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					Environmental Streamlining and Stewardship:
VITAL FEW and
PERFORMANCE MEASURES

                          James M. Shrouds, Director
           Office of Natural and Human Environment
                                 Fred Skaer, Director
                       Office of Project Development
                            & Environmental Review
                     Federal Highway Administration
Strategic Planning Process
     Strategic plan



    Performance plan,
 Performance budget and
      Vital Few (VF)


       Unit plan


       Individual
 performance objectives
            Anticipated Results
Focus: Achieve DOT and FHWA strategic
 objectives

   DOT and FHWA Strategic Plans
    – Strategic objectives and outcomes
   FHWA’s Performance Plans
    – National performance objectives and measures
    – National strategies
    – Vital Few (VF)
   Unit Performance Plans
    – Objectives and measures support the national
      performance objectives and measures
    – Some activities align with national strategies
             Strategic Goals
          DOT                     FHWA
 Safety                 Safety
 Mobility               Mobility and Productivity
 Global Connectivity    Global Connectivity
 Environmental          Environment
  Stewardship            National Homeland
 Security                Security
 Organizational         Organizational
  Excellence              Excellence
DOT Environmental Stewardship
     Strategic Objective

 Promote transportation solutions that enhance
   communities and protect the natural and
   built environment
DOT Environmental Stewardship
          Outcomes
 Reduced pollution and other adverse
  environmental effects of transportation and
  transportation facilities.
 Streamlined environmental review of
  transportation infrastructure projects.
FHWA’s Commitment to the Environment
            A Strategic Approach
 Safety          Environment                  National
         Mobility              Economic       Security
                               Productivity
    Vital Few Goals
 Safety
       Congestion
       Mitigation Environmental
                  Stewardship &
                  Streamlining
          Individual Performance Agreements
    VF: Environmental Stewardship &
       Environmental Streamlining
 Demonstrated Environmental Stewardship
  through Exemplary Ecosystem Initiatives
 Quality of the Decisionmaking Process
 Timeliness of the Environmental Review
  Process
     FHWA Strategic Objective -
          Ecosystems
Promote transportation solutions that enhance/protect
  ecosystems and sustain ecosystem viability (VF)
   National Performance Objectives            National Performance Measures/ Targets
Support and showcase new exemplary            -Number of exemplary ecosystem initiatives
ecosystem (EE) initiatives in the FA and/or   (2005 target is 7 new initiatives)
FLHP programs (VF).
                                              -Total area of wetlands impacted by
Replace the area of wetlands impacted by      Federal-aid funded projects (2005 target is
FA and FLHP projects at a ratio of at least   to exceed 1.5 acres recovered for every
1.5 acres of mitigation for every acre of     acre of loss.
loss on a program-wide basis.
CURRENTLY DESIGNATED EXEMPLARY           FY02
       and FY 03 ECOSYSTEM INITIATIVES
EXEMPLARY ECOSYSTEM INITIATIVES
             FY 2004
POSSIBLE EXEMPLARY ECOSYSTEM
 INITIATIVE LOCATIONS IN FY 2005
       Wetland Replacements
Accomplishment:

  Since 1996, transportation
  projects have provided a net
  gain of over 22,000 acres of
  wetlands on a program-
  wide basis.
         Wetland Mitigation Under the
         Federal-aid Highway Program
Replacement

              5.0

              4.0
   Ratio


              3.0

              2.0
                                                                        Target
              1.0                                                       Ratio


              0.0
                    1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

                                  Fiscal Year
    FHWA Strategic Objective -
          Air Quality
Reduce motor vehicle emissions and maintain high
  level of compliance with transportation conformity
   National Performance Objectives       National Performane Measures/Targets
Reduce on-road mobile source emissions   - Annual mobile source emissions (2005
                                         target is to 59.4 million tons)
Assist nonattainment and maintenance
areas to meet Motor Vehicle Emission     -Meet SIP MVEB (2005 targets are 98% of
Budget (MVEB).                           ozone, 96% of carbon monoxide, and 86%
                                         of particulate matter non-attainment and
                                         maintenance areas.)
                                         -Number of conformity lapse areas (2005
                                         target is, on average, to maintain at or
                                         below 6 conformity lapses)
                        On-Road Mobile Source
                        Emissions (1990-2000)
                        81,000
                        79,000
(Thousand Short Tons)




                        77,000
                        75,000
                        73,000
                        71,000
                        69,000
                        67,000
                        65,000
                        63,000
                        61,000
                        59,000
                        57,000
                        55,000
                        53,000
                          19 0
                          19 1
                          19 2
                          19 3
                          19 4
                          19 5
                          19 6
                          19 7
                          19 8
                          20 9
                          20 0
                          20 1
                          20 2
                          20 3
                          20 4
                          20 5
                          20 6
                          20 7
                             08
                             9
                             9
                             9
                             9
                             9
                             9
                             9
                             9
                             9
                             9
                             0
                             0
                             0
                             0
                             0
                             0
                             0
                             0
                          19




                                 Total Emissions   Target
              Percent of Areas Meeting On-Road Mobile
              Source Emissions Budgets (FY 1997-2003)
                                                Percent of Nonattainment & Maintenance Areas
                    Fiscal Year                            Meeting Emission Goals
                    (as of July 1)
                                                      Ozone                  CO          PM-10

