abolish v. 止，废除
come into existence 开始存在，开始形成
critical adj. 批评的
agree to 应允，同意
surrender v. 投降，自首
sympathetic adj. 赞成的，同情的
cause n. 事业，活动
be born into 出生于……
circus n. 马戏团
reveal v. 透露，显示
identify v. 辨认，确认
Have you read it before?
Mrs. Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin used the
form of literary creation to reveal the
origin of the American Civil War. And
under the influence of the book, there
were at least 200 million people became
the antislavery movement members.
President Lincoln once said: “The little
lady who wrote the book made this great
Imagine you are a slave in the southern
cotton plantation. Make a list of words to
describe your feeling or what you desire.
Does it make you feel like struggling, or
does it make you feel sad? If you are not
a slave, what would you like to do most?
You may want to say something. Please
make a statement that starts with
“Slavery is wrong because … ”.
cotton create owner slave
slavery deserve free
freedom threaten equal
1 The salve owner made them work very long
hours every day.
2 I think that all men are created equal.
3 Uncle Tom’s Cabin is the story of a _____
4 Tom had to work very hard in the _____
plantation for his owner.
5 If the slaves didn’t work or acted slowly,
the owners would threaten them with force.
6 In fact, no matter whether they are white or
black, all men are born _____.
7 Though being a black, he _______ freedom
as others do.
8 They struggled for the freedom of all people.
Read the questions before starting Part 1.
1 What was the reason for the
American Civil War?
2 Why was slavery so important to the
3 Why was slavery eventually
Fast reading general idea
Para. 1: the origin of the USA
Para. 2: the origin of slavery in the USA
Para. 3: anti-slavery movements
Para. 4: the beginning of the Civil War
Para. 5: the war ended in slavery
Careful reading important date
1789: The USA was a collection of 13
different states that had joined
1787-1804: This was the period
during which the
Northern states abolished
1860: President Abraham
Lincoln was elected.
1861: Seven Southern states left the
Union and the Civil War began.
1865: The Civil War ended.
true or false
1. The United States of American didn’t
come into being until 1860.
2. The slaves were carried from Africa
and many died in America because the
conditions were terrible.
3. The Northern states of America
abolished slavery because they didn’t
need slaves as much as the south.
4. Anti-slavery movements started in
Europe and were spread to America
during the late 18th century.
5. Less than a month later after
Lincoln was elected, the Civil War
6. The Civil War ended with slavery
abolished because Lincoln was
Topic of Born free
Cheated to be a slave
Topic of Had been a slave for 12
Para. 3 years
Topic of Revealed his identity
Para. 4 and was free once more
1 How did Solomon Northrup become a
He was poisoned in Washington by two
men who had offered him playing the
2 How did he become a free man again?
He revealed his identity to Bass and
one of the Northrup family came and
abolish collection condition critical
employ existence reveal surrender
1 The existence of slavery shows that
man can be very cruel.
2 If you employ someone, you pay them
to work for you.
3 The army surrendered because most of
their soldiers had been killed.
4 Slavery was abolished because people
realised it was not right to own another
5 The professor has a large collection of
books about the American Civil War.
6 Some people are critical of the USA.
They think it has made a lot of
7 Many people felt ___________ towards
slaves and wanted to help them.
8 He revealed that he had once been a
9 Northrup was not a typical slave. Most
had been born into slavery or had
been brought over from Africa.
10 When Northrup woke, he was very ill
and in a terrible condition
1 “Lincoln did not agree to this and less
than a month later, on 12 April, 1861,
the American Civil War began.”
What does this refer to?
A. The Northern states of America
B. The North became critical of the
slavery in the South.
C. Seven Southern states left the Union,
and formed a new group of states.
D. The American Civil War began.
2 Why were slaves beaten?
A. They stopped working in order to
B. They did not pick the same amount
of cotton each day.
C. They didn’t work 365 days.
D. Both A and B.