pakistan by syedmmadhassan

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									PAKISTAN
Location
 country located in the mountainous
 region adjoining Central Asia and the
 Middle East.
 Has a 1,046 kilometer (650 mile)
 coastline along the Arabian Sea and
 Gulf of Oman in the south, and is
 bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the
 west, the Republic of India in the east
 and the People's Republic of China in
 the far northeast.[
 Pakistan has been called part of the
 New Middle East.[8]
Capital- Islamabad

Largest city- Karachi

Currency- Pakistani Rupee

The estimated population of Pakistan is
172,800,000. making it the world's sixth most-
populous country, behind Brazil and ahead of
Russia.
Geography
 Pakistan covers 340,403 square miles
 (881,640 km2)
 Apart from the 1,046-kilometre (650 mi)
 Arabian Sea coastline, Pakistan's land
 borders total 6,774 kilometres—
 2,430 kilometres (1,509 mi) with
 Afghanistan to the NW
 523 kilometres (325 mi) with China to the
 NE, 2,912 kilometres (1,809 mi) with India
 to the E and 909 kilometres (565 mi) with
 Iran to the SW
The northern and western highlands
of Pakistan contain the towering
Karakoram and Pamir mountain
ranges, which include some of the
world's highest peaks: K2 (28,250 ft;
8,611 m) and Nanga Parbat (26,660
ft; 8,126 m).
K2-2nd highest peak in the world.
The Baluchistan Plateau lies to the
west, and the Thar Desert and an
expanse of alluvial plains, the Punjab
and Sind, lie to the east.
The 1,000-mile-long (1,609-km) Indus
River and its tributaries flow through
the country from the Kashmir region
to the Arabian
              Tomb of Allama Iqbal




Lahore Fort
Languages

 multilingual country
 English is the official language
 Urdu is the national language.
 Punjabi is the most commonly spoken
 language of Pakistan. The following
 are major languages spoken in
 Pakistan
Language

 The following are major languages
 spoken in Pakistan:
   Punjabi (Panjabi) 61 million
   Pashto (three major varieties) 19 million
   Sindhi 19 million
   Seraiki (Saraiki) 14 million
   Urdu 11 million
   Balochi (three major varieties) 6 million
Religion

 second-most populous Muslim-
 majority country
 also has the second-largest Shi'a
 population in the world.
 About 95% of the Pakistanis are
 Muslim. Almost 85% of Pakistani
 Muslims are Sunni Muslims and 15%
 are Shi'a Muslims
Religion

 The Religious breakup of the country
 is as follows[13]:
 Islam 173,000,000 (95%) (nearly 85%
 are Sunni Muslims and 15% are Shi'a
 Muslims).
 Hinduism 3,200,000 (1.85%)
 Christianity 2,800,000 (1.6%)
 Sikhs Around 20,000 (0.04%)
Politics
  Pakistan politics has taken place in the
  framework of a federal republic
  system of government has at times been
  parliamentary, presidential, or semi-presidential.
  In the current semi-presidential system, the
  President of Pakistan is the head of state, the
  Prime Minister is head of government, and there
  is a multi-party system.
  Executive power is exercised by the government.
  Legislative power is largely vested in the
  Parliament.
Economy
 is the 26th largest economy in the
 world in terms of purchasing power,
 and the 47th largest in absolute dollar
 terms.

 Pakistan's economy mainly
 encompasses textiles, chemicals,
 food processing, agriculture and other
 industries.
The economy has suffered in the past
from decades of internal political
disputes, a fast growing population,
mixed levels of foreign investment,
and a costly, ongoing confrontation
with neighboring India.
 Climate
  Pakistan has four seasons:
  - a cool, dry winter from December through February;
  - a hot, dry spring from March through May
  - the summer rainy season, or southwest monsoon
  period, from June through September;
  - the retreating monsoon period of October and
  November.

Rainfall can vary radically from year to year, and
 successive patterns of flooding and drought are also
 not uncommon.
Traditional dress
 Salwar kameez (shalwar qameez) is the
 national dress of Pakistan.
 Salwars are loose trousers designed in
 various styles.
 The salwar kameez is important especially
 during the festivals celebrated in Pakistan,
 for men as well as women.
 Salwar kameez is also popular due to the
 comfort factor.
The kameez is large and loose fitting
tunic worn with the baggy salwar.
Although the sherwani originated in
India during the 18th century, it is also
the national dress for men in
Pakistan.
The achkan is yet another important
dress of Pakistan.
An achkan is a long jacket, which also
originated in the 19th century in India.
These are long sleeved coats
reaching all the way to the knees. At
times, achkan can even go lower.
           HEALTH
Alternative therapies have been
utilized by people in Pakistan who
have faith in spiritual healers,
clergymen, hakeems, homeopaths or
even many quacks
traditional medicine sector has
become an important source of health
care, especially in rural and tribal
areas of the country
half the population (66%) lives in the
rural part of the country
Poverty, compounded by illiteracy,
low status of women, and inadequate
water and sanitation facilities, has a
deep impact on health indicators
two main divisions: the public domain
and the private domain

								
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