Grace O’ Malley
Country Of Origin
• Mayo County, Ireland
• Born in 1530 in Mayo County, Ireland.
• Daughter of Pirate Owen O’ Malley.
• Cut hair and dressed like a boy to prove
she could handle the sea life.
• Spent her young life learning the ways of a
• Owned her first fleet of ships at a young
• Grace used galleys
• Galleys are used for
trade and warfare
• They were propelled
Code of Conduct
• Grace O’ Malley did not have a code of conduct
that was specific to her fleet of ships.
• Most other pirate codes of conduct stated
women could not be allowed on ships.
• “No boy or woman to be allowed amongst them.
If any man shall be found seducing any of the
latter sex and carrying her to sea in disguise he
shall suffer death.”
• Obviously, Grace did not pay attention to these
• Grace mostly associated with her own
• Her first husband Donal O'Flahetty, whom
she had 3 kids with
• After Donal died she married Richard
Burke, and had one more child.
• Also associated with her crewmates
Associations with England
• During this time, England was taking Irish
land. Grace fought back as did her family.
• Grace’s brother and son were captured by
the English, so she went to negotiate with
• Queen Elizabeth admired Grace’s spirit
and pardoned her family.
• Grace was supposed to be executed but
the Queen Pardoned that too.
Associations with England, Cont.
• Grace agreed to use
her leadership and
power to protect the
• The song to the right
Grace was in the
Who was Affected?
• Grace attacked Turkish and Spanish ships
and stole the cargo.
• She plundered Scotland’s outlying islands
on her return trips back to her father on
• She also attacked fortresses on the
• Since Grace’s ships had been banned from
Galway, the most important trading port in
Ireland, she most commonly attacked ports right
outside of Spain, Portugal, and Scotland.
• Other than pirating ships, Grace charged ships
for safe passage and regained her riches and
had a thriving piracy empire and control of 5 of
the castles in the area. (Of Clare Island)
• Grace developed the nickname
“Granuaile” because her brother called her
“Grainne Mhaol” when she cut her hair.
Grainne Mhaol means “bald”.