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Shintoism and Jainism


By Molly Graber, Evan Berlin, and Ellie Hinkle
Per. 1
Shintoism: Introduction
   Japanese devotion to spiritual beings called kami, to
    shrines, and to various rituals
   Local religion in Japan
   Name comes from Shen (divine being) and Tao (way), so
    the name means “Way of the Spirits”
   Has no canonical scriptures
   Sees human beings as basically good, has no concept
    of original sin, or of humanity as 'fallen‘
   Has no god
   Has no known founder
Shintoism: Introduction (cont.)
   Has no commandments but teaches important ethical
   Believe that everything, including the spiritual, is
    experienced as part of this world; does not believe
    in any other world
   Not a way to explain the world
   Just as much of a political cult as a religion
Origin/Hearth and Diffusion
   Started in Japan from a group of local cults before
    Buddhism arrived
   Since Shintoism doesn’t require its adherents to only
    be a part of the Shinto faith, the arrival of
    Buddhism in the 6th Century CE and of Confucianism
    later greatly influenced the adherents
            Shinto itself didn’t really diffuse but became increasingly
             important in Japan; other religions diffused to Japan and
             melded with Shintoism
            The emperor embraced Shintoism as a unifying cultural
             characteristic for Japan
Places in Shintoism

 Shinto shrines (right photo) are some of the most important structures in the
 Religion. There is often one in every village, dedicated to the local kami.
 Torii Gates (left photo) are used to separate shrines from the rest of the world.
 The Torii Gate shown here is in the median on Nevada between Platte and Bijou.
   After Buddhism’s initial introduction, there were a
    few conflicts; however, the two religions were soon
    able to co-exist
Visible Practices
Jainism: Introduction
   Started in India before Buddhism and Hinduism
     Both   Buddhism and Hinduism have Jainism influences
   One of the smallest of the major world religions
    with only about 10 to 12 million followers
   Liberation and bliss, live lives of harmlessness
   Concern for the welfare of all beings. Health of
    universe itself
   Strict vegetarians, minimalists. Reincarnation
Jainism: Introduction (cont.)
   Ultimate liberation: escape cycle of birth, death,
    and rebirth, so immortal soul can live in bliss
   No gods or spiritual beings
   “3 jewels”: right belief, right knowledge, right
   Jains are divided into two major sects; the
    Digambara (meaning "sky clad") sect and the
    Svetambara (meaning "white clad") sect. Jainism
    has no priests. Its professional religious people are
    monks and nuns, who lead strict and ascetic lives
Jainism: Introduction (cont.)
Origin/Hearth and Diffusion
   Origin: India, no single founders
   Has diffused to other parts of the world through
    relocation diffusion
     Outside   India, the United States, United Kingdom,
      Canada, and East Africa(Kenya, Tanzania, and
      Uganda) have large Jain communities
     The first Jain temple to be built outside India Mombasa,
     Jainism in the West mostly came about after the Oswal
      and Jain diaspora spread to the West in the late
      1970s and 1980s
Origin/Hearth of Diffusion
   Mahavira, regarded as the man who gave Jainism its present
 Mahavira is only this world's most recent

tirthankara (and will be the last one in this
age). It may be more useful to think of him
as a reformer and populariser of an ancient
way of life rather than as the founder of a
Origin/Hearth and Diffusion
Evolution of Jainism
Holy Symbols
   The swastika is among the holiest of Jain symbols.
    Worshippers use rice grains to create a swastika
    around Jain temple altar
     The   holiest symbol is a simple swastika

             The hand with a wheel on the palm
             symbolizes the Jain Vow of Ahimsa,
             meaning non-violence. The word in the
             middle is “Ahimsa". The wheel represents
             the dharmacakra, to halt the cycle of
             reincarnation through the pursuit of truth
Holy Sites
 Jainism’s holy site are usually where their holy
  peoples have reach liberation or lived
 Jainism also has many

temples located throughout
India and even some in
Africa, US, and the UK
   Jains believe in extreme peace so there has never
    been a conflict with another religion or a group of

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