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The personal “A”

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									THE “PERSONAL A”
    The personal “A”
• The personal A has no meaning in
English.
• The personal A is a bookmark…
• It is placed before the direct object
in the sentence only on one condition:
    • Only if the D.O. is a living
    object.
THE PERSONAL “A”

  If the DIRECT OBJECT of a sentence in
   SPANISH is a LIVING OBJECT, we have
   to put the letter “a” in front of it!
  Some examples of a living direct object:
      Your dog, Scrappy.
      Your parents
      Your girlfriend
      The maid
      Your favorite Spanish teacher
But Señor, what about…
 o But Señor, what about my pet dog?
      o Yes, use the Personal A
 o But Señor, what about a random animal?
      o No, do not use the Personal A
 o But what about a deceased relative?
      o Yes, you may use the Personal A
 o What about somebody that I do not know?
      oYes, you must use the Personal A.
So, do we need a Personal
  A in these examples?
Maria listens to the radio.
                   X
    Maria escucha ____ el radio.

Juan and Eva watch the baby.

                      a
    Juan y Eva miran ____ el / la bebé.

I hear the teacher.
             a
    Yo oigo ____ la profesora.
Try these on your own! 

 Pedro invita _____ sus primos.
                A
                  X
 Todos beben _____ refrescos.
                         A
 Las niñas escuchan ______ la cantante (singer)
 Mamá cuida _____ los animales.
                A
              X
 Pedro toca ____ la guitarra.
            X
 Luis lee _____ la revista.
 Yo veo ____ mi novio.
           A

								
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