DSF_Pembina_GHG_Quantification_Tool

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					                                   David Suzuki Foundatio
                                  GHG Quantification Tool
                             Welcome to the David Suzuki Foundation-Pembina
                   Use this tool to quantify your organization's greenhouse gas (
                                      heat, transportation and on-site releases o



How the Tool Works:                                                                     Why You Sh
This tool takes a step-by-step approach designed to simplify GHG
                    FALSE                                                               Quantifying
quantification for your organization, and includes calculators for the most             opportunitie
common GHG emission sources.The tool uses standard emission factors to                  contains em
convert energy use into GHG emissions. The information required from                    organization
the user is found in regular documents like electricity bills, gas bills, and
transportation records.


Enable Macros
You must enable Excel macros to use this tool effectively. To do this, click on 'Tools' --> 'Macro' --
close the spreadsheet, and re-open it.

Terms & Conditions
The information provided by this GHG Quantification tool is based on publicly available
emissions factors. The David Suzuki Foundation and The Pembina Institute make no re
timeliness, quality, suitability, availability, accuracy or completeness of the information
Pembina Institute do not represent or warrant that (1) the use of the information will
the information will meet your requirements.
The information and content of the GHG Tool is provided to you strictly on an "AS IS"
whether express, implied, statutory or otherwise, including without limitation, any imp
purpose, or non-infringement of third party rights, are thereby disclaimed by The Dav
maximum extent permitted by applicable law. In no event shall The David Suzuki Foun
any indirect, punitive, special, exemplary, incidental, consequential or other damages
connected with the use of the GHG Tool, including but not limited to the use or inabilit
obtained or through the GHG Tool, or any interruption, inaccuracy or error or omission

                                          I have read and agree to the Terms & Cond
Foundation-Pembina                                               Funding for the
                                                                 development of this tool

 tion Tool Version 1.0                                           was provided, in part, by
                                                                 Vancity



undation-Pembina GHG Quantification Tool!
's greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint from electricity use,
     site releases of GHG emissions.



          Why You Should Use It:
          Quantifying GHG emissions will help your organization identify reduction
          opportunities, and track your progress from year to year. The tool
          contains emission calculators for the major emission sources for most
          organizations, and includes provincial variations where appropropriate.




 on 'Tools' --> 'Macro' --> 'Security'. Then select the 'Medium' setting. You must then




d on publicly available information and data. The data may vary for specific
a Institute make no representation, warranty or quaranty as to the reliability,
 ess of the information or any content. The David Suzuki Foundation and The
  the information will be secure, timely, uninterrupted or error-free or (2) that
 trictly on an "AS IS" basis. All conditions, representations and warranties,
ut limitation, any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular
 sclaimed by The David Suzuki Foundation and The Pembina Institute to the
 he David Suzuki Foundation or The Pembina Institute be liable to anyone for
ial or other damages of any type or kind arising out of, or in any way
  to the use or inability to use the GHG Tool, or any content or information
y or error or omission in the content or information, regardless of the cause.

to the Terms & Conditions outlined above.
Getting Started

Send us your Feedback
Thank you for downloading and using the GHG Tool. If you have questions / comments / suggestions
the David Suzuki Foundation and the Pembina Institute. We would appreciate any feedback to improv

            Send us your feedback!



Information Required to Use the Tool

   Transportation


   Heat


   Electricity

   Miscellaneous

   RECS & Offsets


Enable Your Macros
   You must enable Excel macros to use this tool effectively. To do this, click on 'Tools' --> 'Macro' -->


What the Tool Will Do
   The tool will quantify greenhouse gas emissions resulting from electricity use, heat generation, emp
   emissions sources as specified on the Miscellaneous tab. Users that have quantified GHG emissio
   under 'Miscellaneous', and these GHG emissions will then be included in the Emissions Summary.


Navigating this Tool
The tool is divided into 3 main sections: administration pages, navigation pages, quantification pages,
  The administration pages (worksheet tabs denoted as Admin and Summary) are intended for you t
  GHG inventory.
  The navigation pages (worksheet tabs denoted as Navigation, Electricity, Heat, Transportation, Mis
  emissions to quantify. The Electricity, Heat, Transportation, Misc, and RECs_Offsets worksheets a
  The quantification pages (worksheet tabs denoted as E1, E2, E3, H1, H2, H3, T1, T2, T3, T4) are i
  corresponding emissions.
  The information pages (worksheet tabs denoted as Intro, More Info, and Data) are intended to give
  emissions.

  To Start:
     Enter your administrative information on the Admin worksheet.
     Proceed to the Navigation worksheet and use the buttons to quantify your emissions.



Entering Your Data - General Instructions
  Step 1 : In the white spaces on the electricity, heat, transportation, and other miscellaneous GHG
  quantification period. The Emissions Factors ("EF") and the GHG Emissions will be calculated auto

  Step 2: In the Description column, you can enter describe the quantified item. This information is p
  the calculations.

  Step 3: If you require more rows than are provided in the table, use the 'Add Row' button. To add a
  below), then click the 'Add Row' button. Use this button to create more entries as necessary.




  Step 4: Entries can be as small as a single vehicle or as large as an entire vehicle fleet. For examp
  EITHER enter 8 separate vehicle entries (enter fuel consumption for each vehicle) or a single entry
  all vehicles in the fleet).
   Step 5: In some cases, you will have the option to enter input data in a number of ways. The optio




   In this example, the options are to enter road vehicle emissions data by distance driven OR by fuel
   data using only one method, not both. (i.e. for each row, data should be entered using only one me

   Step 6: Specific instructions may be available for individual quantification worksheets.


   Step 7: Each quantification worksheet has an example to follow. These examples are greyed out a
   An example is shown below denoted with a red arrow.




Step 8: When given an option for data entry, it is better to use the first option in orange headings (if yo
more accurate results as they are based on actual energy consumption. This is denoted below with th
Establish an Organizational Boundary
   The GHG Protocol provides guidance on how to establish an organizational boundary. Below is a
   information, see http://pdf.wri.org/hotclimatecoolcommerce.pdf




   Equity Share




   Financial Control




   Operational Control


Use these definitions to determine which of your operations and activities are 'owned' or 'controlled'.




GHG Protocol Accounting and Reporting Principles

   Relevance
  Completeness


  Consistency


  Transparency



  Accuracy




Definitions
  GHG - Greenhoues Gas Emissions
  LPG - Liquefied Petroleum Gases
  CNG - Compressed Natural Gas
  Heavy Fuel Oil - obtained from petroleum distillation and sometimes known as 'residual fuel oils'.
  Light Fuel Oil - obtained from petroleum distillation and sometimes known as 'distillate fuel oils'.
the GHG Tool. If you have questions / comments / suggestions on this tool, please hit the button below to send your
Pembina Institute. We would appreciate any feedback to improve the tool for any future upgrades.




se the Tool
              Transportation records for vehicles owned, leased, rented or used by the organization. Transportation re
              fuel consumption or distance driven are required.
              Heat records including how much fuel was combusted to generate heat or how much heat was purchas
              external source. For most operations, heat is generated using a natural gas furnace and as such, your n
              are the most appropriate source of information.
              Electricity records including how much electricity was purchased for use in your activities. Your power b
              local utility are required.

              Release of other GHGs. The weight (mass) of releases of each type of greenhouse gas released are re

              Records of your RECs and Offset Purchases over the past year plus any unused portions of RECs and
              purchases from previous years.




use this tool effectively. To do this, click on 'Tools' --> 'Macro' --> 'Security'. Then select the 'Medium' setting.




as emissions resulting from electricity use, heat generation, employee transportation, shipping of products and mate
the Miscellaneous tab. Users that have quantified GHG emissions from other sources have the option of adding in t
HG emissions will then be included in the Emissions Summary.




s: administration pages, navigation pages, quantification pages, and information pages.
et tabs denoted as Admin and Summary) are intended for you to enter in basic administration data and have a summ

abs denoted as Navigation, Electricity, Heat, Transportation, Misc, and RECs_Offsets) are intended for you to choos
 y, Heat, Transportation, Misc, and RECs_Offsets worksheets are also known as homepages .
et tabs denoted as E1, E2, E3, H1, H2, H3, T1, T2, T3, T4) are intended for you to enter your activity data and calcul

tabs denoted as Intro, More Info, and Data) are intended to give reference on how to use the tool and data used to q




ation on the Admin worksheet.
sheet and use the buttons to quantify your emissions.



ral Instructions
 electricity, heat, transportation, and other miscellaneous GHG emissions worksheets, enter each emission source f
s Factors ("EF") and the GHG Emissions will be calculated automatically.

 you can enter describe the quantified item. This information is provided solely for your bookkeeping convenience an


 an are provided in the table, use the 'Add Row' button. To add a row, first select a row by clicking on a row number (
tton. Use this button to create more entries as necessary.




a single vehicle or as large as an entire vehicle fleet. For example, if your company has a fleet of 8 similiar vehicles,
ntries (enter fuel consumption for each vehicle) or a single entry representing all 8 vehicles (enter cumulative fuel co
ve the option to enter input data in a number of ways. The options will be denoted with the following image:




enter road vehicle emissions data by distance driven OR by fuel consumption. For each emission source, enter the G
 th. (i.e. for each row, data should be entered using only one method)

e available for individual quantification worksheets.


eet has an example to follow. These examples are greyed out and the calculated GHG emissions are not included in
d with a red arrow.




 entry, it is better to use the first option in orange headings (if you have the appropriate data). Using the orange colum
ed on actual energy consumption. This is denoted below with the red box outlining the preferred method of data entr
al Boundary
ce on how to establish an organizational boundary. Below is a brief description of the different ways to do this. For
otclimatecoolcommerce.pdf


             If you use the equity share approach, the operations included in your company’s organizational bounda
             percentage of emissions that you report will be equivalent to your company’s equity share in the operati
             example, company A has a joint operation with company B and a 40 percent equity share in the joint op
             using the equity share approach, the joint operation is included in company
             A’s organizational boundary, but only 40 percent of the resulting emissions are reported. A company’s e
             an operation usually is the same as its ownership percentage in that operation.


