Bank Atlas.                                                                                            64
52. High EC Aid and Low Income Countries                                                                                                with IDC

(net EC ODA managed by the Commission – disbursements, 2001-2002 average)




 Low Income Countries where                                                       Income Groups                Share of EC Aid/ Total Aid
 EC share is greater than 20%:                                                    (DAC Definition)
 Burundi
 Chad                                                                       -          Low Income                     At least 20%
 Equatorial Guinea
                                                                                       Low - middle Income
 Guinea Bissau
 Korea, Dem Rep                                                                        Upper - middle Income
 Mauritania
 Solomon Islands                                                                       Higher Income

Sources: Disbursements: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a).
Per capita GNI: 2a.GNI per capita: World Bank Atlas.                                                                                        65
        53. How large is the share of multilateral aid                                                                                         with IDC

        (EU Member States, net disbursements )

        Share multilateral
                                                     Share of each multilateral channel
        ODA/Total ODA
                                                     %,2002 only
        %, 2001- 2002, average

                   Italy                       63%

               Greece                          60%

                Finland                  44%

              Germany                   40%

                 Spain                 38%

               Portugal                38%

               Belgium                 37%

              Denmark                  37%

                France                 36%

        United Kingdom                 36%

                Ireland                34%

               Austria              33%

              Sw eden              33%

           Netherlands            28%

           Luxembourg            22%


           EU Average                   38%       0%                 20%                 40%                 60%                 80%                 100%

Source: DAC Development Co-operation Report. Table 15.       World Bank          Regional Banks          UN Agencies           EC      Others
Sweden’s large share of the World Bank channel is explained by a large promissory note issued in 2002 (covering 9 years). The note is considered a
disbursement for the year when it is issued.                                                                                                         66
54. How large is the share of grants                                                          with IDC

(share of grants over bilateral ODA, net disbursements, millions US$, 2001-2002)


                           Luxembourg                                                  100%
                                Ireland                                                100%
                                Greece                                                 99%
                               Sweden                                                99%
                                Austria                                              99%
                              Denmark                                                98%
                                Finland                                              98%
                               Belgium                                              98%
                        United Kingdom                                              98%
                               Portugal                                            94%
                            Netherlands                                            94%
                              Germany                                              92%
                                France                                             92%
                                   Italy                                         90%
                                 Spain                                     81%
                                 Japan                             64%
                          United States                                            94%
                          DAC Average                                               97%
                            EU Average                                             94%


Source: DAC Development Co-operation. Table 12 and 13.                                            67
55. How large is the share of Technical Cooperation                                                         with IDC

(share of Technical Cooperation over bilateral ODA, disbursements, 2001-2002)

                           Donor
                           countries             %,2001- 2002


                                     Portugal                                                         66%
                                    Germany                                                    55%

                                      France                                             46%

                                     Belgium                                        42%
                                      Finland                                 34%

                              United Kingdom                           27%

                                 Netherlands                       25%
                                      Austria                     22%

                                     Greece                      20%

                                       Spain                     20%

                                         Italy             13%

                                    Denmark               11%

                                      Ireland        5%

                                     Sweden          5%

                                 Luxembourg        3%

                                    DAC Avg                                        38%
                                     EU Avg                                  32%

                                       Japan                           27%

                                        USA                                                          63%



Source: DAC Online Database - Disbursements and Commitments of Official and Private Flows (Table 1)             68
56. EU Aid and Programme Assistance *                                                                                                 with IDC


Commitments by donor (US$ millions, average 2001-2002) as a share of total bilateral ODA commitments


                  EC                                                                                                10%

       Netherlands                                                                                          9%

             France                                                   5%

            Portugal                                          4%

            Belgium                                          4%

   United Kingdom                                       3%

             Ireland                                3%

            Sweden                                 3%

             Finland                        2%

                 Italy                    2%

             Greece             1%

           Germany          0%

           Denmark         0%

               Spain     0%

             Austria     0%

* Note that data on programme assistance are narrowly defined and only cover general programme assistance. Therefore, comprehensive data on
budget support is not available. Luxembourg has not reported to DAC on programme assistance.
                                                                                                                                              69
Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5).
 57 . EU Support to/through NGOs *                                                                                    with IDC


Commitments support to/through NGO's (%, average 2001-2002)
Share of total bilateral commitments, % 2001 – 2002




                                      Sweden                                                                   14.1
                                      Belgium                                                           11.7
                                 Netherlands                                                          11.4
                                        Ireland                                                       11.1
                                  Switzerland                                                   9.5
                                     Denmark                                                    9.3
                             United Kingdom                                                8.6
                                         Spain                                            8.3
                                       Finland                                           8.0
                                       Austria                                      7.6
                                     Germany                                       7.5
                                 Luxembourg                                        7.4
                                DAC Average                             5.0
                                           Italy                        4.9
                                       Greece                   3.2
                                            EC                  3.2
                                      Portugal        0.9
                                       France         0.6

* Note that these data substantially underestimate aid to/through NGOs by some donors.
Source: DAC Development Co-operation Report (Table 18 – Major Aid Uses by Individual DAC Donors)                          70
58. How large is Untied Aid to all countries                                                                                                     with IDC

Share of Untied bilateral ODA over bilateral ODA excluding Technical Cooperation and administrative costs, 2002

      Donor countries            Untying Ratio % of commitments

    United Kingdom                                            100
              Ireland                                         100
              France                                       91.5
         Netherlands                                    88.6
            Germany                                    86.6                                               Memo on Untying Ratio:
                                                                                                          ODA excluding TC and administrative costs
              Finland                                 82.5                                                over total bilateral ODA
            Denmark                                   82.1
                                                                                       United Kingdom                     54%

             Sweden                                  78.5                                      Ireland                                     87%
                                                                                              France                           62%
              Austria                           69                                        Netherlands                                      87%

               Spain                         59.9                                            Germany                       56%
                                                                                              Finland                    49%
            Portugal                  33                                                    Denmark                                   81%
                                                                                             Sweden                                        89%
             Greece            13.9
                                                                                              Austria                                74%
        Luxembourg       N/A                                                                   Spain                                 74%

                                                                                             Portugal              28%
                 Italy   N/A
                                                                                              Greece                                  78%

             Belgium     N/A                                                              Luxembourg       0%
                                                                                                  Italy    0%
               Japan                                  83                                     Belgium       0%

      DAC Average                                     85                                       Japan                             73%

                                                                                                DAC                      49%
                USA      N/A                                                                    USA



Source: DAC Development Co-operation Report (Table 23 - Tying Status of ODA by Individual DAC Members, 2002)                                         71
59. How large is Untied Aid to Less Developed Countries                                                                                    with IDC

      Share of Untied Bilateral ODA to LDCs, % of commitments
                                                  2002                                             1999-2001 Average

                          Ireland                                          100%        Ireland                                      100%

                             UK                                            100%            UK                       53%

                         Finland                                           98%         Finland                            69%

                        Belgium                                            97%        Belgium                       49%

                        Sweden                                       88%              Sweden                                      91%

                     Netherlands                                     84%           Netherlands                                    91%

                        Denmark                                  80%                 Denmark                                78%

                         Austria                          62%                          Austria                36%

                           Spain                         60%                            Spain           21%

                         France                          60%                           France                 34%

                        Germany                          57%                         Germany                    43%

                         Greece             20%                                        Greece     N/A

                        Portugal           13%                                        Portugal                        61%

                             Italy   N/A                                                  Italy           30%

                     Luxembourg      N/A                                           Luxembourg     N/A

                          Japan                                70%                      Japan                               76%

                   DAC Average                           60%                      DAC Average                       53%

                            USA       4%                                                 USA      1%




Source: OECD DAC Progress Report – Implementing the 2001 DAC Recommendation on ODA to LDCs, March 2004                                         72
60. High EU Aid to countries with high Aid Dependency                                                                    with IDC

(net bilateral EU MS ODA and EC ODA managed by the Commission – 2001-2002 average disbursements)
Ratio between ODA and GNI




                                 Highly aid dependent countries with a share of EU Aid over total
                                 Aid greater than 50%
                                 Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cape Verde Islands,
                                  \
                                 East Timor, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mauritania, Mozambique,
                                 Rwanda, São Tome and Principe, Serbia & Montenegro, Zambia.


                                                                     Aid Dependency Index   Share of EU Aid/ Total Aid
                                                                     (ODA/GNI)

                                                                         High (>10%)               At least 50%
Sources: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development
Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a).                  Medium (2 – 10%)
Countries have been allocated to 3 categories, each of which has a       Low (< 2%)
similar number of countries.
                                                                                                                             73
61. High EC Aid to countries with high Aid Dependency                                                                    with IDC

(net bilateral EC ODA managed by the Commission – 2001-2002 average disbursements)
 Ratio between ODA and GNI




                                 Highly aid dependent countries with a
                                 share of EC Aid over total Aid greater than
                                 20%
                                 Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi, Chad,
                                 Dominica, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania,
                                 Solomon Islands.

                                                                     Aid Dependency Index   Share of EC Aid/ Total Aid
                                                                     (ODA/GNI)

                                                                         High (>10%)               At least 20%
Sources: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development
Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a). Countries        Medium (2 – 10%)
have been allocated to 3 categories, each of which has a similar
                                                                         Low (< 2%)
number of countries.
                                                                                                                             74
 62. High EU aid to countries with low Human Development                                                                 with IDC

 (net bilateral EU MS ODA and EC ODA managed by the Commission – average disbursements, 2001-2002)




                                  Low HDI countries with a share of EU Aid over total Aid
                                  greater than 50%
                                  Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African
                                  Rep., Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mauritania,
                                  Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe



                                                                    Human Devt. Index       Share of EU Aid/ Total Aid

                                                                        Low                        At least 50%
Sources: Disbursements: DAC Online Database - Destination of
Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements        Medium
(Table 2a). Human Development Index 2001: Human Development
                                                                        High
Report 2003, UN.
                                                                                                                             75
 63. High EC aid to countries with low Human Development                                                                   with IDC

 (net bilateral EC ODA managed by the Commission – average disbursements, 2001-2002)




                                  Low HDI countries with a share of EC
                                  Aid over total Aid greater than 20%
                                  Burundi, Chad, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania.




                                                                    Human Development Index   Share of EC Aid/ Total Aid


                                                                        Low                          At least 20%
Sources: Disbursements: DAC Online Database - Destination of            Medium
Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements
(Table 2a). Human Development Index 2001: Human Development             High
Report 2003, UN.                                                                                                               76
 64. High EU Aid to countries with high Corruption Indicators                                                               with IDC

 (net bilateral EU MS ODA and EC ODA managed by the Commission – average disbursements, 2001-2002)




                                     High corruption countries with a share of
                                     EU Aid over total Aid greater than 50%
                                     Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Iraq, Kenya,
                                     Macedonia, Serbia & Montenegro,
                                     Venezuela, Zimbabwe



                                                                        Corruption Indicators   Share of EUAid/ Total Aid
Source: Disbursements: DAC Online Database - Destination of
Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements            High                      At least 50%
(Table 2a). Corruption Perception Index 2003: Transparency
International. Countries have been allocated to 3 categories, each of       Medium
which has a similar number of countries. High:1.3-2.4, medium: 2.5-         Low
3.3 and low: 3.4-7.4. Data on aid from DAC Table 2a.
                                                                                                                                77
 65. High EC Aid to countries with high Corruption Indicators                                                                with IDC

 (net bilateral EC ODA managed by the Commission – average disbursements 2001-2002)




                                     High corruption countries with a share of
                                     EC Aid over total Aid greater than 20%
                                     Macedonia.




                                                                        Corruption Indicators   Share of EC Aid/ Total Aid
Source: Disbursements: DAC Online Database - Destination of
Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements            High                       At least 20%
(Table 2a). Corruption Perception Index 2003: Transparency
International. Countries have been allocated to 3 categories, each of       Medium
which has a similar number of countries. High:1.3-2.4, medium: 2.5-         Low
3.3 and low: 3.4-7.4. Data on aid from DAC Table 2a.
                                                                                                                                 78
 66. High EU Aid and Political Rights and Civil Liberties                                                                with IDC

 (net bilateral EU MS ODA and EC ODA managed by the Commission – average disbursements 2001-2002)




                                    Not Free countries with a share of EU Aid over total
                                    Aid greater than 50%
                                    Afghanistan, Algeria, Cameroon, Central Afr. Rep.,
                                    Cuba, Eq. Guinea, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Mauritania,
                                    Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Zimbabwe.



                                                                       Freedom Indicators   Share of EU Aid/ Total Aid

                                                                           Not Free                At least 50%
Source: Disbursements: DAC Online Database - Destination of
Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements           Partially Free
(Table 2a). Freedom Indicators: Freedom in the World, 2004.                Free
Freedom House
                                                                                                                             79
 67. High EC Aid and Political Rights and Civil Liberties                                                                with IDC

 (net bilateral EC ODA managed by the Commission – average disbursements 2001-2002)




                                    Not Free countries with a share of EC Aid over total
                                    Aid greater than 20%
                                    Algeria, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, North Korea,
                                    Mauritania, Swaziland, Tunisia.




                                                                       Freedom Indicators   Share of EC Aid/ Total Aid

                                                                           Not Free                At least 20%
Source: Disbursements: DAC Online Database - Destination of
Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements           Partially Free
(Table 2a). Freedom Indicators: Freedom in the World, 2004.                Free
Freedom House
                                                                                                                             80
     68. EU Aid and Development Assistance Staff                                                                                                                                                                                                      with IDC
               Number of full time staff managing ODA


                                                                                             7,275




                                                                               4,447

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3,539
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2,850

                                                                                                                                                                                 1365

                                                   828                                                                                                                                                        838          915
                                   343                                                                                                            469
                 120                                              214                                                           282                              88
                                                                                                               131                                                                           140

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           United
               A ustria        B elgium          Denmark         Finland        France       Germany       Greece              Ireland            Italy     Luxembo urg Netherlands         P o rtugal        Spain        Sweden                     EC *
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Kingdo m
Field Lo cal      11                               263             13             500          4,018                            123                20               1              325                         1
                                                                                                                                                                                                               15            50              ,1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1 00      2,021
Field Expat       21               68              151             50            2,987         1,352            1                29                19             15               395                         69            183            250        559
HQ               88                275             414             151            960          1,905           130              130               430             72               645           140          654            682           1,500       959




                                                                                                       Staff per US$10 million disbursed *
                                                                                               23.5



                                                                                      14.3                 13.8
                                                                                                                          12.5
                                                                         9.0                                                                                                                                           9.3
                                                           8.0                                                                                            7.9                       7.6          7.8        7.5
                                             5.7                                                                                            6.5                         5.8                                                         5.7
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 * EC excluding ALAT. The Commission also reports that the ratio for US$10 million of commitments is 4.8.
 Source: EU Atlas questionnaires completed by EU member states and the Commission (DAC members). * EC: excluding ALAT                                                                                                                                         81
 69. EU Aid: Administrative Expenditures*                                                                                                                 with IDC

 Net Disbursements by donor (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)

                                284
                                      234
                                            189 187
                                                         110 85
                                                                       71      57      34      32       19         18       17      7      2   1




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                            9.3%                                    % of total bilateral ODA
                                           8.1%                 8.2%
                                    7.6%                                                                             7.6% 7.7%

                                                  6.0%                 5.8%
                                                                               5.3%                5.2% 5.4%
                                                                                       4.7%
                                                                                                                                    3.7%


                                                         1.8%                                                                              1.8%
                                                                                                                                                   1.4%
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* The data on this table is only indicative as Member States report administrative expenses differently.

