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Chapter 14 Solubility_Episode 1002 _

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Chapter 14 Solubility_Episode 1002 _ Powered By Docstoc
					Chapter 14 Factors Affecting Solvation: Episode 1002               Name______________
Note Taking Guide
Saturated: solution containing all the _______________ _______________ possible at given
conditions of _______________ and _______________.

Unsaturated: solution containing _______________ dissolved _______________ than the
_______________ amount that can be _______________ at given conditions of _______________
and _______________.

Supersaturated: unusual solution containing _______________ dissolved _______________
than is normally _______________ at given conditions of _______________ and _______________.


Solubility
A _______________ of how much _______________ can _______________ in a given amount of
_______________ at a specific _______________.

Dilute Solution: The amount of _______________ dissolved is _______________ in relation to
the amount of _______________ present.

Concentrated Solution: The amount of _______________ dissolved is _______________ in
relation to the amount of _______________ present.


Factors Affecting Solubility
1) _______________ of _______________ and _______________: “________ dissolves ________”.

2) _______________
generally, increasing the _______________ of the solution _______________ the solubility of a
_______________ solute

increasing the ____________ of the solution ____________ the solubility of a__________ solute
3) _______________
only affects the _______________ of a _______________ _______________
_______________ pressure _______________ solubility
_______________ pressure _______________ solubility


Henry’s Law: The _______________ of a _______________ dissolved in a given ____________
of ____________ is ____________ proportional to the _______________ of the _______________
Worksheet: Solubility Graphs
Use the provided solubility graph to answer the following questions:




For questions 1 – 4 an amount of solute is given, and a temperature is stated. If all of the solute
could be dissolved in 100 g of water at the given temperature, would the resulting solution be
unsaturated, saturated, or supersaturated?
1. 60 g KCl at 70 C _________           2. 10 g KClO3 at 60 C _________

3. 80 g NaNO3 at 10 C _________         4. 70 g CaCl2 at 20 C _________

For questions 5 – 8 a solute and temperature are given. Tell how many grams of each solute must be
added to 100 g of water to form a saturated solution at the given temperature.
5. Pb(NO3)2 at 10 C _________           7. NaCl at 20 C _________

6. Ce2(SO4)3 at 50 C _________          8. K2Cr2O7 at 50 C _________

For questions 9 and 10 underline the solution that is more concentrated.
9. At 10 C: a saturated solution of KNO3 or a saturated solution of CaCl2.

10. At 50 C: a saturated solution of KNO3 or an unsaturated solution of NaNO3 consisting of 90 g of
the solute dissolved in 100 g of water.

For questions 11 – 12, show your work and circle your final answer.
11. If 115 g KNO3 are added to 100 g of water at 35 C, how many grams do not dissolve?

12. What mass of KCl would be needed to form a saturated solution if the KCl was dissolved in 200 g
of water at 80 C?
Worksheet: More on Solubility
1. Explain what is meant by the expression “like dissolves like”.



2. An unknown compound is observed to mix with benzene (a non-polar solvent) but not with water. Is
the unknown compound ionic or covalent?



If the unknown compound is a liquid, will it be able to dissolve table salt?____________ Explain:



3. What are the chemical characteristics of a good dry-cleaning solvent?



4. Explain why you are more likely to overdose on vitamin A than on vitamin C.



5. Some industrial plants use water nearby rivers and streams as a coolant. When the water is re-
turned to the river or stream, the water is warmer than it was originally. This is referred to as “thermal
pollution”. Using your knowledge of solubility, why might this thermal pollution be harmful to fish?




6. After a bottle of carbonated drink has been open for a while, it tastes “flat”. Explain why.



7. For most solid solutes, the degree of solubility in a liquid solvent (increases, decreases) with an
increase in the temperature of the solvent.



8. Describe what happens to the degree of solubility of a gaseous solute in a liquid:
      a) with a decrease in the temperature of the solvent.

       b) with an increase in pressure ( ____________ Law).



9. The following statement is false: It is not possible to make a saturated solution from a
substance that is described as only slightly soluble. Explain why this statement is false.

				
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