The Disintegration of
Ethnic Map of
Political Map of Serbia
• Western Europe =
• Eastern Europe =
• Middle East =
Greek Orthodox Church
• Terrorists from the
• This was the “spark”
that caused WWI.
• The Allies forced the diverse groups into
Yugoslavia. The SERBS tended to dominate
the new government.
• Yugoslavia was
attacked by the
Germans in 1941.
• Many CROATS saw
an opportunity for
revenge and sided
with the Nazis and
• During WWII,
defeated the Nazis.
• He became a dictator
and later communist.
• His power kept peace
between the ethnic
• When Tito died in
1980, ethnic tension
• The economy collapsed, especially in
Serbia. The Serbs chose to blame the
Muslim Albanians living in the province of
KOSOVO - the poorest of the Yugoslavs.
• The Serbs begin “cracking down” on all
non-Serbian ethnic groups.
• At a meeting to
determine the future
of Yugoslavia, Serb
by Slobodan Milosevic
prompts the other
regions to declare
• The new countries are Yugoslavia, Slovenia,
Macedonia, Croatia, and Bosnia-
• MILOSEVIC becomes the leader of
Yugoslavia (mostly Serbian). Bosnian
Serbs revolt against the Bosnian govt.
because they do not want to live under a
Muslim led govt. Civil War begins.
Serbs are fighting against Bosnian Serbs
• The United Nations sends peacekeeping
forces and declares an arms embargo on
Bosnia: no one may sell or give weapons
to either side.
• Milosevic ignores
the embargo and
gives weapons to
the Serbs. Serbs
rid of an ethnic
group by killing
them or forcing
them to leave an
• The UN created so-called safe havens in
1993 and promised to protect the
• The Serbs attacked the safe havens,
and NATO attacked the Serbs in
• In 1994, the Russian govt. warned that
they would not support any more attacks
• The UN lifts the
• Since the war is
no longer going
their way, the
Serbs agree to
negotiate a cease
• Representatives from Serbs, Croats,
Bosnians and diplomats from the UN. It is
now referred to as the Dayton Agreement.
• Bosnia and Herzegovina remains one
• Serbs govern the areas they controlled,
and the Muslims govern the rest.
• US, British and French troops have been
sent to Bosnia to enforce the agreement.
• In the late 90s the Serbs
in Yugoslavia attempted to
push out the ethnic Muslim
Albanians from the southern
province of Kosovo. The
local KLA could not resist.
• NATO bombed Yugoslavia from March to June
of 1999 until the Serbs withdrew.
• Ethnic hatred still runs deep, and some
Kosovars have retaliated against Serbs.
• On trial for war
crimes at the UN in
• Defending himself
against war crimes:
• Croatia 91-92-crimes against humanity;
Bosnia 92-95- genocide; Kosovo 99- crimes
against humanity - 300,000+dead
Mass graves Serb refugees
Kosovar refugees returning
KLA - Kosovo
Flags on caskets
• Milosevic lost an election
for president and then
was turned over to the
UN to be tried by the
people of Yugoslavia in
return for foreign aide.
• He is still popular with
many Serbs. Kostunica
• Kostunica is the new president of Serbia-
Montenegro, the new name of Yugoslavia.
Is conflict inevitable?
Write a paragraph to
“Conflict in the
because . . .”