WILFRID LAURIER

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					 WILFRID LAURIER

PRIME MINISTER OF CANADA
        1896-1911
LAURIER
 SIR WILFRID LAURIER WAS BORN IN ST LIN
  QUEBEC IN 1841

 FATHER WAS FARMER, KNEW THAT TO
  SUCCEED LAURIER NEEDED TO SPEAK
  ENGLISH

 SENT TO IRISH SCHOOL IN NEW GLASCOW

 AFTER HIGH SCHOOL ATTENDED MCGILL
  LAW SCHOOL WHERE HE WAS
  VALEDICTORIAN
 SPEECH WAS ABOUT NEED TO HAVE FRENCH AND
  CANADIANS COMPROMISE AND WORK TOGETHER

 NO ONE UNDERSTOOD AS IT WAS IN FRENCH

 1864 GRADUATED AND PRACTICED LAW IN
  MONTREAL

 HE BECAME INTERESTED IN POLITICS AS
  REACTION AGAINST CATHOLIC CHURCH’S ANTI
  LIBERAL STANCE IN QUEBEC AFTER 1848 GLOBAL
  REVOLUTIONS

 RAN FOR AND WON MLA SEAT IN 1871, BUT HATED
  QUE CITY AS WAS LONELY
 WANTED TO RESIGN, AND LEAVE POLITICS BUT WAS
  CONVINCED TO RUN FEDERALLY

 WON SEAT IN 1874 ELECTION BUT NOT CABINET UNTIL 1877

 STAYED IN OPPOSITION DURING MACDONALD’S SECOND
  TERM AS PRIME MINISTER

 FRAIL CHILD, DEPRESSION, HYPOCHONDRIAC SO
  RETREATED TO LIBRARY

 1885 HIS SPEECH AGAINST KILLING OF RIEL BROUGHT HIM
  TO PROMINENCE

 1887 EDWARD BLAKE RESIGNS, AND LAURIER BECOMES
  LIBERAL LEADER

 1891 LOSES TO OLD MAN OLD FLAG AND OLD POLICY
EDWARD BLAKE, LIBERAL LEADER
1880-1887. ONLY LIBERAL NEVER
TO BE PRIME MINISTER UNTIL 2009.

AFTER RESIGNING, HE RECRUITED
WILFRID LAURIER TO REPLACE
HIM AND MOVED TO BRITAIN
WHERE HE WAS AN MP FOR AN
IRISH NATIONAL PARTY
MACDONALD’S FAMOUS CAMPAIGN
POSTER FROM 1891 ELECTION

Who do you think is carrying him?

Why did this hurt Laurier?

What did Laurier learn?
 AFTER 1891 ABBOTT, THOMPSON,
  BOWELL, AND TUPPER

 ISSUE OF MANITOBA SCHOOLS’ ACT

 1896 ELECTION LIBERALS WIN

 SILENT ON FREE TRADE WITH USA,
  AND ADVOCATED AGAINST REMEDIAL
  LEGISLATION ON MANITOBA
  SCHOOLS’ ACT
 LAURIER’S POLICIES REALLY CONTINUATION OF
  MACDONALD’S

 5% REDUCTION FOR ANYONE WILLING TO
  RECIPROCATE, PROTECTIONIST AGAINST THOSE
  THAT WOULDN’T

 IMPERIAL PREFERENCE

 THIS SHOWED WANTED FREE TRADE FOR FREE
  TRADERS, BUT IMPERIAL TIES FOR ENGLISH, AND
  PROTECTIONIST FOR BIG BUSINESS

 THIS COMPROMISE ON NATIONAL POLICY, AND
  FREE TRADE
 LOWERED TARIFF ON USA FARM EQUIP (WEST EAST)

 SUNNY WAY NEXT COMPROMISE

 HENRI BOURASSA GRANDSON OF LOUIS JOSEPH PAPINEAU

 NEGOTIATES DEAL WITH GREENWAY

 ANY URBAN SCHOOL WITH 40 CATHOLIC STUDENTS OR
  RURAL WITH 25 CAN HIRE A PRIEST FOR INSTRUCTOR

 LAST HALF HOUR OF EVERY DAY IN RELIGIOUS STUDIES

 INSTRUCTION COULD BE BILINGUAL WHERE NUMBERS
  WARRANT

 PROTECTS CATHOLIC RIGHTS, BUT ONLY WHERE NEEDED
THE TWO NEGOTIATORS IN THE MANITOBA SCHOOL’S ACT

THOMAS GREENWAY TO THE LEFT AND HENRI BOURASSA TO THE RIGHT
 CONTINUES RAILWAY BUILDING POLICY OF
  MACDONALD TOO

 SMITH AND STEPHEN WANT A NEW LINE
  FURTHER SOUTH FOR KOOTENAY
  RESOURCES AND WANTED GOV’T TO PAY

 IN EXCHANGE FOR THIS CROWS NEST
  PASS DEAL

 THIS HELPED BUSINESS, THE RAILWAY,
  AND THE FARMER. AGAIN COMPROMISE
      GROWING ECONOMY
 GOLD STRIKE IN SOUTH AFRICA LEADS TO
  WHEAT BOOM

