Generic risk assessment record form by 7326kbw

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									                                                                             Risk Assessment Record
Title:                        SUN PROTECTION FOR OUTDOOR STAFF                            Division:

Date of
                                                                                          Section:        OUTDOOR STAFF
assessment:

                              WHSR/WHSO                    Signature……………………..…..……………….
Assessment team:
                              Supervisor/ Technical Officer Signature……………………..…………………..

Identify/describe activity, equipment, area or event you are assessing:
PPE for sun exposure - long sleeve shirts and long trousers - creation hazard/ risk of causing health conditions due to over heating of the body i.e.
 heat stress and skin conditions (prickly heat)

Item       Step 1:                                   Step 2: Assess the risks - Note there may be several risks       Step 3 & 4: List the controls needed to remove or reduce the     Step 5: How will the risk be monitored
           Identify the hazard/s                     associated with each hazard                                      risks and record the date additional controls are completed or   and who has the responsibility?
                                                     List the Consequence (how bad would it be?), Likelihood & Risk   due for completion.                                              Record review date
                                                     rating for each risk. Refer to Risk Matrix

                                                                                                                                                                            Date             Review method &             Review
                     What could cause harm?                     What could go wrong?                  C     L     R                      Controls                         completed                                       Date
                                                                                                                                                                                        position/person responsible
(1)        Harmful effects of heat to outside        May cause medical conditions e.g. heat                                                                                            Manager/Supervisor
                                                                                                                      (1) Clothing for UV protection which
           workers                                   stress/ illness and skin conditions (
                                                                                                                            allows movement of air around the
           in summer months –staff .                 prickly heat
                                                                                                                            body ( short sleeved shirts and long
                                                                                                                            short trousers).
           Current issued clothing (PPE) restricts
                                                                                                                      If this control is chosen staff MUST have
           to free circulation of air around the     Major effects from Heat Stress /Illness         3     3      6
                                                                                                                      Sunscreen applied (30+ water resistant) at
           body                                                                Moderate Risk
                                                                                                                      all times while working in the sun
                                                                                                                      (As per current advice from health
                                                                                                                      authority)
                                                     Minor / Sub-acute symptoms of heat              5     2      7
                                                                                                                      (2) Training for staff working outdoors on
                                                     stress which impact on health/
                                                                                                                            the working in the sun and heat safely
                                                     wellbeing/ productivity and morale –
                                                                                                                      (3) Provision of cooling bands to reduce
                                                                                    High Risk
                                                                                                                            body heat ( neck & head) while
                                                                                                                            exposed to increased environmental
                                                                                                                            heat
                                                                                                                      (4) Outdoor staff conscious of need to
                                                                                                                            increase water intake while exposed
                                                                                                                            to increased heat

                                                                                                                      CONTINUE CURRENT CONTROLS FOR
                                                                                                                      EXPOSURE TO THE SUN


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                                                                                                                                                          Date            Review method &          Review
                What could cause harm?                       What could go wrong?              C   L   R                    Controls                    completed                                   Date
                                                                                                                                                                     position/person responsible

(2)     Harmful effects of the suns UV rays on    Harmful effect of the suns UV rays on the                CURRENT CONTROLS measures used for          Current      Previously Implemented
        the skin - Outdoor staff working in the   skin –                                                   protection against exposure to the sun–     Controls     Current Review Feb 2010
        sun                                                                                                        Long sleeved shirts and long
                                                  After current control measures                                    trousers
                                                  implemented                                  3   1   4           Sunscreen (30+ water resistant)
                                                                                    Low Risk                        at all time while working in the
                                                                                                                    sun – application 20 minutes
                                                  (See current controls in place)                                   before going into sun and apply
                                                                                                                    every 2 hours
                                                                                                                   Broad brimmed hat,
                                                                                                                   Sunglasses AS/NZS 1337 &
                                                                                                                    AS/NZS 1067
                                                                                                                   Reorganise work, where possible,
                                                                                                                    so outdoor tasks done outside
                                                                                                                    hottest part of the day (10-2pm)
                                                                                                                   Take advantage of natural and
                                                                                                                    artificial shade, where possible
                                                                                                                   Rotate tasks that involve direct
                                                                                                                    sun exposure
                                                                                                                   Rest breaks if required
                                                                                                                   Rest & meal breaks out of the
                                                                                                                    sun




