Aquaponics How To
Learn All You Need To Know About Aquaponics
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Aquaponics How To
Aquaponics is a very exciting new and easy way to grow your own fresh and
healthy organic vegetables without all of the messy hard work of a regular
This fun new simple growing method produces up to 10 times more organic
produce in half the time of a conventional garden.
The beauty of this system is that it is completely scaleable, so that you can
create an aquaponics system that is as big or small as you desire.
For Detailed Step-by-Step Instructions On An Easy To Build,
Labor Saving Aquaponics System, Click Here
What is aquaponics?
Aquaponics, sometimes written as aqua ponics, is the science of producing
sustainable food combining traditional aquaculture with hydroponics in a
symbiotic environment, which will be discussed in this aquaponics how to article.
To understand aquaponics it is important to know the meaning of the two
subsystems involved. Aquaculture is the raising of aquatic animals such as fish,
prawns, crayfish, etc. in tanks. Hydroponics involves cultivating plants in water.
These two systems are merged together to form a unique environment that leads
to a synergetic relationship between animals and plants. There is evidence of
aquaponic gardening in the Aztec civilization, where plants were grown on island
like structures filled with waste materials from canals.
Oriental countries like China and Thailand have been using similar aquaponic
plans for generations. Their paddy fields grow fish. Scientists and farmers all
around the world have realized the advantages of these poly-cultural farming
methods and are employing them vigorously.
Aquaponics how to make it work
The merging of two subsystems results in creation of a favorable growth setting
with minimum fluctuation in ambient nutrient and oxygen levels with heightened
Hydroponic systems depend on the usage of man-made nutrients for the ideal
growth of plants. These nutrients are a precise combination of different
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chemicals, salts and other elements, which creates the optimal balance. The
water built up in this system needs to be replaced periodically because the salts
and chemicals react to produce toxic products for the plants.
On the other hand, aquaculture involves a large quantity of fish in comparatively
less amount of water. These high stocking rates and closed circulation system
often lead to the pollution of the tank with high concentrations of ammonia.
Again, water has to be discharged at a high rate from the tank at least once each
An aquaponics system combines these two systems to its advantage. It uses the
plants and the means in which they grow to detoxify and purify the fish effluent
water from the fish tanks and after purification the water is brought back to the
The water from the fish tanks is in turn highly nutritious for the optimum growth of
the plants. Therefore, nothing is wasted and the water from each system can be
reused until it needs to be changed due to evaporation or transpiration.
The plants are grown in this system with the roots submerged in the nutritious
emission, which facilitates the filtering of the toxic ammonia. When the water
passes through this aquaponics system, it is detoxified and oxygenated enough
to return back to the aquaculture containers.
This is a continuous cycle. Some common applications of the aquaponics
Deep-water aquaponics system: which is basically Styrofoam rafts afloat the
deeper aquaculture troughs
Recirculating aquaponics system: with solid media such as gravel, or clay beds
held in containers filled with water from aquaculture.
Reciprocating aquaponics system: here the solid media container is
consecutively flooded and drained employing siphon methods.
Other systems have top fed towers with nutrient-film channels. The PVC pipes
are fitted with holes for pots or barrels, which are then filled with either gravel or
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The aquaponic system grows most green leafy vegetables, but the most
profitable varieties are Chinese cabbage, lettuce, tomatoes, okra, cantaloupe and
bell peppers. Other types of vegetables that flourish in an aquaponics how to
system include onions, taro, beans, kohlrabi, watercress, peas, turnips, parsnips,
radishes, strawberries, melons, sweet potato and herbs.
Since the quantity of minerals and nutrients vary according to the different stages
of growth of the plants, their harvesting is spread out; seedlings are grown at the
same time as developing plants. This safeguards the stability of the amount of
nutrient in the water due to the continuous symbiotic relationship, which cleanses
impurities from the water.
Freshwater fish are the species most commonly raised in an aquaponics system.
But fish like crayfish and prawns are also grown. Tilapia is a favorite choice for
both domestic and marketable projects that aim at raising edible fish. Some of
the other varieties are barramundi, Silver Perch, or Eel-tailed catfish, Jade perch
and Murray cod.
For moderate climates where it is difficult to maintain the water temperature the
production of bluegill and catfish are suitable for domestic or non-commercial
systems. Inedible aquaculture subsystems typically use fish species like Koi and
Some of the unique benefits of this system are:
Constant conservation of water
Organic fertilization of plants with natural products like fish emulsion
Elimination of solid waste disposal from aquaculture
Reduction in solid land for crop production
Reduction of environmental footprint
Reduction of pathogens
Aquaponics how to do it yourself
There are some deterrents that may discourage you from creating your own
backyard Aquaponics system. Most of the aquaponics system design depends
heavily on man-made energy, technological solutions, and constant
environmental monitoring; the initial investment in infrastructure is also worth
considering. Therefore, the aquaponics system plans have to be highly efficient,
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maximizing energy conservation and minimizing risks. Once you have acquired
the necessary aquaponic supplies and the right Aquaponics plans, getting
involved in DIY aquaponics will surely yield fruitful results.
There are several aquaponics forum that can guide you in the process. Some
great aquaponics starter kits are also available in the market that can help you
set up a very basic system with inexpensive supplies and provide you with the
needed experience and confidence to initiate a bigger and more complex project.
The three main components of this practice are water, food given to the fish, and
energy to force water between the two subsystems. There are several products
available to ensure the successful functioning of these systems. Some of the
supplies needed for a basic home aquaponics project include:
Rootcubes, which is specially, designed foam for hydroponics subsystems
Netpots, with plastic mesh around the edges and across the bottom
Hydrokorrels, these are kiln-fired clay pebbled with favorable pH values
Plant starter nutrients
High protein fish foods, which promote rapid growth in fish
Plumbing parts, such as bulkhead fittings, etc
And finally, aquaponics aeration systems, which could include tank, aerator, tube
Before initiating an aquaponics project make sure that the size of the aquaponic
fish tank is right for the desired fish species and relevant to the space. The
selection of the correct water pump and filtration system is vital as it should be
able to maintain the stability of the nutrient and oxygen levels.
A more complex system design will require more maintenance time. Some
people prefer using recycled materials to build the structure for their projects as
they are cheaper but in such cases make sure to check the previous contents of
The benefits and profitable outcomes of an aquaponics how to system can
definitely outweigh the constraints. When managed efficiently, an aquaponics
how to system can persistently yield produce. This could be the vegetables
grown in the hydroponics subsystem, and edible fish and other aquatic species
bred in an aquaculture subsystem.
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