VIEWS: 557 PAGES: 30 POSTED ON: 3/1/2012
Harcourt Storytown (2nd Grade) Story 1: Arthur’s Reading Race by Marc Brown Summary: Arthur doesn’t believe that his little sister can really read, so he challenges her to read ten words and offers a reward of ice cream if she does. Supplements: Reading with Your Fingers , Puppy Mudge Find a Friend (Rylant), Duck on a Bike (Shannon), Clown Fish (Lindeen) Spelling: 1. flag 2. fin 3. ran 4. has 5. fill 6. sat 7. list 8. sit 9. bag 10. win 11. picnic 12. plastic 13. rabbit 14. fabric 15. napkin Robust Vocabulary: 1. ignore – to refuse to pay attention to something 2. dangerous – something is likely to cause harm or injury 3. style –a certain way of doing something 4. passion – to do something with energy and strong feelings 5. challenge –to ask someone to be in a contest 6. underestimate – to think that something will be easier than it really is 7. proficient – when you are very good at doing something 8. heed – to listen to a warning and use it help you do something Words to Know: 1. prove – to show that something is true “Prove it,” said Arthur. 2. sign – a public notice giving information Arthur pointed to a sign. 3. already – before now “I already know how to read,” said D.W. 4. eight – the whole number that comes after seven and before nine “You only read eight words.” 5. police – the people whose job is to keep order, make sure the law is obeyed, and stop any crimes that are being committed. “And you better keep off the grass or the police will get you.” Story 2: Frog and Toad All Year by Arnold Lobel Summary: Best friends Frog and Toad each plan to surprise the other by sneaking over to the other’s house to rake leaves. Supplement: Life as a Frog (Victoria Parker) Spelling: 1. not 2. best 3. run 4. job 5. bed 6. spot 7. get 8. mud 9. ten 10. duck 11. helmet 12. puppet 13. rotten 14. subject 15. contest Robust Vocabulary: 1. edge – if you are at the edge of something, you are at the border, or side 2. ventured – you went some place new 3. described – you told about something 4. hesitate – you pause, or wait, before doing something 5. anonymous – you wouldn’t use your own name 6. unselfish – you share with others 7. satisfied – you feel happy with the way things are 8. neighborly – you are friendly to people who live near you Words to Know: 1. covered – to put something over something else These messy leaves have covered everything. 2. everything – each and every thing She swept the floor and dusted everything in the house. 3. guess – to give an answer that may be right but that you cannot be sure of He will never guess who raked his leaves. 4. through – in one side and out the other Toad ran through the high grass. 5. woods – an area of thickly growing trees Frog ran through the woods. Story 3: Henry and Mudge: The First Book by Cynthia Rylant Summary: Henry, an only child on a street with no other children, finds companionship with his extra large and lovable dog Mudge. Supplement: Dogs (Chute) Spelling: 1. same 2. kite 3. home 4. plate 5. ride 6. rope 7. race 8. rule 9. broke 10. tune 11. mistake 12. bedtime 13. homemade 14. classmate 15. notepad Robust Vocabulary: 1. blockades – if something prevents you from getting into a place 2. soaked – when a cloth takes in water and becomes wet 3. misplaced – when something is in the wrong place 4. principles – the things you believe about what is right and what is wrong 5. deny – when you don’t give someone something that they’ve asked for 6. consider – when you think very carefully about an idea 7. opinionated – when you have strong feelings about something 8. bulk – when you talk about the size and weight of a large object Words to Know: 1. children – young boys or girls Then they looked at their street with no children. 2. different – not the same “I want to live on a different street,” he told his parents. 3. ears – the part of the body used for hearing “And no pointed ears.” 4. finally – last chance He finally stopped growing. 5. hundred – the whole number, written 100, that is equal to 10 x 10 He weighed one hundred eighty pounds. 6. short – less than average length, height, distance, or time “Not a short one,” he said. Story 4: Dogs by Jennifer Blizin Gillis Summary: Children will learn about caring for a dog as a pet. Supplement: Animals Have Special Jobs Spelling: 1. see 2. please 3. need 4. deal 5. sleep 6. mean 7. green 8. clean 9. keep 10. eat 11. teapot 12. beehive 13. seaweed 14. peanut 15. mealtime Robust Vocabulary: 1. disability – if something stops you from doing something that most people can do 2. position – when you describe the way that a person or thing stands, sits, or lies down 3. attached – you feel very close to a person or thing 4. assistance – when you help someone or something 5. depend – you need a person or thing 6. responsibility – there is something you have to do or take care of 7. frisky – very lively and playful 8. affinity – you naturally like something Words to Know: 1. bicycle – a vehicle with two wheels that you ride by steering with handlebars and by pedaling Now my puppy is a dog. It weighs as much as a bicycle. 