THE ONES WHO WALK AWAY FROM OMELAS Vocabulary 1. procession, n. (pro ces’ sion): a group of people or things moving forward together. (|) The funeral procession made its way through the streets before arriving at the cemetery. . 2. vast, adj. (vast’): really big or a lot. (+) vastly, adv. They came out of the canyon into a vast field of grass. They were vastly excited. . 3. archaic, adj. (ar cha’ ic): old-fashioned or really “Old School” (-) No one wears top hats anymore because they are archaic. Vinyl LP records have become archaic. . 4. barbarian, n. (bar ba’ ri an): an uncivilized person. (-) He became a barbarian hacking the squirrel to pieces with an axe. . 5. pedant, n. (pe’ dant): someone who cares too much about rules and details OR book learning. (-) pedantic, adj. The pedant couldn’t bring himself to rebel against the unjust regulations. Pedantic people keep society from progressing because they are too afraid of change. . 6. sophisticate, n. (so phis’ ti cate): a sophisticated person. (smart, refined, educated, etc.) (-) The sophisticate refused to write about graffiti art. . 7. praise, v. (praise’): to compliment or say good things about someone or something. Some people praise Lady Gaga for her theatricality, but others can’t stand her. . 8. condemn, v. (con demn’): to completely disapprove of something OR to find someone guilty of a crime. I wanted to condemn the student for his rudeness, but the teacher deserved everything he said. The murderer was condemned to life in prison. . 9. wretched, adj. (wretch’ ed): very unhappy, unfortunate, and miserable. (-) The wretched old hag had nothing better to live for than criticizing everyone around her. She was in a wretched state when her husband died. . 10. discrimination, n. (dis crim i na’ tion): understanding the difference between things. (+) discriminate, v. His power of discrimination was such that he could name coins just by hearing them fall on the floor. To be a judge, you must be able to discriminate between factual evidence and opinion. . 11. exuberance, n. (ex u’ ber ance): enthusiasm, excitement. (+) Andres Iniesta could not contain his exuberance having scored the winning goal for the World Cup title. Some Twilight fans display a little too much exuberance when Taylor Lautner and Robert Pattinson appear on screen. . 12. incline, v. (in cline’): to lean toward a certain action, belief, feeling. To tend. (|) I incline to think that people are inherently good, not inherently bad. He is inclined to favor people with money. . 13. copulate, v. (cop’ u late): to have sex. (|) Most animals copulate at a specific time of year, but people have evolved beyond that limitation. . 14. proclaim, v. (pro claim’): to announce publicly or officially. (|) Judge Walker proclaimed Proposition 8, which banned gay marriage in California, unconstitutional. . 15. puritanical, adj. (pu ri tan’ i cal): super strict about religion or morals. (-) Some people are so puritanical that they don’t allow their children to dance. . 16. languor, n. (lan’ guor): pleasant tiredness (+) There’s nothing like the languor you feel after a decadent, gourmet meal. She sat on the porch enjoying the languor of the summer’s eve and a glass of wine. . 17. trivial, adj. (tri’ vi al): not important. (-) Material possessions are trivial in the face of death. Martin was hurt by the fact that she thought his feelings trivial. . 18. magnanimus, adj. (mag nan’ i mous): very generous (+) It’s humbling to realize that the world’s poorest people are often its most magnanimous; they are willing to give whatever they have. It was magnanimous of him to donate $25,000 to the school. . 19. amiable, adj. (a’ mi a ble): friendly (+) Justin thought Mr. Ozai would be mean, but he turned out to be rather amiable. . 20. benign, adj. (be nign’): gentle and kindly. OR not harmful. (+) The old woman appeared benign but secretly she was a witch. Fortunately, her mother’s tumor was benign. . 21. imperious, adj. (im pe’ ri ous): taking power unjustly, arrogant and domineering. (-) The imperious bully enjoyed taunting several victims. Jacqueline was afraid of upsetting her imperious step-father. . 22. imbecile, n. (im’ be cile): a stupid person, an idiot. (--) The imbecile almost hit a pedestrian because he failed to check the crosswalk before turning right. . 23. abundance, n. (a bun’ dance): a large quantity of something. (+) I had such an abundance of candy after trick-or-treating that I ended up throwing half of it away. Wouldn’t it be nice to have an abundance of money? . 24. abominable, adj. (a bom’ i na ble): causing moral anger. (--) Sexual violence against children is just abominable. Arizona SB 1070 was abominable in its Civil Rights violation. . 25. impotence, n. (im’ po tence): helplessness, powerlessness. (-) The villagers felt impotence against the oppression of their governor. The firefighters became acutely aware of their impotence when confronted with a blaze of that magnitude. . 26. prosperity, n. (pros per’ i ty): financial success (+) During the 1990s, most Americans enjoyed relative prosperity. Ellie achieved prosperity by investing wisely. . 27. paradox, n. (pa’ ra dox): a senseless or contradictory conclusion seemingly based on logical reasoning. (-) paradoxical, adj. The sound of one hand clapping is a paradox. In Inception, Arthur fakes a guy out by running him off of a staircase that is an architectural paradox. I find it paradoxical when fans kill the celebrities they profess to love (like Selena). . 28. vapid, adj. (vap’ id): empty of substance or interest. (-) Alex likes to think of himself as so high and mighty, but when you talk to him you realize how vapid he is. Tabloids are full of vapid articles. . 29. poignancy, n. (poign’ an cy): sadness with regret. poignant, adj. She couldn’t deal with the poignancy of the folded flag; she had to put it away. His old letters were a poignant reminder of their relationship. . 30. profundity, n. (pro fun’ di ty): depth of knowledge or insight. profound, adj. Some people just don’t understand the profundity of high quality rap lyrics. Instead of saying “that’s deep,” you could say “that’s profound.” .
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