Docstoc

Tools

Document Sample
Tools Powered By Docstoc
					       Tools
Technology Management
  Activities and Tools
                Definition
   ‘tools’, ‘techniques’, ‘procedures’,
    ‘processes’, ‘models’, ‘maps’ and
    ‘frameworks’.
   Phaal et al.’s study (2006): “in the
    broadest sense, tools include devices
    for supporting both action/practical
    application and frameworks for
    conceptual understanding”.
Tema guide (1998)
                 Innovation Management Tools
            Source: Hidalgo, A. and Albors, J., 2008

   Knowledge management tools
    •   Knowledge audits
    •   Knowledge mapping
    •   Document Management
    •   IPR Management
   Market intelligence techniques
    •   Technology Watch/Technology Search
    •   Patents Analysis
    •   Business Intelligence
    •   CRM: Customer relationship management
    •   Geo-marketing
   Cooperative and networking tools
    •   Groupware
    •   Team-building
    •   Supply Chain Management
    •   Industrial Clustering
   Human resources management techniques
    •   Teleworking
    •   Corporate intranets
    •   On-line recruitment
    •   e-Learning
    •   Competence Management
   Interface management approaches
    • R&D - Marketing Interface Management
    • Concurrent Engineering
   Creativity development techniques
    •   Brainstorming
    •   Lateral Thinking
    •   TRIZ
    •   Scamper Method
    •   Mind Mapping
   Process improvement techniques
    •   Benchmarking
    •   Workflow
    •   Business process re-engineering
    •   Just in Time
   Innovation project management techniques
    • Project management
    • Project appraisal
    • Project portfolio management
   Design and product development management tools
    •   CAD systems
    •   Rapid Prototyping
    •   Usability approaches
    •   Quality Function Deployment
    •   Value analysis
   Business creation tools
    • Business Simulation
    • Business Plan
    • Spin-off from research to market
                Eng & TM tools
              Source: Dhillon, 2002
   Decision making tools:
    • decision trees, optimization techniques,
      discounted cash flow analysis, learning curve
      analysis, depreciation analysis, fault tree
      analysis, and forecasting methods.
   Project management tools:
    • project selection methods and models, project
      management techniques, and project
      managers responsibilities, qualifications,
      selection, and reporting.
   Eng design and product costing tools:
    • design types and approaches, engineering
      design manpower, design reviews and design
      review team, reasons for product costing,
      product life cycle costing, and new product
      pricing.
   Creativity and innovation
   Concurrent eng
   Value eng
   Reverse eng
   TQM
   Maintenance management
6 key tools
             Patent analysis
   It is the systematic analysis of patent
    databases for a particular purpose.
   Used mainly for:
    • Acquisition (both R&D Management and
      Mergers and Acquisitions)
    • Identification
    • Protection
           Patent analysis
The process:
 Patent search

 Classification of patents

 Visualisation
Source: Breitzman and Thomas, 2002.
        Portfolio Management
   A portfolio is a bundle of projects
    and/or programs that are grouped
    together to facilitate the effective
    management of them to meet
    strategic business objectives
   Used mainly for:
    • Acquisition
    • Exploitation
    • Protection
       Portfolio Management
The process:
 Individual project selection

 optimal portfolio selection

 Adjusting portfolio



(Note: selection includes to satisfy the goals
  of:
  • Maximizing the value of the portfolio,
  • Providing balance,
  • Supporting the firm strategy)
Source: Canez and Garfias, 2006.
                Roadmapping
   Provides an integrating framework that
    summarises at a high level (on one page)
    the various strategic elements that must
    be aligned to achieve the overall
    organisational goals.
   Used mainly for:
    • Identification
    • Selection
    • Acquisition
          Roadmapping
The process:
 Technology-product-market analysis

 Roadmap creation

 Defined targets

 Project proposals

 Maintenance of the first roadmap

 Roll out the roadmapping process
Source: Albright and Kappel, 2003.
                   S-curve
   S-curves illustrate the life cycle of a
    phenomenon that starts off slow,
    grows rapidly, tapers or levels off,
    and then finally declines.
   Used mainly for:
    • Identification
    • Selection
    • Protection
              S-curve
The process:
 deciding on a performance metric

 Collecting data

 the stage of the technology in hand

  is analyzed over the S-Curve
Source: Laroia and Krishnan, 2005.
                Stage-gate
   Divides the whole project into
    several stages after which go/no go
    decisions are made based on the
    predetermined criteria.
   Used mainly for:
    • Acquisition
    • Selection
    • Exploitation
                Stage-gate
   The process:
    • Idea generation
    • Scoping
    • Building business cases
    • Development
    • Test/validation
    • Launch
Source: Smith et al., 1999.
                Value analysis
   An interdisciplinary problem-solving
    activity in improving the value of the
    functions that are required to accomplish
    the goal or objective of any product,
    process, service, or organization.
   Used mainly for:
    • Identification
    • Selection
    • Exploitation
             Value analysis
   The process:
    • Preparation and Orientation
    • Information
    • Functions
    • Solutions
    • Value
    • Implementation
Source: http://www.ccesoft.com/e-
  zine/value%20innovation.htm

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:3/5/2012
language:
pages:27