Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation Safety
Chronic A term used to describe a disease of long duration or one with frequent
Contamination Radioactive material deposited or dispersed in materials or places where it is not
Crystallography The science of crystal structure and phenomena.
Dosimetry An accurate measurement of dosage, specifically with regards to radiation.
Gamma Ray An electromagnetic wave or photon emitted from the nucleus.
GM meter a survey meter designed for measuring wide range gamma radiation fields.
Ionizing Radiation Radiation that has enough energy to remove electrons from substances it passes
through, forming ions.
MASER Maser is an acronym for Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of
Non-ionizing Radiation that carries enough energy to excite an atom or molecule, but not
Radiation enough energy to remove an electron from the atom or molecule.
Radiation Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays, waves or particles.
Radioactivity The spontaneous disintegration of an atomic nucleus with the emission of energy.