Bladder Cancer Surgery by anamaulida


									Bladder cancer surgery is the most primary option of treatment for
cancerous tumors. Even the benign tumors can be treated by surgery if
their size is considerably large and are not possible to be treated by
normal medications. Surgery also helps in complete elimination of tumors
instead of just controlling or curbing the cancerous infection. Hence,
chances of recurrence of the disorder are least in surgical methods as
compared to other treatments like chemical exposure (chemotherapy) or
radiation exposure (radiotherapy). Bladder Cancer Surgery in
DetailBladder cancer causes are quite complicated and varied in nature.
Overall life expectancy of the victim and bladder cancer survival rate
keeps fluctuating from time to time according to increase or decrease in
the intensity of tumors-cells and other health disorders taking place in
the victim's body. Age is an important parameter to be considered while
bladder cancer diagnosis as the chances of cancer-development is very
high in old people, especially above 50 years. Treating an old person
with stern methods like exposure to chemicals and radiations may help in
controlling the cancer-growth but the chances of the victim to lead a
normal life and carry out daily activities independently considerably
decrease. This is because of the side-effects such cure methods cause on
the victim's health. Hence, surgery is preferred as the safest and most
reliable method for bladder cancer. Surgery can be operated on local
areas of bladder or may also focus on treating areas adjacent to the
affected area in order to prevent metastasis of tumors. Surgery can be
undergone simultaneously with other forms of cure patterns like
chemotherapy, biological therapy and radiation therapy. It is important
to understand that surgery is highly advantageous only in the initial
phases of cancer-development in the bladder. Its effectiveness gradually
decreases as the tumors advance to higher stages. In late phases, surgery
is conducted only to remove dead tissues killed or damaged during cancer
treatments (like radiotherapy and chemotherapy) and may not be that
effective in controlling abnormal cell-growth. Types of Bladder Cancer
Surgery Bladder cancer surgery can be undergone in various forms
depending upon the locations, size and impact of tumors. It also takes
bladder cancer stages into consideration to judge the feasibility of
assured elimination of cancer-cells. Transurethral Resection (TUR) is the
most basic form of bladder cancer surgery. It is a process in which a
cystoscope is passed through the urethra to destroy or remove the polyps
generated in the areas of bladder. Urinary Diversion is a surgical method
in which the function of bladder is performed by some other artificial
arrangement for storage of urine. Usually, a continent reservoir (type of
pouch developed by using a part of intestine) is created for the purpose
of urine storage. Cystectomy is an important surgical method carried to
remove bladder. Partial cystectomy does not remove whole bladder but only
a part of it. Simple or complete cystectomy removes complete bladder.
Radical cystectomy removes complete bladder as well as some part of the
areas adjacent to it in order to prevent regeneration of polyps in
future. Bladder cancer surgery is recommended as the safest option but
thorough medical examination of the nature of disease is vital before
undergoing this form of treatment. Proper medical supervision is
mandatory to undergo the treatment at the right time and in right

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