Pathophysiology of colon cancer and colon disease

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					Summary: Colon Cancer Screening and Medical Malpractice

  Colon cancer is the second leading cause of deaths resulting from
cancer. Every year, approximately 48,000 people will die in the U.S. from
colon cancer. Many of these deaths would be prevented with early
detection and treatment through routine colon cancer screening.
Colon Cancer Progresses through Stages      The stage of the colon cancer
determines the appropriate treatment and determines the patient's
relative 5-year survival rate which is the percentage of colon cancer
patients who live at least 5 years after being diagnosed. Colon cancer
progresses in stages as follows:      Stage 0: The disease starts as a
small non-cancerous growth, called a polyp, in the colon.       Stage 1:
The cancer has started to work its way through the first layers of the
colon - the mucosa and the sub mucosa.      Stage 3: The cancer has
spread to one or more of the nearby lymph nodes.      Stage 4: The cancer
has spread to other organs (typically the liver or the lungs).
Screening for Colon Cancer      In order to detect colon cancer early,
everyone, even individuals who are not at high risk, that is, with no
symptoms and with no family history of colon cancer, should be screened.
Cancer specialists suggest that screening for such individuals start at
age 50 and consist of tests that detect colon cancer in the body:
Stage of Colon Cancer Determines Treatments and Relative 5-Year Survival
Rates      When the polyp becomes a tumor and reaches Stage 1 or Stage 2,
the tumor and a portion of the colon on both sides is surgical removed.
The relative 5-year survival rate is over 90% for Stage 1 and 73% for
Stage 2.      If the disease advances to a Stage 3, a colon resection is
no longer sufficient and the patient also needs to undergo chemotherapy.
The relative 5-year survival rate drops to 53%, depending on such factors
as the number of lymph nodes that contain cancer.      By the time the
colon cancer reaches Stage 4, treatment may require the use of
chemotherapy and other drugs and surgery on multiple organs. As the
relative 5-year survival rates indicate, the time frame in which colon
cancer is detected and treated makes a dramatic difference. If detected
and treated early, the individual has an excellent chance of surviving
the disease. As detection and treatment is delayed, the odds start
turning against the individual so that by the time the colon cancer
progresses to Stage 3, the percentage is almost even. And the odds drop
precipitously when the colon cancer reaches Stage 4.       Failure to
Screen for Colon Cancer May Constitute Medical Malpractice
Unfortunately, all too often doctors do not recommend routine colon
cancer screening to their patients. The individual now faces a much
different prognosis than if the cancer had been detected early through
routine screening. The failure of a doctor to advise the individual about
screening options for colon cancer may constitute medical malpractice.
You need to contact a lawyer immediately if you feel there was a delayed
diagnosis of colon cancer due to a doctor's failure to recommend routine
colon cancer screening.       Summary: Colon Disease - Important
Information That You Should Know About      If you haven't realized that
colon cancer is amongst the top forms of cancer, you'll want to read this
important information about colon disease. The colon is divided into four
parts, sigmoid colon, ascending colon, transverse colon, and descending
colon.      The vital function of the colon is to eliminate the toxins
and processed food substances from the body. This allows the body to
remain healthy and free of any radical damages that can occur if these
toxic substances are not eliminated.      One of the earliest signs of
colon disease is the development of painful or difficult bowel movements.
Did you know that increased pressure in the colon can cause development
of outpunching of the internal lining of colon? These pockets are known
as diverticula and are a great threat as they can cause severe bleeding
problems and would need to be treated surgically.      Colon disease if
left unchecked can progress to colon cancer, which means that a prompt
action is required once an individual notes any abnormality in bowel
movements. Family history is one big factor that makes it a must for the
predisposed individuals to get regular colon screening tests. This will
ensure that they are not developing any disease process that can lead to
a serious colon condition.      All of the above mentioned information is
based on basic facts that should be taken into consideration to prevent
the development of any colon disease.      You may copy / distribute /
edit but keep this link below live :      Article 1: COLON CANCER

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