The Rise of the Nazis
Key Questions Revision
As we go through this:
Make notes in your books in the form if a
Key question in the middle, expanding
Key Question: How did Hitler
become Chancellor in 1933?
3 key areas:
(These are your three main sub-headings)
Hitler’s Charisma & Speeches
Violence – SA fights the Communists
Criticisms of Weimar Govt – signed Versailles, could not solve
problems of Depression, seen as ‘decadent’.
Policies – the ’25 points’ – strong leadership, anti-Treaty of
Versailles, Unemployed to join army or be found work.
Support of key groups – farmers, middle-class shopkeepers –
people not sharing in Weimar prosperity.
Failure of Communists to exploit the Depression
Attitudes of the German people to the
democratic, Weimar Parties (not impressed)
Weimar Government failed to deal effectively
with the Depression
Opposition to Hitler failed to co-operate
effectively with one another.
Impact of Depression
Weaknesses in Weimar Republic – balance
between the parties due to Proportional
Representation means cannot act decisively.
Treaty of Versailles
Scheming of von Papen & Hindenburg.
Reichstag Fire – blames Communists, gets
‘special powers’ to deal with the ‘crisis’
Night of the Long Knives – suspiscious of SA
and Rohm, so SS executes about 400 of them.
Fuhrer – Hitler declares self Supreme Leader,
Army swears oath to stay out of politics and do
what he says.
How did Hitler stay in Power?
(Second Spider Diagram)
The FIVE Ps:
Idea of a National Community – Prime loyalty
is to Germany and the Fuhrer.
Hitler Youth - Brainwashing the youngsters
Womenfolk: Award of medals for motherhood –
‘Gold Cross’ for eight children.
German Maiden’s League stresses physical
health and housekeeping skills.
Autarky economic policy, trading German
goods with poorer countries – good exchanges.
Public Works (the Auto-bans)
National Labour Service
Rewards & Punishments
Prosperity Pt. II
Workers: Delivered lower unemployment –
made popular with workers.
Farmers: Help poor farmers, but this holds back
forward-thinkers. Eldest child gets the farm, so
many leave to cities
Middle Classes: Pleased Communists gone.
Large department stores do appear, though –
Big Business – love the Nazis – no more Trade
Unions – Chemical + Engineering companies
(Mercedes) do well.
Olympics & Nuremburg Rallies – big,
staged events to attract lots of attention.
Concentration Camps – ‘Final Solution’
Minority Groups targetted -
Judges & Police
Opposition to Hitler
Youth – Edelweiss Pirates
Church – Pastor Niemoller
July Plot – Stauffenberg bomb.
The War – impact
War economy. All places of entertainment
SS becomes massive ‘state within a state’
DRESDEN – firebombing, Allied Strategic
Bombing Offensive – Bomber Command under
Planned or not? -
Mass Murder – Shootings all through Eastern Europe.
Death Camps – Wannsee Conference.
Auschwitz, Treblinka, Chelmo etc. 6 million Jews,
500,000 European Gypsies, many others.
Resistance to Final Solution – Schindler, Warsaw Ghetto