             Your company has financial control over an operation if your company can direct its financial and opera
             gain economic benefits from its activities. Note that the economic relationship between your company a
             operation takes precedence over the operation’s legal ownership. Therefore your company may have fin
             over an operation even if it does not have majority ownership of it. Make sure if you select the financial
             approach and your company has joint operations, that you use the equity share approach for the joint o

             If your company, or any of its subsidiaries, has the ability to introduce and implement operating policies
             operation, then it has operational control. An example of operational control is the ability to implement p
             ensure that the operation follows your company’s management practices.


ch of your operations and activities are 'owned' or 'controlled'.




and Reporting Principles

             Ensure the GHG inventory appropriately reflects the GHG emissions of the company and serves the de
             needs of users – both internal and external to the company.
             Account for and report on all GHG emission sources and activities within the chosen inventory boundary
             justify any specific exclusions.

             Use consistent methodologies to allow for meaningful comparisons of emissions over time. Transparen
             any changes to the data, inventory boundary, methods, or any other relevant factors in the time series.

             Address all relevant issues in a factual and coherent manner, based on a clear audit trail. Disclose any
             assumptions and make appropriate references to the accounting and calculation methodologies and da
             used.

             Ensure that the quantification of GHG emissions is systematically neither over nor under actual emissio
             can be judged, and that uncertainties are reduced as far as practicable. Achieve sufficient accuracy to e
             make decisions with reasonable assurance as to the integrity of the reported information.




oleum distillation and sometimes known as 'residual fuel oils'.
leum distillation and sometimes known as 'distillate fuel oils'.
on below to send your comments to
des.




ation. Transportation records outlining


uch heat was purchased from an
ce and as such, your natural gas bills


ctivities. Your power bills from your


se gas released are required.

portions of RECs and Offset




edium' setting.




of products and materials, and other
e option of adding in these amounts
 data and have a summary of your

nded for you to choose which

activity data and calculate the

ool and data used to quantify




ach emission source for the


eeping convenience and is not used in


 ing on a row number (see figure




 t of 8 similiar vehicles, you can
nter cumulative fuel consumption for
owing image:




on source, enter the GHG emissions




ons are not included in your totals.




Using the orange columns will yield
d method of data entry.
t ways to do this. For more



organizational boundary and the
 ty share in the operation. For
ty share in the joint operation. When

ported. A company’s equity share in



its financial and operating policies to
ween your company and the
 company may have financial control
ou select the financial control
pproach for the joint operations.

ent operating policies at an
ability to implement policies to




any and serves the decision-making
sen inventory boundary. Disclose and


over time. Transparently document
ors in the time series.

udit trail. Disclose any relevant
methodologies and data sources



r under actual emissions, as far as
sufficient accuracy to enable users to
 mation.
More Information on Specific Worksheets
 On-site Electricity Generation
    This worksheet is used to calculate GHG emissions from the on-site generation of electricity. W
    generator(s), and the amount consumed during the year or other period for which you are doing
    diesel generators for power at a remote location. To calculate the GHG emissions for these gen
    amount of fuel used. The calculator will then provide you with the total GHG emissions. Note: i
    Hydro, you will not be using this worksheet. Instead, please use the worksheet "Purchased Elec

                                       For general information about using this tool please view the in


 Purchased Electricity
   This worksheet is used to calculate GHG emissions from purchased electricity. If your organiza
   external provider, this is the worksheet to use to calculate the GHG emissions. To use the calcu
   (Electricity in different provinces has different GHG emissions factors related to the different wa
   electricity in more than one province, you will need to make a separate entry in the calculator fo
   amount of electricity consumed, in kilowatt hours (kWh). This information is provided on electric
   to obtain this information online. You can also contact your electricity provider directly and requ
   consumed, the calculator will give you the total GHG emissions for that entry. Note: if your orga
   need to use the worksheet for "On-site electricity generation".
                                       For general information about using this tool please view the in


 Heat Generation from Owned or Controlled Sources
    This worksheet is used to calculate GHG emissions from heat generation by sources owned or
    organization has boilers running on natural gas to heat its facilities, this worksheet will calculate
    type for each heating source and the amount consumed over the period for which you are calcu
    fuel bills, or by contacting your fuel provider. To use the calculator, select 'Fuel type' and then e
    emissions for that source. Note: if you purchase heat from another organization, you will need t
    GHG emissions.
                                       For general information about using this tool please view the in


 Purchased Heat
    This worksheet is used to calculate GHG emissions from purchased heat. If your organization u
    the worksheet to use to calculate the GHG emissions. To use the calculator, enter the amount
    information about the GJ consumed should be on the bills from the heating company, along with
    and request this information. Note: if your organization also generates its own heat on-site, you
    Owned or Controlled Sources".
                                     For general information about using this tool please view the in


Transportation of People - Owned or Controlled Sources
   This worksheet is used to calculate the GHG emissions associated with transporting people usin
   watercraft. This would cover travel for an organization in a company-owned vehicle, like an air s
   common ways to calculate emissions from vehicles: either by distance travelled or by fuel consu
   consumed will lead to more precise GHG emissions totals, but in some cases an organization m
   estimated by the user, this can be used instead of fuel consumption data to calculate GHG emis
   by third parties, use the worksheets "Transportation of People - Non-Company-owned or Contro
   Transportation".

                                     For general information about using this tool please view the in



Transportation of People - Non-owned Sources

   This worksheet is used to calculate the GHG emissions associated with transporting people in v
   common examples include travel on commercial airlines, by rail, by bus or by taxi, or chartered
   consumed. In most cases the user will likely have the distance travelled (distances for flights be
   using online flight distance calculators), but in the case of chartered travel the user may be able
   emissions from transportation of people in company-owned or controlled vehicles, use the work

                                     For general information about using this tool please view the in


Transportation of Products/Materials - Owned or Controlled Sources
   This worksheet is used to calculate the GHG emissions associated with transporting products o
   aircraft and watercraft. This would cover, for example, the operation of a company's delivery fle
   vehicles. There are two common ways to calculate emissions from vehicles: either by distance
   choices. Using fuel consumed will lead to more precise GHG emissions totals, but in some cas
   can reasonably be estimated by the user, this can be used instead of fuel consumption data to c
   people or freight by third parties, use the worksheets "Transportation of People - Non-Company
   Controlled Transportation".

                                     For general information about using this tool please view the in


Transportation of Products/Materials - Non-owned Sources
   This worksheet is used to calculate the GHG emissions associated with transporting products o
   Common examples are when an organization uses a freight transportation company to ship its p
   will be required to input the weight of the materials shipped, and the distance shipped. Note: fo
   owned or controlled vehicles, see the worksheet "Transportation of Products/Materials - Owned
                                   For general information about using this tool please view the in


Owned or Controlled Release of Miscellaneous GHG Emissions
  This worksheet is used to calculate the GHG emissions associated with certain on-site releases
  refrigeration and certain chemical processes. Organizations with these types of emissions shou
  obtain more information about quantifying these emissions. To calculate the GHG emissions as
  mass released.

                                   For general information about using this tool please view the in
on Specific Worksheets

ate GHG emissions from the on-site generation of electricity. What you need to do the calculations: the type of fuel
nsumed during the year or other period for which you are doing the calculations. For example, your organization ma
remote location. To calculate the GHG emissions for these generators, select 'Diesel' in the 'Select Fuel' column, a
ator will then provide you with the total GHG emissions. Note: if your organization only purchases electricity from a
worksheet. Instead, please use the worksheet "Purchased Electricity".

  For general information about using this tool please view the introduction by clicking here.



 ate GHG emissions from purchased electricity. If your organization uses electricity from a utility, like BC Hydro, or a
 ksheet to use to calculate the GHG emissions. To use the calculator, first select the province where the electricity is
  has different GHG emissions factors related to the different ways that electricity is generated). If your organization p
 ince, you will need to make a separate entry in the calculator for each province. Once you've selected a province, e
  in kilowatt hours (kWh). This information is provided on electricity bills, and most utilities also offer their customers
   You can also contact your electricity provider directly and request this information. Once you have entered the elec
ve you the total GHG emissions for that entry. Note: if your organization also generates its own electricity on-site, yo
On-site electricity generation".
  For general information about using this tool please view the introduction by clicking here.


