How To Stop High Blood Pressure Problems
Known as one of the most common diseases to affect people who are past
their 40s, high blood pressure is a serious coronary disease that affects 1 out of 3
Americans. The body has a normal blood pressure of 120/80 mmHg, which is the
amount of force the blood pushes against the walls of the arteries as it is pumped
throughout the body.
The blood pressure rises because of several factors and if it stays high for a
prolonged period, damage to the blood vessels can result.
The condition is more commonly found as we age and control of the
condition in individuals over their 50’s tend to be challenging especially if it was
discovered in its later stages. Click http://www.agingfit.com/high-blood-pressure
to find more information about High Blood Pressure Problems.
Overview of Hypertension
The body has a normal blood pressure level of 120/ 80 mmHg.
Individuals who have stage 1 hypertension have a blood pressure of 140-159
Those who have stage 2 hypertension have a blood pressure of 160-
Because the condition often does not present with symptoms when it first
appears, you can go through several years without realizing that you already have
hypertension. In fact, only a fraction of people who have hypertension are actually
aware that they have the condition and are actually treating it.
This is the reason why doctors advise patients who are in their 40s or older
to have their pressure levels checked regularly in order to determine if they
already have the symptoms.
Symptoms of Hypertension
Hypertension often presents with very mild symptoms or nothing at all.
In most cases, the most common symptoms you will observe are headaches
or dizziness, which could easily be symptoms of other conditions.
However, these symptoms when found in the elderly should be checked out
since they could likely point to hypertension.
Dizziness occurs due to a decreased blood flow to the brain.
Headaches should also be reported. Although often dismissed, headaches in
the elderly are caused by increased pressure on the blood vessels that supply the
If you feel other symptoms such as blurred vision, rapid heart rate, chest
pain, and shortness of breath, it is best to get immediate medical attention.
Known Causes and Risk Factors
Although age is a factor for developing hypertension, it is not considered a
part of healthy aging.
The elderly are at a greater risk since we often lead sedentary lives. Lack of
exercise as well as a poor diet can also contribute to the development of
hypertension in people over 50 years of age.
The majority of cases of increased pressure in the blood vessels have no
known cause, while the rest are caused by other medical conditions such as
diabetes, kidney disease, drug interactions, and hormonal disorders.
The elderly are prone to the development of various health conditions as
they grow older, further increasing their risks for hypertension.
Treatment and Maintenance
Treatment for the elderly who have increased pressure in the blood vessels is
different from general treatment for hypertension. In the past, giving prescription
medication for hypertension to the elderly was considered a risky practice, since
anti-hypertensive medications also tend to lower an elderly’s blood pressure down
to dangerous levels.
Only those who had extremely high hypertension were given medications.
Today there are medications designed especially for the elderly and they come
with fewer side effects compared to the medications of the past.
Common medications used in the treatment and management of
Calcium channel blockers
Nervous system inhibitors
These are just a few of the medications used to treat hypertension caused
high blood pressure.
Diuretics work by flushing excess water and sodium or salt out of the body
in order to reduce the amount of fluid in the blood, which may be causing the
Beta-blockers decrease the amount of nerve impulses passing between the
heart and blood vessels, which slows the heart down.
ACE inhibitors are short for angiotensin converting ezyme inhibitors, which
prevent the formation of angiotensin II, a substance that causes the blood vessels to
Prevention of the formation of this hormone keeps the blood vessels wide
and relaxed. Most of these medications work by relaxing the blood vessels in order
to facilitate a wider passage of blood in order to keep the pressure on the blood
The best way to prevent high blood pressure as you grow older is the
adoption of a healthy lifestyle.
This includes following healthy eating patterns, which involves including
fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, foods that are low in saturated fat, and
foods low in sugar.
A healthy diet should also contain amounts of grain poultry, fish, and nuts.
You also need to reduce the amount of red meat, sweets, and sugared drinks.
Reduction of salt in the diet is very important since salt promotes water
retention. Increased levels of water can also raise blood pressure.
It is also important to maintain a healthy weight since blood pressure
increases as weight increases.
This is where regular exercise and activity come in.
You also need to stop smoking and reduce your stress levels if you want to
lower your risk of hypertension. Years of stressful living can have a severe impact
on the body and will lead to the development of high blood pressure.
Coping techniques such as deep breathing and imagery, meditation, and
even hobbies have been found helpful in decreasing levels of stress in the elderly.
It is also important that you stop smoking if you smoke.
Nicotine has an instant effect on blood pressure since it constricts the blood
vessels, making it harder for the blood to pass through. Tobacco can also damage
the lining of the blood vessels, increasing the risk for the development of
atherosclerosis, another condition that can lead to the development of
Hypertension is a common problem that that affects everyone, not just the
elderly. However, if you are in your late adulthood, chances are you have a greater
risk for developing the condition due to various contributing factors.
Living a healthy lifestyle coupled with regular visits to your doctor can help
you lower high blood pressure and reduce the risks associated with the condition,
or at the least, help in the detection of hypertension at its earliest stages.
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