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The Rough Draft Writing Process

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									The Rough Draft Writing
Process

 OR
 How to write a rough draft
 whether you want to do it or not.
Determine your topic.
   Read the directions.
   Read the prompt.
   Paraphrase the prompt—put it in your own
    words to better understand what it is
    asking. You might have to write it out.
   If the assignment requires you to choose a
    position, you must make a choice. Clearly
    state your position by writing it beneath the
    prompt for your own reference.
Brainstorming
   This is not optional. You can’t follow through with
    a plan that doesn’t exist; and based on your own
    past performance, you can’t write an essay well
    without a plan.
   Your plan cannot be something scribbled on the
    paper so that you can hold it up and say “See, Mrs.
    Kuhn, I did it.” It has to be something that you can
    use and follow as you construct your rough draft.
    If it isn’t, you have wasted your time, and probably
    your grade on the assignment is going to be a
    glaring reminder of that wasted time.
Brainstorming continued
   Left-brain learners: the traditional outline format is
    your best option, but a list will work, too, if you do
    a bulleted one with subcategories.
   Right-brain learners: graphic organizers are your
    best friend because they allow you to see the big
    picture rather than one paragraph at a time.
   Use a Venn Diagram, a Frayer Model, a Web or
    Idea Map.
   However you do it, just do it. The excuse “But I
    never brainstorm before I write” might be part of
    your low-grade problem.
 Your “Plan” for Success
 on the Rough Draft
 Thesis: The Puritans of The Crucible and the Munchkins of The Wizard
of Oz are far more dissimilar than they are similar in so far as the
motivators of the Puritans involve more than fear, while the only
apparent motivator of the Munchkins is fear.

 Similarity #1:
     Evidence:
     Source Citation:

 Similarity #2:
    Evidence:
     Source Citation:

 Similarity #3:
    Evidence:
     Source Citation:
Your “Plan” for Success
on the Rough Draft
                Puritans




    Munchkins              Similarities
Your “Plan” for Success
on the Rough Draft
                     Similarity #3




                     Similarities
                       Between
                     Puritans and
                      Munchkins


     Similarity #2                   Similarity #1
Initial Rough Draft
   Notice that the title of this slide says “initial”? That’s
    because you have to write more than one rough draft!
   Begin with the lead-in statement. Write one. This is
    a sentence that states the topic, only, of your essay.
    It should not be commentary; and it must clearly
    connect to the first part of the thesis statement. No
    highway option.
   Write a thesis statement. You can’t write a thesis
    essay if you don’t have a thesis statement.
   Now write information that will connect the lead-in
    (which is fantastic because it states your topic without
    making the reader say “So what?”) to the thesis
    statement. This is your background info. for the
    INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH. Put this background
    info. between the lead-in and the thesis and, ta-dah!,
    you have an introductory paragraph!
         Thesis Statement Formula
 TOPIC + ARGUMENT + REASON WHY = THESIS STATEMENT

Example:

Topic: Puritans and Munchkins

Argument: There are more differences between them than there are similarities.

Reason: The actions of the Puritan characters in The Crucible were driven by
other motivators than fear; whereas the actions of the Munchkins demonstrate that
they have structured their lives around their fears of the Wicked Witch of the East.

Final Product (In third person voice with present tense verbs, ONLY!)

The Puritans of The Crucible and the Munchkins of The Wizard of Oz are far
more dissimilar than they are similar in so far as the motivators of the Puritans
Involve more than fear, while the only apparent motivator of the Munchkins is
fear.
The Body of the Essay
   Re-read that thesis a few times. What did you just
    tell the reader that you were going to prove?
   Go back to your brainstorming piece. Do you have
    examples, connections, quotes, commentary that
    relates to your thesis? If you don’t you will need to
    make some adjustments to your brainstorming
    piece because this is the plan that you are going to
    follow, and you need to make sure the plan fits the
    thesis expectation that you have just created.
Body of the Essay
continued
   Somewhere other than on the paper where
    you intend to write the rough draft (I
    recommend on the same paper as the
    brainstorming piece), you need to write out
    at least four topic sentences that could be
    aligned with your thesis statement.
   Topic sentences should be the main points
    of your essay; so what are you trying to
    prove? You might need to do a little more
    pre-planning and add to your “plan”.
Body of the Essay
continued
   Do you have a concrete, relevant, points-to-the-text/film
    example for each of those topic sentences?
   Do your examples have anything to do with your thesis
    argument or reasoning? What is the connection? If there is
    no connection, get rid of the example and create a new one.
   Do you have a page number, a scene reference statement, a
    lead-in to the quote, a PARENTHETICAL CITATION for each of
    your examples? If not, don’t write the essay before you get
    this information.
   Once you figure out what your evidence is to support, prove,
    and defend your thesis, put them in a specific order. Which
    one logically needs to come first? Which one should come
    next? Which one will send the paper out with a bang?
Body of the Essay
continued

   Once you have your examples
    ordered, write some transitory
    statements to connect your ideas.
    The points of your topic sentences
    need to be connected together
    through the final statement of each
    body paragraph.
   Transitory statements have a formula:
  Transition Statement Formula


Formula:

In addition to ______________, it is also important
to know that _____________________________.



Topic of body paragraph #1 + Topic of body paragraph #2 = Transition


Topic of body paragraph #2 + Topic of body paragraph #3 = Transition


Topic of body paragraph #3 + Topic of body paragraph #4 = Transition
Sample Body Paragraph
    The Puritans and the Munchkins have different primary
motivators; the Puritans are motivated by greed and the
Munchkins are motivated by fear. in The Crucible, the character
Roger Putnam demonstrates a particular interest in the
ownership of John Proctor’s property; and, later, when John
Proctor is accused of witchcraft, the opportunity of obtaining this
land becomes apparent. (Miller 1252) The Munchkins, however,
never present a concern about the ownership of property and are
perceived as having communal ownership of their village.
(Fleming) In addition to the motivation of greed, the Puritans also
differ from the Munchkins in their concern for social position.
Concluding Paragraph
   Restate your thesis, either by re-writing it
    word-for-word or by rephrasing it (don’t
    lose the topic, argument, and reason why if
    you restate it!)
    Summarize your main points
          Main points are found in your topic sentences. Just re-
           word them, putting them in the same order that they
           appeared in your essay.
          Leave the reader with a statement to think about, if
           you can, that relates to the point you are making in
           your thesis statement. DO NOT give your opinions
           about the topic or the reader in the conclusion!!!!

								
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