Controlled Sources
ate GHG emissions from heat generation by sources owned or controlled by your organization. For example, if yo
 on natural gas to heat its facilities, this worksheet will calculate the associated GHG emissions. You will need to kn
d the amount consumed over the period for which you are calculating GHG emissions. Fuel consumption can be de
uel provider. To use the calculator, select 'Fuel type' and then enter the amount consumed. The calculator will prov
: if you purchase heat from another organization, you will need to use the worksheet "Purchased heat" to calculate th


  For general information about using this tool please view the introduction by clicking here.



ate GHG emissions from purchased heat. If your organization uses heat from a district utility, or another external pro
e the GHG emissions. To use the calculator, enter the amount used, in GJ (gigajoules), and select the type of fuel u
med should be on the bills from the heating company, along with the fuel type. You can also contact your heating pr
ote: if your organization also generates its own heat on-site, you will also need to use the worksheet for "Heat Gener
  For general information about using this tool please view the introduction by clicking here.


d or Controlled Sources
 ate the GHG emissions associated with transporting people using company-owned or controlled (e.g. leased) road v
 vel for an organization in a company-owned vehicle, like an air shuttle for employees or guests, or a company car or
 sions from vehicles: either by distance travelled or by fuel consumed, and the calculator offers the user these two ch
cise GHG emissions totals, but in some cases an organization may not have this data. In this case, if total distance c
be used instead of fuel consumption data to calculate GHG emissions. Note: for GHG emissions from transportatio
eets "Transportation of People - Non-Company-owned or Controlled Vehicles" or "Freight - Non-Company-owned or


  For general information about using this tool please view the introduction by clicking here.



wned Sources

 ate the GHG emissions associated with transporting people in vehicles that are not owned or controlled by your orga
el on commercial airlines, by rail, by bus or by taxi, or chartered travel. Emissions can be calculated either by distanc
 ser will likely have the distance travelled (distances for flights between major cities may be provided by your travel ag
ulators), but in the case of chartered travel the user may be able to obtain fuel consumption data from the travel oper
  people in company-owned or controlled vehicles, use the worksheets for "Transportation of People - Owned or Con

  For general information about using this tool please view the introduction by clicking here.


rials - Owned or Controlled Sources
ate the GHG emissions associated with transporting products or materials using company-owned or controlled (e.g.
uld cover, for example, the operation of a company's delivery fleet or the transport of materials between locations us
n ways to calculate emissions from vehicles: either by distance travelled or by fuel consumed, and the calculator offe
will lead to more precise GHG emissions totals, but in some cases an organization may not have this data. In this ca
 the user, this can be used instead of fuel consumption data to calculate GHG emissions. Note: for GHG emission
, use the worksheets "Transportation of People - Non-Company-owned or Controlled Vehicles" or "Freight - Non-Com


  For general information about using this tool please view the introduction by clicking here.


rials - Non-owned Sources
ate the GHG emissions associated with transporting products or materials using vehicles not owned or operated by y
n organization uses a freight transportation company to ship its products or materials, or where goods are shipped by
 ht of the materials shipped, and the distance shipped. Note: for GHG emissions from transportation of products or m
 e the worksheet "Transportation of Products/Materials - Owned or Controlled Sources".
 For general information about using this tool please view the introduction by clicking here.


Miscellaneous GHG Emissions
ate the GHG emissions associated with certain on-site releases of GHG emissions, such as HFCs. These gases are
al processes. Organizations with these types of emissions should talk to their equipment providers or to a greenhou
uantifying these emissions. To calculate the GHG emissions associated with these releases, users will need the che


 For general information about using this tool please view the introduction by clicking here.
 ations: the type of fuel used by the
 e, your organization may rely on two
 'Select Fuel' column, and enter the
 ases electricity from a utility, like BC




 ity, like BC Hydro, or another
  where the electricity is purchased.
 ). If your organization purchases
  selected a province, enter the
o offer their customers the possibility
 u have entered the electricity
wn electricity on-site, you will also




n. For example, if your
ns. You will need to know the fuel
consumption can be determined from
The calculator will provide the GHG
sed heat" to calculate the associated




 or another external provider, this is
select the type of fuel used. This
contact your heating provider directly
ksheet for "Heat Generation from
led (e.g. leased) road vehicles, aircraft and
ts, or a company car or truck. There are two
s the user these two choices. Using fuel
 case, if total distance can reasonably be
sions from transportation of people or freight
on-Company-owned or Controlled




 controlled by your organization. Some
ulated either by distance travelled or fuel
ovided by your travel agent, or determined
ata from the travel operator. Note: for GHG
People - Owned or Controlled Sources".




wned or controlled (e.g. leased) road vehicles,
 s between locations using company-owned
 , and the calculator offers the user these two
ave this data. In this case, if total distance
  ote: for GHG emissions from transportation of
 s" or "Freight - Non-Company-owned or




owned or operated by your organization.
e goods are shipped by rail or bus. The user
ortation of products or materials in company-
HFCs. These gases are associated with
viders or to a greenhouse gas consultant to
 users will need the chemical formula and the
Administration
Employee Quantifying Emissions:                                          Enter Your Name

Select reporting period:

Select reporting year:

GHG Audit Date:

Submitted to:


Description of activities quantified: (Press Alt+Enter for a new line)
Enter Your Name

   Select period

     Select year
           Select year
Select period
Whole Year      1995
Q1              1996
Q2              1997
Q3              1998
Q4              1999
1st Half        2000
2nd Half        2001
                2002
                2003
                2004
                2005
                2006
                2007
                2008
                2009
                2010
                2011
                2012
                2013
                2014
                2015
                2016
                2017
                2018
                2019
                2020
                2021
                2022
                2023
                2024
                2025
                                     Navigating the Tool
You can navigate the tool using the links on this worksheet. Use the buttons below to
               relating to your transportation, heat, power and miscellaneous activit




             Electricity


                 Heat


          Transportation


      Other GHG Emissions

Renewable Energy Certificates &
           Offsets

            View Quantification Principles - How to Quantify your GHG Emissions
            View Data Assumptions
            I'm finished quantifying all emissions. View GHG Footprint
 Navigating the Tool
e links on this worksheet. Use the buttons below to quantify emissions
ansportation, heat, power and miscellaneous activities.



               Quantify Electricity Related Emissions


                  Quantify Heat Related Emissions


            Quantify Transportation Related Emissions


                    Quantify Other GHG Emissions


                   Quantify Your GHG Reductions!

iples - How to Quantify your GHG Emissions


ll emissions. View GHG Footprint
                                                              Electricity HomeP
                               Use this worksheet to quantify your emissions resulting from




                                      Quantify GHGs Resulting from Electricity G

            Owned or Controlled
               Operations
                (Scope 1)


       We Generate Electricity On-Site


Info required to quantify emissions
I'm finished quantifying power related emissions. Go back to Navigation Page
          Electricity HomePage
t to quantify your emissions resulting from electricity generation or purchase.




GHGs Resulting from Electricity Generation or Purchase



                 Purchased Electricity
                      (Scope 2)

            We Purchase Electricity from an
                   External Source



 back to Navigation Page
city generation or purchase.




ation or Purchase

           Non Owned and Controlled
                 Operations
                  (Scope 3)

                 Third Party Electricity
                     Consumption
x




x
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                                                                    Heat HomePage
                                  Use this worksheet to quantify the emissions resulting from




                                         Quantify GHGs Resulting from Heat Gen

            Owned or Controlled
               Operations
                (Scope 1)


          We Generate Heat On-Site


Info required to quantify emissions
I'm finished quantifying heat related emissions. Go back to Navigation Page
               Heat HomePage
heet to quantify the emissions resulting from heat generation or purchase.




y GHGs Resulting from Heat Generation or Purchase



               Heat Produced Off-Site
                     (Scope 2)

              We Purchase Heat from an
                  External Source



ack to Navigation Page
generation or purchase.




on or Purchase

          Non Owned and Controlled
                Operations
                 (Scope 3)


           Third Party Heat Consumption
                                    Peopl

              We transport people
                    by road


Back to previous
Frei
                 We transport
             resources/products by
                      road




Back to previous
                                     Freigh



                 We transport
             resources/products by
                      road




Back to previous
People Transportation - Non Owned Vehicles

We transport people     We transport people
       by air                 by water
Freight Transportation - Owned Vehicles
    We transport            We transport
resources/products by   resources/products by
          air                   water
Freight Transportation - Non Owned Vehicles



    We transport            We transport
resources/products by   resources/products by
          air                   water
les

      We transport people
             by rail
s
    We transport
resources/products by
         rail
les



          We transport
      resources/products by
               rail
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                                                 Transportation HomePag
                                          Use this worksheet to quantify your transportation e




                                                Transportation of People and Produ

                Owned or Controlled Vehicles
                         (Scope 1)


                         We Transport People


                 We Transport Products/Materials


Info required to quantify emissions
I'm finished quantifying transportation emissions. Go back to Navigation Page
tion HomePage
ntify your transportation emissions.




of People and Products

               Non Owned and Controlled Vehicles
                          (Scope 3)


                     Third Party Transport of People


              Third Party Transport of Products/Materials
People Transportat
Back to Transportation HomePage




                                  People Transportatio




Back to Transportation HomePage
                                  Freight Transportat




Back to Transportation HomePage
                                  Freight Transportatio




Back to Transportation HomePage
People Transportation - Owned Vehicles
People Transportation - Non Owned Vehicles
Freight Transportation - Owned Vehicles
Freight Transportation - Non Owned Vehicles
s
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                                                Miscellaneous HomePag
                        Use this worksheet to include other sources of greenhouse gas em




                                      Quantify GHGs Released from Miscellaneo

              Owned or Controlled Operations
                        (Scope 1)


                      We Release other GHGs


Info required to quantify emissions
I'm finished quantifying miscellaneous emissions. Go back to Navigation Page
ous HomePage
es of greenhouse gas emissions in your inventory.




d from Miscellaneous Sources

              Non Owned or Controlled Operations
                          (Scope 3)


                  Third Party Release of other GHGs
                                    People Transportatio

              We transport people
                    by road


Back to previous
                        Freight Transportat



    We transport
resources/products by
         road
Back to previous




                   Freight Transportatio
                 We transport
             resources/products by
                      road




Back to previous
People Transportation - Non Owned Vehicles

We transport people     We transport people
       by air                 by water
  Freight Transportation - Owned Vehicles



    We transport            We transport
resources/products by   resources/products by
          air                   water
Freight Transportation - Non Owned Vehicles
    We transport            We transport
resources/products by   resources/products by
          air                   water
les

      We transport people
             by rail
s



        We transport
    resources/products by
             rail
les
    We transport
resources/products by
         rail
x




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              Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) &
               Use this worksheet to quantify the greenhouse gas benefits achieved from