Source: DAC Online - Official Commitments (or Disbursements) by Sector (Table 5)
                                                                                                                                                              82
70. EU Aid and In-country Presence                                                                                   with IDC




 Total Number of
 Embassies and
 Delegations:
 797




                                  Developing Countries with less than 5 Embassies/Delegations
                                  Barbados, Bhutan, Botswana , Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Rep.,
                                  Chad, Eritrea, Gambia, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Kyrgyz Rep., Laos, Lesotho, Madagascar,
                                  Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Moldova, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Papua New Guinea,
                                  Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tajikistan, Trinidad & Tobago, Turkmenistan, Yemen.


                                                                                                   No. Of EU MS Embassies
                                                                                                   and EC Delegations

                                                                                                        1 to 5
                                                                                                        6 to 10
                                                                                                        11 to 16
Source: EC and EU Members Ministries of Foreign Affairs’ Web Sites (as of May 2004).                                        83
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II. EU Donor Profiles




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II.a Donor Fiches   The EU Donor Fiches present the results of a
                    questionnaire sent by the EU Donor Atlas team to EU
                    member states (DAC members) in February and March
                    2004. The profile also include some key figures at a
                    glance (all from DAC data). The end of section Note fiche
                    provides detail explanations on the donor fiches.




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               Austria                                                 Austrian Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                       Net ODA/EU ODA                              1.9%
                                                                       ODA/GNI                                     0.27%
Overall objective                            sustainable development   ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA                  24%
                                             poverty reduction         Multilateral ODA/ODA                        33%
                                             democracy                 Technical Coop./Bilateral ODA               25%
Development policy statement                 no                        Support to NGOs/Bilateral ODA               7.6%
Legislation                                  2002                      Untied ODA/Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)   69%
Minister in Cabinet                          no                        Untied ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA (2002)     62%
Annual report                                yes                       Sector distribution                         42% economic infrastructure
http://www.bma.gv.at/up-media/208-Jahresbericht%202002%20HP.pdf        Regional distribution                       30% Sub Saharan Africa
                                                                       Top 5 recipients                            Serbia & Montenegro, Cameroon,
                                                                                                                   Bolivia, Egypt, Indonesia




A. Institutional Framework                                              Full time evaluation staff                  2
Policy ministry with separate implementation agency                     Common monitoring system                    yes
Total staff                                   120
HQ                                            88                        E. Programming priorities
Field expatriate staff                        21                        Regions                                     …
Field local staff                             11                        Countries                                   …

B. Degree of decentralisation                                           F. Preferred approaches
Programming                                  HQ                         Commitment to budget support                low
Project appraisal and approval               HQ approval                Support to sector approach                  yes
Tenders                                      HQ                         Financing modality for sector app.          parallel financing
Commitments and payments                     HQ                                                                     (own procedures)
Monitoring and evaluation                    …                          Role of civil society/NGOs:                 strong

C. Programming                                                          G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Use of formal methodology                    no                         Aid procedures are a strength               yes
Programming documents used                   3 year programme csp       Use of stand-alone PMUs                     frequently
Common EU format                             yes                        Tying investment projects                   very low
Role of recipient government                 central                    Tying technical cooperation                 low
Coordination with EU MS                      strong                     Tying programme aid (excl food)             very low
                                                                        Tying food aid                              very low
D. Monitoring and Evaluation                                            Tying support to NGOs                       very low
Evaluation unit reports to:                  policy departments         Tying emergency assistance                  very low




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            Belgium                                                 Belgian Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                    Net ODA/EU ODA                               3.4%
                                                                    ODA/GNI                                      0.40%
Overall objective                       poverty reduction           ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA                   35%
                                                                    Multilateral ODA/ODA                         37%
Development. policy statement           2003                        Technical Coop./ Bilateral ODA               42%
Legislation                             1999                        Support to NGOs/ Bilateral ODA               11.7%
Minister in Cabinet                     yes                         Untied ODA/ Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)   …
                                                                    Untied ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA (2002)      97%
Annual report                           yes
                                                                    Sector distribution                          22% education, health and population
                                        www.dgic.be
                                                                    Regional distribution                        47% Sub Saharan Africa
                                                                    Top 5 recipients                             Tanzania, DR Congo, Cameroon,
                                                                                                                 Serbia & Montenegro, Ivory Coast




A. Institutional Framework                                           E. Programming priorities
Policy ministry with separate implementation agency                  Regions                                      Sub-Saharan Africa
Total staff                              343                         Countries:                                   Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, Benin,
HQ                                       275                                                                      Mali, Senegal, Niger, Mozambique,
Field expatriate staff                   68                                                                       Tanzania, Uganda, South Africa,
Field local staff                        …                                                                        Morocco, Algeria, Palestinian
                                                                                                                  Adm., Vietnam, Peru, Ecuador,
                                                                                                                  Bolivia.
B. Degree of decentralisation
Programming                             HQ                           F. Preferred approaches
Project appraisal and approval          HQ approval
                                                                     Commitment to budget support                 low
Tenders                                 field
                                                                     Support to sector approach                   yes
Commitments and payments                HQ
                                                                     Financing modality for sector app.           Parallel financing
Monitoring and evaluation               HQ
                                                                                                                  (own procedures)
                                                                     Role of civil society/NGOs:                  limited
C. Programming
Use of formal methodology               no                           G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Programming documents used              country strategy papers
                                                                     Aid procedures are a strength                no
Common EU format                        no
                                                                     Use of stand-alone PMUs                      rarely
Role of recipient government            central
                                                                     Tying investment projects                    very low
Coordination with EU MS                 strong
                                                                     Tying technical cooperation                  very low
                                                                     Tying programme aid (excl food)              very low
D. Monitoring and Evaluation
                                                                     Tying food aid                               very low
Evaluation unit reports to:             body not involved with
                                                                     Tying support to NGOs                        high
                                        implementation/Parliament
                                                                     Tying emergency assistance                   very low
Full time evaluation staff              5
Common monitoring system                yes
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             Denmark                                                      Danish Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                          Net ODA/EU ODA                               5.8%
                                                                          ODA/GNI                                      1.0%
Overall objective                        sustainable development          ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA                   36%
                                         poverty reduction                Multilateral ODA/ODA                         37%
                                         democracy                        Technical Coop./ Bilateral ODA               11%
                                         gender equality                  Support to NGOs/ Bilateral ODA               9.3%
Development. policy statement            2003                             Untied ODA/ Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)   82%
Legislation                              1998                             Untied ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA (2002)     80%
Minister in Cabinet                      yes *                            Sector distribution                          18% other social infrastructure
Annual report                            yes                              Regional distribution                        38% Sub Saharan Africa
                                         www.um.dk                        Top 5 recipients                             Tanzania, Vietnam, Uganda,
                                                                                                                       Mozambique, Ghana




A. Institutional Framework                                                 E. Programming priorities
Integrated Ministry of Foreign Affairs                                     Regions                                      Sub-Saharan Africa
Total staff                              828
HQ                                       414
Field expatriate staff                   151                               Countries:                                   Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan,
Field local staff                        263                                                                            Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Egypt,
                                                                                                                        Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique,
B. Degree of decentralisation                                                                                           Nepal, Nicaragua, Tanzania,
                                                                                                                        Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia.
Programming                              HQ
                                                                                                                                            …
Project appraisal and approval           HQ/field(*) >DKK 5-10 mill.
Tenders                                  HQ/field (*)
                                                                           F. Preferred approaches
Commitments and payments                 HQ/field(*)
                                                                           Commitment to budget support                 high
Monitoring and evaluation
                                                                           Support to sector approach                   yes
C. Programming                                                             Financing modality for sector app.           pool funding with government
                                                                                                                        procedures
Use of formal methodology                yes
                                                                           Role of civil society/NGOs:                  strong/framework agreements
Programming documents used               country strategies (short) web
Common EU format                         no
                                                                           G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Role of recipient government             central
                                                                           Aid procedures are a strength                yes
Coordination with EU MS                  strong
                                                                           Use of stand-alone PMUs                      rarely
D. Monitoring and Evaluation                                               Tying investment projects                    very low
                                                                           Tying technical cooperation                  very low
Evaluation unit reports to:              Minister with broader mandate
                                                                           Tying programme aid (excl food)              very low
Full time evaluation staff               7
                                                                           Tying food aid                               very low
Common monitoring system                 yes
                                                                           Tying support to NGOs                        low
                                                                           Tying emergency assistance                   very low
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               Finland                                                      Finnish Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                            Net ODA/EU ODA                                   1.5%
                                                                            ODA/GNI                                          0.34%
Overall objective                              poverty reduction            ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA                       30%
                                                                            Multilateral ODA/ODA                             44%
Development. policy statement                  2004                         Technical Coop./ Bilateral ODA                   34%
Legislation                                    no                           Support to NGOs/ Bilateral ODA                   8.0%
Minister in Cabinet                            yes                          Untied ODA/ Bilateral ODA (exc. TC)/ODA (2002)   82%
Annual report                                  yes                          Untied ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA (2002)         98%
                                                                            Sector distribution                              28% other social infrastructure
http://global.finland.fi/english/publications/annual/2002/index.html        Regional distribution                            30% Sub Saharan Africa
                                                                            Top 5 recipients                                 Tanzania, Afghanistan, Mozambique,
                                                                                                                             Serbia & Montenegro, China



                                                                             E. Programming priorities
A. Institutional Framework                                                   Regions                                          Sub-Saharan Africa
Integrated Ministry of Foreign Affairs *                                     Countries:                                       Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique,
Total staff                                    214                                                                            Zambia, Nepal, Vietnam,
HQ                                             151                                                                            Nicaragua.
Field expatriate staff                         50                            F. Preferred approaches
Field local staff                              13                            Commitment to budget support                     high
                                                                             Support to sector approach                       yes
B. Degree of decentralisation                                                Financing modality for sector app.               pool funding with government
Programming                                    HQ                                                                             procedures
Project appraisal and approval                 HQ                            Role of civil society/NGOs:                      strong/co-financing
Tenders                                        HQ
Commitments and payments                       HQ                            G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Monitoring and evaluation                      …                             Aid procedures are a strength                    yes
                                                                             Use of stand-alone PMUs                          frequently
C. Programming                                                               Tying investment projects                        low
Use of formal methodology                      yes                           Tying technical cooperation                      very low
Programming documents used                     no (no country strategies)    Tying programme aid (excl food)                  very low
Common EU format                               no                            Tying food aid                                   very low
Role of recipient government                   central                       Tying support to NGOs                            very low
Coordination with EU MS                        strong                        Tying emergency assistance                       very low

D. Monitoring and Evaluation
Evaluation unit reports to:                    principal administrator/DG
Full time evaluation staff                     2
Common monitoring system                       yes
                                                                                * Integration only for implementation. This is not the “pure” Model 1 as a
                                                                                separate Directorate is in charge of policy (Development Cooperation Policy).


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              France                                                     EU Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                         Net ODA/EU ODA                             17.2%
                                                                         ODA/GNI                                    0.35%
Overall objective                           sustainable development      ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA                 27%
                                            poverty reduction            Multilateral ODA/ODA                       36%
                                            cultural diversity           Technical Coop./ Bilateral ODA             46%
                                                                         Support to NGOs/ Bilateral ODA             0.6%
                                                                         Untied ODA/ Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) 2002   92%
Development policy statement                2002                         Untied ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA 2002     60%
Legislation                                 no                           Sector distribution                        30% economic infrastructure
Minister in Cabinet                         no                           Regional distribution                      49% Sub Saharan Africa
Annual report                               yes                          Top 5 recipients                           Ivory Coast, Mozambique, Morocco,
                                                                                                                    Egypt, Cameroon




A. Institutional Framework
Multiple ministries with separate implementing agencies                   E. Programming priorities
Total staff                                  4447                         Regions                                    Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle
HQ                                             960                                                                   East, North Africa
Field expatriate staff                       2987                         Countries                                  Morocco, Algeria, Tunis, Lebanon,
Field local staff                              500                                                                   Senegal, Cameroon, Mali, Burkina
                                                                                                                     Faso, Benin, Guinea, Madagascar,
B. Degree of decentralisation                                                                                        Niger, Chad, Djibouti, DR Congo,
                                                                                                                     Congo, Ivory Coast, Vietnam,
Programming                                 HQ
                                                                                                                     Laos, Cambodia, Brazil
Project appraisal and approval              HQ
Tenders                                     HQ                            F. Preferred approaches
Commitments and payments                    HQ
                                                                          Commitment to budget support               high
Monitoring and evaluation                   HQ
                                                                          Support to sector approach                 yes
                                                                          Financing modality for sector app.         co-financing
C. Programming
                                                                          Role of civil society/NGOs:                limited
Use of formal methodology                   no
Programming documents used                  country strategy documents    G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Common EU format                            yes
                                                                          Aid procedures are a strength              yes
Role of recipient government                limited
                                                                          Use of stand-alone PMUs                    rarely
Coordination with EU MS                     weak
                                                                          Tying investment projects                  very low
                                                                          Tying technical cooperation                very high
D. Monitoring and Evaluation
                                                                          Tying programme aid (excl food)            very low
Evaluation unit reports to:                 principal administrator/DG
                                                                          Tying food aid                             very low
Full time evaluation staff                  21
                                                                          Tying support to NGOs                      very low
Common monitoring system                    no
                                                                          Tying emergency assistance                 very low

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             Germany
                                                                           German Aid at a Glance (01-02)
Overall objective                       (*)poverty reduction               Net ODA/EU ODA                                 18.3%
                                        safeguarding peace                 ODA/GNI                                        0.27
                                        integration into world economy     ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA                     19%
                                                                           Multilateral ODA/ODA                           40%
Development policy statement            2001 and 2002 (**)                 Technical Coop./ Bilateral ODA                 55%
Legislation                             2001                               Support to NGOs/ Bilateral ODA                 7.5%
                                                                           Untied ODA/ Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)     87%
Minister in Cabinet                     yes
                                                                           Untied ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA (2002)       57%
Annual report                           no (biannual)
                                                                           Sector distribution                            20% education, health and population
                                                                           Regional distribution                          20% Sub Saharan Africa
                                                                           Top 5 recipients                               Serbia & Montenegro, China, Bolivia, India,
                                                                                                                          Mozambique
A. Institutional Framework
Policy ministry with separate implementation agency
Total staff                              7275                               E. Programming priorities
HQ                                       1905                               Regions                                       …
Field expatriate staff                   1352                               Countries:     40 priority countries (CEE/NIS: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Field local staff                        4018                                                  Georgia, FYR Macedonia; MED-NME: Egypt, Morocco, Palestinian
                                                                                               adm., Turkey, Yemen; SSA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia,
B. Degree of decentralisation                                                                  Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda,
Programming                             HQ                                                     Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia; As-Oc:
Project appraisal and approval          HQ                                                     Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Nepal,
Tenders                                 …                                                      Pakistan, Philippines, Vietnam; LA: Bolivia, El Salvador, Honduras,
Commitments and payments                HQ                                                     Nicaragua, Peru ). 35 partner countries are not listed here.
Monitoring and evaluation               HQ
                                                                            F. Preferred approaches
C. Programming                                                              Commitment to budget support                   low
Use of formal methodology               yes                                 Support to sector approach                     yes
Programming documents used              country papers/priority             Financing modality for sector app.             pool funding with donor procedures
                                        strategy papers                     Role of civil society/NGOs:                    strong
Common EU format                        no                                  G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Role of recipient government            central                             Aid procedures are a strength                  yes
Coordination with EU MS                 weak                                Use of stand-alone PMUs                        rarely
                                                                            Tying investment projects                      very low
D. Monitoring and Evaluation                                                Tying technical cooperation                    low
Evaluation unit reports to:             principal administrator/DG (***)    Tying programme aid (excl food)                very low
Full time evaluation staff              12                                  Tying food aid                                 very low
Common monitoring system                yes                                 Tying support to NGOs                          very low
                                                                            Tying emergency assistance                     very low
                                                                            (*)Reducing global poverty and contributing to common international efforts towards
                                                                            fulfillment of the MDGs, safeguarding peace and making globalisation equitable.
                                                                            (**)Programme of Action 2015 for Poverty Reduction – The German Government’s
                                                                            contribution towards halving extreme poverty world-wide (2001), The German
                                                                            Government’s 11th Development Policy Report (2001), Government’s Coalition Statement        91
                                                                            (2002) (***) Permanent Secretary
                                                                                                                                          with IDC