2. exercise – physical activity that you do to keep fit and healthy Playing is good exercise for dogs. 3. sometimes – now and then; at some times but not at others Sometimes my dog sleeps in my room. 4. special – different or unusual It sleeps on a special dog bed. 5. sugar – a sweet substance that is used in foods and drinks It weighed as much as a big bag or sugar. Story 5: Neighborhood News (Readers’ Theater) Summary: A children’s news program reports on local events around the town. Supplement: Friendliness Spelling: 1. has 2. win 3. spot 4. best 5. mud 6. same 7. broke 8. rule 9. clean 10. sleep Robust Vocabulary: 1. flutters – if something flies or moves in a light and quick way 2. selected – if you have chosen a particular thing. 3. announced – when someone gives new information to a group of people 4. career – a job for which someone might get training or go to school 5. penalty – when someone gets a punishment for doing something wrong 6. location – a place 7. excitable – if people or animals get worked up easily 8. positive – when you are sure about something Words to Know: 1. already – before now We’ve already gotten back more than a hundred books. 2. eight – the whole number that comes after seven and before nine We have eight minutes to finish! 3. everything – each and every thing We’re the news program that tells you everything you need to know about where you live 4. finally – last chance The day of the big soccer game is finally here. 5. guess – to give an answer that may be right but that you cannot be sure of There’s no need to guess what to wear. 6. hundred – the whole number, written 100, that is equal to 10 x 10 We’ve already gotten back more than a hundred books. 7. prove – to show that something is true We want to prove that we’re the best. 8. sometimes – now and then Sometimes they kick the ball so hard that it sails all the way down the field! 9. special – different or unusual I’ll buy a special treat for you! 10. through – in one side and out the other It’s going to be sunny and warm through the weekend. Story 6: Winners Never Quit! by Mia Hamm Summary: Young Mia Hamm loves to play soccer, but quits when she can’t make a goal. Her brothers and sisters help to teach her a valuable lesson about good sportsmanship. Supplement: Two Races (Kimmel), Duck on a Bike (Shannon), Treasure Map (Murphy), Cradles in the Trees (Brennan) Spelling: 1. pie 2. high 3. tie 4. light 5. lie 6. night 7. bright 8. right 9. might 10. tight 11. weeknight 12. lightning 13. sightsee 14. nightstand 15. sunlight Robust Vocabulary: 1. techniques – when you practice routines or methods to help you do something. 2. specially – if something has been made just for you 3. struggle – you try extra hard to do something 4. traction – when you walk up a hill or across some ice, traction keeps you from sliding 5. agile – you can move quickly and easily 6. spectator – when you go to watch a game or show 7. competitive – you try hard to win or to be the best 8. worthwhile – you think something is important Words to Know: 1. brother – a boy or man who has the same parents as another person “Too bad, Mia,” her brother Garrett said. 2. caught – grabbed hold of something moving through the air And Lovdy caught it. 3. cheer – to shout encouragement or approval Everybody on the team would cheer. 4. learn – to gain knowledge or a skill “If you can’t learn to lose, you can’t play.” 5. lose – to be beaten or defeated in a game She’d rather quit than lose. 6. straight – not bent or not curved She’d kick the ball straight into the net. Story 7: Gus and Grandpa and the Two-Wheeled Bike by Claudia Mills Summary: Gus has trouble learning to ride a bike without training wheels until his Grandpa devises a plan to help him. Supplement: No Helmet? Pay Up! Spelling: 1. pay 2. mail 3. paint 4. day 5. rain 6. stay 7. sail 8. way 9. train 10. tray 11. mailbox 12. highway 13. daytime 14. raindrop 15. crayon Robust Vocabulary: 1. rickety – it is old and shaky 2. rattling – it is making short knocking sounds 3. prying – you are opening it with a crowbar or other tool 4. impatiently – you are upset that you have to wait 5. romp – you move around playfully 6. defeated – if you feel like you have lost 7. jubilant – when you feel joyful and happy 8. master – you learn how to do it well Words to Know: 1. coming – moving toward a place “How’s the bike riding coming along?” Grandpa asked. 2. curve – to bend or turn gently and continuously When Gus turned around a curve, his bike turned with him. 3. idea – a thought, a plan, or an opinion “I have an idea,” Grandpa said. 4. knee – the joint between your upper and lower leg that you bend when you walk He had a dinosaur bandage on the right knee. 5. laughed – you made a sound to show that you think something is funny Gus laughed. 6. million – a very large number; a thousand thousands Gus rode around the parking lot with Grandpa a million times. 7. world – the earth There was nothing in the world as wonderful as riding a bike without training wheels. Story 8: The Great Ball Game: A Muskogee Story by Joseph Bruchac Summary: In this pourquoi tale, the animals with wings and the animals with teeth argue over which group is better. They decide to settle their argument by playing a ball game. Supplement: The Bat (Douglas Florian) Spelling: 1. car 2. art 3. barn 4. start 5. farm 6. card 7. yarn 8. part 9. dark 10. hard 11. barnyard 12. starlight 13. carpet 14. artist 15. market Robust Vocabulary: 1. clutched – you held it tightly 2. clambered – you climbed with both hands and feet 3. clumsy – when you trip or fall, or when you can’t move easily 4. ached – you felt sore or were in pain 5. feud – you have a big argument 6. superior – you are the best 7. refuse – you don’t want something 8. insult – you say something mean Words to Know: 1. accept – to agree with something “The side that loses will have to accept the penalty given by the other side.” 2. ago – before now, or in the past Long ago, the Birds and Animals had a great argument. 