                                       Quantify GHGs Benefits from RECs/Offsets

                                      RECs


                         We Purchased RECs


Info required to quantify emissions
I'm finished quantifying heat related emissions. Go back to Navigation Page
tes (RECs) & Offsets HomePage
s benefits achieved from purchase of RECs and/or Offsets




s from RECs/Offsets Purchase

                                Offsets


                    We Purchased Carbon Offsets
x




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Summary of GHG Emissions
 GHG Quantification Performed by:   Enter Your Name - Performed on
 GHG Quantification Period:         Select period for the Select yearcalendar year


   Scope 1 GHG Emissions                                                                                Scope 1,2,3 GHG Emissions (metric tonnes)
   (metric tonnes)                                   0.00
                                                                                                                              0.00, 0%
                                                                                                                               0.00,
                                                                                                                           0.00, 0% 0%
     Electricity                                     0.00
     Heat                                            0.00
     Transportation                                  0.00
         Road                           0.00
         Air                            0.00
         Water                          0.00
         Rail                           0.00
     Miscellaneous                                   0.00

   Scope 2 GHG Emissions
   (metric tonnes)                                   0.00
     Heat                                            0.00                                                 Transportation   Heat          Power   Miscellaneous
     Electricity                                     0.00

   Scope 3 GHG Emissions                                                                                    GHG Emissions - Scope 1 vs 2 vs 3
   (metric tonnes)                                   0.00                                           1


                                                                    GHG Emissions (metric tonnes)
     Transportation                                  0.00                                           1
     Heat                                            0.00                                           1
     Electricity                                     0.00
                                                                                                    1
     Miscellaneous                                   0.00
                                                                                                    1
 Total Emissions (metric tonnes)                     0.00                                           1
                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                    0
                                                                                                    0
 Purchased Emissions Reductions
                                                                                                    0
       RECs                                          0.00
                                                                                                             Scope 1               Scope 2              Scope 3
       Carbon Offsets                                0.00
Transportation   Heat   Power   Miscellaneous
es)




aneous




 Scope 3
laneous
                 Scope 1
Transportation    0.00

         Heat     0.00
       Power      0.00
Miscellaneous     0.00
         Total    0.00
                                                   Totals




                                Scope 1
                                                   T1_Road    0.00




                                People
                                                   T1_Air     0.00
                                                   T1_Water   0.00




                                  Scope 3 People
        GHG Emissions                              T2_Road    0.00
Scope 2    Scope 3      Total                      T2_Air     0.00
 0.00       0.00        0.00                       T2_Water   0.00

 0.00       0.00        0.00                       T2_Rail    0.00   0.00
 0.00       0.00        0.00                       T3_Road    0.00




                                Products
 0.00       0.00        0.00                       T3_Air     0.00




                                Scope 1
 0.00       0.00                                   T3_Water   0.00
                                                   T3_Rail    0.00
                                                   T4_Road    0.00

                                Products
                                Scope 3            T4_Air     0.00
                                                   T4_Water   0.00
                                                   T4_Rail    0.00   0.00
                                                   H1         0.00

                                                   H2         0.00
                                                   H3         0.00
                                                   E1         0.00
                                                   E2         0.00

                                                   E3         0.00
                                                   M1         0.00
                                                   M3         0.00
                                                   RECs       0.00
                                                   Offsets    0.00
On-Site Electricity Generation (Company Owned
Controlled - Scope 1)



                                                                 Quantify by Fuel Combusted
                                                                           Fuel Combusted
                        Description                     Select Fuel
                                                                                 (L)
Ex. Manufacturing facility - natural gas co-gen plant   Natural Gas              575
Ex. Diesel generator at remote office                     Diesel                 843
pany Owned or




Combusted
            Emission Factor   GHG Emissions
              (g CO2e/L)      (metric tonnes)
                 1916              1.10
                 2857              2.41




                 Total             0.00
On-Site Power Generation Emissions Factors




Power Genaration Fuel Emissions Factors   CO2e (g/L)
Natural Gas                                1916.48
Ethane                                       976
Propane                                   1533.984
Butane                                    1763.984
Light Fuel Oil                             2843.39
Heavy Fuel Oil                            3110.554
Kerosene                                  2559.736


Diesel                                    2856.793
Purchased Electricity (Purchased from External
Scope 2)
                                                                                   Enter by electricity consu

                                                                                            by office area (ye



                                                          Option 1: Quantify by Electricity Consumed
                                                                                Electricity
                       Description                  Select Province           Consumption
                                                                                  (kWh)
Ex. Head office - 2006 BC Hydro power bill totals   British Columbia              24,568
Ex. Store #6 - electricty consumption for 2006
om External Source -


  Enter by electricity consumed (orange headings)
                          OR
          by office area (yellow headings)



ectricity Consumed                         Option 2: Quantify by Office Area
                                                                               Emission
            Emission Factor                                                               GHG Emissions
                                 Select Province         Area (m2)              Factor
             (g CO2e/kWh)                                                                 (metric tonnes)
                                                                                 (kg
                     24                                                                        0.59
                                     Alberta                437                 229.60        100.34




                                                                                Total          0.00
Provincial Power GHG Grid Intensities



Provincial Grid Intensities          g CO2e/kWh
Canada                                   222
Alberta                                  861
British Columbia                          24
Manitoba                                  31
New Brunswick                            433
Newfoundland and Labrador                 21
Nova Scotia                              759
Ontario                                  222


Prince Edward Island                      1120
Quebec                                      8
Saskatchewan                               840
Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut 249
Annual Power Consumption by m2   kWh/m2   kg CO2e/m2

Alberta                          0.0304     229.60
British Columbia                 0.0301      6.33
Manitoba                         0.0304       8.27
New Brunswick                    0.0212      80.59
Newfoundland and Labrador        0.0212       3.91
Nova Scotia                      0.0212     141.26
Ontario                          0.0333      64.75


Prince Edward Island             0.0212     208.44
Quebec                           0.0225      1.58
Saskatchewan                     0.0304     224.00
Purchased Electricity (Not Company Owned or
Controlled - Scope 3)
                                                                                  Enter by electricity consu

                                                                                          by office area (ye



                                                        Option 1: Quantify by Electricity Consumed
                                                                              Electricity
                       Description                  Select Province         Consumption
                                                                                (kWh)
Ex. Head office - 2006 BC Hydro power bill totals       Ontario                 43,005
Ex. Store #6 - electricty consumption for 2006
y Owned or


  Enter by electricity consumed (orange headings)
                          OR
          by office area (yellow headings)



ectricity Consumed                         Option 2: Quantify by Office Area
                                                                               Emission
            Emission Factor                                                               GHG Emissions
                                 Select Province         Area (m2)              Factor
             (g CO2e/kWh)                                                                 (metric tonnes)
                                                                                 (kg
                     222                                                                        9.55
                                 Saskatchewan               247                 224.00         55.33




                                                                                Total          0.00
Provincial Power GHG Grid Intensities



Provincial Grid Intensities          g CO2e/kWh
Canada                                   222
Alberta                                  861
British Columbia                          24
Manitoba                                  31
New Brunswick                            433
Newfoundland and Labrador                 21
Nova Scotia                              759
Ontario                                  222


Prince Edward Island                      1120
Quebec                                      8
Saskatchewan                               840
Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut 249
Annual Power Consumption by m2   kWh/m2   kg CO2e/m2/yr

Alberta                          0.0304       229.6
British Columbia                 0.0301        6.3
Manitoba                         0.0304         8.3
New Brunswick                    0.0212        80.6
Newfoundland and Labrador        0.0212         3.9
Nova Scotia                      0.0212       141.3
Ontario                          0.0333        64.8


Prince Edward Island             0.0212       208.4
Quebec                           0.0225        1.6
Saskatchewan                     0.0304       224.0
On Site Heat Generation (Company Owned or C
- Scope 1)



                                                       Quantify by Fuel Combusted
                                                                 Fuel Combusted
                     Description           Choose Fuel Type
                                                                   (same units)
Ex. Warehouse #1 natural gas consumption    natural gas (GJ)           500
Ex. Propane heaters in greenhouse           propane (Litres)           345
Owned or Controlled




Combusted
            Emission Factor   GHG Emissions
             (kg CO2/unit)    (metric tonnes)
                 56.11             28.05
                  1.53              0.53




                 Total             0.00
Heat Generation Emissions Factors



                             CO2e (g/L) kg CO2e/unit
             diesel (Litres) 2856.79        2.86
         kerosene (Litres) 2560.16          2.56
      light fuel oil (Litres) 2840.16       2.84
     heavy fuel oil (Litres) 3112.36       3.11
         natural gas (GJ)                 56.11
          ethane (Litres) 976.00           0.98
         propane (Litres) 1533.98          1.53
          butane (Litres) 1763.98          1.76
Purchased Heat (Not Company Owned or Contr
Scope 2)



                                                                    Quantify by GJ
                                                                         Amount of heat
                      Description           Fuel used to generate heat
                                                                         purchased (GJ)
Ex. Heat purchased from local cogen plant          natural gas                 40
Ex. Heat from Bob's plant                           propane                    34
d or Controlled -




y GJ
       Emission Factor   GHG Emissions
        (kg CO2/GJ)      (metric tonnes)
            56.11             2.24
            60.39             2.05




            Total             0.00
Freight Air Emissions Factors


                         CO2     CH4     N2O      CO2e   Energy Content      EF
                         (g/L)   (g/L)   (g/L)     (g/L)    (GJ/m3)     (kg CO2e/GJ)
           diesel        2730    0.133    0.4    2856.79     35.79          79.83
          kerosene       2550    0.026   0.031   2560.16     37.68          67.94
        light fuel oil   2830    0.026   0.031   2840.16     39.02          72.79
        heavy fuel oil   3090     0.12    0.064   3112.36    41.81         74.45
         natural gas     1.891 0.000037 0.000033    1.90      0.03         56.11
           ethane         976       0       0       976      18.50         52.76
          propane        1500    0.024    0.108  1533.984    25.40         60.39
           butane        1730    0.024    0.108  1763.984    28.20         62.55
Purchased Heat (Not Company Owned or Contr
Scope 3)



