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The Rise of the Nazis

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					The Rise of the Nazis




 Key Questions Revision
     As we go through this:
Make notes in your books in the form if a
Spider Diagram

Key question in the middle, expanding
outwards.
   Key Question: How did Hitler
   become Chancellor in 1933?
3 key areas:
  Nazi Strengths

 Opposition Weaknesses

 Other Factors

(These are your three main sub-headings)
                 Nazi Strengths
Hitler’s Charisma & Speeches

Propaganda

Violence – SA fights the Communists

Criticisms of Weimar Govt – signed Versailles, could not solve
problems of Depression, seen as ‘decadent’.

Policies – the ’25 points’ – strong leadership, anti-Treaty of
Versailles, Unemployed to join army or be found work.

Support of key groups – farmers, middle-class shopkeepers –
people not sharing in Weimar prosperity.
    Opposition Weaknesses
Failure of Communists to exploit the Depression

Attitudes of the German people to the
democratic, Weimar Parties (not impressed)

Weimar Government failed to deal effectively
with the Depression

Opposition to Hitler failed to co-operate
effectively with one another.
            Other Factors
Impact of Depression

Weaknesses in Weimar Republic – balance
between the parties due to Proportional
Representation means cannot act decisively.

Treaty of Versailles

Scheming of von Papen & Hindenburg.
            Consolidation
Reichstag Fire – blames Communists, gets
‘special powers’ to deal with the ‘crisis’

Night of the Long Knives – suspiscious of SA
and Rohm, so SS executes about 400 of them.

Fuhrer – Hitler declares self Supreme Leader,
Army swears oath to stay out of politics and do
what he says.
   How did Hitler stay in Power?
    (Second Spider Diagram)
The FIVE Ps:
  Persuasion

 Prosperity

 Propaganda

 Persecution

 Police State.
The Key:
The Carrot:
Making people
WANT Hitler.

              The Stick:
              Making
              people
              AFRAID of
              Hitler.
             Persuasion
Idea of a National Community – Prime loyalty
is to Germany and the Fuhrer.

Hitler Youth - Brainwashing the youngsters

Womenfolk: Award of medals for motherhood –
‘Gold Cross’ for eight children.
German Maiden’s League stresses physical
health and housekeeping skills.
              Prosperity
Autarky economic policy, trading German
goods with poorer countries – good exchanges.

Public Works (the Auto-bans)

National Labour Service

Rewards & Punishments
             Prosperity Pt. II
Relations with:
 Workers: Delivered lower unemployment –
 made popular with workers.
 Farmers: Help poor farmers, but this holds back
 forward-thinkers. Eldest child gets the farm, so
 many leave to cities
 Middle Classes: Pleased Communists gone.
 Large department stores do appear, though –
 bad.
 Big Business – love the Nazis – no more Trade
 Unions – Chemical + Engineering companies
 (Mercedes) do well.
            Propaganda
Cinema/Radio/Press.

It’s EVERYWHERE

Olympics & Nuremburg Rallies – big,
staged events to attract lots of attention.
             Persecution
‘Kristalnacht’ -

Concentration Camps – ‘Final Solution’

Minority Groups targetted -
           Police State
SS

Gestapo

Judges & Police

Concentration Camps
       Opposition to Hitler
Youth – Edelweiss Pirates

Church – Pastor Niemoller

July Plot – Stauffenberg bomb.
         The War – impact
Food rationing

War economy. All places of entertainment
closed.

SS becomes massive ‘state within a state’

DRESDEN – firebombing, Allied Strategic
Bombing Offensive – Bomber Command under
‘Bomber’ Harris.
              Final Solution
Planned or not? -

Ghettos

Mass Murder – Shootings all through Eastern Europe.

Death Camps – Wannsee Conference.
Auschwitz, Treblinka, Chelmo etc. 6 million Jews,
500,000 European Gypsies, many others.

Resistance to Final Solution – Schindler, Warsaw Ghetto
uprising.

				
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