             Greece                                            Greek Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                               Net ODA/EU ODA                               0.9%
                                                               ODA/GNI                                      0.19%
Overall objective                       poverty reduction      ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA                   4%
                                                               Multilateral ODA/ODA                         60%
Development policy statement            2002                   Technical Coop./ Bilateral ODA               20%
Legislation                             1999                   Support to NGOs/ Bilateral ODA               3.2%
Minister in Cabinet                     yes                    Untied ODA/ Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)   14%
Annual report                           yes                    Untied ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA (2002)     20%
                                                               Sector distribution                          67% other social infrastructure
                                                               Regional distribution                        79% Europe
                                                               Top 5 recipients                             FYR Macedonia, Serbia & Montenegro, Albania,
                                                                                                            Bosnia and Herzegovina, Afghanistan




A. Institutional Framework                                      E. Programming priorities
Policy ministry with separate implementation agency             Regions                                      South and Eastern Europe
Total staff                              131                    Countries:                                   Albania, Armenia, Bosnia and
HQ                                       130                                                                 Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Eritrea,
Field expatriate staff                   1                                                                   Ethiopia, Georgia, Jordan,
Field local staff                        …                                                                   Lebanon, FYR Macedonia,
                                                                                                             Palestinian adm., Romania, Syria,
                                                                                                             Turkey, Ukraine, FR Yugoslavia.
B. Degree of decentralisation
Programming                             HQ                      F. Preferred approaches
Project appraisal and approval          HQ
                                                                Commitment to budget support                 …
Tenders                                 HQ
                                                                Support to sector approach                   yes
Commitments and payments                HQ
                                                                Financing modality for sector app.           parallel financing
Monitoring and evaluation               HQ
                                                                                                             (own procedures)
                                                                Role of civil society/NGOs:                  limited
C. Programming
Use of formal methodology               yes                     G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Programming documents used              country strategies
                                                                Aid procedures are a strength                yes
Common EU format                        yes
                                                                Use of stand-alone PMUs                      rarely
Role of recipient government            limited
                                                                Tying investment projects                    …
Coordination with EU MS                 weak
                                                                Tying technical cooperation                  very low
                                                                Tying programme aid (excl food)              …
D. Monitoring and Evaluation
                                                                Tying food aid                               high
Evaluation unit reports to:             development minister
                                                                Tying support to NGOs                        very low
Full time evaluation staff              1
                                                                Tying emergency assistance                   very low
Common monitoring system                yes



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             Ireland                                                   Irish Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                       Net ODA/EU ODA                               1.2%
                                                                       ODA/GNI                                      0.37%
Overall objective                         sustainable development      ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA                   66%
                                          poverty reduction            Multilateral ODA/ODA                         34%
                                                                       Technical Coop./ Bilateral ODA               5%
Development policy statement              2002                         Support to NGOs/ Bilateral ODA               11.1%
Legislation                               no                           Untied ODA/ Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)   100%
Minister in Cabinet                       no                           Untied ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA (2002)     100%
Annual report                             yes                          Sector distribution                          41% education, health & population
                                                                       Regional distribution                        70% Sub Saharan Africa
                                                                       Top 5 recipients                             Uganda, Mozambique, Ethiopia,
                                                                                                                    Tanzania, Zambia



A. Institutional Framework                                              Common monitoring system                     no
Development Cooperation Directorate within the MFA
Total staff                                282                          E. Programming priorities
HQ                                         130                          Regions                                      Sub-Saharan Africa
Field expatriate staff                       29                         Countries:                                   Ethiopia, Lesotho, Mozambique,
Field local staff                          123                                                                       Tanzania, East Timor, Uganda and
                                                                                                                     Zambia
B. Degree of decentralisation
Programming                               HQ                            F. Preferred approaches
Project appraisal and approval            HQ (approval)                 Commitment to budget support                 high
Tenders                                   HQ/field                      Support to sector approach                   yes
Commitments and payments                  …                             Financing modality for sector app.           pool funding with government
Monitoring and evaluation                 HQ/field                                                                   procedures
                                                                        Role of civil society/NGOs:                  strong
C. Programming
Use of formal methodology                 yes                           G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Programming documents used                country strategies            Aid procedures are a strength                yes
Common EU format                          no                            Use of stand-alone PMUs                      never
Role of recipient government              central                       Tying investment projects                    very low
Coordination with EU MS                   strong                        Tying technical cooperation                  very low
                                                                        Tying programme aid (excl food)              very low
D. Monitoring and Evaluation                                            Tying food aid                               very low
Evaluation unit reports to:               principal administrator/DG    Tying support to NGOs                        very low
Full time evaluation staff                4                             Tying emergency assistance                   very low




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              Italy                                                          Italian Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                             Net ODA/EU ODA                               7.0%
                                                                             ODA/GNI                                      0.18%
Overall objective                         sustainable development            ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA                    66%
                                          poverty reduction                  Multilateral ODA/ODA                         63%
                                                                             Technical Coop./ Bilateral ODA               13%
Development policy statement               1999                              Support to NGOs/ Bilateral ODA               4.9%
Legislation                                1987                              Untied ODA/ Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)   N/A
Minister in Cabinet                        no                                Untied ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA (2002)     N/A
Annual report                              yes                               Sector distribution                          34% debt relief, 17% social
                                                                                                                          infrastructure
                                   http://www.esteri.it/ita/4_28_66_79.asp
                                                                             Regional distribution                        68% Sub Saharan Africa
                                                                             Top 5 recipients                             Mozambique, Tanzania, Eritrea,
                                                                                                                          Tunisia, Ethiopia



A. Institutional Framework                                                    Regions                                      South-East Europe, Middle
Development Cooperation Directorate within the MFA                                                                         East, Africa
Total staff                                469                                Countries:                                   Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
HQ                                         430                                                                             Macedonia, Serbia and
Field expatriate staff                      19                                                                             Montenegro, Egypt, Tunisia,
Field local staff                          20                                                                              Morocco, Iraq, Palestinian
                                                                                                                           Territories, Ethiopia, Eritrea,
                                                                                                                           Mozambique, Uganda, South
B. Degree of decentralisation                                                                                              Africa.
Programming                               HQ
Project appraisal and approval            HQ (approval)                       F. Preferred approaches
Tenders                                   HQ/Field                            Commitment to budget support                 low
Commitments and payments                  HQ                                  Support to sector approach                   yes
Monitoring and evaluation                 HQ/Field                            Financing modality for sector app.           Pool funding with gov’t
                                                                                                                           procedures
C. Programming                                                                Role of civil society/NGOs:                  limited
Use of formal methodology                 no
Programming documents used                country strategies                  G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Common EU format                          yes                                 Aid procedures are a strength                no
Role of recipient government              central                             Use of stand-alone PMUs                      rarely
Coordination with EU MS                   weak                                Tying investment projects                    …
                                                                              Tying technical cooperation                  very high
D. Monitoring and Evaluation                                                  Tying programme aid (excl food)              very high
Evaluation unit reports to:               principal administrator/DG          Tying food aid                               low
Full time evaluation staff                5                                   Tying support to NGOs                        very high
Common monitoring system                  yes                                 Tying emergency assistance                   low
E. Programming priorities


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             Luxembourg                                             Luxembourg Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                    Net ODA/EU ODA                              0.5%
                                                                    ODA/GNI                                     0.76%
Overall objective                         sustainable development   ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA                   41%
                                          poverty reduction         Multilateral ODA/ODA                        22%
                                          democracy                 Technical Coop./Bilateral ODA               3%
                                                                    Support to NGOs/Bilateral ODA               7.4%
Development policy statement              2004                      Untied ODA/Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)   …
Legislation                               1996                      Untied ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA (2002)     …
Minister in Cabinet                       yes                       Sector distribution                         Health 26%, Education 20%
Annual report                             yes                       Regional distribution                       41% Sub Saharan Africa
                                          www.mae.lu                Top 5 recipients                            Serbia & Montenegro, Cape Verde, El
                                                                                                                Salvador, Afghanistan, Mali




A. Institutional Framework
Development Cooperation Directorate within the MFA                   E. Programming priorities
Total staff                                88                        Regions                                     Sub-Saharan Africa, South and
HQ                                         72                                                                    East Asia, Latin America
Field expatriate staff                     15                        Countries:                                  Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Mali,
Field local staff                          1                                                                     Namibia, Niger, Senegal, El
                                                                                                                 Salvador, Nicaragua, Laos,
B. Degree of decentralisation                                                                                    Vietnam.
Programming                               HQ
Project appraisal and approval            HQ                         F. Preferred approaches
Tenders                                   Field/HQ                   Commitment to budget support                low
Commitments and payments                  Field/HQ                   Support to sector approach                  yes
Monitoring and evaluation                 HQ                         Financing modality for sector app.          parallel financing (own
                                                                                                                 procedures)
C. Programming                                                       Role of civil society/NGOs:                 strong
Use of formal methodology                 no
Programming documents used                indicative programme       G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Common EU format                          no                         Aid procedures are a strength               yes
Role of recipient government              central                    Use of stand-alone PMUs                     frequently
Coordination with EU MS                   weak                       Tying investment projects                   very low
                                                                     Tying technical cooperation                 very low
D. Monitoring and Evaluation                                         Tying programme aid (excl food)             very low
Evaluation unit reports to:               development minister       Tying food aid                              very low
Full time evaluation staff                1                          Tying support to NGOs                       very low
Common monitoring system                  no                         Tying emergency assistance                  very low


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               Netherlands                                                      EU Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                                Net ODA/EU ODA                               11.6%
                                                                                ODA/GNI                                      0.82%
Overall objective                                 poverty reduction             ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA                    33%
                                                                                Multilateral ODA/ODA                         28%
                                                                                Technical Coop./Bilateral ODA                25%
Development policy statement                      2003                          Support to NGOs/Bilateral ODA                11.4%
Legislation                                       no                            Untied ODA/Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)    89%
Minister in Cabinet                               yes                           Untied ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA (2002)     84%
Annual report                                     yes                           Sector distribution                          other social infrastructure
                                                                                Regional distribution                        47% Sub Saharan Africa
                                                                                Top 5 recipients                             Indonesia, India, Tanzania, Ghana,
                                                                                                                             Afghanistan



A. Institutional Framework                                                     E. Programming priorities
Development Cooperation Directorate within the MFA                             Regions                                      Sub-Saharan Africa, South and East
Total staff                                1365                                                                             Europe
HQ                                         645                                 Countries                                    36 (Afghanistan, Albania, Armenia,
Field expatriate staff                     395                                                                              Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and
Field local staff                          325                                                                              Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde,
                                                                                                                            Colombia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia,
B. Degree of decentralisation                                                                                               Ghana, Guatemala, Indonesia, Kenya,
                                                                                                                            Macedonia, Mali, Moldava, Mongolia,
Programming                                       HQ/Field
                                                                                                                            Mozambique, Nicaragua, Pakistan,
Project appraisal and approval                    HQ/Field                                                                  Palestinian Administered Areas, Rwanda,
Tenders                                           HQ/Field                                                                  Senegal, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Surinam,
Commitments and payments                          HQ/Field                                                                  Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, and
Monitoring and evaluation(*)                      HQ/Field                                                                  Zambia)

C. Programming                                                                 F. Preferred approaches
Use of formal methodology                         yes                          Commitment to budget support                 high
Programming documents used                        no (**)                      Support to sector approach                   yes
Common EU format                                  no                           Financing modality for sector app.           pool funding with
Role of recipient government                      central                                                                   government procedures
Coordination with EU MS                           strong                       Role of civil society/NGOs:                  strong/co-financing

D. Monitoring and Evaluation                                                   G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Evaluation unit reports to:                       development minister         Aid procedures are a strength                yes
Full time evaluation staff                        37                           Use of stand-alone PMUs                      rarely
Common monitoring system                          yes                          Tying investment projects                    low
                                                                               Tying technical cooperation                  very low
                                                                               Tying programme aid (excl food)              very low
(*) Evaluation is implemented by an independent agency within the MFA          Tying food aid                               very low
(**) Country policies through PRSP's and budgeting and spending policies for   Tying support to NGOs                        very low
budget holders in Annual Plans                                                 Tying emergency assistance                   very low                               96
                                                                                                                                            with IDC


             Portugal                                               Portuguese Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                    Net ODA/EU ODA                              1.1%
                                                                    ODA/GNI                                     0.26%
Overall objective                      poverty reduction            ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA                   44%
                                                                    Multilateral ODA/ODA                        38%
Development policy statement           1999                         Technical Coop./Bilateral ODA               66%
Legislation                            2003                         Support to NGOs/Bilateral ODA               0.9%
Minister in Cabinet                    no                           Untied ODA/Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)   33%
Annual report                          yes                          Untied ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA (2002)     13%
                                                                    Sector distribution                         44% other social infrastructure
                                                                    Regional distribution                       57% Sub Saharan Africa
                                                                    Top 5 recipients                            Timor-Leste, Mozambique, Cape Verde,
                                                                                                                São Tome and Principe, Angola




A. Institutional Framework                                           E. Programming priorities
Development Cooperation Directorate within the MFA                   Regions                                     Sub-Saharan Africa,
Total staff                             140                                                                      South Asia and East Asia
HQ                                      140                          Countries                                   …
Field expatriate staff                 …
Field local staff                       …                            F. Preferred approaches
                                                                     Commitment to budget support                low
B. Degree of decentralisation                                        Support to sector approach                  no
Programming                            HQ                            Financing modality for sector app.          pool funding with
Project appraisal and approval         HQ                                                                        government procedures
Tenders                                HQ                            Role of civil society/NGOs:                 limited
Commitments and payments               HQ
Monitoring and evaluation              HQ                            G. Aid Procedures and Tying
                                                                     Aid procedures are a strength               no
C. Programming                                                       Use of stand-alone PMUs                     frequently
Use of formal methodology              no                            Tying investment projects                   very low
Programming documents used             country strategies            Tying technical cooperation                 very high
Common EU format                       yes                           Tying programme aid (excl food)             very low
Role of recipient government           central                       Tying food aid                              …
Coordination with EU MS                weak                          Tying support to NGOs                       very high
                                                                     Tying emergency assistance                  very high
D. Monitoring and Evaluation
Evaluation unit reports to:            principal administrator/DG