                                                                   Quantify by Area
                                                                             Area
                      Description             Select Province
                                                                             (m2)
Ex. Heat purchased from local cogen plant   Prince Edward Island              359
Ex. Heat from Bob's plant                          Ontario                    572
d or Controlled -




Area
       Emission Factor   GHG Emissions
       (kg CO2/m2/yr)    (metric tonnes)
            46.57             16.72
           145.32             83.12




            Total             0.00
natural gas (kgCO2e/GJ)
         56.11
Annual Heat Consumption by Floor Area



                                 GJ/m2      kg CO2/m2
Alberta                       0.000206621     101.55
British Columbia              0.000155251      31.90
Manitoba                      0.000206621     101.55
New Brunswick                 9.47489E-05     46.57
Newfoundland and Labrador     9.47489E-05     46.57
Nova Scotia                   9.47489E-05     46.57
Ontario                       0.000295662    145.32
Prince Edward Island          9.47489E-05     46.57


Quebec                        0.000100457     49.37
Saskatchewan                  0.000206621    101.55
Road Transportation of People (Company Owne
Controlled - Scope 1)
                                                                                 Enter by fuel consumptio




                                             Option 1: Quantify by Fuel Consumption (entire vehicle)
                                                                      Fuel
                     Description             Choose fuel type
                                                                  Consumption (L)
Ex: Victoria Fuel Station                      Gasoline (L)            2,000
Ex: Dave's Leased Honda Accord (veh#: 134)
Air Transportation of People (Company Owned
Controlled - Scope 1)
                                                                                       Enter by fuel consumptio




                                                   Option 1: Quantify by Fuel Consumption (entire vehicle)
                                                                            Fuel
                      Description                  Choose fuel type
                                                                        Consumption (L)
Ex: Company Air Craft #1                           Jet kerosene (L)          2,000
Ex: Dave's Sales Trip to Toronto (expense#: 134)
Water Transportation of People (Company Own
Controlled - Scope 1)



                                                           Quantify by Fuel Consumption (entire vehicle)
                                                                            Amount of fuel
                      Description                      Choose fuel type
                                                                             (same units)
Ex. Transport staff to Islands for Annual Retreat         Diesel (L)             100
Ex. Transport staff to Van Island using company boat     Gasoline (L)            250
ompany Owned or


          Enter by fuel consumption (orange headings)
                               OR
              by travel distance (yellow headings)



Consumption (entire vehicle)        Option 2: Quantify by Travel Distance (entire vehicle)
                                                                                    Emission
            Emission Factor                                 Distance Traveled
                                  Choose Vehicle Type                                Factor
              (kg CO2/L)                                           (km)
                                                                                  (kg CO2/km)
                   2.38
                               small gas auto (8.1L/100km)       20,000             0.19




                                                                                    Total
mpany Owned or


           Enter by fuel consumption (orange headings)
                                OR
               by travel distance (yellow headings)



 Consumption (entire vehicle)        Option 2: Quantify by Travel Distance (per passenger)
                                                                                     Emission
             Emission Factor                                 Distance Traveled
                                   Choose Vehicle Type                                Factor
               (kg CO2/L)                                            (km)
                                                                                   (kg CO2/km)
                    2.55
                                   long haul (>1600 km)            2,000             0.11




                                                                                     Total
Company Owned or




sumption (entire vehicle)
             Emission Factor   GHG Emissions (metric
               (kg CO2/L)            tonnes)
                    2.75               0.27
                    2.38               0.60




                    Total              0.00
GHG Emissions
(metric tonnes)
     4.76
     3.86




     0.00
GHG Emissions
(metric tonnes)
     5.10
     0.22




     0.00
Transportation Auto Emissions Factors



                                                        fuel efficiency (L/100km)
hybrid auto (4.2L/100km)           vehicle kilometers              4.2
small gas auto (8.1L/100km)        vehicle kilometers              8.1
med gas auto (10.2L/100km)         vehicle kilometers             10.2

large gas auto (12.4L/100km)       vehicle kilometers             12.4
LPG automobile                     vehicle kilometers              0.0
diesel auto (9.8L/100km)           vehicle kilometers              9.8
gas light truck (16.8L/100km)      vehicle kilometers             16.8
gas heavy truck (39.2L/100km)      vehicle kilometers             39.2



diesel light truck (15.7L/100km)   vehicle kilometers             15.7
diesel heavy truck (33.6L/100km)   vehicle kilometers             33.6
light motorcycle (3.9L/100km)      vehicle kilometers              3.9
Transportation Auto Emissions Factors




                                                       fuel efficiency (L/100km)
short haul (<452 km)           <281 miles         passenger land km
medium haul (452 to 1600 km)   281 to 994 miles   passenger land km
long haul (>1600 km)           >994 miles         passenger land km
Transportation Water Emissions Factors
kg CO2/vehicle km                  kg CO2/L
     0.1001         Gasoline (L)     2.3822
     0.1932         Diesel (L)     2.745771
     0.2436         LPG (L)         1.57368
     0.2949
     0.1780
     0.2691
     0.4002
     0.9338



     0.4305
     0.9226
     0.0934
kg CO2/unit                             kg CO2/L
               0.18   Gasoline (L)       2.3822
              0.126                  2
                      Jet kerosene (L) .551854545
               0.11
                       GJ/unit      kg CO2/GJ kg CO2/unit
Gasoline (L)               0.0344        69.250       2.38
Diesel (L)                 0.0371        74.010       2.75
Residual (US gals)     0.1434515         77.300     11.09
Residual (Imp gals)       0.1723        77.300       13.32
Residual (Barrels)        6.0250        77.300      465.73
Coal (Metric tonnes)     23.5300         94.53     2224.29
Road Transportation of People (Non Company O
Controlled - Scope 3)
                                                                                    Enter by travel distance




                                             Option 1: Quantify by Fuel Consumption (entire vehicle)
                                                                      Fuel
                     Description             Choose fuel type
                                                                  Consumption (L)
Ex: Rental Vehicles                            Gasoline (L)            2,000
Ex: Dave's Leased Honda Accord (veh#: 134)
Air Transportation of People (Non Company Ow
Controlled - Scope 3)
                                                                                        Enter by fuel consumptio




                                                   Option 1: Quantify by Fuel Consumption (Occupy Full Plane)
                                                                             Fuel
                      Description                    Choose fuel type
                                                                         Consumption (L)
Ex: Float plane to remote site                        Jet kerosene (L)         1,575
Ex: Dave's Sales Trip to Toronto (expense#: 134)
Water Transportation of People (Non Company
or Controlled - Scope 3)



                                                            Quantify by Fuel Consumption (Entire Boat)
                                                                           Amount of fuel
                      Description                      Choose fuel type
                                                                            (same units)
Ex. Business trip to Islands - May 23rd                   Diesel (L)             24
Ex. Transport staff to Van Island using company boat     Gasoline (L)            250
Rail Transportation of People (Non Company O
Controlled - Scope 3)
                                                                                     Enter by fuel consumptio




                                               Option 1: Quantify by Fuel Consumption (Entire Train)
                                                                    Amount of fuel
                        Description            Choose fuel type
                                                                     (same units)
Ex. Transport Dave to Ottawa conference
Ex. Transport staff to Van Island using rail     Gasoline (L)            250
on Company Owned or


           Enter by travel distance (orange headings)
                                OR
            by fuel consumption (yellow headings)



Consumption (entire vehicle)         Option 2: Quantify by Travel Distance (entire vehicle)
                                                                                     Emission
            Emission Factor                                  Distance Traveled
                                   Choose Vehicle Type                                Factor
              (kg CO2/L)                                            (km)
                                                                                   (kg CO2/km)
                   2.38
                                 hybrid auto (4.2L/100km)         20,000             0.10




                                                                                     Total
n Company Owned or


          Enter by fuel consumption (orange headings)
                               OR
              by travel distance (yellow headings)



onsumption (Occupy Full Plane)   Option 2: Quantify by Travel Distance (per individual passenger)
                                                                                       Emission
            Emission Factor                                   Distance Traveled
                                  Choose Vehicle Type                                   Factor
              (kg CO2/L)                                             (km)
                                                                                     (kg CO2/km)
                   2.55
                                   long haul (>1600 km)             2,000               0.11




                                                                                       Total
Non Company Owned




nsumption (Entire Boat)
             Emission Factor   GHG Emissions
               (kg CO2/L)      (metric tonnes)
                   2.75             0.07
                   2.38             0.60




                   Total            0.00
n Company Owned or


          Enter by fuel consumption (orange headings)
                               OR
              by travel distance (yellow headings)



l Consumption (Entire Train)    Option 2: Quantify by Travel Distance (per individual passenger)
                                                                                      Emission
             Emission Factor                                 Distance Traveled
                                 Choose Vehicle Type                                   Factor
               (kg CO2/L)                                           (km)
                                                                                    (kg CO2/km)
                                      Canadian Rail                  500                0.10
                   2.38




                                                                                      Total
GHG Emissions
(metric tonnes)
     4.76
     2.00




     0.00
GHG Emissions
(metric tonnes)
     4.02
     0.22




     0.00
GHG Emissions
(metric tonnes)
     0.05
     0.60




     0.00
Transportation Rail Emissions Factor




Canadian Rail
diesel locomotive
electric locomotive

coal locomotive
UK Rail
US Intercity Rail (e.g. Amtrak)
US Transit Rail (e.g subway, tram)
US Commuter Rail
Transportation Auto Emissions Factors