3. clear – easy to understand Soon it became clear that the Birds had the advantage. 4. fair – reasonable and just “It would not be fair,” he said. 5. half – one of two equal parts of something “You Birds,” Bat said, “must leave this land for half of each year.” 6. though – in spite of the fact that; however, nevertheless Crane and Hawk, though, were even swifter. Story 9: Click, Clack, Moo Cows That Type by Doreen Cronin Summary: Farmer Brown’s cows learn to type and begin to leave notes for him. Supplement: Rock – a – Bye Cows (Sam Curtis) Spelling: 1. boat 2. snow 3. coat 4. grow 5. float 6. own 7. low 8. load 9. soak 10. bowl 11. yellow 12. snowflake 13. sailboat 14. carload 15. window Robust Vocabulary: 1. brisk – when you walk in a quick and lively way 2. strutted – you walked like you were the most important person in the world 3. gobbled – you quickly gulped your food 4. paced – if someone walked back and forth in small area 5. request – you ask for something 6. negotiate – you talk, and offer to give up one thing for another in hopes of reaching an agreement 7. compromise – when each side in an argument gives up part of what it wants 8. improve – when you make something better Words to Know: 1. believe – to feel sure that something is true At first, he couldn’t believe his ears. 2. brought – to take something or someone with you Duck was a neutral party, so he brought the ultimatum to the cows. 3. early – at or near the beginning Duck knocked on the door early the next morning. 4. enough – as much as is needed It was bad enough the cows had found the old typewriter in the barn. 5. impossible – something cannot be done or cannot be true Cows that type? Impossible! 6. quite – completely The pond is quite boring. 7. understand – to know what something means or how something is done All the animals gathered around the barn to snoop, but none of them could understand Moo. Story 10: A Trip to the Fire Station (Readers’ Theater) Summary: Children will learn how a fire station operates. Supplement: George and Martha Back in Town (James Marshall) Spelling: 1. tie 2. light 3. mail 4. day 5. barn 6. dark 7. hard 8. snow 9. soak 10. own Robust Vocabulary: 1. minor – if something is not too important 2. previous – if something happened before something else 3. priorities – if some things are more important than any other things 4. extinguish – when you completely put out something, like a fire 5. hazard – something that could be dangerous 6. efficient – if someone gets something done quickly, correctly, and without trouble 7. instantly – if something takes almost no time to happen 8. drench – when you completely soak something Words to Know: 1. ago – before now, or in the past Long ago, firefighters didn’t have the safety gear we have today. 2. caught – grabbed hold of something moving through the air If we were caught in a smoky room, we would need them. 3. clear – easy to understand It’s clear that teaching people about fire safety is important. 4. coming – moving toward a place You may have seen fire trucks coming through your neighborhood. 5. enough – as much as is needed The force is hard enough to reach flames in high places. 6. idea – a thought, a plan, or an opinion The idea is that they help protect us from falling objects. 7. learn – to gain knowledge or a skill We learn about first aid when we go to firefighter school. 8. lose – to be beaten or defeated in a game We don’t have a minute to lose. 9. though – in spite of the fact that; however, nevertheless Not everyone knows why we wear them, though. 10. understand – to know what something means or how something is done Many of us would like to understand more about what firefighters do. Story 11: Jamaica Louise James by Amy Hest Summary: As a surprise for her grandmother’s birthday, Jamaica Louise James hangs her painted artwork in the drab subway station where her grandmother works. Supplement: A Lazy Thought (Merriam), Buster (Fleming), Ant Cities (Dorros) Spelling: 1. lunch 2. shape 3. wish 4. chop 5. show 6. catch 7. then 8. each 9. bath 10. such 11. shadow 12. bathtub 13. starfish 14. matchbox 15. sandwich Robust Vocabulary: 1. filthy – something is very dirty 2. fellow – describes a person who has something in common with you 3. executive – when someone is a boss in charge of a business 4. beautifying – when you are making something nicer or more beautiful than it was 5. renowned – you are famous for something 6. kin – all of your family members and relatives 7. original – it is the first of its kind 8. adorn – you decorate something and make it beautiful Words to Know: 1. bought – you got something by paying money for it They bought me a real paint set – with eight little tubes of color and two paint brushes. 2. draw – to make a picture with a pencil or pen Everything I see is something I want to draw. 3. especially – more than usually; particularly But I don’t like subway stations. Especially the one at 86th and Main. 4. minute – a unit of time equal to 60 seconds We can’t wait another minute! 