Full time evaluation staff             4
Common monitoring system               no


                                                                                                                                                  97
                                                                                                                                                         with IDC



              Spain                                                            Spanish Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                               Net ODA/EU ODA                              6.1%
                                                                               ODA/GNI                                     0.28%
Overall objective                               poverty reduction              ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA                   8%
                                                                               Multilateral ODA/ODA                        38%
Development policy statement                    2001                           Technical Coop./Bilateral ODA               20%
Legislation                                     1998                           Support to NGOs/Bilateral ODA               8.3%
Minister in Cabinet                             no                             Untied ODA/Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)   60%
Annual report                                   yes                            Untied ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA (2002)     60%
                                                www.aeci.ex/ope.index.htm      Sector distribution                         19% education, health& population
                                                                               Regional distribution                       50% Latin American & Caribbean
                                                                               Top 5 recipients                            Nicaragua, El Salvador, China, Morocco
                                                                                                                           Ecuador




A. Institutional Framework
Development Cooperation Directorate within the MFA 1/                           E. Programming priorities
Total staff                             838                                     Regions                                     Latin America
HQ                                      654                                     Countries                                   Angola, Cape Verde, Equatorial
Field expatriate staff                   69                                                                                 Guinea, Guinea Bissau,
Field local staff                      115                                                                                  Mauritania, Mozambique, São
                                                                                                                            Tome and Principe, Senegal,
                                                                                                                            Algeria, Morocco, Namibia, South
B. Degree of decentralisation
                                                                                                                            Africa, Tunisia, China, Vietnam,
Programming                                     HQ                                                                          Philippines, Albania, Bosnia and
Project appraisal and approval                  HQ                                                                          Herzegovina, FR Yugoslavia,
Tenders                                         HQ                                                                          Honduras, Nicaragua, Bolivia,
Commitments and payments                        HQ                                                                          Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El
Monitoring and evaluation                       HQ                                                                          Salvador, Guatemala, Paraguay,
                                                                                                                            Peru
C. Programming                                                                  F. Preferred approaches
Use of formal methodology                       yes                             Commitment to budget support                low
Programming documents used                      Country Strategy                Support to sector approach                  yes
Common EU format                                yes                             Financing modality for sector app.          co-financing
Role of recipient government                    central                         Role of civil society/NGOs:                 strong
Coordination with EU MS                         weak
                                                                                G. Aid Procedures and Tying
D. Monitoring and Evaluation                                                    Aid procedures are a strength               no
Evaluation unit reports to:                     Implementation Dpt. / Agency    Use of stand-alone PMUs                     frequently
Full time evaluation staff                      3                               Tying investment projects                   low
Common monitoring system                        yes                             Tying technical cooperation                 very low
                                                                                Tying programme aid (excl food)             very low
                                                                                Tying food aid                              very low
                                                                                Tying support to NGOs                       very low
1/ The implementing agency (AECI) reports to the MFA Aid Directorate.           Tying emergency assistance                  very low                            98
                                                                                                                                                    with IDC


             Sweden                                                        EU Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                           Net ODA/EU ODA                              6.5%
                                                                           ODA/GNI                                     0.80%
Overall objective                       poverty reduction                  ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA                   27%
                                                                           Multilateral ODA/ODA                        33%
Development policy statement            2003                               Technical Coop./Bilateral ODA               5%
Legislation                             yes                                Support to NGOs/Bilateral ODA               14.1%
Minister in Cabinet                     yes                                Untied ODA/Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)   79%
Annual report                           yes                                Untied ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA (2002)     88%
                                                                           Sector distribution                         25% other social infrastructure
                                                                           Regional distribution                       28% Sub Saharan Africa
                                                                           Top 5 recipients                            Tanzania, Mozambique, Nicaragua,
                                                                                                                       Serbia & Montenegro, Vietnam




A. Institutional Framework                                                  E. Programming priorities
Policy ministry with separate implementation agency                         Regions                                     Sub-Saharan Africa
Total staff                              915                                Countries                                   Angola, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia,
HQ                                       682                                                                            Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique,
Field expatriate staff                   183                                                                            Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa,
Field local staff                         50                                                                            Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia,
                                                                                                                        Zimbabwe, Afghanistan,
                                                                                                                        Bangladesh, Cambodia, India,
B. Degree of decentralisation                                                                                           Laos, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Bolivia,
Programming                             HQ/field                                                                        Nicaragua, Honduras, West Bank
Project appraisal and approval          field                                                                           Gaza, Iraq, Bosnia and
Tenders                                 field                                                                           Herzegovina, Serbia &
Commitments and payments                field                                                                           Montenegro, Tajikistan
Monitoring and evaluation               field
                                                                            F. Preferred approaches
C. Programming                                                              Commitment to budget support                high
Use of formal methodology               no                                  Support to sector approach                  yes
Programming documents used              country strategy (web published)    Financing modality for sector app.          pool funding with
Common EU format                        no                                                                              government procedures
Role of recipient government            central                             Role of civil society/NGOs:                 strong/ co-financing
Coordination with EU MS                 strong
                                                                            G. Aid Procedures and Tying
D. Monitoring and Evaluation                                                Aid procedures are a strength               yes
Evaluation unit reports to              management committee/board          Use of stand-alone PMUs                     never
Full time evaluation staff              20                                  Tying investment projects                   very low
Common monitoring system                yes                                 Tying technical cooperation                 very low
                                                                            Tying programme aid (excl food)             very low
                                                                            Tying food aid                              very low
                                                                            Tying support to NGOs                       very low
                                                                            Tying emergency assistance                  very low                             99
                                                                                                                                                        with IDC


             United Kingdom                                        British Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                   Net ODA/EU ODA                                     16.9%
                                                                   ODA/GNI                                            0.31%
Overall objective                poverty reduction                 ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA 1/                       31%
                                                                   Multilateral ODA/ODA                               36%
Development policy statement     2000                              Technical Coop./Bilateral ODA                      27%
Legislation                      2002                              Support to NGOs/Bilateral ODA                      8.6%
Minister in Cabinet              yes                               Untied ODA/Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)          100%
Annual report                    yes                               Untied ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA (2002)            100%
                                 www.dfid.gov.uk                   Sector distribution                                16% other social infrastructure
                                                                   Regional distribution                              35% Sub Saharan Africa
                                                                   Top 5 recipients                                   India, Serbia & Montenegro, Tanzania,
                                                                                                                      Mozambique, Bangladesh




A. Institutional Framework                                          1/ It must be noted that the percentage refers to total bilateral ODA. A better measure
Autonomous Aid Agency                                                  would be the share of ODA to LDCs on allocable ODA.
Total staff                      2850
HQ                               1500
Field expatriate staff            250                               E. Programming priorities
Field local staff                1100                               Regions                                            …
                                                                    Countries                                          …
B. Degree of decentralisation
Programming                      HQ                                 F. Preferred approaches
Project appraisal and approval   field (*) (up to 7.5 million £)    Commitment to budget support                       high
Tenders                          field                              Support to sector approach                         yes
Commitments and payments         field                              Financing modality for sector app.                 pool funding with
Monitoring and evaluation        field                                                                                 government procedures
                                                                    Role of civil society/NGOs:                        limited
C. Programming
Use of formal methodology        no                                 G. Aid Procedures and Tying
Programming documents used       country assistance plans/ web      Aid procedures are a strength                      yes
Common EU format                 no                                 Use of stand-alone PMUs                            frequently
Role of recipient government     central                            Tying investment projects                          very low
Coordination with EU MS          strong                             Tying technical cooperation                        very low
                                                                    Tying programme aid (excl food)                    very low
D. Monitoring and Evaluation                                        Tying food aid                                     very low
Evaluation unit reports to       principal administrator/DG         Tying support to NGOs                              very low
Full time evaluation staff       14                                 Tying emergency assistance                         very low
Common monitoring system         yes




                                                                                                                                                              100
                                                                                                                                                              with IDC



             European Commision                                                     EC Aid at a Glance (01-02)
                                                                                    Net ODA/EU ODA                              not applicable
Overall objective                               sustainable development             ODA/GNI                                     not applicable
                                                integration into the world          ODA to LDCs/ Bilateral ODA                  26%
                                                economy                             Multilateral ODA/ODA                        not applicable
                                                poverty reduction                   Technical Coop./Bilateral ODA               …
                                                democracy and rule of law           Support to NGOs/Bilateral ODA               …
                                                                                    Untied ODA/Bilateral ODA (exc. TC) (2002)   …
Development policy statement                    2000                                Untied ODA to LDCs/Bilateral ODA (2002)     …
Legislation                                     about 30 regulations                Sector distribution                         20% Other social infrastructure
Minister in Cabinet                             yes                                 Regional distribution                       32% Sub Saharan Africa
                                                                                    Top 5 recipients                            Ex-Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro,
Annual report                                   yes
                                                                                                                                Turkey, Tunisia, Morocco, South Africa
http://europa.eu.int/eur- Lex/en/com/rpt/2003/ com2003_0527en01.pdf




A. Institutional Framework
Policy ministry with separate implementation agency                                  E. Programming priorities
Total staff                              3539                                        Regions                                     …
HQ                                        959                                        Countries                                   …
Field expatriate staff                    559
Field local staff                        2021                                        F. Preferred approaches
                                                                                     Commitment to budget support                high
B. Degree of decentralisation                                                        Support to sector approach                  yes
Programming                                     HQ                                   Financing modality for sector app.          pool funding with
Project appraisal and approval                  HQ                                                                               government procedures
Tenders                                         field                                Role of civil society/NGOs:                 strong/NGO co-financing
Commitments and payments                        field (except primary comm.)
Monitoring and evaluation                       field                                G. Aid Procedures and Tying
                                                                                     Aid procedures are a strength               no
C. Programming                                                                       Use of stand-alone PMUs                     rarely
Use of formal methodology                       yes                                  Tying investment projects                   high
Programming documents used                      country strategy papers/ web pub.    Tying technical cooperation                 …
Common EU format                                yes                                  Tying programme aid (excl food)             low
Role of recipient government                    central                              Tying food aid                              low
Coordination with EU MS                         strong                               Tying support to NGOs                       high
                                                                                     Tying emergency assistance                  high
D. Monitoring and Evaluation
Evaluation unit reports to                      management committee/board
Full time evaluation staff                      11
Common monitoring system                        yes


                                                                                                                                                                    101
                                                                                                                                                   with IDC

Explanatory Note: Donor Fiches
The Donor Fiches present the results of a
questionnaire sent by the EU Donor Atlas             Aid at a Glance
team to the EU member states (DAC
members) in February and March 2004. The             Net ODA/EU ODA               net ODA (disbursements) for each member state as a share
                                                                                  of ODA (as in chart 44)
Donor Fiches were revised by all Member              ODA/GNI:                     chart 44
States in June 2004.                                 ODA to LDCs/ODA              (*) bilateral ODA allocated to less developing countries
                                                                                  (DAC Aid at a Glance 01-02 for each donor)
We have compiled Donor Fiches for the                Multilateral ODA/ODA         chart 53
                                                     Technical Coop./ODA          TC over bilateral ODA (net disbursements
member states (DAC members) that replied                                          01-02 average) chart 55
to the questionnaire. The fiches also present        Support to NGOs/ODA          Support to NGOs over bilateral ODA (commitments 01-02
11 aid indicators based on DAC data.                                              average) chart 57
See box – Aid at a Glance.                           Untied ODA/ODA               untied bilateral ODA as a share of bilateral ODA (excluding
                                                                                  technical cooperation and admin. costs) (commitments 2002)
                                                                                  chart 58
                                                     Untied ODA to LDC/ODA untied ODA to less developed countries as a share of total
                                                                                  bilateral ODA (commitments 2002) chart 59.
                                                     Sector distribution          (*) gross bilateral ODA, main sector (2001-2002) (DAC Aid at
                                                                                  a Glance 01-02 for each donor)
                                                     Regional distribution        (*) gross bilateral ODA, main region (2001-2002). (DAC Aid
                                                                                  at a Glance for each donor)
                                                     Top 5 recipients              top recipients of gross bilateral ODA (2001-2002) (DAC Aid
                                                                                  at a Glance for each donor)
                                                     (*) Data taken directly from
                                                     www.oecd.org/countrylist/0,2578,en_2649_34447_1783495_1_1_1_1,00.html



Overall Objective                               (question 9) ODA objectives options are sustainable economic and social development
                                                environment; smooth and gradual integration in the world economy; poverty reduction/elimination;
                                                democracy, rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms; Others (specify). Note that the
                                                options follow Title XVI/XX Development Cooperation Article 130U/177 (Maastricht/Nice Treaty)

Development Policy Statement                    (question 2) Highest level and most recent.

Legislation                                     (question 1) Legislation on Development Cooperation, Development Cooperation Act, if any.

Minister in Cabinet                             (not included in the questionnaire). Is the Development Minister a member of the Cabinet?

Annual Report                                   (question 6) Does the donor produce an annual report on overall ODA activities? Is it published? URL?




                                                                                                                                                        102
                                                                                                                                                           with IDC

A.Institutional Framework

Institutional Model                             (question 3) Management system for ODA (see box below)
Total staff                                      (question 8)
HQ                                               (question 8) Estimate of full time staff working exclusively on the ODA programme.
Field expatriate staff                          (question 8) Estimate of full time staff working exclusively on the ODA programme.
Field local staff                                (question 8) Field staff appointed locally. Estimate of full time staff working exclusively on the ODA
                                                 programme, excluding support staff (e.g. secretaries, security, drivers, etc.)

  Possible Management Systems for Development Cooperation
  Model 1: Integrated Ministry of Foreign Affairs (each geographical department has a development cooperation division).

  Model 2: Development Cooperation Directorate within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (e.g., Trade Directorate, Foreign Policy
  Directorate, Development Cooperation Directorate, etc.).

  Model 3: Policy Ministry with Separate Implementing Agency (the Ministry of Foreign Affairs sets policies, while the agency handles the
  project cycle).

  Model 4: Autonomous Aid Agency (e.g., Development Ministry or Agency responsible for policy and implementation).2002

  Model 5: Multiple Ministries with Separate Implementing Agencies (e.g., Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Trade and Industry have
  separate implementing agencies reporting to them and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs).

  Source: OECD DAC, Comparison of Management Systems for Development Co-operation in OECD/DAC Members.1999.)




B. Degree of decentralisation                    (question 7). Who has the final decision on each stage of the ODA process (on the donor side)?
                                                 How much of decision- making has been transferred to the field offices of the donor (i.e. devolution in
                                                 Commission terminology).
                                                 The results in this section are tentative. Donors have sometimes applied different standards in their
                                                 replies. For this reason, we have not included in the donor fiches the role of recipient governments
                                                 on the ODA process.
Programming                                      country allocation, preparation of country strategy and approval of country strategy.
Project appraisal and approval                  identification; appraisal and approval of projects and programmes
Tenders                                          approval of tenders; issue of tenders; and evaluation of tenders and selection of contractors
Commitments and payments                         sign contracts and riders, approval of commitments and approval of payments
Monitoring and evaluation                       monitoring and evaluation of projects and programmes




                                                                                                                                                               103
                                                                                                                                                            with IDC

C. Programming
Common EU format                           (not in questionnaire) responses based on EC Monterrey questionnaire. Use of the donor of the EU
                                           common format for country strategy papers.
Formal methodology to allocate resources   (question 17) Do you use any formal methodology to allocate your global aid resources to recipient
                                           countries?
Programming documents used                 (question 18) Which are your main programming documents and are they published on the
                                           Internet? (e.g. country strategy papers, etc).
Role of recipient government               (question 19) What is the role of the recipient Government in your programming process?
Coordination with EU member states         (question 22) Howe effective is coordination of (your) programming with other EU member states?


