Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI)

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					     Juvenile Detention
Alternatives Initiative (JDAI)

Reducing Racial Disparities in
      Juvenile Justice

The Annie E. Casey Foundation
       Overrepresentation of Minority Youth in
        Public Detention Centers: 1985 – 1999
1985                                                                 1995
                                                                                  White
 White                                                                            Youth
 Youth                43.4%                                                        43.6%               56.4%


   56.6%
                   Minority                                                                   Minority
                    Youth                                                                      Youth


                                            White
                                            Youth
                                             38.0%
                                                                 62.0%

                                                        Minority
                               1999                      Youth


  Source: Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional and Shelter Facilities, 1985-1999.



                2/3 of Detainees are Kids of Color
One-Day Counts in Detention Facilities,
                2001
        By Offense Category


 Property, Drugs, Public
 Order and “Other”                        Violent
                                         Offenses
                               (32.3%)
                 (38.6%)




    Status Offenses and    (29.1%)
    Technical Violations
Detention Increased Despite Decreases in Juvenile Crime
       Core JDAI Strategies
Collaboration
Reliance on Data
Objective Admissions Screening
Alternatives to Secure Detention
Expedited Case Processing
Strategies for “Special” Detention Cases
Rigorous Facility Inspections
Strategies to Reduce Racial Disparities
Collaboration Through a DMC Lens


 Authority

 Group Composition

 Designated Sub-Committee

 Creating a Safe Place

 Forging a Common Agenda
   Reliance on Data & DMC

Disaggregating Data by Race & Ethnicity

Examining “Race Effects” Throughout
Case Processing
Detention Utilization Studies

Geo-coding & Community Mapping

Routine Management Reports
  Eliminating Bias in Detention
     Admissions Screening
Objective Criteria & Instruments

Bias in Statutory Criteria

Testing for Unintended Bias from
Screening Tools
Multilingual, Multicultural Intake Staff

Quality Controls

Use of Overrides
Culturally Competent Alternatives to
      Detention Programming

  Identifying Target Populations & Program
  Design
  Service Providers

  Locations

 Language & Culture

  Staffing & Services
      Specific Strategies to Reduce
            Racial Disparities
Formulate a Vision & Goals

Establish Formal Structures to Keep Eyes on the Prize

Build Ties to Communities of Color
Diversify System Workforce
Create New Program Capacities in Key Neighborhoods

Conduct Cultural & Racial Sensitivity Training
Improve Defender Services
Stop “Dumping” of Youth from Other Systems
Results-Impact


       Cook County Outcomes
            Average        Youth
             Daily        Violent
          Population      Arrests
          (1996-2002)   (1993-2000)




           37%            54%
Results-Impact
            Multnomah County
                Outcomes
            Average       Juvenile
             Daily         Felony
          Population       Arrests
          (1993-2002)   (1994-2000)




           66%            45%
Results-Impact


         Santa Cruz Outcomes
            Average       Juvenile
             Daily         Felony
          Population       Arrests
          (1996-2000)   (1996-2000)




           52%            38%
                         Santa Cruz County, CA
                            % Latinos in Juvenile Hall vs
                              % in General Population
                                                                                    Evening Center
                                 % of Latinos in Juvenile Hall
                                                                                   Opens April 2005

               70.00%
                            68.05%
               65.00%
               60.00%
% of Latinos




               55.00%                                55.20%                             55.90%
               50.00%                    49%
                            48%                      48%          46.90%     48%        48%           47.90%   48%
               45.00%
               40.00%                                                        41.30%                            40.80%
               35.00%
               30.00%
                        Dec-04       Jan-05     Feb-05      Mar-05      Apr-05      May-05     Jun-05      Jul-05

                                      %Latinos In Juvenile Hall      %Latinos in General Pop

				
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