                                                        fuel efficiency (L/100km)
hybrid auto (4.2L/100km)           vehicle kilometers              4.2
small gas auto (8.1L/100km)        vehicle kilometers              8.1
med gas auto (10.2L/100km)         vehicle kilometers             10.2

large gas auto (12.4L/100km)       vehicle kilometers             12.4
LPG automobile                     vehicle kilometers              0.0
diesel auto (9.8L/100km)           vehicle kilometers              9.8
gas light truck (16.8L/100km)      vehicle kilometers             16.8
gas heavy truck (39.2L/100km)      vehicle kilometers             39.2



diesel light truck (15.7L/100km)   vehicle kilometers             15.7
diesel heavy truck (33.6L/100km)   vehicle kilometers             33.6
light motorcycle (3.9L/100km)      vehicle kilometers              3.9
Transportation Auto Emissions Factors



                                                                      fuel efficiency (L/100km)
short haul (<452 km)              <281 miles                     passenger land km
medium haul (452 to 1600 km)      281 to 994 miles               passenger land km
long haul (>1600 km)              >994 miles                     passenger land km




Ref: Emissions factors taken from WBCSD/WRI tool "co2-mobile.xls" accessed online May 2007 at
http://www.ghgprotocol.org/templates/GHG5/layout.asp?type=p&MenuId=OTAx&doOpen=1&ClickMenu=Calculation%20tools
Transportation Water Emissions Factors
n Rail Emissions Factors



                                                          units                     kg CO2/unit
                                           passenger kilometers                         0.10
                                           passenger kilometers                         0.11
                                           passenger kilometers                         0.21

                                           passenger kilometers                         0.14
                                           passenger kilometers                         0.06
                                           passenger kilometers                         0.12
                                           passenger kilometers                         0.10
                                           passenger kilometers                         0.10




         Ref: Emissions factors taken from WBCSD/WRI tool "co2-mobile.xls" accessed online May 2007 at
         http://www.ghgprotocol.org/templates/GHG5/layout.asp?type=p&MenuId=OTAx&doOpen=1&ClickMenu=Calculation%20tools
kg CO2/vehicle km                  kg CO2/L
      0.10          Gasoline (L)     2.38
      0.19          Diesel (L)       2.75
      0.24          LPG (L)          1.57
      0.29
      0.18
      0.27
      0.40
      0.93



      0.43
      0.92
      0.09
                    kg CO2/unit                      kg CO2/L
                        0.18      Gasoline (L)         2.38
                        0.13      Jet kerosene (L)     2.55
                        0.11




at
kMenu=Calculation%20tools
                       GJ/unit       kg CO2/GJ
Gasoline (L)                0.0344               69.250
Diesel (L)                  0.0371               74.010
Residual (US gals)      0.1434515                77.300
Residual (Imp gals)        0.1723                77.300
Residual (Barrels)         6.0250                77.300
Coal (Metric tonnes)      23.5300                 94.53
                            Gasoline (L)
                            Gasoline (Metric tonnes)
                            Diesel (L)

                            Diesel (Metric tonnes)
                            Residual (US gals)
                            Residual (Imp gals)
                            Residual (Barrels)
                            Residual (Metric tonnes)



                            Coal (Metric tonnes)




at
kMenu=Calculation%20tools
kg CO2/unit
       2.38
       2.75
      11.09
     13.32
    465.73
   2224.29
GJ/unit   kg CO2/GJ   kg CO2unit
 0.03        69.25       2.38
43.57        69.25     3017.04
 0.04        74.01       2.75
44.17       74.01      3268.78
 0.14       77.30        11.09
 0.17       77.30        13.32
 6.02       77.30       465.73
39.95       77.30      3088.41


23.53       94.53      2224.29
Road Transportation of Products/Materials
(Company Owned or Controlled - Scope 1)



                                                     Option 1: Quantify by Fuel Consumption

                                  Description        Choose fuel type

Ex. Transport fuel to our sites
Ex. Transport fish catch to Kensington Fish Market      Diesel (L)
Air Transportation of Products/Materials (Comp
Owned or Controlled - Scope 1)



                                               Option 1: Quantify by Fuel Consumption

                                 Description   Choose fuel type

Ex. Transport goods to Toronto
Ex. Transport equipment to remote plant        Jet kerosene (L)
Water Transportation of Products/Materials
(Company Owned or Controlled - Scope 1)



                                    Option 1: Quantify by Fuel Consumption (entire vehicle)

                                                             Amount of fuel
                     Description   Choose fuel type (unit)
                                                              (same unit)

Ex. Transport goods to Toronto
Ex. Transport equipment to plant        Gasoline (L)              550
Rail Transportation of Products/Materials (Com
Owned or Controlled - Scope 1)



                                    Option 1: Quantify by Fuel Consumption (entire vehicle)

                                                             Amount of fuel
                     Description   Choose fuel type (unit)
                                                              (same unit)

Ex. Transport goods to Toronto
Ex. Transport equipment to plant        Gasoline (L)              550
Materials
Scope 1)
                              Enter by fuel consumption (orange headings)
                                                  OR
                                  by weight-distance (yellow headings)



n 1: Quantify by Fuel Consumption (entire vehicle) Option 2: Quantify by Weight-Distance (per weight-dist)
               Amount of                            Enter Weight of        Distance     Emission Factor
                              Emission Factor
                 fuel                                   Freight            Traveled     (kg CO2/ metric
                                (kg CO2/L)
                  (L)                               (metric tonnes)          (km)          tonne km)
                                                           40               4,800             0.072
                  550                2.75




                                                                                              Total
terials (Company


                              Enter by fuel consumption (orange headings)
                                                  OR
                                  by weight-distance (yellow headings)



n 1: Quantify by Fuel Consumption (entire vehicle) Option 2: Quantify by Weight-Distance (per weight-dist)
                                                    Enter Weight of        Distance     Emission Factor
               Amount of      Emission Factor
                                                        Freight            Traveled     (kg CO2/ metric
                fuel (L)        (kg CO2/L)
                                                    (metric tonnes)          (km)          tonne km)
                                                           40                575               0.80
                  550                2.55




                                                                                              Total
Materials
Scope 1)
                   Enter by fuel consumption (orange headings)
                                       OR
                       by weight-distance (yellow headings)



nsumption (entire vehicle)             Option 2: Quantify by Weight-Distance (per weight-dist)
                Emission           Select           Enter Weight of       Distance      Emission Factor
                 Factor        Transportation           Freight           Traveled      (kg CO2/ metric
              (kg CO2/unit)         Type            (metric tonnes)         (km)           tonne km)
                               Inland shipping             25                575             0.035
                  2.38




                                                                                                 Total
aterials (Company


                   Enter by weight-distance (orange headings)
                                       OR
                     by fuel consumption (yellow headings)



nsumption (entire vehicle)            Option 2: Quantify by Weight-Distance (per weight-dist)
                Emission           Select          Enter Weight of       Distance      Emission Factor
                 Factor        Transportation          Freight           Traveled      (kg CO2/ metric
              (kg CO2/unit)         Type           (metric tonnes)         (km)           tonne km)
                              diesel locomotive           25                575                 0.02
                  2.38
Total
GHG Emissions
(metric tonnes)

     13.82
      1.51




     0.00
GHG Emissions
(metric tonnes)

     18.40
      1.40




     0.00
GHG Emissions
(metric tonnes)

     0.50
     1.31




     0.00
GHG Emissions
(metric tonnes)

     0.29
     1.31
0.00
   0
 452
1600
Freight Road Emissions Factors




road freight                     Metric tonne kilometers
Freight Air Emissions Factors



Air - Freight
short haul (<452 km)           <281 miles         Metric tonne kilometers
medium haul (452 to 1600 km)   281 to 994 miles   Metric tonne kilometers
long haul (>1600 km)           >994 miles         Metric tonne kilometers
Freight Water Emissions Factors



Water - Freight
Inland shipping
Marine shipping
Freight Rail Emissions Factors



Rail - Freight
diesel locomotive
electric locomotive
coal locomotive
kg CO2/ tonne km                   kg CO2/L
            0.072   Gasoline (L)     2.3822
                    Diesel (L)     2.745771
                    LPG (L)         1.57368
kg CO2/unit                        GJ/unit     kg CO2/GJ kg CO2/L
       1.58     Gasoline (L)        0.0344       69.25     2.38
       0.80   Jet kerosene (L)   0.036083916     70.72     2.55
       0.57
                          kg CO2/unit                          GJ/unit   kg CO2/GJ
Metric tonne kilometers       0.035     Gasoline (L)            0.03        69.25
Metric tonne kilometers       0.010     Diesel (L)              0.04        74.01
                                        Residual (US gals)      0.14        77.30
                                        Residual (Imp gals)     0.17       77.30
                                        Residual (Barrels)      6.02       77.30
                                        Coal (Metric tonnes)   23.53       94.53
                          kg CO2/unit                              GJ/unit   kg CO2/GJ
Metric tonne kilometers       0.020     Gasoline (L)                0.03        69.25
Metric tonne kilometers       0.040     Gasoline (Metric tonnes)   43.57        69.25
Metric tonne kilometers       0.026     Diesel (L)                  0.04        74.01
                                        Diesel (Metric tonnes)     44.17       74.01
                                        Residual (US gals)          0.14       77.30
                                        Residual (Imp gals)         0.17       77.30
                                        Residual (Barrels)          6.02       77.30
                                        Residual (Metric tonnes)   39.95       77.30



                                        Coal (Metric tonnes)       23.53       94.53
kg CO2/unit
    2.38
    2.75
   11.09
   13.32
  465.73
 2224.29
kg CO2unit
   2.38
 3017.04
   2.75
 3268.78
   11.09
   13.32
  465.73
 3088.41



 2224.29
Road Transportation of Products/Materials (Non
Company Owned or Controlled - Scope 3)



                                                               Quantify by Weight-Distance (per weight-dist)
                                                     Enter Weight of Freight Distance Traveled
                       Description
                                                         (metric tonnes)            (km)
Ex. Transport fuel to our sites                                40                  4,800
Ex. Transport fish catch to Kensington Fish Market             40                   675
Air Transportation of Products/Materials (Non C
Owned or Controlled - Scope 3)