D. Monitoring and Evaluation
Evaluation unit reports to:                (question 5a) Who does your central evaluation office reports to: a) body not involved with
                                           implementation/Parliament b) minister with broader mandate than aid c)development minister d)
                                           management committee/Board e) principal administrator/director general f) policy departments g)
                                           implementation departments/agency
Full time evaluation staff                 (question 5b) How many staff works exclusively on evaluations?
Common monitoring system                   (question 5d) Do you have a common monitoring system? (i.e. IT system common to all ODA
                                           activities and regions)
E. Programming priorities
Regions                                    (question 11) Highest priority (1) for regions according to overall policy statement (not to actual practice).
Countries                                  (question 11) Priority countries according to overall policy statement.


F. Preferred approaches
Commitment to budget support               (question 26) Are your willingness and ability to provide budget support, considering risks and
                                           benefits, generally? High/Low
Support to sector approach                 (question 26) Are you generally in favour of supporting “sector approaches”?
Financing modality for sector approach     (question 27) What is your preferred financing modality for the sector approach? a) pool funding
                                           with government procedures; pool funding with donor procedures; co-financing or parallel financing
                                           (own procedures)
Role of civil society/NGOs:                (question 15) What role do civil society/NGOs play in the design or implementation of your ODA?




                                                                                                                                                                104
                                                                                                                                              with IDC

G. Aid procedures and tying


Aid procedures are a strength     (question 24) Do you consider that your aid implementation procedures are one of your relative strengths?


Use of stand-alone PMUs           (question 25) Do you use stand- alone project management units in your interventions? Note:
                                  PMUs are often used by individual donors to implement their own projects when normal
                                  government systems are considered not sufficiently reliable. Budget support and sector
                                  approaches attempt to avoid PMUs.


Tying investment projects         (question 23) Responses for this are: very low (less than 25%), low (between 25% and 50%), high
                                  (between 51% and 75%) and very high (more than 75%). Please note that 0 untying was not
                                  offered as an option in this questionnaire. Also note that the responses here are derived from the
                                  donor responses to the EU Atlas questionnaire. However, the Aid at Glance box also provides
                                  DAC statistics.
Tying technical cooperation       as above
Tying programme aid (excl food)   as above
Tying food aid                    as above
Tying support to NGOs             as above
Tying emergency assistance        as above




                                                                                                                                                  105
                                                                    with IDC




II.b EU Donors in Four Countries   This section provides information of
                                   EU donor activities on the 4
                                   countries in the EU Joint Initiative
                                   for coordination and harmonisation:
                                   Morocco, Mozambique, Nicaragua
                                   and Vietnam




                                                                          106
71. Morocco: Top Donors and Top Five Sectors                                                                                                                                              with IDC
        (net bilateral ODA – average disbursements 2001-2002)


Top Donors
EU Share of
total ODA: 73%                                                                                                                                                      Water and
                                                                                                                                                                    Sanitation
                                                                                                                                                                      12%
  203                                                                                                                                                                                       Energy
                                                                                                                                                                                             28%
                                                                                                                                                  Communications
                      160                                                                                                                             12%




                                          84
                                                               71

                                                                                                                                                          Education
                                                                               28                                                            33
                                                                                                           23                                               24%                           Transport
                                                                                                                               13
                                                                                                                                                                                            24%

  EC                 France         Arab Countries            Japan          Spain                     Germany            United States     Others



All EU Donors                                                                                                                                                            Agriculture
                                                                                                                                                            Water and        7%
  203
                                                                                                                                                            Sanitation
               160                                                                                                                                            12%

                                                                                                                                                                                               Education
                                                                                                                                                                                                 38%

                                                                                                                                                    Transport and
                              28          23                                                                                                       Communication
                                                          3             2            2                 1              1             1                   14%
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                                                                                                                                                                                  29%




By donor (disbursements): DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)
By sector (commitments): CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                                                                                 107
 72. Morocco: Top Sectors for EU Donors                                                                                                                  with IDC

Commitments by sector (US$ millions, average, 2001-2002)
                                               154

                                                                  117



                                                                                   56
                                                                                                49
                                                                                                                  30



                   Belgium                   Education          Energy      Transport and Water Supply       Agriculture
         Germany                                                                                                                 EU Share
                                                                                                                                  EU Share
                     1%                                      Generation and    storage    and Sanitation                                                 France
           9%                                                                                                                     28 % of
                                                                                                                                   28 % of
                                                                supply                                                                                    31%
                                                                                                                                 total ODA
                                                                                                                                  total ODA
      Spain
      14%
                                                                                                                            EC
                                                                                                                           61%                             Spain
              EU Share
               EU Share                                                                                                                                     3%
                95% of
                 95% of
              total ODA
               total ODA                                                                                                                                  Germany
                                   France           France                                                                            France                5%
                                    76%              16%                                                                               12%
                                       EU Share
                                        EU Share                              EU Share
                                                                               EU Share     France                                                       Belgium
                                                                                                                 EU Share
                                                                                                                  EU Share                Spain
                                         23% of
                                          23% of                                63% of
                                                                                 63% of      19%                                                           0%
                                                                                                                   62% of
                                                                                                                    62% of
                                       total ODA
                                        total ODA                             total ODA
                                                                               total ODA                                                   2%
                                                                                                                 total ODA
                                                                                                                  total ODA
                                                                                                                                               Germany
                                                                                                                                                 7%

                                                                                                                                               Belgium
                                                                                                            EC                                  12%
                                                                                                           67%
                              EC
                             84%                                         EC
                                                                        81%




  CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.
  CRS data for this period does not include EC Aid (Budget)                                                                                                  108
          73. Mozambique: Top Donors and Top Five Sectors                                                                                                                                                with IDC
                                (net bilateral ODA – average disbursements 2001-2002)


              Top Donors
                 EU Share of total ODA: 70%

             230                  223                                                                                                                                                  Energy
                                                                                                                                                                                        8%

                                                                                                                                                                          Education
                                                                                                                                                                            12%


                                                      126
                                                                           117
                                                                                               108
                                                                                                                    101                  99                                                                Actions relating
                                                                                                                                                                       Trasnport                               to debt
                                                                                                                                                              69         12%                                    51%




                                                                                                                                                                              Structural
             Italy              France          United States        United Kingdom            EC                   IDA             Germany              Netherlands         Adjustment
                                                                                                                                                                                 17%

              All EU Donors                                                                                                                                                                Energy
                                                                                                                                                                      Government and        7%
    230           223                                                                                                                                                  Civil Society
                                                                                                                                                                            12%
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Actions relating
                            117         108                                                                                                                                                                   to debt
                                                    99
                                                                69                                                                                                                                             38%
                                                                           50         44            29         24         23         12           11              6
                                                                                                                                                                       Education
                                                                                                                                                                         14%
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                                                                                                                                                                                            Structural
                                                                                                                                                                                           Adjustment
                                                                                                                                                                                              29%
              By donor (disbursements): DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)
              By sector (commitments): CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                                                                                 109
 74. Mozambique: Top Five Sectors for EU Donors                                                                                                                    with IDC

           Commitments by sector (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)

                                                   154


                                                                   117




                Austria                                                                    56
                 2%                                                                                             49
            Portugal                                                                                                                30               EC
                                                                                                                                                                       Germany
              2%                                                                                                                                                         10%
                                                                                                                                                    13%
      UK
     17%

                                                 Education   Energy Generation     Transport and          Water Supply and       Agriculture
                                                                and supply            storage                Sanitation
                                                                                                                                        Sweden
                                                                                                                                         17%

                                        France
                                         56%
                                                                                                                                         Belgium
Germany
                                                                                                Germany                                    2%             EU Share
                                                                                                                                                           EU Share
  23%                                  Germany      UK
              EU Share
               EU Share                  3%                                                       9%                                                        65% of
                                                                                                                                                            65% of
                                                    1%                           Ireland                                           NL
                95% of
                95% of                                                             7%                                             13%
                                                                                                                                                          total ODA
                                                                                                                                                           total ODA         Denmark
                                                                                                                                                                               58%
              total ODA
               total ODA
                                                                     Portugal
                                                                      14%                                              Ireland                                Denmark
                                                                                                                         8%                                     32%




                                                                 Finland
                                                                  16%                                                Sweden
                          EU Share                                                                                    20%
                           EU Share                                        EU Share
                            57% of                                          EU Share                                              EU Share
                                                                                                                                   EU Share
                            57% of                                           55% of                          Denmark
                          total ODA                                          55% of                                                 75% of
                                                                                                                                    75% of
                           total ODA                                       total ODA
                                                                                                               54%
                                                                            total ODA                                             total ODA
                                                                                                                                   total ODA
                                         EC                                                                                                         UK
                                        96%                                                                                                        27%
     CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.
     CRS data for this period does not include EC Aid (Budget)                                                                                                             110
75. Nicaragua: Top Donors and Top Five Sectors                                                                                                                                 with IDC
                  (net bilateral ODA – average disbursements 2001-2002)
                                                                                                                                                  Government and
                                                                                                                                                   Civil Society
                                                                                                                                                         8%
 Top Donors
 EU Share of total ODA                                                                                                             Other Multisector
                                                                                                                                         9%
 52%
                                                                                                                                                                                Actions relating
  211
                                                                                                                                           Transport                                to debt
                                                                                                                                             11%                                     44%




                  104
                                                                                                                                                       Social
                               84                                                                                                                  Infrastructure
                                                 71                                                                                                     28%
                                                                    47
                                                                                    33                32                 31                                Other Multisector
                                                                                                                                                                 4%
                                                                                                                                                            Agriculture
                                                                                                                                                                4%
 Spain            IDB         United       World Bank              Japan        Germany               EC             Sweden
                                                                                                                                                       Education
                              States
                                                                                                                                                          5%

 All EU Donors                                                                                                                         Government and
                                                                                                                                        Civil Society
     211                                                                                                                                      8%



                 33      32         31          26            22           6            5         4             2           2          2               1
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 By donor (disbursements): DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)
 By sector (commitments): CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                                                                    111
                                                                                                                                                            with IDC
  76. Nicaragua: Top Five Sectors for EU Donors
        Commitments by sector (US$ millions, average 2001-2002)


                                         208




                                                                21                      12           12
        NL                                                                                                                  10
Germany 8%
  2%                              Action relating to      Government and             Education   Agriculture        Other multisector                           Spain
                                        debt               Civil Society                                                                                        26%

                                                                                                                                  NL
                                                                                                                                 37%

 EU Share
  EU Share                                                                                                                       EU Share
                                                                                                                                  EU Share
   99% of
   99% of                                                                                                                          25% of
                                                                                                                                   25% of
 total ODA
  total ODA                                                                                                                      total ODA
                                                                                                                                  total ODA

                                                                                                                                                                 Germany
                                                                                                                                                                   16%
                         Spain
                         90%                                                                                                                Austria
                                 Spain                                     Austria
                    NL                                                                                                                        21%
                                  8%                                        5%
                   15%                                                                                                                  Spain
                                            Germany                                                                                     19%
                                              13%                                                          NL
                                                                                                          29%
                                                       Sweden
                                                        29%

        EU Share
         EU Share                                           EU Share
                                                             EU Share                                          EU Share
                                                                                                                EU Share                          Germany
          71% of
          71% of                                Denmark
                                                              77% of
                                                              77% of                                             46% of
                                                                                                                 46% of                             14%
                                                                                                 Spain
        total ODA
         total ODA                                18%       total ODA
                                                             total ODA                           56%
                                                                                                               total ODA
                                                                                                                total ODA

                                                          Belgium                                                                             Belgium
              Sweden                                        5%                                                                                  5%
               46%
                                                             Germany
                                                                                                                   Sweden
                                                               5%                                                   33%

    CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.
    CRS data for this period does not include EC Aid (Budget)                                                                                                   112
77. Vietnam: Top Donors and Top Five Sectors                                                                                                                                                                              with IDC



                                                                                                                                                                                                    Structural
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Adjustment
   Top Donors                                                                                                                                                                                         11%

   EU Share of total
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Transport
   ODA: 22%                                                                                                                                                                       Agriculture                                    33%
                                                                                                                                                                                     15%
    417




               268
                                                                                                                                                                                      Water and
                                                                                                                                                                                      Sanitation
                          194
                                                                                                                                                                                        16%


                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Energy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  25%
                                  70                                                                                                                                             61
                                          54        47    40      37        33      30       30           25        20       16          12          12   10         10
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                                                                                                                                                                                            storage
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 31%
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                                                                                                                                                                             Education
                                                                                                                                                                               17%
    70


                     54

                                  40
                                               33
                                                           30
                                                                       25
                                                                                     20                                                                                           Government and                          Water and
                                                                                                     10                                                                             Civil Society                         Sanitation
                                                                                                                     7               6                5          3                1      18%                                19%

   France       Denmark         Germany   Netherlands    Sweden     United           EC           Belgium       Spain             Finland       Luxembourg     Austria           Italy
                                                                   Kingdom
By donor (disbursements): DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a)
By sector (commitments): CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.                                                                                                                 113
           78. Vietnam: Top Five Sectors for EU Donors                                                                                                              with IDC


                         Commitments by sector (US$ millions, average, 2001-2002)


                                                      56            35              33             31                  26
                                                                                                                                                      NL             France
                                                                                                                                                     11%
                                               Agriculture    Water Supply Government           Education        Transport and             Denmark                    15%
                                                                                                                                             1%
                                                              and Sanitation and Civil                              storage
                 NL
                                                                              Society
                19%
                                                                                                                                              EU Share
                                                                                                                                               EU Share                       Spain
                                                                                                                                                8% of
                                                                                                                                                 8% of
                                                                                                                                                                              10%
                                    EU Share
                                     EU Share                                                                                                 total ODA
                                                                                                                                               total ODA
                                      28% of
                                      28% of
Belgium                             total ODA
  5%
                                     total ODA
 Finland
   2%                                        France
                                              56%
Denmark
  4%                                                                                                                                            Germany
                                                                                                                                                  63%
      Germany
        13%
                                                                                    NL
                Spain                                                               1% France                                     NL
                 1%               NL                                                            Germany
                                                                          Sweden         3%                                       5%
                                 13%                                                              10%
                                                                           16%
                        Sweden                                                                                         UK
                          6%                                                                                          21%

                                                 EU Share                                 EU Share                                         EU Share        France
                      Belgium                     EU Share                                 EU Share                                         EU Share        41%
                        6%                         15% of
                                                    15% of                                  71% of
                                                                                            71% of                                           59% of
                                                                                                                                              59% of
                                                 total ODA
                                                  total ODA                               total ODA
                                                                                           total ODA                                       total ODA
                                                                                                                                            total ODA
                 Denmark
                   6%
                   Germany                                                                                Denmark Belgium
                                                           France                                           37%    12%
                     3%                                                   UK
                                                            66%
                                                                         33%


                                                                                                                                 Germany
                                                                                                                                   21%




           CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities - Commitments - All details : 1973 - 2003.
           CRS data for this period does not include EC Aid (Budget)                                                                                                    114
                                     with IDC




