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Childhood Cancer (DOC)

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					According to a recent report, around 40,000 children are diagnosed with
cancer every year in India alone. Experts say that though the number of
cases is increasing; only about 20-30% of these children get the proper
treatment.       Among all age groups, the most common childhood cancers
are: Leukemia or Blood Cancer: Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow
and blood and is considered the most common type of childhood cancer. The
bone marrow produces the three types of blood cells: white blood cells
that fight infection, red blood cells that carry oxygen and platelets
that help with blood clotting and bleeding.When a child has leukemia, the
bone marrow begins to make blood cells that do not mature properly. These
cells continue to reproduce, crowding out the healthy ones. As they are
defective, they cannot perform their proper role of protecting the body
against disease.


  Brain Tumor: Brain tumor are tumors that originate in the cells of the
brain. A tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue.Malignant brain tumors
contain cancer cells and are usually fast growing and invade surrounding
tissue. They usually do not spread to other areas of the body, but may
recur after treatment.Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors in
children.      Lymphatic Cancer: Lymphatic cancer is cancer which occurs
in the lymph glands. The primary role of lymph nodes is to remove
bacteria and other disease-causing organisms from the lymph fluid. It
alsoproduces lymphocytes and antibodies needed to fight off infections
caused by these organisms. Lymphatic tissues include the lymph glands,
tonsils, adenoids, thymus, spleen and even the bone marrow. Cancers
originating from lymphocytes are called Lymphomas. There are two major
types of lymphomas: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma
(NHL).Together, they are the third most common type of cancer in
children.      Germ Cell Tumor: Germ cell tumor develops from cells,
called germ cells that normally mature into eggs in the female ovaries
and sperm in the male testes. Germ cell tumors are considered to be rare
with only 2.4 children out of 1 million being diagnosed with germ cell
tumor each year. They are thought to make up only 4% of all cancers in
children and adolescents less than 20 years of age.       Liver Cancer:
There are two main types of liver cancer in children called
Hepatoblastoma (cancer that usually does not spread outside the liver)
and Hepatocellular carcinoma (a type of cancer that usually spreads to
other places in the body).      It is believed that the cure rate for
childhood cancer is high and all efforts should be made to detect it at
the earliest. Once cancer has been diagnosed, it's important for parents
to seek help immediately.


Related Articles -
cancer, cancer in children, tumor, tumor in children, childhood cancer,
children's cancer, leukemia, blood cancer, brain tumor, lymphatic cancer,
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