VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 13 POSTED ON: 3/3/2012
Welcome to México (officially know as United Mexican States) And to Monterrey (Sultan of the North) Basic information about Mexico… • Mexico is on the American continent, between the US (north border) and Guatemala and Belize (south one) • Its capital is México City, 3rd largest city in the world • Population: 112,000,000 (ish) • Official language: Spanish but here in Monterrey you can always find someone who speaks English if your Spanish is not…. Great let’s say! • Plus 56 indigenous americindien languages • Actual president: Felipe Calderon • Currency: peso • Independence from Spain: September 16, 1910 • Area: 1,972,550km² which mean the 15th largest city in the world • México is a federal republic And about Monterrey • Capital city of the state of Nuevo Léon • Mayor: Fernando Larrazabal • Population: 1.1 million • Metropolitan population: 3.8 million • ‘The Pittsburgh of Mexico is a real industrial power espacially for its exports of steel, cement, glass, auto parts, and brewing • Geostrategic position as Monterrey is closed to the US Politics • Senate • Chamber of deputies makes federal law, declares war, imposes taxes, approves the Legislative national budget and international treaties, and ratifies diplomatic appointments • President of México: CALDERON the head of state and government, as Executive well as the commander-in- cheif of the Mexican military forces • Supreme Court of Justice: interprets laws and judges Judiciary cases of federal competencies The main parties • National Action Party: a right-wing conservative party founded in 1939. In 2000, it gained the presidency for the first time • Institutional Revolutionary Party: center-left party founded in 1929 • Party of the Democratic Revolution: a left- wing party, founded in 1989 as the successor of the coalition of socialists and liberal parties Foreign relations of Mexico • The foreign relations of Mexico are directed by the President of the United Mexican States and Current headquarter of managed through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs the Ministry of Foreign Affairs • The principals of the foreign policies are mainly: respect for international law and legal equality of states, their sovereignty and independence, non-intervention in the domestic affairs of other countries, peaceful resolution of conflicts, and promotion of collective security through active participation in international organizations •1994: NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), to improve and strengthen political, economical, social Former President Vicente Fox and then-U.S. President George and cultural relations between the US, México and W. Bush at the signature of the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America Canada •But Demonstrating independence from the U.S., Mexico supported the Cuban government, the Sandinista revolution in Nicaragua during the late 1970s, and leftist revolutionary groups in El Salvador •Mexico is a member of the UN, the Organization of American States, the OPANAL and the Rio Group Economy • 11th largest in the world • Improvement of the country’s macroeconomic fundamentals since the 1994 crisis • 3,7% of unemployment • 21% of underemployment • Main industries: food and drinks, tobacco, electronics, electricity, iron and steel, tourism and ecotourism … • $419.9 billion of exports mainly Manufactured goods, electronics, automobiles, oil and oil products, aircraft, silver, fruits, meats, consumer electronic vegetables, ships, coffee, electricity, biotechnology, cotton, rolling stock, automotive and aircraft enigines, cellular phones, metals, industrial equipment, granite and marble, the US represent half of the exports Culture of Monterrey Food Drink • The traditional dish is called • Tequila is the most famous CABRITO, kid goat cooked and popular over here on embers • But as in every part of México you can find the famous: enchiladas, burritos, tapas, tostadas, tacos, which are all made • But México has got much from corn or flour, they are more to offer: Jamaica, served with different things mescal, café de olla, atole… such as spices, veggies (avocado, tomato, pepper…) Sport • As in every part of México, sport has an important place in Monterrey. • The most popular sport is football, Monterrey has got 2 teams in the Mexican league: the Rayados and the Tigres. • But baseball, soccer and basketball are also quite important Some amazing pictures that can explain tourism… One of the New Seven Wonders of the world in Chichén-Itzá Playa del Carmen The Episcopal Palace Oasis Playa in Cancun Sierra Madre del Sur The recent issues • Recently, violence increased considerably in some big cities such as Monterrey because of Mexico’s drug war. • before 2007, the main Golf cartel • 2007: Osiel CARDENAS • Mexico is the place where cocaine, marijuana, and cartel (head of the cartel) heroine transit from Latin got arrested America to the US • January to July: 250 deaths > 99 in the entire 2009 year • As the population explains, anytime the head of a band is killed or anytime there is an arrest, the bands get their • 2007: they tried to get the ‘power’ revenge in the city and on the citizens Zetas • They are not afraid of police as they are old militaries Consequences • Exodus of ‘rich’ • Police in Mexico is corrupted that’s a fact. To fight against this population and of corruption, Mauricio Fernandez, managers mayor of San Pedro Garza Garcia, has taken some drastic measures : police officers are better • In 2010, the industry of trained, they are 3 times mire paid and they take a liability test security (alarms, video once a year camera…) has increased by 20% • Finally, as students we’ve got some measures to follow: do not go somewhere you do not know, • Companies use now 5% do not trust strangers, do not go of their entire budget to out on our own especially at security night, do not share information about where we live… • To conclude, Mexico remains a wonderful country if you take time to know it • I would be lying if I said there was no danger at the moment but it’s our responsibility to look after ourselves • The last thing I would say to anyone who has got enough money and time to visit this country: Go for it!!!
Pages to are hidden for
"México"Please download to view full document