Today we are learning
• The impact of WW1 on the British coal
• The changes to the coal industry after
The Impact of WW1
• By the end of the first year of WW1 there
was a huge drop in the amount of coal
being mined in Britain.
Can you think why this
would be the case?
• Coal production decreased as a huge
number of miners had volunteered to go
and fight in the war.
• Despite this, coal was still greatly required.
It was essential for the war effort.
To fuel homes To run ships
Solving the Problem
• Due to the huge decrease in coal
production the government decided that IT
would control the mines for the duration of
the war, instead of the mine owners.
• This is called NATIONALISATION.
Challenges to the Mining
• The British coal industry faced many
problems after WW1.
Cheap coal was being imported from
Poland and Germany.
Less coal was being exported (sent
New types of fuel such as oil were being
• When the mines were returned to their former
owners after WW1 there was conflict.
• Many miners preferred working for the government
as their wages had been higher.
• Trouble heightened in the mid 1920s when owners
tried to reduce wages and increase the working day.
• Miners went on strike over this. Their slogan was
“not a minute on the day, not a penny off the pay.”
• Despite striking for 6 months during the May 1926
General Strike, they were eventually forced to
accept pay cuts and an increase in hours.
Prestonpans Colliery, 1926
Miners receiving help from a
soup kitchen during the strike,
1. How did the government solve
the problem of coal shortages
2. What problems did the coal
mining industry face after WW1?
There are 3 to find.
3. Complete questions 8 to 13 from
page 13 of your work guide.