Bladder cancer surgery is the most primary option of treatment for cancerous tumors. Even the benign tumors can be treated by surgery if their size is considerably large and are not possible to be treated by normal medications. Surgery also helps in complete elimination of tumors instead of just controlling or curbing the cancerous infection. Hence, chances of recurrence of the disorder are least in surgical methods as compared to other treatments like chemical exposure (chemotherapy) or radiation exposure (radiotherapy). Bladder Cancer Surgery in DetailBladder cancer causes are quite complicated and varied in nature. Overall life expectancy of the victim and bladder cancer survival rate keeps fluctuating from time to time according to increase or decrease in the intensity of tumors-cells and other health disorders taking place in the victim's body. Age is an important parameter to be considered while bladder cancer diagnosis as the chances of cancer-development is very high in old people, especially above 50 years. Treating an old person with stern methods like exposure to chemicals and radiations may help in controlling the cancer-growth but the chances of the victim to lead a normal life and carry out daily activities independently considerably decrease. This is because of the side-effects such cure methods cause on the victim's health. Hence, surgery is preferred as the safest and most reliable method for bladder cancer. Surgery can be operated on local areas of bladder or may also focus on treating areas adjacent to the affected area in order to prevent metastasis of tumors. Surgery can be undergone simultaneously with other forms of cure patterns like chemotherapy, biological therapy and radiation therapy. It is important to understand that surgery is highly advantageous only in the initial phases of cancer-development in the bladder. Its effectiveness gradually decreases as the tumors advance to higher stages. In late phases, surgery is conducted only to remove dead tissues killed or damaged during cancer treatments (like radiotherapy and chemotherapy) and may not be that effective in controlling abnormal cell-growth. Types of Bladder Cancer Surgery Bladder cancer surgery can be undergone in various forms depending upon the locations, size and impact of tumors. It also takes bladder cancer stages into consideration to judge the feasibility of assured elimination of cancer-cells. Transurethral Resection (TUR) is the most basic form of bladder cancer surgery. It is a process in which a cystoscope is passed through the urethra to destroy or remove the polyps generated in the areas of bladder. Urinary Diversion is a surgical method in which the function of bladder is performed by some other artificial arrangement for storage of urine. Usually, a continent reservoir (type of pouch developed by using a part of intestine) is created for the purpose of urine storage. Cystectomy is an important surgical method carried to remove bladder. Partial cystectomy does not remove whole bladder but only a part of it. Simple or complete cystectomy removes complete bladder. Radical cystectomy removes complete bladder as well as some part of the areas adjacent to it in order to prevent regeneration of polyps in future. Bladder cancer surgery is recommended as the safest option but thorough medical examination of the nature of disease is vital before undergoing this form of treatment. Proper medical supervision is mandatory to undergo the treatment at the right time and in right intensity.
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