III. Donor Activities in the Top
     Recipient Countries of EU Aid
   (2002)




                                         115
79. Top 1 – 10 recipients of EU Aid: Donor Activities in 2002                                                                                         with IDC

1. Serbia & Montenegro
                                                              Average                                                                   Average
                                                             amount per                                                                amount per
                               Number of       Amount          activity                                  Number of       Amount          activity
           Sectors             activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)                 Sectors        activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)



1.Social infrastructures and
services                             299            202             0.7     3. Production sectors                28            22             0.8
     Austria                          23              3             0.1          Austria                          2             0             0.2
     Belgium                           1              0             0.1          France                           5             0             0.1
     Canada                            4              2             0.4          Germany                          2             0             0.1
     Denmark                           3              3             0.9          Greece                           1             0             0.1
     Finland                           7              7             1.0          IDA                              2            18             9.1
     France                           29              4             0.1          Italy                            1             0             0.1
     Germany                          33             31             1.0          Netherlands                      1             1             1.1
     Greece                           15              1             0.0          Sweden                           1           -               -
     IDA                               1             10            10.0          Switzerland                      3             0             0.1
     Ireland                           6              1             0.1          United States                   10             1             0.1
     Italy                             8              1             0.2     4. Multisector                       33            39             1.2
     Japan                             1              0             0.4          Austria                          1             4             4.1
     Netherlands                      72              6             0.1          Belgium                          1             0             0.0
     Norway                            2              0             0.1          France                           2             0             0.0
     Portugal                          1              0             0.0          Germany                          9            17             1.9
     Spain                             2              0             0.1          Greece                           4             1             0.1
     Sweden                           25              5             0.2          Italy                            1             0             0.0
     Switzerland                      26              4             0.1          Sweden                           4             2             0.5
     UNFPA                             4              0             0.1          Switzerland                      4             1             0.3
     UNICEF                            6              0             0.0          United States                    7            14             2.1
     United Kingdom                   11              4             0.3     5. Not allocable by sector           95         1,522            16.0
     United States                    19            120             6.3          Austria                          2            72            35.9

2. Economic infrastructures
and services                           57           168             2.9         Belgium                          3             49            16.3
     France                             4             0             0.0         Denmark                          2             19             9.5
     Germany                           14            19             1.3         Finland                          1              1             1.2
     Greece                             4             0             0.1         France                           3             95            31.7
     IDA                                3           101            33.7         Germany                          8            442            55.3
     Italy                              2             0             0.1         Greece                           3              1             0.3
     Japan                              1             6             5.6         IDA                              2             85            42.5
     Netherlands                        2             1             0.3         Ireland                          1              0             0.0
     Norway                             1             0             0.2         Italy                           13             10             0.8
     Sweden                             4             2             0.5         Netherlands                     13              1             0.1
     Switzerland                        1            10             9.8         Portugal                         1            -               -
     United Kingdom                     5             1             0.2         Sweden                          11              2             0.2
     United States                     16            28             1.8         Switzerland                     17              4             0.2
                                                                                UNICEF                           1              0             0.4
                                                                                United Kingdom                   2            456           228.1
                                                                                United States                   12            284            23.7
                                                                            TOTAL                              512          1,953             3.8


Note: Top recipients in 2001 – 2002
Source: CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities – Commitments. The information in these tables was processed
by the European Commission. CRS data for this period does not include EC Aid (Budget)                                                                     116
2. Mozambique
                                                              Average                                                                       Average
                                                             amount per                                                                    amount per     with IDC
                               Number of       Amount          activity                                      Number of       Amount          activity
             Sectors           activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)                 Sectors            activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)
1.Social infrastructures and
services                             562            424             0.8          Italy                                7             7             1.0
     AfDF                              1             25            24.7          Japan                                1             7             7.1
     Australia                       1.0            0.0             0.0          Netherlands                          4             7             1.8
     Austria                           7              0             0.0          Norway                               6             8             1.3
     Belgium                           7              0             0.1          Portugal                            17             2             0.1
     Canada                            5              4             0.9          Spain                               10             1             0.1
     Denmark                          23            121             5.3          Switzerland                          1             0             0.1
     EC                                3              2             0.6          United Kingdom                       2             1             0.3
     Finland                          11             23             2.1          United States                        2             2             0.9
     France                           17              4             0.3     4. Multisector                           68            42             0.6
     Germany                          12              8             0.6          Australia                            1             1             0.8
     IDA                               1             60            60.0          Belgium                              4             0             0.0
     Ireland                          81             15             0.2          Canada                               3             0             0.1
     Italy                            35              9             0.2          Denmark                              4             7             1.8
     Japan                             1              3             3.4          Finland                              1             1             1.4
     Netherlands                      25             31             1.2          France                               4             0             0.1
     New Zealand                       1              0             0.0          Germany                              2             1             0.5
     Norway                           50             19             0.4          Ireland                              1             0             0.2
     Portugal                         66             12             0.2          Italy                                5             0             0.1
     Spain                            68             12             0.2          Japan                                1             0             0.1
     Sweden                           17              5             0.3          Netherlands                          7             4             0.5
     Switzerland                       3              4             1.3          New Zealand                          2             0             0.0
     UNFPA                            87              5             0.1          Norway                               8             1             0.1
     UNICEF                           19              5             0.2          Portugal                            10             1             0.1
     United Kingdom                    9             32             3.5          Spain                                6             1             0.2
     United States                    12             24             2.0          Sweden                               1             5             4.7

2. Economic infrastructure             63           105             1.7         UNICEF                                3             1             0.2
     Belgium                            2             2             0.8         United States                         5            18             3.6

     Denmark                            5            53            10.6         5. Not allocable by sector         114          1,114             9.8
     EC                                 4            13             3.2         Australia                            1              1             1.4
     France                             1             0             0.1         Austria                              2             19             9.4
     Germany                            3            13             4.3         Belgium                              5              3             0.7
     Ireland                            4             2             0.4         Canada                               2              1             0.5
     Italy                              1             0             0.0         Denmark                              3              5             1.6
     Norway                             9             9             1.0         EC                                   5            185            36.9
     Portugal                          22             0             0.0         Finland                              1              3             2.8
     Portugal                           1             0             0.0         France                               6            425            70.8
     Spain                              2             0             0.1         Germany                             11            189            17.2
     Sweden                            4              9             2.3          IDA                                 1            120           120.0
     Sweden                            3              1             0.4          Ireland                             6              6             1.0
     United Kingdom                    1              0             0.2          Italy                              10              2             0.2
     United States                     1              3             3.0          Japan                               4             39             9.7
3. Production sectors                118             49             0.6          Netherlands                         1              0             0.0
     AfDF                              1              5             4.5          New Zealand                         1              0             0.0
     Australia                         5              2             0.4          Norway                              6              0             0.0
     Austria                           3              1             0.2          Portugal                           21              9             0.4
     Belgium                           3              0             0.1          Spain                               9             33             3.7
     Canada                            1              0             0.1          Sweden                              3              2             0.7
     EC                                2              4             1.9          Switzerland                         3              0             0.1
     France                            4              0             0.1          UNICEF                              1              1             1.3
     Germany                           2              1             0.4          United Kingdom                      1              0             0.1
     Ireland                          11              3             0.2          United States                      11             72             6.5
                                                                            Total                                  925          1,734             1.9




                                                                                                                                                              117
3.Tanzania
                          Number of       Amount        Avg. amount                                 Number of       Amount        Avg. amount    with IDC
             Sectors      activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)                 Sectors        activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)
1.Social infrastructure         476            366             0.8          IDA                             1             31            31.1
     Australia                    1            -               -            Ireland                        33              1             0.0
     Austria                      3              0             0.0          Italy                           3              0             0.0
     Belgium                     11              3             0.3          Japan                           1              6             5.6
     Canada                       6              1             0.1          Netherlands                     4              1             0.3
     Denmark                     14              6             0.4          Norway                         10              1             0.1
     EC                           3              0             0.1          Spain                           3              0             0.0
     Finland                     25              6             0.2          United Kingdom                  3             11             3.6
     France                      14              1             0.1          United States                   2              0             0.1
     Germany                     25             19             0.8     4. Multisector                     100             46             0.5
     Greece                       2              0             0.0          Australia                       1              0             0.2
     IDA                          1             26            26.0          Austria                         6              1             0.2
     Ireland                    118             14             0.1          Belgium                         6              0             0.0
     Italy                       16              1             0.1          Canada                          4              2             0.6
     Japan                        3             11             3.5          Denmark                         4              5             1.1
     Netherlands                 36            126             3.5          Finland                         2              1             0.5
     New Zealand                  1              0             0.0          France                          1              0             0.0
     Norway                      65             51             0.8          Germany                         4              3             0.8
     Spain                       16              1             0.1          Greece                          2              0             0.0
     Sweden                      19             20             1.0          Ireland                        16              1             0.1
     Switzerland                 10             17             1.7          Italy                           5              1             0.1
     UNFPA                       44              4             0.1          Japan                           1              1             0.9
     UNICEF                      12              3             0.3          Netherlands                     7              4             0.6
     United Kingdom              13             26             2.0          New Zealand                     2              0             0.0
     United States               18             32             1.8          Norway                         17              2             0.1
2. Economic infrastr.            67             33             0.5          Sweden                          5             15             2.9
     Belgium                      2              4             1.8          Switzerland                     1              0             0.3
     Denmark                      1              0             0.3          UNICEF                          9              2             0.3
     EC                           1              0             0.1          United Kingdom                  2              1             0.5
     Finland                      2              0             0.0          United States                   5              6             1.2
     France                       2              0             0.0     5. Not allocable by sector          87            627             7.2
     Germany                      1              0             0.0          Austria                         3             28             9.3
     Ireland                     14              0             0.0          Belgium                         7             75            10.8
     Italy                        3              0             0.0          Canada                          3              2             0.6
     Japan                        2              6             3.0          Denmark                         1              1             1.3
     Netherlands                  6              2             0.3          EC                              4             28             6.9
     Norway                      17              1             0.1          Finland                         1              0             0.1
     Sweden                       8             14             1.8          France                          2             13             6.5
     Switzerland                  1              0             0.3          Germany                         6              3             0.4
     United Kingdom               5              2             0.3          IDA                             1              1             0.6
     United States                2              4             2.0          Ireland                         9              6             0.7
3. Production sectors           161            121             0.8          Italy                           1            126           126.1
     AfDF                         2             22            10.9          Japan                           6             24             4.0
     Australia                    1              0             0.4          Netherlands                     6             52             8.7
     Austria                      7              1             0.1          New Zealand                     2              0             0.1
     Belgium                     10              3             0.3          Norway                          8             14             1.7
     Canada                       1              0             0.0          Spain                           4              0             0.1
     Denmark                      7             38             5.5          Sweden                          1              0             0.0
     EC                           1              0             0.3          Switzerland                     3             11             3.7
     Finland                      6              4             0.7          UNICEF                          3              1             0.4
     France                       2              0             0.0          United Kingdom                  3            204            68.0
     Germany                      4              1             0.1          United States                  13             38             3.0
                                                                       TOTAL                              730          1,193             1.6
                                                                                                                                                     118
                                                                                                                                                      with IDC

4. Ivory Coast
                                                              Average                                                                   Average
                                                             amount per                                                                amount per
                               Number of       Amount          activity                                  Number of       Amount          activity
           Sectors             activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)                 Sectors        activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)

1.Social infrastructures and
services                             127            112             0.9     4. Multisector                       37            41             1.1
     AfDF                              4             58            14.4          AfDF                             2            20            10.2
     Belgium                          16              1             0.1          Austria                          1             0             0.0
     Canada                            3              2             0.8          Belgium                          5             0             0.0
     EC                                4              0             0.1          Canada                           3             1             0.3
     Finland                           1              0             0.1          France                           7            10             1.4
     France                           25             28             1.1          Germany                          4             5             1.2
     Germany                          11              8             0.7          Greece                           1             0             0.0
     Greece                            1            -               -            Japan                            1             0             0.3
     Italy                             1              0             0.0          Norway                           1             0             0.1
     Netherlands                       5              0             0.0          Spain                            1             0             0.0
     Norway                            3              0             0.0          UNICEF                           7             1             0.1
     Portugal                          2              0             0.0          United States                    4             3             0.8
     Spain                            14              1             0.1     5. Not allocable by sector           94         1,294            13.8
     UNFPA                            21              1             0.1          AfDF                             1            30            29.5
     UNICEF                           13              2             0.1          Austria                          2            60            29.8
     United States                     3             10             3.3          Belgium                          3            42            13.9

2. Economic infrastructures
and services                           10            20             2.0         Canada                           3             75            24.9
     France                             5             1             0.2         EC                               6             40             6.6
     Germany                            2             6             3.2         France                          52            729            14.0
     IDA                                1            12            12.0         Germany                          6             22             3.6
     Spain                              2             0             0.2         IDA                              1            200           200.0
3. Production sectors                  23            10             0.5         Italy                            2              0             0.2
     Belgium                            4             2             0.4         Norway                           3              0             0.1
     Canada                             4             1             0.3         Portugal                         1              0             0.0
     EC                                 1             0             0.1         Spain                            4             41            10.2
     France                             5             3             0.7         UNICEF                           1              0             0.3
     Germany                            4             3             0.8         United Kingdom                   1             11            11.4
     Italy                              1             0             0.0         United States                    8             44             5.5
     Netherlands                        1             0             0.1     TOTAL                              291          1,476             5.1
     Spain                              2             0             0.1
     Switzerland                        1             1             0.5




                                                                                                                                                          119
                                                                                                                                                      with IDC


5. Afghanistan
                                                              Average                                                                   Average
                                                             amount per                                                                amount per
                               Number of       Amount          activity                                  Number of       Amount          activity
           Sectors             activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)                 Sectors        activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)

1.Social infrastructures and
services                             244            512             2.1     4. Multisector                      39             62             1.6
     Australia                         5              5             1.0          Austria                         3              0             0.1
     Austria                          14              8             0.6          Belgium                         3              1             0.3
     Belgium                           3              1             0.3          Canada                          1              2             2.4
     Canada                           11             30             2.7          Denmark                         1              5             4.6
     Denmark                           3             14             4.8          Finland                         1              0             0.3
     Finland                          15              8             0.5          Germany                         5             11             2.1
     France                            4              1             0.2          Greece                          4              1             0.2
     Germany                          19             40             2.1          Japan                           1              0             0.4
     Greece                            6              7             1.2          Netherlands                     1              1             1.1
     IDA                               4            100            25.0          Norway                         10              7             0.7
     Ireland                          16              5             0.3          Spain                           2              0             0.0
     Italy                             8              1             0.1          Switzerland                     1              0             0.3
     Netherlands                       8             37             4.7          UNICEF                          2              1             0.7
     New Zealand                       2              0             0.2          United States                   4             32             7.9
     Norway                           45             16             0.4     5. Not allocable by sector         236            814             3.4
     Spain                            14             17             1.2          Australia                       8              7             0.8
     Sweden                            3              0             0.1          Austria                         4              6             1.5
     Switzerland                       4              1             0.3          Belgium                        10              5             0.5
     UNFPA                            16              3             0.2          Canada                          3             22             7.5
     UNICEF                            8              5             0.7          Denmark                         2              5             2.6
     United Kingdom                    5             11             2.2          EC                              2             82            41.1
     United States                    31            201             6.5          Finland                         7              8             1.2