5. picture – an image of something, such as a painting, photograph, or drawing I show them every picture every night. 6. question – a sentence that asks something Sometimes they ask a question like, Why does the man’s coat have triangle pockets? 7. sure – having no doubt, certain; confident Everyone sure is in love with my subway station! 8. worry – to be anxious or uneasy about something Paint sets cost a lot, I worry. Story 12: At Play: Long Ago and Today by Lynnette R. Brent Summary: This nonfiction selection compares how children and families in America enjoyed their leisure time long ago and today. (Sports, parks, games, reading, vacations, carnivals) Supplement: A History of Games and Toys in the United States Spelling: 1. very 2. messy 3. lady 4. happy 5. key 6. baby 7. money 8. funny 9. candy 10. sunny 11. chimney 12. nobody 13. breezy 14. twenty 15. keyhole Robust Vocabulary: 1. recently – if something happened not long ago 2. housed – if something is placed or lives somewhere 3. official – if someone holds a position of authority in an organization 4. nominate – when you suggest that someone should get an office, job, or honor 5. recreation – when you do something fun and relaxing 6. leisurely – you are not in a hurry 7. ramble – you wander around 8. archaic – something is old and not used anymore Words to Know: 1. board – a flat piece of wood or a stiff card Board games, like checkers, were a popular family activity. 2. cook – to prepare and heat food for a meal Sometimes, they have a barbeque and cook food on a grill. 3. enjoy – to get pleasure from doing something Today, families still enjoy spending time together at the park. 4. expensive – costing a lot of money Most families owned just a few books because books were very expensive. 5. favorite – the person or thing you like best You have just finished listening to your favorite radio show. 6. imagine – to picture something in your mind Imagine that it is long ago. 7. popular – liked or enjoyed by many people That meant that many popular toys weren’t very expensive. 8. year – a period of 365 days beginning January 1 and ending December 31 They did not have special times of the year for each sport. Story 13: Big Bushy Mustache by Gary Soto Summary: In order to look more like his father, Ricky borrows a mustache from a school costume to wear home. (Cinco de Mayo) Supplement: Changing (Hoberman) Spelling: 1. slice 2. dodge 3. city 4. huge 5. nice 6. space 7. gem 8. price 9. cage 10. fudge 11. central 12. fireplace 13. gentle 14. gymnast 15. celebrate Robust Vocabulary: 1. wilting – when a plant doesn’t get enough water, and its leaves start to droop 2. flitted – if something moved quickly from place to place without stopping for long 3. swirling – something is moving round and round quickly 4. trance – someone seems to be asleep, but his or her eyes are open 5. route – you are going the same way to school or to the store every time 6. semblance – when you make a drawing that looks a lot like someone 7. distraught – the person is very, very unhappy 8. improvise – you make something up as you sing a song or tell a story Words to Know: 1. above – higher up than, or over He looked in the mirror and smeared a line above his lip. 2. shoes – and outer covering for the foot “Will you help me tie my shoes?” 3. tough – strong and difficult to damage It made him feel tough. 4. wash – to clean with water or soap and water “Mi’jo, wash your hands and help me with the apples,” she said. 5. wear – to be dressed in something, or to carry or have something on your body “Do you want to wear this white shirt?” she asked. 6. woman – an adult female human being Ricky passed a woman carrying groceries. 7. young – someone who has lived for a short time She said, “What a handsome young man.” Story 14: Rain Forest Babies by Kathy Darling Summary: Facts and photos combine to give descriptions of some of the interesting animal babies found in rain forests around the world. (Elephant, Tiger, Macaw, Frog, Kangaroo, Sugar Glider) Supplement: Tapir (Houston Zoo Website) Spelling: 1. fur 2. shirt 3. burn 4. stir 5. bird 6. turn 7. herd 8. third 9. learn 10. search 11. perfect 12. birthday 13. purple 14. circus 15. surprise Robust Vocabulary: 1. dappled – something has spots, streaks, or patches of different colors or shades 2. entranced – something has delighted or amazed you 3. trooped – you moved along with a group of people 4. circling – something is moving around you 5. adorable – something is very cute 6. assortment – a variety or mixture of things 7. habitat – if a plant or animal lives in a particular place in nature 8. immense – if something is really big or huge Words to Know: 1. care – you look after someone with concern or attention The golden froglets are small, but they are able to take care of themselves. 2. father – a male parent Mother and father macaw have the most beautiful feathers in the forest. 3. interesting – you want to know more about something The rain forests are home to some of the most interesting babies you will ever meet. 4. sweat – a salty liquid comes out through the pores in your skin because you are hot or nervous A poison oozes out of their skin. This “sweat” is very deadly. 5. thumb – the short, thick finger that you have on each hand The elephant baby sucks on its trunk just as a human baby sucks on its thumb. 