and Mood Disorders
Psychology Grade 12
• When people have physical symptoms
because of psychological problems.
- Example: Someone is depressed and
actually feels physical pain with no
II. Types of Somatoform Disorders
• 2 Most Common:
• A. Conversion Disorder
• B. Hypochondriasis
A. Conversion Disorder
• People who have Conversion Disorder lose
functioning in parts of their body for no apparent
• Example: Someone may lose the ability to see
at night or move their arms or legs for no reason
• Also, they usually don’t care about these
• Someone with Hypochondria is obsessed
with thoughts that he/she has a serious
disease. They may go from doctor to
doctor trying to find someone who says
there is something wrong with them, when
in reality, they are physically healthy.
III. Explanations for Somatoform
• Psychoanalytic Theorists- think that
somatoform disorders occur when
people repress forbidden urges and
express them in physical symptonms.
• People with conversion disorder convert
psychological stress into actual physical
problems. Ex: Fighter pilot
Behavioral Theorists say:
• Somatoform disorders are a
reinforcement if they successfully allow
someone to escape from mental anxiety.
Answer the following questions:
• 1. What is Somatization?
• 2. What is Conversion Disorder?
• 3. What is Hypocondriasis?
• 4. Why do you think people with
somatization feel physical pain when
there is no physical cause for it?
IV. Mood Disorder
• Mood changes = normal
• Mood changes that don’t really fit with a
situation may have mood disorder
A. 2 Categories of Mood Disorder:
• 1. Depression
• 2. Bipolar disorder
• Very common.
• Estimated that 8-18 % of world
populations will have depression in their
Major Depression symptoms
Diagnosed when a person has at least 5 of the following 9
symptoms for at least 2 weeks ALMOST every day!
- Constant depressed mood for most of the day
- Loss of interest in all, or almost all activities
- -significant weight loss or gain due to changes in appetite
- Sleeping more or less than usual
- Speeding up or slowing down of physical and emotional reactions
- Loss of energy, constantly tired
- Feelings of being worthless or guilty for no reason
- Inability to concentrate or make decisions
- Thoughts of death or suicide
• People with this disorder had dramatic ups
and downs in their mood.
• Extreme happiness and exciting behavior
can change to extreme sadness and
depression for no clear reason
• Symptoms also may include:
• - inflated self-esteem
• - inability to sit still or sleep
• - pressure to keep talking and switching
from topic to topic
• Racing thoughts
• Difficulty concentrating
Explaining Mood Disorders
• Psychological Views
• Biological Views
A. Psychological Views
• 1. People suffer from
of trauma during
2. Learned helplessness
3. Irrational Depressing thoughts
• People who are depressed are more likely
to explain failures based on things that
they feel helpless to change. If you have
no hope, you get depressed.
• “There’s nothing I can do”
• “I’m no good”
• “I’m not smart enough to pass this class”
• “I can’t imagine ever feeling right”
B. Biological Views
• Tend to occur more
often in close
relatives of people
with mood disorders.
• Scientists think that
two parts of the brain
mood. These parts of
the brain develop
based on genes.
C. BOTH Psychological and
Biological factors may contribute
to mood disorders.
Choose one Mood disorder
• Depression or Bipolar disorder
• List the some of the symptoms of the disorder
• Go online and find a website that offers support for
people with this disorder.
• Answer the following questions:
• 1. What is the title/address of the site?
• 2. What does the website say you should do if you have
• 3. Do you think this advice is useful? Do you know
anyone who has had one of these disorders?