2. Economic infrastructures
and services                         244             43             0.2          France                          3             10             3.4
     Germany                           4             13             3.3          Germany                        12             74             6.1
     Ireland                           1              0             0.2          Greece                          7              1             0.2
     Japan                             1             20            19.7          Ireland                         5              2             0.3
     Norway                            4              1             0.2          Italy                           8             14             1.8
     Sweden                            2              4             2.1          Japan                           6             72            11.9
     United Kingdom                    2              5             2.3          Netherlands                     8             29             3.6
     United States                     4              0             0.1          New Zealand                     6              1             0.1
3. Production sectors                 17             23             1.4          Norway                         31             32             1.0
     Australia                         1              1             0.5          Portugal                        2              1             0.5
     Denmark                           1             10            10.1          Spain                           4              0             0.1
     Ireland                           1              0             0.2          Sweden                         19             29             1.5
     Netherlands                       1              5             4.7          Switzerland                    15              8             0.5
     Norway                            8              0             0.0          UNICEF                          1              3             2.5
     United States                     5              7             1.5          United Kingdom                 59            108             1.8
                                                                                 United States                  14            296            21.1
                                                                            Total                              780          1,453             1.9




                                                                                                                                                          120
                                                                                                                                                      with IDC


6. Morocco
                                                              Average                                                                   Average
                                                             amount per                                                                amount per
                               Number of       Amount          activity                                  Number of       Amount          activity
           Sectors             activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)                 Sectors        activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)


1.Social infrastructures and
services                             297            239             0.8     3. Production sectors                93            15             0.2
     AfDB                              1            110           109.8          Belgium                          7             0             0.0
     Belgium                          23             12             0.5          Canada                           4             1             0.3
     Canada                            5              9             1.8          France                          17             3             0.2
     EC                                1             19            18.8          Germany                          3             3             0.9
     Finland                           1              0             0.4          Italy                           12             2             0.1
     France                           62             11             0.2          Spain                           44             3             0.1
     Germany                          11              9             0.8          Switzerland                      1             0             0.3
     IBRD                              2              9             4.6          United States                    5             3             0.5
     Italy                            18              1             0.1     4. Multisector                       85            45             0.5
     Japan                             2             10             5.0          Austria                          1             0             0.2
     Netherlands                       3              1             0.4          Belgium                          8             0             0.0
     Norway                            3              0             0.0          Canada                           2             0             0.1
     Portugal                          3              0             0.1          France                          12             3             0.3
     Spain                           113             33             0.3          Germany                          5            34             6.8
     Sweden                            4              0             0.1          Greece                           3             0             0.0
     Switzerland                       1              0             0.2          Italy                            6             0             0.1
     UNFPA                            24              1             0.0          Japan                            1             1             0.6
     UNICEF                            8              1             0.1          Spain                           37             2             0.1
     United States                    12             12             1.0          Switzerland                      1             0             0.2


2. Economic infrastructures
and services                           47           475            10.1          UNICEF                          6              1             0.1
     AfDB                               2           217           108.5          United States                   3              3             1.0
     Belgium                            2             0             0.0     5. Not allocable by sector          29              2             0.1
     Canada                             1             0             0.0          Belgium                         2              1             0.3
     EC                                 1           113           113.1          Canada                          1              0             0.2
     France                             9            38             4.3          France                          2              0             0.1
     France                             9            38             4.3          Germany                         2              0             0.0
     Germany                            2             8             4.1          Italy                           3              0             0.1
     Greece                             1             0             0.0          Netherlands                     2              0             0.0
     Italy                              1             0             0.2          Portugal                        1              0             0.0
     Japan                              1            59            58.7          Spain                          13              0             0.0
     Portugal                           6             0             0.1          UNICEF                          2              0             0.1
     Spain                              5             0             0.0          United States                   1              0             0.1
     Switzerland                        1             0             0.4     Total                              551            776             1.4
     United States                      6             0             0.1




                                                                                                                                                          121
                                                                                                                                                      with IDC

7. Egypt
                                                              Average                                                                   Average
                                                             amount per                                                                amount per
                               Number of       Amount          activity                                  Number of       Amount          activity
           Sectors             activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)                 Sectors        activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)


1.Social infrastructures and
services                             191            260             1.4     4. Multisector                       56           184             3.3
     Australia                         2              0             0.0          Austria                          1             1             0.7
     Austria                           2              0             0.1          Belgium                          1             0             0.0
     Belgium                           2              0             0.0          Canada                           5             1             0.1
     Canada                           15             12             0.8          Denmark                          3             1             0.3
     Denmark                           8             10             1.3          France                           5             1             0.3
     Finland                           3              3             1.1          Germany                          7            15             2.1
     France                           45             10             0.2          Greece                           2             0             0.1
     Germany                          18             29             1.6          IFAD                             2            31            15.6
     Greece                            5              0             0.0          Ireland                          1             0             0.0
     IBRD                              1             50            50.0          Italy                            4             0             0.1
     Ireland                           6              0             0.0          Japan                            2             5             2.3
     Italy                            21              3             0.2          Netherlands                      7             1             0.1
     Japan                             2              1             0.5          New Zealand                      1             0             0.0
     Netherlands                      12              4             0.3          Norway                           1             0             0.0
     Norway                            8              0             0.1          Spain                            3             0             0.1
     Spain                             7              1             0.1          UNICEF                           5             1             0.1
     Sweden                            1              0             0.1          United Kingdom                   3             1             0.4
     UNFPA                            14              1             0.1          United States                    3           126            42.0
     UNICEF                            6              1             0.2     5. Not allocable by sector           38           311             8.2
     United Kingdom                    2              0             0.2          Australia                        1             5             5.4
     United States                    11            133            12.1          Austria                          1             0             0.0


2. Economic infrastructures
and services                           26           545            20.9         Canada                           5              1             0.2
     AfDB                               2           209           104.7         Denmark                          1              0             0.3
     Denmark                            1             0             0.3         France                           3             96            32.1
     EC                                 3           212            70.7         Germany                          2              0             0.0
     France                             5             0             0.1         Greece                           2              0             0.0
     Germany                            2             2             1.2         Ireland                          1              0             0.0
     Greece                             2             0             0.0         Italy                            8              1             0.2
     Italy                              2             0             0.1         Netherlands                      2              0             0.1
     Japan                              1            41            41.5         Portugal                         1            -               -
     Netherlands                        1             0             0.0         Spain                            3              0             0.0
     Spain                              5            28             5.6         Switzerland                      3              2             0.5
     United States                      2            50            25.1         UNICEF                           1              1             0.7
3. Production sectors                  38           376             9.9         United States                    4            204            50.9
     Canada                             7             6             0.9     TOTAL                              349          1,676             4.8
     Denmark                            3             1             0.2
     France                             4             1             0.2
     Germany                            6             6             1.0
     Italy                              5             1             0.3
     Japan                              1             7             6.9
     Netherlands                        3             1             0.3
     Spain                              5             1             0.2
     Switzerland                        2             1             0.3
     United Kingdom
     United States
                                        1
                                        1
                                                      3
                                                    349
                                                                    3.1
                                                                  348.7                                                                                   122
8. South Africa                                                                                                                                       with IDC
                                                              Average                                                                   Average
                                                             amount per                                                                amount per
                               Number of       Amount          activity                                  Number of       Amount          activity
           Sectors             activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)                 Sectors        activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)


1.Social infrastructures and
services                             445            367             0.8          France                           5             2             0.3
     Australia                         4              0             0.1          Germany                          7             3             0.4
     Austria                           6              1             0.1          Ireland                          3             0             0.0
     Belgium                          17             10             0.6          Netherlands                      3             0             0.0
     Canada                           16              2             0.1          New Zealand                      2             0             0.0
     Denmark                          17             16             0.9          Norway                          11             2             0.2
     Finland                           5            120            24.0          Spain                            1             0             0.0
     France                           36             26             0.7          Switzerland                      1             1             0.5
     Germany                          30             22             0.7          United Kingdom                   3             2             0.8
     Ireland                          47             17             0.4          United States                   15             3             0.2
     Italy                            13              3             0.3     4. Multisector                       66            75             1.1
     Japan                             4             19             4.8          Australia                        2             1             0.6
     Netherlands                      47             21             0.4          Austria                          2             1             0.4
     New Zealand                      13              0             0.0          Belgium                          4             0             0.0
     Norway                           85              8             0.1          Canada                           3             0             0.1
     Portugal                          8              2             0.3          Denmark                          5             3             0.6
     Spain                             2              0             0.0          France                           5             3             0.5
     Sweden                           10              6             0.6          Germany                          9            14             1.5
     Switzerland                      11              4             0.4          Greece                           1             0             0.0
     UNFPA                            21              1             0.1          IBRD                             1            15            15.0
     UNICEF                           10              1             0.1          Ireland                          1             0             0.0
     United Kingdom                   14             26             1.8          Japan                            1             1             0.8
     United States                    29             60             2.1          Netherlands                      3             0             0.1



2. Economic infrastructures
and services                          49            121             2.5          New Zealand                     2              0             0.1
     AfDB                              1             19            19.0          Norway                          9              1             0.1
     Belgium                           3              0             0.0          Switzerland                     2              2             1.0
     Canada                            7              0             0.1          United Kingdom                  3             33            10.9
     Denmark                           2              2             1.0          United States                  13              2             0.2
     EC                                1             47            47.1     5. Not allocable by sector          37              9             0.2
     France                            5              0             0.1          Belgium                         3              1             0.3
     Germany                           3             45            15.1          Canada                          3              1             0.4
     Greece                            1              0             0.0          France                          1              0             0.2
     Italy                             1              0             0.0          Germany                         6              3             0.5
     Netherlands                       3              0             0.0          Ireland                         9              2             0.3
     New Zealand                       2              0             0.0          Netherlands                     1              0             0.2
     Norway                            8              0             0.0          New Zealand                     3              0             0.0
     Sweden                            4              3             0.7          Norway                          4              0             0.1
     United Kingdom                    2              1             0.5          Portugal                        1              0             0.0
     United States                     6              2             0.4          Spain                           1              0             0.0
3. Production sectors                107             22             0.2          Sweden                          1              0             0.1
     Australia                         5              1             0.2          Switzerland                     1              0             0.0
     Austria                           3              0             0.0          UNICEF                          1              0             0.1
     Belgium                          10              6             0.6          United Kingdom                  1              0             0.0
     Canada                            2              2             0.9          United States                   1              0             0.3
     Denmark                           2              1             0.3     Total                              704            595             0.8




                                                                                                                                                          123
9. Nicaragua                                                                                                                                          with IDC
                                                              Average                                                                   Average
                                                             amount per                                                                amount per
                               Number of       Amount          activity                                  Number of       Amount          activity
           Sectors             activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)                 Sectors        activities   (USD Million)   (USD million)



1.Social infrastructures and
services                             343            179             0.5     4. Multisector                       91            61             0.7
     Austria                          22              1             0.0          Austria                          6             3             0.5
     Belgium                          13              1             0.1          Belgium                          8             0             0.0
     Canada                            4              4             1.1          Canada                           1             0             0.0
     Denmark                           4              3             0.7          Denmark                          1             0             0.2
     Finland                           3              0             0.1          Finland                          3             4             1.5
     France                            1              0             0.1          Germany                          6             3             0.4
     Germany                          23              6             0.3          IDA                              1            33            32.6
     IDB Sp F                          4             78            19.5          Italy                            1             0             0.0
     Ireland                           4              0             0.1          Japan                            1             2             1.6
     Italy                            15              8             0.6          Netherlands                      6             7             1.2
     Japan                             3              9             3.0          Norway                           3             0             0.1
     Netherlands                      19              8             0.4          Spain                           43             5             0.1
     Norway                           44              6             0.1          Sweden                           1             0             0.0
     Spain                           118             14             0.1          UNICEF                           1             0             0.1
     Sweden                           35             17             0.5          United States                    9             4             0.5
     UNFPA                             9              2             0.2     5. Not allocable by sector           54            50             0.9
     UNICEF                            7              0             0.1          Australia                        1             0             0.1
     United Kingdom                    1              0             0.2          Austria                          2             1             0.5
     United States                    14             19             1.4          Belgium                          2             0             0.2



2. Economic infrastructures
and services                           29            38             1.3          Canada                          2              1             0.7
     IDB Sp F                           1            25            25.0          EC                              2              4             2.0
     Netherlands                       11             2             0.2          France                          1              0             0.0
     Norway                             2             2             1.2          Germany                         5              9             1.8
     Spain                             11             8             0.8          Italy                           1              1             1.0
     Sweden                             2             0             0.0          Japan                           1              6             6.4
     United States                      2             0             0.1          Netherlands                     2              0             0.0
3. Production sectors                  85            84             1.0          New Zealand                     1              0             0.1
     Austria                            8             2             0.2          Norway                          7              0             0.0
     Belgium                            5             0             0.1          Spain                          11              0             0.0
     Canada                             1             0             0.2          Sweden                          1              6             6.2
     Finland                            1             0             0.0          Switzerland                     2              1             0.3
     Germany                            6             3             0.6          UNICEF                          2              0             0.1
     IDB Sp F                           1            60            60.0          United States                  11             19             1.7
     Ireland                            1             0             0.0     Total                              602            411             0.7
     Italy                              4             0             0.0
     Japan                              1             3             3.4
     Netherlands                        3             0             0.1
     Norway                            10             1             0.1
     Spain                             36             3             0.1
     United States                      8            11             1.4




