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Cystic Fibrosis Useful Informations

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					Cystic fibrosis has been around since medieval times. Infants in the
middle ages who had "salty" skin were considered bewitched because they
normally died during infancy. The disease is sometimes fatal, inherited,
chronic, and progressive. There is no known cure for this genetic
disease. Cystic fibrosis normally affects the digestive and respiratory
organs of the body. Thick mucus collects in the passageways and lungs in
the respiratory system and blocks the ducts that allow digestive enzymes
to reach the small intestine. Children and adults are normally the ones
affected by cystic fibrosis. Sweat glands are affected and most of the
time the reproductive system is also affected. Cystic fibrosis is a
disease that is inherited when both parents are the carrier of a
recessive gene. The CFTR gene is a recessive gene caused by mutations in
that gene.      The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation estimates that over 30,000
American, 3000 Canadians, and 20,000 Europeans have cystic fibrosis. No
one can explain why white Caucasians are more at risk than any other
ethnic group to have this disease. The risk goes higher if their
ancestors came from the Northern part of Europe. Although cystic fibrosis
is a mainly Caucasian inherited disease it does and will cross into other
ethnic groups. It wasn't until 1989 the gene responsible for cystic
fibrosis. Once that gene was discovered the number of babies born with
cystic fibrosis started going down. There are nearly twelve million
people in the United States that are unaware they are carriers of this
mutant gene.


  Treatment options vary according to each individual and the severity of
the symptoms. The most common areas affected by cystic fibrosis are the
respiratory and digestive systems. Symptoms also vary for each individual
with cystic fibrosis. Symptoms can include too much salt in sweat. This
will cause an upset in the balance of minerals in the blood. A
disturbance in the balance of minerals can cause heart arrhythmia
problems and shock can be the result.      Thick masses of mucus can
build up in the lungs and intestines causing malnutrition, slower than
normal growth, chronic infections, problems with breathing and eventually
lung damage. The cause of death of most cystic fibrosis patients is lung
disease. There are many other medical problems that cystic fibrosis can
create. Chronic sinusitis, nasal polyps, heart enlargement, chronic cough
and pneumothorax are additional severe problems cystic fibrosis can
cause. Pneumothorax is caused when lung tissue ruptures and air gets
trapped between the chest wall and the lung. Coughing up blood is another
severe complication when the disease attacks the lungs.
Complications can occur in the intestinal tract also. A cystic fibrosis
patient may experience intense stomach pain, excessive gas, bloating, and
diarrhea or bowel obstruction. Other serious complications are rectal
prolapse. That occurs when the patient has chronic diarrhea or a bowel
obstruction. Gall bladder disease, pancreatic inflammation, liver and
diabetes may also be severe complications of this incurable disease.
Staying as healthy and fit as possible is one of the best treatments you
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