Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation Safety

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					Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation Safety

Chronic           A term used to describe a disease of long duration or one with frequent
                  recurrence.


Contamination     Radioactive material deposited or dispersed in materials or places where it is not
                  wanted.


Crystallography   The science of crystal structure and phenomena.


Dosimetry         An accurate measurement of dosage, specifically with regards to radiation.


Gamma Ray         An electromagnetic wave or photon emitted from the nucleus.


GM meter          a survey meter designed for measuring wide range gamma radiation fields.


Ionizing Radiation Radiation that has enough energy to remove electrons from substances it passes
                   through, forming ions.


MASER             Maser is an acronym for Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of
                  Radiation.


Non-ionizing      Radiation that carries enough energy to excite an atom or molecule, but not
Radiation         enough energy to remove an electron from the atom or molecule.


Radiation         Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays, waves or particles.


Radioactivity     The spontaneous disintegration of an atomic nucleus with the emission of energy.

				
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