6. touch – to make contact with your hand or another area of your body Look, but don’t touch! Story 15: A Birthday Mystery (Readers’ Theater) Summary: A boy tries to guess what gift he will receive for his birthday by asking his siblings to give him clues. Spelling: 1. wish 2. catch 3. bath 4. very 5. money 6. huge 7. price 8. stir 9. turn 10. learn Robust Vocabulary: 1. bewildered – you are confused and unable to understand something 2. evasive – when someone tries to avoid answering a question 3. mull – when you think through possible solutions to a problem, or the answer to a question 4. startle – if someone comes up quietly behind you and surprises you 5. distrust – when someone is not honest with you 6. witness – if someone sees an event and can tell about it 7. lock – a group of hairs that hang together 8. beneath – if you stand under a tree Words to Know: 1. especially – more than usually; particularly This year I’m especially excited. 2. interesting – you want to know more about something Please, just give me one little hint to make it interesting. 3. question – a sentence that asks something Let me ask you one question. 4. imagine – to picture something in your mind I can’t imagine what it could be if you have to wash it. 5. minute – a unit of time equal to 60 seconds I don’t want to wait another minute. 6. year – a period of 365 days beginning January 1 and ending December 31 My birthday is one of my favorite days of the year to celebrate. 7. enjoy – to get pleasure from doing something I enjoy guessing games. 8. wear – to be dressed in something, or to carry or have something on your body Maybe it’s something that I can wear. 9. wash – to clean with water or soap and water You sometimes have to wash it. 10. father – a male parent Alex’s mother and father walk in with the present. Story 16: Mr. Putter & Tabby Write the Book by Cynthia Rylant Summary: Mr. Putter decides to write a great mystery novel, but runs into several distractions Supplement: Interview with Author Loreen Leedy, The Dot (Reynolds), Billy’s Bucket (Gray), Mae Jemison (Streissguth) Spelling: 1. knot 2. wrong 3. know 4. wreck 5. graph 6. wrap 7. knife 8. tough 9. phone 10. laugh 11. elephant 12. photograph 13. handwriting 14. knuckle 15. enough Robust Vocabulary: 1. disturb – you make a noise that bothers someone 2. underneath – something is below you 3. procrastinate – you delay or avoid doing something you need to do 4. diversion – something that takes you away from what you are doing or thinking about Words to Know: 1. cozy – a place that makes you feel warm, happy, and comfortable Mr. Putter’s house was so cozy. 2. enchanting –a person or thing is likeable and enjoyable When he finished, Mrs. Teaberry said it was “enchanting.” 3. instead – you do one thing in place of a second thing “I wanted to write The Mystery of Lighthouse Cove, but I wrote Good Things instead.” 4. thrilled – something made you feel excited and happy He did not feel sad at all. In fact, he was thrilled. 5. review – when you say or write what you think about a play, a book, or a movie Every writer loves a good review. 6. celebrate – if you are happy about something, this is what you do To celebrate good reviews and good neighbors, Mr. Putter took Mrs. Teaberry and Tabby and Zeke out for vanilla malts. Story 17: Annie’s Gifts by Angela Shelf Medearis Summary: Annie struggles to find her own unique and special gift in a family of talented musicians. Supplement: Sarah Enters a Painting (Susan Katz) Spelling: 1. heavy 2. steady 3. bread 4. sweat 5. head 6. thread 7. breath 8. ready 9. meant 10. health 11. meadow 12. instead 13. breakfast 14. treasure 15. feather Robust Vocabulary: 1. journeyed – you have traveled on a long trip 2. frail – you feel very weak 3. horrendous – something you see or hear that is horrible or frightening 4. melodious – musical sounds that are pleasant to listen to Words to Know: 1. stomped – you used your feet to make heavy, pounding steps The floor trembled as they stomped their feet to the loud bass beat. 2. sipped – you took a very small drink of something Momma swayed with the sweet rhythm as she sipped her coffee. 3. entertain – you do something, such as acting or singing, that you think people will enjoy When company came, she would entertain the guests. 4. except – you talk about all but one Everyone played their part perfectly, everyone except Annie. 5. carefree – a person who does not worry about problems When Mrs. Mason played the cello, it sounded warm and carefree, like carousel music. 6. screeching – a loud, high sound that can hurt your ears When Annie played the cello, it always sounded like a chorus of screeching alley cats. Story 18: Ah, Music! by Aliki Summary: Children will discover a broad overview of music from basic definitions to composing and performing. Supplement: Come, My Little Children, Here Are Songs for You (Robert Louis Stevenson) Spelling: 1. join 2. boil 3. joy 4. soil 5. noise 6. boy 7. voice 8. point 9. toy 10. coin 11. destroy 12. avoid 13. annoy 14. loyal 15. enjoy Robust Vocabulary: 1. attract – you make a person want to come to you 2. territory – an area of land that an animal sees as its home 3. universal – something everyone in the world knows or experiences 4. audible – something you can hear Words to Know: 1. volume – how loud or soft a sound is Music is volume. 2. expression – using your voice, your face, or your body to add meaning to what you say It speaks with expression. 