MUL 2010 “Enjoyment of Music by yurtgc548


									        MUL 2010
   “Enjoyment of Music”
 Section 0002 – (Class Nbr.: 80456)
Meets Monday, Wednesday & Friday
         9:30 am - 10:20 am
            “CL1 0103”
(Classroom 1, behind the Union pond)
       Scott Warfield
Assoc. Prof. of Music History

     Office: Colbourn Hall 201J
     Reminders (new people?)
• Check Course Web Page (“Schedule” and “Daily
  Assignments”) for current readings and listening
• eCommunity used for email – keep your address
• PowerPoint Slides available after class presentations
  (24-48 hours) via web site
• Use Publisher companion web site for study aides
• Download “Active Listening Tools” for better
  guidance w/ CD items
   What is “Music”?
“Organized Sounds and Silences”
       --John Cage

“The rational organization of
 sounds and silences as they pass
 through time.”
       –Craig Wright (your textbook)
  The 4 Parameters of Sound
• Pitch = the frequency of vibration (heard
  as “high” vs. “low”)
• Duration = the length of time a sound
  lasts (heard as aspects of rhythm)
• Timbre = tone color (the source of the
  sound, i.e., instrument, voice, other)
• Dynamics = Loudness/Softness
• Pronounced “tam-ber”
• Also known as “tone color”
• The aspect of sound that makes a trumpet
  different from a flute
• Literally, the source of a sound
• Technically derives from the “shape” of
  the sound wave (don’t need to know this)
  Sources of Musical Sounds
• Human Voices (probably the earliest
  way humans made music)
• Musical Instruments (devices or “tools”
  for making and controlling sounds)
• “Other” sources, e.g., “natural” sounds,
  electronic devices (synthesizers), etc.
     Voices & Voice Ranges
• Soprano – high female
• Alto – low female
• Tenor – high male
• Bass – low male (watch the spelling)
• Others? (mezzo soprano, contralto,
  baritone, bass-baritone, etc.)
• “SATB”
          Vocal Ensembles
• Chorus (bigger)
• Choir (smaller)
• “------- choir” (pick an adjective), e.g.,
  chamber choir, madrigal choir, etc.
Western Families of Instruments
• Woodwinds (flute, clarinet, saxophone,
• Brass (trumpet, trombone, tuba, etc.)
• Strings (violin, ‘cello, guitar, harp, etc.)
• Percussion (drums, cymbals, xylophone,
• “Other” (piano, organ,synthesizer, etc.)
    Instrumental Ensembles
• Orchestra (textbook, p. 53)
  a) all families (most are strings)
  b) multiple players on same part
  c) conductor
• Band (no strings, usually)
• Chamber Ensemble (3 criteria)
  a) less than 10 players (usually)
  b) each player has own part
  c) no conductor
•   forte = “loud” (literally, “strong”)
•   piano = “soft”
•   mezzo = “medium”
•   Levels: fff - ff - f - mf – mp – p – pp - ppp
•   crescendo = becoming louder
•   decrescendo = becoming softer
    (also, diminuendo)
• From a Greek word (“rhythmos”) that
  means “flow”
• Refers to all temporal (durational)
  elements in a piece of music
• “The organization of time in music,
  dividing up long spans of time into
  smaller, more easily comprehended
  units” (Craig Wright [textbook glossary])
Some Terms related to Rhythm
•   Beat
•   Accent
•   Meter (duple, triple) (simple, compound)
•   Measure
•   Tempo
•   Syncopation
•   Polyrhythm (Polymeters)

To top