What is GIS?
Geographic Information System
GIS usually includes three things:
• Computers (hardware)
• Programs (software)
• Data (numbers)
What does GIS do?
GIS allows us to:
• View data
• Understand data
• Question data
• Interpret data
• Visualize data
What does GIS look like?
GIS can be in the form of:
GIS can show the physical and human
characteristics of a place in layers.
GIS is used in:
• Archeology • Government
• Agriculture • Health
• Banking • Insurance
• Business • Landscaping
• Communications • Museums
• Conservation • Oceanography
• Military • Media
• Engineering • Mining
• Forestry • Real Estate
• Fire / Police • Transportation
Want some examples?
NASA scientists used GIS to track the debris field
from Space Shuttle Colombia over Texas.
Farmers in France use GIS to plan crop locations to
increase production of wine grapes.
Geologists use GIS to determine areas of the U.S.
most susceptible to earthquake shaking.
Police in California use GIS to track how close crimes
are occurring to schools.
Doctors in Virginia use GPS to track the number
of pediatric patients in the area.
Town managers on Cape Cod use GIS to track
Military experts used GIS to map areas of Iraq
thought to contain land mines.
Developers in Oregon use GIS to map terrain for a
ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE USE