3. creative – using new or different ideas to make or do something Music is a creative art. 4. performance – when you sing, dance, or act in front of an audience The performance is when it is your turn to play. 5. concentrate – putting all of your attention on one thing You concentrate. You do the best you can. 6. relieved – feeling happy because some kind of worry is gone When you finish, everyone claps. You feel relieved and very proud. Story 19: The Life of George Washington Carver by Joli K. Stevens Summary: This biography follows the life and accomplishments of George Washington Carver. Supplement: Nutty Facts About Peanuts (Gail Hennessey) Spelling: 1. gear 2. deer 3. fear 4. year 5. cheer 6. near 7. hear 8. clear 9. steer 10. rear 11. appear 12. pioneer 13. volunteer 14. earrings 15. nearby Robust Vocabulary: 1. brew – you make a drink yourself 2. snug – clothing that fits close to you 3. innovation – a new idea or product that solves a problem 4. edible – something you can eat Words to Know: 1. supplies –the materials and equipment needed to do a job He had to pay for his books and school supplies himself. 2. crop – a large planting of one kind of plant Planting the same crop every year made the soil poor. 3. provide – you give something to someone George Washington Carver studied other crops to see what would grow well and provide food. 4. earn – you get money or some other kind of reward for doing something He moved from place to place to earn money for school by doing odd jobs. 5. committee – a group of people on a project or for a special reason He was even asked to speak to a committee of the United States Congress about peanuts. 6. experiment – a test to try out an idea or find out if something is true George Washington Carver helped make the world a better place through his experiments and teaching. Story 20: What’s My Job? (Readers’ Theater) Summary: Game show contestants must ask questions to guess the job of the mystery guest. Spelling: 1. know 2. wrong 3. tough 4. phone 5. breath 6. health 7. soil 8. joy 9. deer 10. rear Robust Vocabulary: 1. encountered – you met someone you didn’t expect to see 2. originated – the time when something started or began 3. opponent – a person you play against to win a game or contest 4. impulsive – someone who does things without thinking Words to Know: 1. sleuths – people who try to solve crimes or mysteries Welcome to “What’s My Job?” – the game show in which super sleuths use their super detective skills. 2. host – a person who introduces guests on a program and talks with them Here’s the host of our show, Sandy Beach, to entertain us. 3. statue – a work of art, often showing a person, that can be seen from all sides. It may be made of wood, stone, bronze, or some other hard material. A sculptor uses a hammer to make a statue out of stone, and statues are art! 4. risk – you take a chance of harm or a bad result Are you ready to risk a second one? 5. responds – someone gives an answer to a question After our guest responds, the players can try to guess the job of our Mystery Guest. 6. accurately – doing something without making any mistakes Whoever guesses accurately wins a special prize! Story 21: A Chair for My Mother by Vera B. Williams Summary: After a fire destroys their home, a girl’s family saves coins in a jar to buy a big, comfortable chair for them all to enjoy. Supplement: Saving Money (Mary Firestone), Treasure Map (Murphy), Ant Cities (Dorros), A Log’s Life (Pfeffer) Spelling: 1. out 2. town 3. count 4. crowd 5. ground 6. now 7. found 8. crown 9. sound 10. down 11. surround 12. without 13. cowboy 14. powerful 15. cloudless Robust Vocabulary: 1. allowance – money you get for doing chores or helping at home 2. rosy – something looks pink 3. thrifty – careful about spending money 4. industrious – hard-working Words to Know: 1. bargain – you didn’t have to pay much to buy something good Whenever she gets a good bargain on tomatoes or bananas, she puts by the savings. 2. spoiled – something that is damaged or ruined But everything else in our whole house was spoiled. 3. comfortable – you feel good just as you are She has to get as comfortable as she can on a hard kitchen chair. 4. boost – you lift someone up to reach something He had to boost me up so I could put it in. 5. exchanged – you gave something to someone and you got something else in return The bank exchanged them for ten-dollar bills. 6. delivered – take something from one place and bring it to another They know we couldn’t wait for it to be delivered. Story 22: Serious Farm by Tim Egan Summary: Farmer Fred takes his work on the farm very seriously. The animals decide to try to make the farm more fun and set out to find ways to make Farmer Fred laugh. Supplement: Beyond Old MacDonald (Charley Hoce) Spelling: 1. store 2. fork 3. pour 4. score 5. your 6. chore 7. short 8. more 9. four 10. sore 11. ignore 12. important 13. factory 14. explore 15. fourteen Robust Vocabulary: 1. acquired – you own or buy something 2. assumed – you believed something without thinking about it 3. absurd – something is crazy or silly 4. attempt – you try to do something Words to Know: 1. serious – something is important and not at all funny He wasn’t a sad fellow, just very serious. 2. extremely – very much a certain way The pigs, the cows, the horses, the chickens, the rabbit, the sheep. All extremely serious. 