                    1997                       98.0                   96.2        86.4

                    1998                       90.3                   96.4        96.0

                    1999*                      93.0                   96.2        100

                    2000                       97.8                   95.7        100


                    2001                       97.0                   100         94.4

                    2002                       98.0                   100         96.3

                    2003                       96.7                   92.4        93.5


                       Target                   98.0                  96.0        86.0
* Data is incomplete for 1999; only 40 States provided information.
AIR QUALITY HAS IMPROVED!
 Emissions and concentrations have decreased
  across the board.
 On-road sources have accounted for most of
  the emissions reductions. From ’80-’01, on-
  road reductions of VOC and NOx were 68%
  and 69% of total reductions, respectively.
 Significant emissions reductions are expected
  in the future. By 2030, VOCs and NOx will be
  reduced 57% and 83%, respectively.
       Percentage of Change in Motor Vehicle
       Emissions, Demographics, and Travel
                                                   (1980-2001)

100%                               88%
                                                                     82%
80%
60%                                                       48%

40%                   33%                      32%
          26%
20%
 0%

-20%
                                                                                      -28%
-40%
                                                                                             -50%    -48%
-60%
                                                                               -65%
-80%
        Population    People       GDP--       Drivers   Vehicles    Vehicle   VOC    NOx    PM-10    CO
                     Employed   adjusted for                          Miles
                                  inflation                         Traveled
Percent Decrease in Concentration
      of Criteria Pollutants
        Pollutant            1982-2001
 Carbon Monoxide (CO)           62
 Lead (Pb)                      94
 Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2)         24
 Ozone (O3) (1-Hour)            18
 Particulate Matter (PM10)      14
 Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)           35
                                     Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) vs. Vehicle Emissions

                           6                                                                               14




                                                                                                                   Emissions (Millions of tons)
                           5                                                                               12
VMT (Trillions of Miles)




                                                                                                           10                                     VMT
                           4
                                                                                                           8
                           3                                                                                                                      VOC
                                                                                                           6
                           2                                                                                                                      NOx
                                                                                                           4

                           1                                                                               2

                           0                                                                             0
                           1970        1980        1990         2000         2010        2020         2030

                                  Source: Statement of Senator Bob Smith, Environment & Public Works Committee Hearing on
                                                          Transportation & Air Quality, July 30, 2002
    FHWA Strategic Objective -
    Environmental Streamlining
Improve planning and environmental processes
  to achieve better results and timeliness.
   National Performance Objectives         National Performance Measures/ Targets
Increase the number of states using        -Number of States using “Integrated
Integrated Approaches for planning and     Approaches for planning and environment
environment (VF).                          (FY 2005 target is 8 new States, plus 12
Agree upon schedules for all Federal-Aid   continued from FY 2004)
and FLHP EISs and EAs initiated during     -Median completion time for all EISs and
FY05.                                      EAs in Federal-aid and FLHP (2005 targets
                                           are 45 and 15 months, respectively)
Decrease median time for all EISs and
EAs completed in FY05 to 45 months and     -Schedules established for EIS and EA
15 months, respectively (VF)               projects (2005 target is 100%).
CSS/Integrated Approaches
60

50

40

30                                           Projected
                                             Target
20

10

0
     FY 2004   FY 2005   FY 2006   FY 2007
Quality of Decisionmaking
         Process




                     States currently with CSS or
                     Integrated Approaches
By October 1, 2007
All States Green
       Timeliness of the
Environmental Review Process
        FY 07 Targets
 All EISs and EAs have negotiated
  timeframes
 Timeframes met in 90% of cases
 Median EIS time 36 months
 Median EA time 12 months
                      Median Time for EISs

                                  79                        80



                          68                                         68
Months




                 60                        60

         53                                         54
                                                                          51    50
                                                                                     48
                                                                                           45
                                                                                                   40
                                                                                                           36
 29




CY 70's CY 80's CY 90's   CY 98   FY 99   FY 2000   FY 01   FY 02    FY 03     FY 04 1st FY 05   FY 06   FY 07
                                                                                & 2nd
                                                                               Quarters
                                       Actual               Target
                   Median Time for EAs

         26
                        25
Months




              17
                              16
                                                15
                                                                  14

                                                                           12




          FY 03      FY 04 1st & 2nd        FY 05             FY 06    FY 07
                        Quarters



                                   Actual            Target
EPA Ratings of DEIS and
   FEIS Documents
3.45
 3.4
3.35
 3.3
3.25
 3.2                average
3.15                ratings
 3.1
3.05
   3
2.95
                 Rating Points
 2.9
                 LO=4
                 EC=3
     96

     97

     98

     99

     00

     01

     02

     03
  19

  19

  19

  19

  20

  20

  20

  20
                 EO=2
                 EU=0
       The Gallup Survey Said:
    (Resource Agency Reviewers about FHWA)

FHWA is good at:
   The quality of the information FHWA provided
   FHWA responded in a timely way
   Overall, there was a sufficient level of communication
FHWA needs work on:
   Their ability to stay organized throughout the project
   The level of resources they devoted to the project
             Their Bosses Said:
    (Resource agency managers about FHWA)

FHWA is good at:                   FHWA needs work on:
   FHWA is committed to              FHWA is committed to
    doing quality work                 protecting the
   There is sufficient level of       environment
    trust between your two            FHWA is willing to
    agencies                           compromise
2005 Environment Excellence
          Awards
   Biennial awards program was developed by the FHWA
    to honor those partners, projects, and processes that
    excel in meeting growing transportation needs while
    protecting and enhancing the environment.
   12 different categories
   Entries must be submitted electronically by August 16,
    2004.
   Visit http://www.fhwa-ee-awards.com/ for more
    information
Environmental Excellence Awards
 (Each star represents one award 1995-2003)
                    Websites
Environmental Performance Reports:
  http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/perform/index.htm
Exemplary Ecosystem Initiatives:
  http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/ecosystems/index.htm
Environmental Streamlining:
  http://environment.fhwa.dot.gov/strmlng/index.htm


FHWA Performance Plan
  http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reports/2003performance/index.htm

				
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