                                              Quantify by Weight-Distance (per weight-dist)
                                    Enter Weight of Freight Distance Traveled
                      Description
                                        (metric tonnes)            (km)
Ex. Transport goods to Toronto                40                   575
Ex. Transport equipment to plant              25                   200
Water Transportation of Products/Materials (No
Company Owned or Controlled - Scope 3)



                                                          Quantify by Weight-Distance (per weight-
                                                             Enter Weight of
                                    Select Transportation
                      Description                            Freight (metric
                                            Type
                                                                  tonnes)
Ex. Transport goods to Toronto         Inland shipping               25
Ex. Transport equipment to plant       Marine shipping               20
Rail Transportation of Products/Materials (Non
Owned or Controlled - Scope 3)



                                                          Quantify by Weight-Distance (per weight-
                                                             Enter Weight of
                                    Select Transportation
                      Description                            Freight (metric
                                             Type
                                                                  tonnes)
Ex. Transport goods to Toronto         coal locomotive               25
Ex. Transport equipment to plant      diesel locomotive              55
 aterials (Non
cope 3)



istance (per weight-dist)
               Emission Factor     GHG Emissions
              (kg CO2/ tonne km)   (metric tonnes)
                      0.072             13.82
                      0.072              1.94




                      Total             0.00
erials (Non Company




istance (per weight-dist)
              Emission Factor (kg
                                    GHG Emissions
               CO2/ metric tonne
                                    (metric tonnes)
                       km)
                      0.80               18.40
                      1.58                7.90




                    Total                0.00
Materials (Non
cope 3)



by Weight-Distance (per weight-dist)
                                       Emission Factor (kg
               Distance Traveled                             GHG Emissions
                                        CO2/ metric tonne
                      (km)                                   (metric tonnes)
                                               km)
                      575                     0.035               0.50
                      355                     0.010               0.07




                                              Total               0.00
terials (Non Company




by Weight-Distance (per weight-dist)
                                       Emission Factor (kg
               Distance Traveled                             GHG Emissions
                                        CO2/ metric tonne
                      (km)                                   (metric tonnes)
                                               km)
                      575                     0.026               0.37
                      210                     0.020               0.23




                                              Total               0.00
   0
 452
1600
Freight Road Emissions Factors




road freight                     0 Metric tonne kilometers
Freight Air Emissions Factors



Air - Freight
short haul (<452 km)           <281 miles         Metric tonne kilometers
medium haul (452 to 1600 km)   281 to 994 miles   Metric tonne kilometers
long haul (>1600 km)           >994 miles         Metric tonne kilometers
Freight Water Emissions Factors



Water - Freight
Inland shipping
Marine shipping
Freight Rail Emissions Factors



Rail - Freight
diesel locomotive
electric locomotive
coal locomotive
kg CO2/ tonne km
            0.072
1.58
 0.8
0.57
                          kg CO2/unit
Metric tonne kilometers       0.035
Metric tonne kilometers       0.010
                          kg CO2/unit
Metric tonne kilometers       0.020
Metric tonne kilometers       0.040
Metric tonne kilometers       0.026
Release of Miscellaneous GHG Emissions (Com
Owned or Controlled - Scope 1)



                                                              Quantify by Mass
                                                                       Mass of
                      Description           Select GHG Release
                                                                      Release (kg)
Ex. Release of HFC                             HFC-41, CH3F              22.00
Ex. Release of SF6 from #2 unit blowout   Sulphur Hexafluoride, SF6       0.50
ssions (Company




Mass
        Global
                   GHG Emissions
       Warming
                   (metric tonnes)
       Potential
         150             3.30
        23900           11.95




         Total          0.00
Other GHG Releases



Greenhouse Gas Emissions       GWP
Carbon Dioxide, CO2               1
Methane, CH4                     21
Nitrous Oxide, N2O              310
Sulphur Hexafluoride, SF6      23900
HFC-23, CHF3                   11700
HFC-32, CH2F2                    650
HFC-41, CH3F                     150
HFC-43-10mee, C5H2F10           1300


HFC-125, C2HF5                 2800
HFC-134, C2H2F4 (CHF2CHF2)     1000
HFC-134a, C2H2F4 (CH2FCF3      1300
HFC-143, C2H3F3 (CHF2CH2F)      300
HFC-143a, C2H3F3 (CF3CH3)      3800
HFC-152a, C2H4F2 (CH3CHF2)      140
HFC-227ea, C2HF7               2900
HFC-236fa, C3H2F6              6300
HFC-245ca, C3H3F5               560
Perfluoromethane, CF4          6500
Perfluorethane, C2F6           9200
Perfluoropropane, C3F8         7000
Perfluorobutane, C4F10         7000
Perfluorocyclobutane, c-C4F8   8700
Perfluoropentane, C5F12        7500
Perfluorohexane, C6F14         7400
Release of Miscellaneous GHG Emissions (Non
Company Owned or Controlled - Scope 3)



                                                               Quantify by Mass
                                                                        Mass of
                      Description             Select GHG Release
                                                                       Release (kg)
Ex. Release of N2O from shutdown              Nitrous Oxide, N2O          22.00
Ex. Heating gas tank rupture - May 22, 2007      Methane, CH4             67.00
ssions (Non
ope 3)



Mass
        Global
                   GHG Emissions
       Warming
                   (metric tonnes)
       Potential
         310            6.82
          21            1.41




         Total          0.00
Other GHG Releases



Greenhouse Gas Emissions       GWP
Carbon Dioxide, CO2               1
Methane, CH4                     21
Nitrous Oxide, N2O              310
Sulphur Hexafluoride, SF6      23900
HFC-23, CHF3                   11700
HFC-32, CH2F2                    650
HFC-41, CH3F                     150
HFC-43-10mee, C5H2F10           1300


HFC-125, C2HF5                 2800
HFC-134, C2H2F4 (CHF2CHF2)     1000
HFC-134a, C2H2F4 (CH2FCF3      1300
HFC-143, C2H3F3 (CHF2CH2F)      300
HFC-143a, C2H3F3 (CF3CH3)      3800
HFC-152a, C2H4F2 (CH3CHF2)      140
HFC-227ea, C2HF7               2900
HFC-236fa, C3H2F6              6300
HFC-245ca, C3H3F5               560
Perfluoromethane, CF4          6500
Perfluorethane, C2F6           9200
Perfluoropropane, C3F8         7000
Perfluorobutane, C4F10         7000
Perfluorocyclobutane, c-C4F8   8700
Perfluoropentane, C5F12        7500
Perfluorohexane, C6F14         7400
Purchased Renewable Energy Certificates (REC




                                                 Quantify RECs GHG Benefits
                                  Select Province where REC   # of RECs
                    Description
                                       s were Purchased         (MWh)
Ex. VisionQuest Wind Power RECs            Alberta                25
Ex. Bullfrog Power RECs                    Ontario                13
Purchased Carbon Offsets




                                                          Quantify Carbon Offsets GHG Benefits

                     Description                    Amount of Carbon Offsets Purchased (tonnes CO2e)

Ex. Purchased Gold Standard Atmosfair CDM Offsets                         50
Ex. Purchased Domestic Forestry VER Offsets                               15
icates (RECs)




HG Benefits
              Grid Intensity
                               GHG Reductions
                 Factor
                                (metric tonnes)
              (g CO2/kWh)
                   861              21.53
                   222               2.89




                  Total              0.00
ets GHG Benefits
                           GHG Reductions
urchased (tonnes CO2e)
                            (metric tonnes)
                                50.00
                                15.00




                   Total         0.00
Other GHG Releases



Provincial Grid Intensities                 g CO2 / kWh
Newfoundland and Labrador                        21
Prince Edward Island                           1120
Nova Scotia                                     759
New Brunswick                                  433
Quebec                                           8
Ontario                                        222
Manitoba                                        31
Saskatchewan                                   840


Alberta                                        861
British Columbia                                24
Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut      249
1.0 Transportation
Source: Transportation from GHG Protocol Initiative, 2007. CO2 Emissions from Mobile Combustion. Acc
http://www.ghgprotocol.org/templates/GHG5/layout.asp?type=p&MenuId=OTAx.

         WRI Emissions Factors on Fuel Use
        WRI Road
                                                           GJ/unit
        Gasoline (L)                                                 0.0344
        Diesel (L)                                                   0.0371
        LPG (L)                                                      0.0249




         WRI Emissions Factors on Distance
        WRI Road
                                                          L/100km
        hybrid auto (4.2L/100km)                          4.2 l/100km
        small gas auto (8.1L/100km)                       8.1 l/100km
        med gas auto (10.2L/100km)                       10.2 l/100km
        large gas auto (12.4L/100km)                     12.4 l/100km
        LPG automobile
        diesel auto (9.8L/100km)                          9.8 l/100km
        gas light truck (16.8L/100km)                    16.8 l/100km
        gas heavy truck (39.2L/100km)                    39.2 l/100km
        diesel light truck (15.7L/100km)                 15.7 l/100km
        diesel heavy truck (33.6L/100km)                 33.6 l/100km
        light motorcycle (3.9L/100km)                     3.9 l/100km
        hybrid auto 56 mpg                                4.2 l/100km
        small gas auto 29 mpg                             8.1 l/100km
        med gas auto 23 mpg                              10.2 l/100km
        large gas auto 19 mpg                            12.4 l/100km
        LPG automobile
        diesel auto         24 mpg                        9.8 l/100km
        gas light truck 14 mpg                           16.8 l/100km
        gas heavy truck 6 mpg                            39.2 l/100km
        diesel light truck 15 mpg                        15.7 l/100km
        diesel heavy truck 7 mpg                         33.6 l/100km
        light motorcycle 60 mpg                           3.9 l/100km
        bus (diesel)- long distance
        bus (diesel)- urban transit




        WRI Emissions Factors on Freight

        road freight




2.0 Heat
Source: GHG (g/L) data from Environment Canada, 2007. National Inventory Report 1990-2004 - Greenh
http://www.ec.gc.ca/pdb/ghg/inventory_e.cfm. Taken from Tables A13-1 and A13-2.
Source: Energy Content (GJ/m3) data from Pembina's LCVA Clearinghouse.