3. admit – you agree that something is true even though you might not want to “Must admit,” said Bernie, the goat, “I wouldn’t mind smilin’ again.” 4. barely – you almost can’t do something She was barely able to keep her balance. 5. hilarious – something is very, very funny Everyone thought it was hilarious but Farmer Fred. 6. witty – you say things in a clever and funny way “Well,” said Edna, “in that case, you’re witty enough for us, Farmer Fred.” Story 23: The Bee by Sabrina Crewe Summary: Children will learn about the life cycle of a bee. Supplement: Bee Business (Dimarie Santiago) Spelling: 1. true 2. grew 3. suit 4. smooth 5. clue 6. soup 7. stew 8. food 9. group 10. fruit 11. nephew 12. classroom 13. cartoon 14. juicy 15. newspaper Robust Vocabulary: 1. thickens – something becomes more gooey 2. plentiful – there is a lot of something 3. role – there are certain things you have to do 4. diligent – you keep working until you’re done Words to Know: 1. pattern – a design in something If the flowers are far away, it slowly makes a pattern like an 8. 2. carefully – you pay close attention to what you are doing so that you don’t make a mistake It climbs into the cells and cleans them carefully. 3. crowd – when people or animals gather in large numbers They crowd around the queen bee when she lays her eggs. 4. sealed – you closed something tightly The cells are sealed with wax by worker bees. 5. attack – you use great force to try to cause harm to something The bees will sting any enemies who attack the hive. 6. disappear – you can’t see something anymore When winter comes, the bees disappear. Story 24: Watching in the Wild by Charnan Simon Summary: Children will learn about Jane Goodall and her research of chimpanzees in their native habitat. Supplement: Chimp Computer Whiz (Ask Magazine Article) Spelling: 1. hair 2. glare 3. fair 4. scare 5. pair 6. care 7. share 8. chair 9. rare 10. stair 11. airplane 12. repair 13. downstairs 14. haircut 15. careful Robust Vocabulary: 1. extinct – there are no more of a certain kind of animal alive 2. pledge – you promise to do something 3. patience – you can wait for someone or something without complaining or getting restless 4. tedious – something is boring and takes a long time to do Words to Know: 1. blended – things are mixed together so you can’t tell there are separate parts She put on clothes that blended in with the jungle. 2. cradled – you held something closely as if you were taking care of it She smiled at the baby chimps who perched on their mothers’ backs or sat cradled in their laps. 3. raggedy – something looks rough and torn at the edges, like a rag Old Flo was ugly, with a big nose and raggedy ears – but she was a wonderful mother. 4. distance – how far away something is She would watch them from a distance. 5. personalities – the ways people act, think, and feel that make them special She saw that the chimpanzees had real personalities. 6. crumpled – you gently crush something or bunch it up Many times, chimps used crumpled leaves as sponges to soak up water to drink from hollow logs. Story 25: Town Hall (Readers’ Theater) Summary: Students interview town leaders about a new park being built in the community. Supplement: A Time for Patience (Tom Lynch) Spelling: 1. found 2. down 3. store 4. four 5. smooth 6. grew 7. true 8. fruit 9. care 10. pair Robust Vocabulary: 1. race – what someone runs in who wants to be the president or a mayor 2. juggling – you are working on many projects at the same time 3. preference – when you like one thing better than another 4. alternatives – if you have several choices Words to Know: 1. accomplish – you completed something with good results Coming up with a good plan for the park was very difficult to accomplish. 2. feasible – something can be done No, that wouldn’t be feasible. 3. attend – you go to an event We will have music shows and play that people of all ages will want to attend. 4. report – you tell what you have learned or found out Then we’ll report back to our classmates. 5. area – an open space or a part of a place We’re making a big picnic area for families who come to the park on weekends. 6. serve – you bring people food and drinks By listening to everyone, we were better able to serve the community. Story 26: Where on Earth Is My Bagel? by Frances Park and Ginger Park Summary: A young Korean boy decides that he wants a New York bagel. With the help of his friends, he is able to fulfill his wish. Supplement: South Korea (Susan E. Haberle), Buster (Fleming), Mae Jemison (Streissguth), The Quetzal’s Journey (Ada & Campoy) Spelling: 1. book 2. should 3. took 4. stood 5. crook 6. would 7. look 8. could 9. good 10. shook 11. cookout 12. understand 13. bookstore 14. cookies 15. couldn’t Robust Vocabulary: 1. belongings – the things you own 2. fleeing – you are running away from something 3. crave – you want something very much 4. correspond – you write a letter or an e-mail to a person Words to Know: 1. gently – you do something in a way that is careful and kind There were lilacs gently blossoming on every hillside. 2. replied – you answered someone’s question “Yes,” Baker Oh replied. 3. fragrant – something has a pleasing, sweet smell Yum Yung kneaded the fragrant dough and formed it into a ring shape. 4. smothered – you cover something completely so that it has no air Perhaps it came to him in a dream, smothered with cream cheese. 