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                             Risk Assessment Matrix
   This matrix and risk score system helps determine priority for corrective action.
1. Consider what can go wrong
2. Determine how bad the outcome would be - Consequences
3. Determine how likely it is to happen - Likelihood
4. Calculate the risk level

                                                          CONSEQUENCES
                    Catastrophic          Major             Moderate             Minor           Insignificant
  LIKELIHOOD             5                 4                   3                   2                   1
        
  Almost certain
                         10                  9                  8                   7                    6
              5
  Likely
                         9                   8                  7                   6                    5
              4
  Possible
                         8                   7                  6                   5                    4
              3
  Unlikely
                         7                   6                  5                   4                    3
              2
  Rare
                         6                   5                  4                   3                    2
              1

   CONSEQUENCES:          How severely could it hurt someone/cause damage?
   Catastrophic           death or large number of serious injuries, environmental disaster, huge cost
   Major                  serious injury, extensive injuries, severe environmental damage, major cost
   Moderate               medical treatment required, contained environmental impact, high cost
   Minor                  first aid treatment required, some environmental and/or financial impact
   Insignificant          No injuries, low financial/environmental impact

   LIKELIHOOD: How likely is it to happen?
   Almost Certain         expected to occur in most circumstances
   Likely                 will probably occur in most circumstances
   Possible               might possibly occur at some time
   Unlikely               could occur at some time
   Rare                   may occur only in exceptional circumstances



    Risk Score                                                   What should I do?
          9-10          Extreme                              Immediate action required
                                            Action plan required, senior management attention
          7-8             High
                                                                  needed
                                                 Specific monitoring or procedures required,
          5-6          Moderate
                                                 management responsibility must be specified
          2-4             Low                         Manage through routine procedures




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                                 RISK ASSESSMENT REPORT DETAILS
                           Department of Justice and Attorney-General
                                    Queensland Government

Causes and sources of heat stress

Understanding heat stress

Heat stress occurs when heat is absorbed from the environment faster than the body can get rid of it. Several
factors may contribute to heat stress, such as the type of work activity, the surrounding air
temperature/humidity level, and the physical condition of the individual (he/she may be new to the job or new
to Queensland).

Our bodies maintain a fairly constant internal temperature even though they may be exposed to varying
environmental temperatures.

To keep internal body temperatures within safe limits in hot conditions, the body has to get rid of excess heat -
and it does this by evaporating sweat and varying the blood flow to the skin. These responses are controlled by
the brain and usually occur when the blood exceeds 37 degrees centigrade.

Factors that may contribute to heat-related health problems at work include:


                 inadequate cooling off or rest periods
                 insufficient water consumption
                 climatic conditions (such as low air movement, high humidity levels and high air temperature)
                 inappropriate clothing
                 individual factors that may cause dehydration (such as poor diet, vomiting, diarrhoea or
                  alcohol and caffeine consumption)
                 individual medical conditions that may cause heat stress (such as heart problems, diabetes or
                  hypertension)
                 individual medication that may affect the body's temperature regulation
                 an individual's age, general physical fitness and weight

Environmental factors

Environment and seasonal factors that can contribute to heat problems:


                 high air temperatures
                 radiant heat from hot objects such as machinery
                 radiant heat from working outdoors in the sun
                 higher relative humidity levels
                 low air movement

Various engineering controls are effective for reducing heat in workplaces. Examples include:


                 reducing the body's metabolic heat production using automation and mechanisation of tasks
                 reducing radiant heat emissions from hot surfaces and plant e.g. by insulation and shielding
                 using ventilation and air-conditioning
                 humidity reducing methods e.g. install a dehumidifier (seek engineering advice)
                 creating some shade (tarp, umbrella) or at least find a tree for outdoor workers' rest breaks.

Information last updated 03 September 2009




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