                                                          CO2
                                                          (g/L)
                                    diesel                2730
                                   kerosene               2550
                                 light fuel oil           2830
                                heavy fuel oil            3090
                                 natural gas              1.891
                                    ethane                 976
                                   propane                1500
                                    butane                1730




        Office Heat Energy Use for Office (Source: Pembina Wind Power Program)
                                                          GJ/m2
        Newfoundland and Labrador                        0.000095
        Prince Edward Island                             0.000095
        Nova Scotia                                      0.000095
        New Brunswick                                    0.000095
        Quebec                                           0.000100
        Ontario                                          0.000296
        Manitoba                                         0.000207
        Saskatchewan                                     0.000207
        Alberta                                             0.000207
        British Columbia                                    0.000155



3.0 Power
Source: Environment Canada, 2007. National Inventory Report 1990-2004 - Greenhouse Gas Sources an
http://www.ec.gc.ca/pdb/ghg/inventory_e.cfm

        Provincial Grid Intensities (National Inventory Report, Annex 9)
                                                              g/kWh
        Canada                                                  222
        Newfoundland and Labrador                                21
        Prince Edward Island                                   1120
        Nova Scotia                                             759
        New Brunswick                                           433
        Quebec                                                    8
        Ontario                                                 222
        Manitoba                                                 31
        Saskatchewan                                            840
        Alberta                                                 861
        British Columbia                                         24
        Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut               249


        On-Site Generation (National Inventory Report, Tables A13-1 and A13-2)

                                                           CO2 (g/L)
        Natural Gas                                         1891
        Ethane                                               976
        Propane                                             1500
        Butane                                              1730
        Light Fuel Oil                                      2830
        Heavy Fuel Oil                                      3090
        Kerosene                                            2550
        Diesel                                              2730


        Power Consumption by Area (Source: Pembina Wind Power Program)

                                                            kWh/m2
        Newfoundland and Labrador                            0.0212
        Prince Edward Island                                 0.0212
        Nova Scotia                                          0.0212
        New Brunswick                                   0.0212
        Quebec                                          0.0225
        Ontario                                         0.0333
        Manitoba                                        0.0304
        Saskatchewan                                    0.0304
        Alberta                                         0.0304
        British Columbia                                0.0301




4.0 Releases
Source: Environment Canada, 2007. National Inventory Report 1990-2004 - Greenhouse Gas Sources an
http://www.ec.gc.ca/pdb/ghg/inventory_e.cfm


        GWP (National Inventory Report, Table 1-1)
        Carbon Dioxide, CO2                                 1
        Methane, CH4                                       21
        Nitrous Oxide, N2O                                 310
        Sulphur Hexafluoride, SF6                        23900
        HFC-23, CHF3                                     11700
        HFC-32, CH2F2                                      650
        HFC-41, CH3F                                       150
        HFC-43-10mee, C5H2F10                             1300
        HFC-125, C2HF5                                    2800
        HFC-134, C2H2F4 (CHF2CHF2)                        1000
        HFC-134a, C2H2F4 (CH2FCF3                         1300
        HFC-143, C2H3F3 (CHF2CH2F)                         300
        HFC-143a, C2H3F3 (CF3CH3)                         3800
        HFC-152a, C2H4F2 (CH3CHF2)                         140
        HFC-227ea, C2HF7                                  2900
        HFC-236fa, C3H2F6                                 6300
        HFC-245ca, C3H3F5                                  560
        Perfluoromethane, CF4                             6500
        Perfluorethane, C2F6                              9200
        Perfluoropropane, C3F8                            7000
        Perfluorobutane, C4F10                            7000
        Perfluorocyclobutane, c-C4F8                      8700
        Perfluoropentane, C5F12                           7500
        Perfluorohexane, C6F14                            7400
Emissions from Mobile Combustion. Accessed online May 2007 at
MenuId=OTAx.



                                                              WRI Rail
                kg CO2/GJ            kg CO2/L                                        GJ/unit
                            69.25      2.38           Gasoline (L)                    0.03
                            74.01      2.75           Gasoline (Metric tonnes)       43.57
                            63.20      1.57           Diesel (L)                      0.04
                                                      Diesel (Metric tonnes)         44.17
                                                      Residual (US gals)              0.14
                                                      Residual (Imp gals)             0.17
                                                      Residual (Barrels)              6.02
                                                      Residual (Metric tonnes)       39.95
                                                      Coal (Metric tonnes)           23.53




                                                              WRI Rail
                                    kg CO2/unit       Canadian Rail                passenger kilometers
          vehicle kilometers           0.100          diesel locomotive            passenger kilometers
          vehicle kilometers           0.193          electric locomotive          passenger kilometers
          vehicle kilometers           0.244          coal locomotive              passenger kilometers
          vehicle kilometers           0.295          UK Rail                      passenger kilometers
          vehicle kilometers           0.178          US Intercity Rail (e.g. Amtrak)
                                                                                   passenger kilometers
          vehicle kilometers           0.269                                        tram)
                                                      US Transit Rail (e.g subway,passenger kilometers
          vehicle kilometers           0.400          US Commuter Rail             passenger kilometers
          vehicle kilometers           0.934
          vehicle kilometers           0.431
          vehicle kilometers           0.923
          vehicle kilometers           0.093
          passenger kilometers         0.056
          passenger kilometers         0.107
          passenger kilometers         0.135
          passenger kilometers         0.164
          passenger kilometers         0.099
          passenger kilometers         0.149
          passenger kilometers         0.222
          passenger kilometers         0.519
          passenger kilometers         0.239
          passenger kilometers         0.513
          passenger kilometers         0.052
          passenger kilometers         0.049
          passenger kilometers         0.186




                                                                      WRI Rail
                                    kg CO2/unit               diesel locomotive     Metric tonne kilometers
          Metric tonne kilometers         0.0720              electric locomotive   Metric tonne kilometers
                                                              coal locomotive       Metric tonne kilometers




nal Inventory Report 1990-2004 - Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada. Accessed online May 2007 at
s A13-1 and A13-2.
 aringhouse.


                    CH4                N2O           CO2e         Energy Content         EF
                    (g/L)              (g/L)          (g/L)          (GJ/m3)        (kg CO2e/GJ)
                    0.133               0.4         2856.79           35.79             79.83
                    0.026              0.031        2560.16           37.68             67.94
                    0.026              0.031        2840.16           39.02             72.79
                     0.12              0.064        3112.36           41.81             74.45
                  0.000037           0.000033         1.90             0.03             56.11
                                                       976            18.50             52.76
                    0.024             0.108        1533.984           25.40             60.39
                    0.024             0.108        1763.984           28.20             62.55




ind Power Program)
 990-2004 - Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada. Accessed online May 2007 at




A13-1 and A13-2)

                 CH4 (g/L)     N2O (g/L)   CO2e (g/L)
                   0.49         0.049        1916
                                              976
                   0.024         0.108       1534
                   0.024         0.108       1764
                    0.18         0.031       2843
                   0.034         0.064       3111
                   0.006         0.031       2560
                   0.133          0.4        2857


Power Program)
990-2004 - Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada. Accessed online May 2007 at
kg CO2/GJ     kg CO2unit
   69.25                      2.38
   69.25                   3017.04
   74.01                      2.75
   74.01                   3268.78
   77.30                     11.09
   77.30                     13.32
   77.30                    465.73
   77.30                   3088.41
   94.53                   2224.29




kg CO2/unit
   0.103
   0.107
   0.214
   0.139
   0.060
   0.119
   0.100
   0.102
              kg CO2/unit
                            0.0200
                            0.0400
                            0.0260




Accessed online May 2007 at
y 2007 at
y 2007 at
             WRI Water
                         GJ/unit    kg CO2/GJ           kg CO2/unit
Gasoline (L)                 0.03               69.25         2.38
Diesel (L)                   0.04               74.01         2.75
Residual (US gals)           0.14               77.30        11.09
Residual (Imp gals)          0.17               77.30        13.32
Residual (Barrels)           6.02               77.30       465.73
Coal (Metric tonnes)       23.53                94.53      2224.29




             WRI Water
            WRI Water
                                             kg CO2/unit
Inland shipping         Metric tonne kilometers            0.0350
Marine shipping         Metric tonne kilometers            0.0100
WRI Air
                                      GJ/unit                    kg CO2/GJ             kg CO2/L
Gasoline (L)                                      0.034                       69.250       2.382
Jet kerosene (L)                                  0.036                       70.720       2.552




WRI Air
                                                                                       kg CO2/unit
short haul (<452 km)           <281 miles                 passenger land km              0.1800
medium haul (452 to 1600 km)   281 to 994 miles           passenger land km              0.1260
long haul (>1600 km)           >994 miles                 passenger land km              0.1100




                                                                                       kg CO2/unit
flight of 300 km               186 miles                  passenger land km              0.2180
flight of 900 km               559 miles                  passenger land km              0.1420
nonstop flight 2719 km         1690 miles                 passenger land km              0.1170
Air - Freight                                                               kg CO2/unit
short haul (<452 km)           <281 miles         Metric tonne kilometers       1.5800
medium haul (452 to 1600 km)   281 to 994 miles   Metric tonne kilometers       0.8000
long haul (>1600 km)           >994 miles         Metric tonne kilometers       0.5700

				
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