The Coal Industry and WW1 Today we are learning • The impact of WW1 on the British coal industry. • The changes to the coal industry after WW1. The Impact of WW1 • By the end of the first year of WW1 there was a huge drop in the amount of coal being mined in Britain. Can you think why this would be the case? • Coal production decreased as a huge number of miners had volunteered to go and fight in the war. • Despite this, coal was still greatly required. It was essential for the war effort. To run factories Iron works To power to make railways weapons Coal and WW1 To fuel homes To run ships Solving the Problem • Due to the huge decrease in coal production the government decided that IT would control the mines for the duration of the war, instead of the mine owners. • This is called NATIONALISATION. Challenges to the Mining Industry • The British coal industry faced many problems after WW1. Cheap coal was being imported from Poland and Germany. Less coal was being exported (sent abroad). New types of fuel such as oil were being developed. Industrial Action • When the mines were returned to their former owners after WW1 there was conflict. • Many miners preferred working for the government as their wages had been higher. • Trouble heightened in the mid 1920s when owners tried to reduce wages and increase the working day. • Miners went on strike over this. Their slogan was “not a minute on the day, not a penny off the pay.” • Despite striking for 6 months during the May 1926 General Strike, they were eventually forced to accept pay cuts and an increase in hours. Strikers outside Prestonpans Colliery, 1926 Miners receiving help from a soup kitchen during the strike, Motherwell 1. How did the government solve the problem of coal shortages during WW1? 2. What problems did the coal mining industry face after WW1? There are 3 to find. 3. Complete questions 8 to 13 from page 13 of your work guide.
Pages to are hidden for
"The Coal Industry and WW1"Please download to view full document