 CANADA’S POTENTIAL UNTAPPED FOR
  WHEAT

 CHARLES SAUNDERS CHANGES WITH
  MARQUIS WHEAT

 CALLS FOR NEW RAILWAY IN NORTH TO
  TAKE ADVANTAGE OF WHEAT BOOM
 HARD ROCK MINING WITH TNT

 PULP PAPER IN SHIELD FROM JACK PINE

 CANADA BOOMING NATURAL RESOURCES, TOO MUCH FOR
  ONE RAILWAY

 TWO FIRMS VIE TO BUILD SECOND TRANSCONTINENTAL

 CANADIAN NORTHERN, GRAND TRUNK

 SHOULD HAVE MERGED, REFUSED, SO LAURIER BUILT TWO

 ANDREW BLAIR RESIGNS OVER THIS. FIRST LOSS OF
  SUPPORTER BECAUSE COMPROMISE, NOT THE LAST

 IN END BLAIR RIGHT THREE RWYS TOO MUCH
THE MOST IMPORTANT
CANADIAN NO ONE HAS EVER
HEARD OF. HIS MARQUIS
WHEAT IS STILL GROWN IN
CANADA, AND ALLOWED THE
EXPANSION OF CDN WHEAT
GROWING 200 MILES FURTHER
NORTH.
ANDREW
BLAIR TO
THE LEFT, AND
HENRI
BOURASSA TO
THE RIGHT.
  QUEEN VICTORIA’S DIAMOND
           JUBILEE
 FIRST CHALLENGE FOR LAURIER WAS
  1897 DIAMOND JUBILEE
 DIAMOND JUBILEE CELEBRATED
  VICTORIA’S SIXTIETH YEAR ON THE
  THRONE
                  QUEEN VICTORIA IN HER SIXTIETH
                  YEAR ON THE THRONE. APPROX
                  AGE WAS 278.
 LAURIER WAS GOING TO REFUSE KNIGHTHOOD IN
  HONOUR OF MACKENZIE AND START LIBERAL
  TRADITION

 HOWEVER HE WAS TOAST OF TOWN

 GIVEN PLACE OF HONOUR AT ALL FUNCTIONS

 PEOPLE LINED UP TO HAVE PICTURE TAKEN WITH
  HIM (EVERYONE LOVES THE FRENCH)

 HE ACCEPTS KNIGHTHOOD AND SIR WILFRID
  LAURIER AND LADY LAURIER ARE BORN

 ENGLISH DOING THIS TO GET SOMETHING FROM
  CANADA
 ENGLAND WANTED TO STRENGTHEN TIES WITH FORMAL
  COLONIES

 GERMANY THREAT, DUTCH THREAT IN SOUTH AFRICA

 CANADA WAS SENIOR DOMINION, AND WITHOUT US
  NOTHING COULD BE DONE

 WANTED GREATER FORMAL COMMUNICATION PROCESS
  FOR ALL FORMER BRITISH COLONIES WITH BRITAIN

 COLONIES SHOULD BE MORE RESPONSIBLE TO SUPPORT
  BRITISH ISSUES

 EACH COLONY SHOULD CONTRIBUTE MONEY TO THE
  BRITISH FOR THEIR NAVY

 THIS IS WHY THEY COURT CANADA AND LAURIER
 JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN WAS THE BRITISH
  COLONIAL SECRETARY TRYING TO GET THE
  COLONIES ON BOARD

 LAURIER DID NOT WANT TO GET INVOLVED, AS TIE
  TO BRITAIN WHEN HE’S TRYING TO DEVELOP CDN
  IDENTITY

 STILL KNEW HE COULDN’T SAY NO AS MANY PRO
  BR

 SO HE SAYS MAYBE. COMPROMISE

 CAN’T AFFORD TO GIVE MONEY RIGHT NOW
  BECAUSE OF RAILWAYS, AND NO PRACTICAL WAY
  OF HAVING COLONIAL PARLIAMENT, SO WE’LL
  MEET LATER AND TALK MORE
 BRITAIN DID NOT PRESS AS AT PEACE

 STILL IMPORTANT STEP FORWARD
  FOR CANADA AS SAID “NO” EVEN IF
  QUALIFIED FOR THE FIRST TIME TO
  THE BRITISH

 TOMORROW WE WILL SEE LAURIER’S
  NEXT CHALLENGE, THE BOER WAR
JOSEPH CHAMBERLAIN

COLONIAL SECRETARY

				
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