Intellectual Property Rights An Overview of Laws, Licenses and Copyright Protection A Presentation by Team 9 Perhaps the Greatest Team Ever to Exist…EVER! Cole Hoosier, Alex Stampbach, Leanne Gray, Ryan Hannebaum, Matthew Cook Intellectual Property Laws Intellectual Property an umbrella term for various legal entitlements which attach to certain types of information, ideas, or other intangibles in their expressed form Software Copyright Infringement Several different types Creating a copy for resale “Bulletin board” sharing “Softlifting” Unauthorized copying as ethical choice Existing and proposed laws TRIPS EULA UCITA The Scope of the Problem Rank Product Value 1 Marijuana 141.80 Billion 2 Counterfeit Technology Products 100 Billion 3 Cocaine 70.45 Billion 4 Opium/Heroin 64.82 Billion 5 Pirated Web Videos 60 Billion 6 Counterfeit Pharmaceutical Drugs 40 Billion 7 Pirated Software 34 Billion 8 Human Trafficking 32 Billion 9 Amphetamines/Meth 28.25 Billion 10 Animals and Wildlife Smuggling 20 Billion http://www.havocscope.com/products.htm Attempts to Stop the Problem Genuine Microsoft Software Tools (http://www.microsoft.com/resources/howtotell/ww/windows/default.mspx) Genuine copies allow users to get updates “Customers who purchase counterfeit products could find they are missing key elements, such as user manuals, product keys, certificates of authenticity and even software code. They may also find that the counterfeit software contains viruses or does not work as well as the genuine product does.” (Microsoft Product Activation FAQ) Software Distribution Freeware Software is free to use No limitations are placed on the program Author may *ask* for donations, but won’t demand them Examples: Vim, several flash-type games Shareware use is completely free product is not fully functional unless "unlocked“ Unlocking usually is by entering a key that is purchased Example: WinZip Demoware Type of shareware Feature set of the software is limited in some manner Examples: Can’t save state or program halts after 15 minutes Licensing Mi casa es su casa? GNU General Public License Source is available “Copyleft” Uses copyright laws to ensure that modified versions retain the same freedoms Lesser (or Library) GPL Can be linked into non-GPL program Example: most software for Linux BSD-style Licenses Closer to public domain than GPL Has been called “copycenter” Allows proprietary commercial use, and for the software released under the license to be incorporated into proprietary commercial products Example: NetBSD MIT License Very (very) similar to the BSD-style licenses Example: X11 for Linux Copyright Protection Security – Software Validation Key checks Registration Limitations Validation Making the software legal Verifying the user has the proper rights to use the software Key checks Software requires you to enter a product key Software will not function without a valid key Only given a valid key when you purchase the software Key checks Bnetd project Free online community Distributed open source code Bnetd allowed users to create chat rooms, connect to other users, and play games Blizzard uses battle.net but uses CD key checks Blizzard sued them because they didn’t check authenticity to the game CD Cracks CD crack codes can get around key checks Eliminate the use of a CD Registration Some products require you to register the product Registration can be used as a validation technique You have to have a registration to get updates Limitations File Sharing Peer to Peer (P2P) Improve existing software Protection Through Documents Passwords Dials Manuals “Bottom of Page 6” Hidden Vital Information Manual contains data necessary to use software Protection Through Hardware Dongles – 1980’s USB keys, Parallel Implementations Check for Dongle’s presence Store key parts of Program on Dongle CD Check Lenslok Hold a Prism up to Screen www.zock.com Protection Through People “Honor System” Software reminds you that the free trial is over Propaganda Shorts before Movies Posters Fake MP3 files in Sharing Networks Questions?
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