                                                                                                                                                          124
10. India
                             Number of         Amount        Avg. amount                               Number of         Amount        Avg. amount    with IDC
                Sectors      activities     (USD Million)   (USD million)                Sectors       activities     (USD Million)   (USD million)
1.Social infrastructure              447         1,730               3.9       Netherlands                        7              8            1.1
    AsDB                                1          200             200.0       Norway                             9              1            0.1
    Australia                         10               2             0.2       Spain                              4              0            0.1
    Austria                             3              0             0.0       Sweden                             1              0            0.0
    Belgium                           29               3             0.1       Switzerland                        8            16             1.9
    Canada                            11               4             0.3       United Kingdom                     5            12             2.4
    Denmark                             3              6             2.0       United States                      3              1            0.2
    Finland                           23               3             0.1  4. Multisector                       137           182              1.3
    France                            37             15              0.4       Australia                          4              0            0.0
    Germany                           37             40              1.1       Austria                            3              0            0.1
    Greece                              1              0             0.0       Belgium                            9              0            0.0
    IDA                                 5          994             198.8       Canada                             4              9            2.2
    Ireland                           22               1             0.0       Denmark                            2              1            0.5
    Italy                             19               2             0.1       Finland                            4              1            0.2
    Netherlands                       30           115               3.8       France                             6              1            0.2
    New Zealand                         3              0             0.0       Germany                          13             35             2.7
    Norway                            41               5             0.1       Greece                             1              0            0.0
    Portugal                            5              0             0.0       IFAD                               1            20            20.0
    Spain                             26               3             0.1       Ireland                            3              0            0.0
    Sweden                            16               1             0.0       Italy                              2              0            0.0
    Switzerland                         1              1             1.5       Japan                              1              2            2.2
    UNFPA                             57             13              0.2       Netherlands                        7            38             5.4
    UNICEF                            17             21              1.2       New Zealand                        2              0            0.0
    United Kingdom                    29           231               8.0       Norway                           25               2            0.1
    United States                     21             70              3.3       Spain                              6              1            0.1
2. Economic infrastructure            60          2,876           47.9         Sweden                           6               0             0.0
     AsDB                              7            940          134.3         Switzerland                      5              11             2.1
     Australia                         1              0            0.0         UNICEF                           9               5             0.6
     Canada                            2              0            0.0         United Kingdom                   6              43             7.2
     Finland                           1              0            0.0         United States                   18              14             0.8
     France                            5              0            0.1    5. Not allocable by sector           97             638             6.6
     Germany                           4              7            1.8         Australia                        1               0             0.1
     IBRD                              3          1,206          402.0         Austria                          1               2             2.2
     IDA                               2            139           69.5         Belgium                         15               1             0.1
     Ireland                           2              0            0.0         Canada                           3               3             1.2
     Japan                             4            524          131.0         EC                               1               2             2.3
     Netherlands                       3             15            5.0         France                           2               0             0.0
     Norway                            8              0            0.0         Germany                          6               2             0.3
     Switzerland                       1              3            3.2         IBRD                             2             175            87.5
     United Kingdom                    5             17            3.4         IDA                              2             175            87.5
     United States                    12             23            2.0         Italy                            5               0             0.0
3. Production sectors                 67            282            4.2         Japan                            2               1             0.5
     Australia                        23              1            0.0         Netherlands                      7              53             7.6
     Belgium                           2              1            0.4         New Zealand                      2               0             0.2
     Canada                            6              3            0.5         Norway                           2               0             0.1
     Denmark                           4              5            1.1         Portugal                         1               0             0.0
     Finland                           3              1            0.4         Spain                            9               0             0.0
     France                           10              3            0.3         Sweden                           1               0             0.0
     Germany                          12             25            2.1         Switzerland                      6               2             0.4
     IDA                               2            207          103.5         UNICEF                           2               4             2.1
     Ireland                           4              0            0.0         United Kingdom                  16             104             6.5
     Italy                             1              0            0.0         United States                   11             112            10.1
                                                                          TOTAL                               808           5,708             7.1
                                                                                                                                                          125
   80. Top 11 – 20 recipients of EU Aid: Donor Activities in 2002                                                                                                             with IDC



                                           Tunisia                                                                                        Uganda
                                                                                  Average                                                                                        Average
                                                                                amount per                                                                                     amount per
                                                Number of      Amount (USD     activity (USD                                                    Number of     Amount (USD     activity (USD
                          Sectors               activities       Million)         million)                               Sectors                activities      Million)         million)
1. Social infrastructures and services                  106             108              1.0   1. Social infrastructures and services                   449            329              0.7
2. Economic infrastructures and services                 26             490             18.9   2. Economic infrastructures and services                  65              79             1.2
3. Production sectors                                    40               77             1.9   3. Production sectors                                     92            118              1.3
4. Multisector                                           36             115              3.2   4. Multisector                                            60              43             0.7
5. Not allocable by sector                               24               20             0.8   5. Not allocable by sector                               108            276              2.6
TOTAL                                                   232             810              3.5   TOTAL                                                    774            845              1.1


                                           China                                                                                          Bolivia

                                                                                  Average                                                                                        Average
                                                                                amount per                                                                                     amount per
                                                Number of      Amount (USD     activity (USD                                                    Number of     Amount (USD     activity (USD
                       Sectors                  activities       Million)         million)                            Sectors                   activities      Million)         million)



1.Social infrastructures and services                  363              832            2.3     1. Social infrastructures and services                  341            239             0.7
2. Economic infrastructures and services                78            1,874           24.0     2. Economic infrastructures and services                 24             94             3.9
3. Production sectors                                  123              215            1.7     3. Production sectors                                   117             68             0.6
4. Multisector                                         117              793            6.8     4. Multisector                                           89             49             0.6
5. Not allocable by sector                              33               62            1.9     5. Not allocable by sector                               74            425             5.7
TOTAL                                                  714            3,776            5.3     TOTAL                                                   645            877             1.4


                                   Bosnia-Herzegovina                                                                                     Ghana
                                                                                  Average                                                                                        Average
                                                                                amount per                                                                                     amount per
                                                Number of      Amount (USD     activity (USD                                                    Number of     Amount (USD     activity (USD
                         Sectors                activities       Million)         million)                               Sectors                activities      Million)         million)
1.Social infrastructures and services                      5            197             39.3   1. Social infrastructures and services                   197            177              0.9
2. Economic infrastructures and services                 44             115              2.6   2. Economic infrastructures and services                  27              73             2.7
3. Production sectors                                    30               31             1.0   3. Production sectors                                     48              73             1.5
4. Multisector                                           32               18             0.6   4. Multisector                                            37              51             1.4
5. Not allocable by sector                               42               36             0.9   5. Not allocable by sector                                44            152              3.5
TOTAL                                                   153             397              2.6   TOTAL                                                    353            526              1.5

   Note: The top recipient countries are 11. Cameroon, 12. Tunisia, 13. Uganda, 14. China, 15. Bolivia, 16. Bosnia and
   Herzegovina, 17. Ghana, 18. Ethiopia, 19. Indonesia, 20. Bangladesh.(2001-20002)
   Source: CRS Online Database – 1. CRS/Aid Activities – Commitments. The information in these tables was processed
   by the European Commission. CRS data for this period does not include EC Aid (Budget)                                                                                            126
                                                                                                                                                                              with IDC




                                           Cameroon                                                                                       Ethiopia

                                                                                 Average                                                                                         Average
                                                                               amount per                                                                                      amount per
                                                 Number of     Amount (USD    activity (USD                                                     Number of     Amount (USD     activity (USD
                       Sectors                   activities      Million)        million)                            Sectors                    activities      Million)         million)

1. Social infrastructures and services                  143             63            0.4     1. Social infrastructures and services                   610             292            0.5
2. Economic infrastructures and services                 18             56            3.1     2. Economic infrastructures and services                  68             249            3.7
3. Production sectors                                    44             28            0.6     3. Production sectors                                    105              34            0.3
4. Multisector                                           44            119            2.7     4. Multisector                                            98              46            0.5
5. Not allocable by sector                               35            387           11.1     5. Not allocable by sector                               138             506            3.7
TOTAL                                                   284            653            2.3     TOTAL                                                  1,019           1,127            1.1


                                           Indonesia                                                                                     Bangladesh

                                                                                 Average                                                                                         Average
                                                                               amount per                                                                                      amount per
                                                 Number of     Amount (USD    activity (USD                                                     Number of     Amount (USD     activity (USD
                          Sectors                activities      Million)        million)                               Sectors                 activities      Million)         million)
1. Social infrastructures and services                   267            646             2.4   1. Social infrastructures and services                    243            394              1.6
2. Economic infrastructures and services                  39            172             4.4   2. Economic infrastructures and services                   35            367             10.5
3. Production sectors                                    103            381             3.7   3. Production sectors                                      34              17             0.5
4. Multisector                                            81            244             3.0   4. Multisector                                             68            110              1.6
5. Not allocable by sector                                89            443             5.0   5. Not allocable by sector                                 58            283              4.9
TOTAL                                                    579          1,885             3.3   TOTAL                                                     438          1,171              2.7




                                                                                                                                                                                     127
                                            with IDC




IV. EU Donor Concentration: All Countries




                                                128
81a. EU Donor Concentration: Top and Bottom 5 EU Donors                                                                                   with IDC
           (net disbursements of ODA as a share of net disbursements of EU ODA: 2001 – 2002 average.)

Country                         Top 5 EU Donors      Bottom 5 EU           Country                         Top 5 EU Donors         Bottom 5 EU
                                 share of EU Aid    Donors share of                                         share of EU Aid       Donors share of
                                       (%)             EU Aid                                                     (%)                EU Aid
                                                         (%)                                                                           (%)
All Developing Countries                      75                      4    Cape Verde                                        86                     0
Least Developed Countries                     72                      4    Central African Rep.                              97                     0
Other Low Income Countries                    75                      2    Chad                                              99                     0
Low Middle Income Countries                   79                      3    Chile                                             97                     0
Upper Middle Income Countries                 91                      0    China                                             93                     0
High Income Countries                        100                      0    Colombia                                          90                     0
Afghanistan                                   78                      5    Comoros                                          100                     0
Albania                                       86                      1    Congo Dem.Rep. (Zaire)                            88                     2
Algeria                                      100                      0    Congo, Rep.                                       91                     1
Angola                                        73                      2    Cook Islands                                     100                     0
Anguilla                                     100                      0    Costa Rica                                        94                     0
Antigua & Barbuda                            100                      0    Ivory Coast                                       94                     0
                                                                           Croatia                                           93                     0
Argentina                                    100                      0
                                                                           Cuba                                              81                     1
Armenia                                       89                      0
                                                                           Djibouti                                         100                     0
Azerbaijan                                    97                      0
                                                                           Dominica                                         100                     0
Bahrain                                      100                      0
                                                                           Dominican Republic                               100                     0
Bangladesh                                    88                      0
                                                                           Ecuador                                           86                     0
Barbados                                     100                      0    Egypt                                             90                     0
Belize                                        99                      0    El Salvador                                       81                     2
Benin                                         94                      0    Equatorial Guinea                                100                     0
Bhutan                                        98                      0    Eritrea                                           81                     1
Bolivia                                       67                      0    Ethiopia                                          77                     1
Bosnia and Herzegovina                        84                      3    FYROM-Macedonia                                   89                     0
Botswana                                      96                      0    Gabon                                            100                     0
Brazil                                        87                      2    Gambia                                            91                     0
Burkina Faso                                  84                      1
Burundi                                       87                      1
Cambodia                                      81                      0
Cameroon                                      81                      0




Note: shares above 100 and below 0 have been rounded to 100 and 0 respectively.
Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a).                      129
81b. EU Donor Concentration: Top and Bottom 5 EU Donors                                                                                 with IDC
           (net disbursements of ODA as a share of net disbursements of EU ODA: 2001 – 2002 average.)

Country                         Top 5 EU Donors      Bottom 5 EU
                                 share of EU Aid    Donors share of           Country                         Top 5 EU Donors       Bottom 5 EU
                                       (%)             EU Aid                                                  share of EU Aid     Donors share of
                                                         (%)                                                         (%)             EU Aid (%)
Georgia                                       86                      1       Marshall Islands                               100                     0
Ghana                                         95                      0       Mauritania                                     91                      0
Grenada                                       99                      0       Mauritius                                      97                      0
Guatemala                                     89                      0       Mayotte                                       100                      0
Guinea                                        89                      1       Mexico                                        100                      0
Guinea-Bissau                                 93                      0       Micronesia                                    100                      0
Guyana                                        98                      0       Moldova                                        86                      1
Haiti                                         92                      0       Mongolia                                       87                      1
Honduras                                      80                      0       Montserrat                                    100                      0
India                                        100                      0
Indonesia                                                                     Morocco                                        99                      0
                                              88                      0
Iran                                                                          Mozambique                                     74                      3
                                              87                      0
Iraq                                                                          Myanmar (Burma)                                89                      0
                                              90                      0
Jamaica                                      100                      0       Namibia                                        79                      2
Jordan                                        95                      0       Nauru
Kazakstan                                     94                      0       Nepal                                          88                      0
Kenya                                         79                      0       Nicaragua                                      88                      1
Kiribati                                     100                      0       Niger                                          92                      0
Korea, Dem. Rep.                              97                      0       Nigeria                                        94                      0
Kyrgyz Rep.                                                                   Niue                                          100                      0
                                              95                      0
                                                                              Oman                                          100                      0
Laos                                          81                      0       Pakistan                                       95                      0
Lebanon                                       92                      0       Palau                                         100                      0
Lesotho                                       99                      0       Palestinian adm.areas                          78                      4
Liberia                                      100                      0
                                                                              Panama                                         95                      0
Madagascar                                    97                      0
                                                                              Papua New Guinea                               98                      0
Malawi                                        93                      0
                                                                              Paraguay                                       99                      0
Malaysia                                     100                      0
                                                                              Peru                                           91                      0
Maldives                                      96                      0
                                                                              Philippines                                    95                      0
Mali                                          91                      0
Malta                                        100                      0



Note: shares above 100 and below 0 have been rounded to 100 and 0 respectively.
Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a).                    130
    81c. EU Donor Concentration: Top and Bottom 5 EU Donors                                                                                   with IDC
               (net disbursements of ODA as a share of net disbursements of EU ODA: 2001 – 2002 average.)

Country                          Top 5 EU Donors       Bottom 5 EU             Country                         Top 5 EU Donors         Bottom 5 EU
                                  share of EU Aid     Donors share of                                           share of EU Aid       Donors share of
                                        (%)             EU Aid (%)                                                    (%)               EU Aid (%)
Rwanda                                           83                     1      Tonga                                          100                       0
Samoa                                           100                     0      Trinidad & Tobago                              100                       0
São Tome & Principe                              99                     0      Tunisia                                          100                     0
Saudi Arabia                                   100                      0      Turkey                                           100                     0
                                                                               Turkmenistan                                      93                     0
Senegal                                         91                      0
Serbia & Montenegro                             83                      2      Turks & Caicos Islands                           100                     0
Seychelles                                     100                      0      Tuvalu                                           100                     0
Sierra Leone                                    85                      1      Uganda                                            75                     0
Slovenia                                                                       Uruguay                                          100                     0
                                               100                      0
Solomon Islands                                                                Uzbekistan                                        94                     0
                                               100                      0
                                                                               Vanuatu                                          100                     0
Somalia                                         89                      0      Venezuela                                         97                     0
South Africa                                    85                      1      Vietnam                                           75                     0
Sri Lanka                                      100                      0      Wallis & Futuna                                  100                     0
St. Helena                                     100                      0      Yemen                                            95                      0
St. Kitts-Nevis                                100                      0      Zambia                                           80                      0
St. Lucia                                      100                      0      Zimbabwe                                         82                      1
St.Vincent&Grenadines                          100                      0
Sudan                                           83                      1
Suriname                                       100                      0
Swaziland                                      100                      0
Syria                                           97                      0
Tajikistan                                      95                      0
Tanzania                                        72                      2
Thailand                                       100                      0
Timor-Leste                                     89                      1
Togo                                            93                      0
Tokelau                                        100                      0




    Note: shares above 100 and below 0 have been rounded to 100 and 0 respectively.
    Source: DAC Online Database - Destination of Official Development Assistance and Official Aid - Disbursements (Table 2a).                      131
EU Atlas Sources                                                                                                       with IDC




OECD Development Assistance Committee, International Development Statistics (IDS) online: database on aid and other
       resource flows. http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/50/17/5037721.htm
       Includes:
       (a) DAC Online (database on annual aggregates) and
       (b) Credit Reporting System CRS online (database on aid activities)
OECD DAC. Development Cooperation Report 2003.
OECD DAC. Aid at a Glance Charts 2001 – 2002.
OECD DAC. 2004 Progress Report: Implementing the 2001 DAC Recommendation on Untying Official Development
      Assistance to the Least Developed Countries. 30 March 2004
OECD DAC. Development Cooperation Reviews for the EU member states (DAC members). Various issues.
EU Donor Atlas questionnaires answered by the EU Member States
EU member’s Ministries of Foreign Affairs’ web sites and Commission (for list of embassies in developing countries).
Freedom House. Freedom in the World, 2004.
Transparency International, Corruption Perception Index 2003
UNDP - Human Development Report 2003




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