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India South Asia Subcontinent of India India Chapter Assignments: Chapter 28: Regional Atlas – Intro. to South Asia Pages 590-604 Chapter 29: Countries of South Asia Pages 606-625 Part I: India’s Early History Article on the development of India Class handout Profile of India Population = 1.12 billion 2nd largest in world 7th largest country in land area Ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan – 72% Dravidians – 25% • People from southern India who speak Dravidian rather than Indo- Aryan languages • Generally darker skinned Religions: Hinduism – 80.5% Muslim – 13.2 % Dravidian dominated areas Christianity – 2.3% India: Profile Languages: Hindi – national language + primary tongue of 30%of the people There are 14 other official languages (Bengali, Urdu) English= language used in the realms of national, political, and commercial communications Political map of India in Hindi India: Profile Governmental Structure: Govt. type – Federal Republic Independence = August 15, 1947 from the UK Chief of State – President Pratibha Patil First female President of India Elected for 5 year terms (no term limits) Elected in July 2007; next election 2012 India: Profile Economy: Main goal is to feed their growing population More land has been farmed Better farming methods, increased irrigation and higher quality seeds India’s diverse economy encompassed many different areas: Traditional village farming Modern agriculture Wide range of modern industries Multitude of services India: Profile Average growth rate of 7% since 1996 Reduced poverty by 10% India has a large number of well- educated people skilled in the English language Resulted in India being a large exporter of software services and workers India: Profile Economic improvement: 1950 – 16% literacy rate 2007 – 70% literacy rate (males); 48% (females) Overall improvement in living conditions 1950 life span = 32 2007 = 65 India still has issues/problems with large sections of poverty and poor health South Asia: An Overview Video reflection questions: (1) What stereotypes or misconceptions were challenged as you watched the video? (2) Which stereotypes or misconceptions were reinforced? (3) What images surprised you? (4) How did the video change your perceptions of South Asia? India: Geography Located in South Asia Himalayas = form the northern border Contain over 30 of the worlds highest peaks “Rooftop” of the world India: Geography Main geographic regions: Mountain zone of the Himalayas Indo-Gangetic plain (formed by basins of 3 great rivers) Southern Peninsula of the Deccan Plateau Indo-Gangetic Plain Most densely populated part of India Includes the most fertile soil of India Main crops – rice, wheat, and sugarcane Deccan Plateau Southern part of India Endures a dry season of 6-9 months Climate is similar to American Southwest Irrigation improves the regions agriculture Main crops – cotton, peas, beans, and wheat India: Geography Climate: Altitude + distance from Indian Ocean affect the climates in India Monsoons (heavy rainy season) = July to October • Winds blow from NE = • Winds blowing from SW = India Historical Development and Overview Group Research: In groups research the following: Ancient Civilizations of the Indus Valley • Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro Mauryan Empire and Gupta Empire British Imperialism in India 1885 Indian National Congress + Mohandas Gandhi 1906 Muslim League + Mohammed Ali Jinnah Partition of India (1947) Development Historical civilization Indus Valley (2500-1500 BC); located in present-day Pakistan Harappa + Mohenjo-Daro Muslim dominance 700’s AD – Arab conquerors brought Islam to Pakistan British Imperialism -- 1618 British East India Company set up trading posts along the coast 1700’s British established their colonial empire in India Historical Development 1885 Indian National Congress Formed to resist British rule 1906 Muslim League Formed to represent Muslim minority groups 1920 Mohandas Ghandi; peaceful demonstrations to ease tensions between Hindu’s and Muslim’s Historical Development 1947 Britain divided its possessions into 2 new states based on religion India – mostly Hindu Pakistan – mostly Muslim • Conflict would arise over the territory of Kashmir Since India’s independence they have had a variety of problems They remain the world’s largest Democracy Review Use 15 minutes in your groups to discuss the following items (identify and describe): Turn in 1 paper for your group Harrapa + Mohenjo-Daro British Imperialism in India 1885 Indian National Congress Mohandas Gandhi 1906 Muslim League Mohammed Ali Jinnah Partition of India (1947) Current Events for South Asia Each group should pick 1 current issue/event from South Asia (must be within the last 3 months) Countries of S. Asia – Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Kashmir Region See Moodle instruction.
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