5. pleaded – you begged someone for something “Baker Oh,” Yum Yung pleaded, “please tell me you have my missing bagel!” 6. grunted – you made a small, deep sound in your throat They all grunted as they set the bagel down under a persimmon tree on the quiet hillside. Story 27: My Name is Gabriela by Monica Brown Summary: Children will learn about the life of the Nobel Prize winning poet, Gabriela Mistral. Supplement: Gabriela Mistral (Alma Flor Ada and F. Isabel Campoy) Spelling: 1. claw 2. fault 3. draw 4. haul 5. crawl 6. lawn 7. sauce 8. paw 9. caught 10. saw 11. daughter 12. naughty 13. seesaw 14. author 15. because Robust Vocabulary: 1. accent – people can tell where you are from by the way you speak 2. native – the certain place where you were born 3. aspire – you try very hard to do something 4. accolade – a special award or praise for something Words to Know: 1. beyond – something that is farther away from something else When I couldn’t sleep, I would look up at the mountains and wonder what could be beyond them. 2. noticed – you observed something carefully I noticed the way the words fluttering butterfly sounded together – like a poem. 3. award – something you receive when you do something others think is very good One story won an important award. 4. create – you use your imagination to make something new How else would he create words and tell his stories without it? 5. literature – stories and poems I was given a very special prize – the Nobel Prize for Literature. 6. grand – something is important and wonderful When I accepted the grand award, I thought of the beautiful mountains outside of my window in Chile. Story 28: Let’s Go Rock Collecting by Roma Gans Summary: Children will be introduced to basic concepts about the formation, types, and uses of rocks. Supplement: Pebbles (Valerie Worth) Spelling: 1. ball 2. talk 3. fought 4. hall 5. bought 6. all 7. chalk 8. small 9. thought 10. fall 11. football 12. hallway 13. sidewalk 14. thoughtful 15. always Robust Vocabulary: 1. absolutely – you definitely have to do something 2. halfheartedly – you do something without much interest 3. identify – you figure out what something is 4. durable – something lasts a long time Words to Know: 1. rare –something that is not found or seen very often But some, like diamonds and emeralds, are rare. 2. last – something that will be able to be used for a long time Things made with rocks last and last. 3. common – there is a lot of something or it happens often It is the most common of all igneous rocks. 4. settled – something moved slowly until it came to a rest Layer after layer settled on the bottoms of the lakes and seas. 5. separated – you sorted things into groups Now it is darker gray, and its crystals have separated into layers. 6. collection – a group of things that are kept together One way to start a collection is to look for rocks of different colors. Story 29: The Lizard and the Sun by Alma Flor Ada Summary: A lizard helps to search for the sun, which has disappeared from the sky. Supplement: Be Sun Safe (Magazine Article) Spelling: 1. break 2. sleigh 3. they 4. steak 5. eight 6. obey 7. great 8. neighbor 9. prey 10. weigh 11. disobey 12. weightless 13. eighteenth 14. they’ve 15. neighborhood Robust Vocabulary: 1. squatted – you crouched or sat on the ground 2. chilly – something feels cool or cold 3. bizarre – something is very strange 4. extravaganza – amazing entertainment Words to Know: 1. peered –look closely at something She climbed rocks, scurried up tree trunks, and peered under leaves, searching, always searching. 2. discovery – you learn something or find something for the first time So with great excitement, the lizard ran off to the city to share her discovery. 3. budge – you move something just a little But the rock would not budge. 4. scampering – running in a playful way She was scampering over some rocks when she saw that one of them was shining as though it had light inside. 5. majestic – something important and grand as a king or queen And the majestic eagle flew over the mountaintops and the cones of the volcanoes. 6. entire – all of something “Get up, Sun,” said the emperor. “The entire city needs you.” Story 30: Cross-Country Vacation (Readers’ Theater) Summary: A family makes a trip from Ohio to California, stopping at many sights along the way. (Lincoln Museum, Lake of the Ozarks State Park, ruins of a pueblo, San Gabriel Mountains, Santa Monica Beach) Supplement: Summer Safety Spelling: 1. took 2. should 3. draw 4. caught 5. fought 6. all 7. chalk 8. steak 9. neighbor 10. great Robust Vocabulary: 5. acquired – you own or buy something 6. assumed – you believed something without thinking about it 7. absurd – something is crazy or silly 8. attempt – you try to do something Words to Know: 1. delay – to keep something from happening as soon as it should We’re off without further delay. 2. fantastic – something is wonderful We’ll be driving to some fantastic palces! 3. spare – to have extra of something that you do not need Shut the doors. We have no time to spare. 4. historical – something that is a part of history Our first stop is an important historical site. 5. impressive – something that is very, very good We finally stopped when the sun started to set behind these majestic mountains. It was impressive. 6. upbeat – cheerful We’re all feeling upbeat.
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