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									United Nations
Economic Commission for Africa

       The African Gender and
      Development Index (AGDI)
    A framework to measure gender
           equality in Africa
                  Gender and Trade Workshop
           UNCC, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 18-19 June 2009

     Presented by: Souleymane ABDALLAH
          Economic Affairs Officer, ACGS
  Presentation’s Outline
What is the AGDI?
The Gender Status Index
The African Women Progress

 ECA’s mandate coordinate, support, monitor,
  evaluate and report on the implementation of
  international agreements on gender issues;
 Lack of common set of gender responsive
  indicators to measure progress made in the
  advancement of women


         What is the AGDI?

  The AGDI is a comprehensive composite
index made up of two complementary

    (1) The Gender Status Index (GSI);
    (2) The African Women’s Progress
     Scoreboard (AWPS)

           Objectives of AGDI
 Three main objectives underscore the
development of the AGDI:
   To provide African Governments with data and
    information on the status of gender equality and the
    effects of their gender policies in tackling women’s
   To provide African Governments with an African
    Specific tools to monitoring the progress made in
    implementing regional and international resolutions
    and conventions on promotion of gender equality and
    the advancement of women in Africa;
   To provide African Governments with not only
    quantitative statistics but also qualitative ones so as
    to measure both quantitative and qualitative progress.
         What Is the GSI?
The Gender Status Index is the quantitative
 part of the African Gender and Development
GSI covers aspects of gender relations that can
 be measured and provides a quantitative
 assessment of gender equality;
The GSI is based on three blocks: social power
 ‘capabilities’, economic power ‘opportunities’
 and political power ‘agency’.

          GSI Architecture
     Blocks         om on ts
                   C p en           u -C p en     d
                                   S b om on ts In icators
        (3)           (7)                (12)              (42)

                      Education         rop
                                       D out

     S       ow
      ocial P er                                    Secondary
                      Health           Literacy     Dropout

                      Income               …             …
                                           .             .
                                                    O nership
                                           .             .
                                                    of plots or
GI   Economic          im se
                      T e-U or                      land
                                       M eans of
     P er B
      ow lock          m    m
                      E ploy ent       production
                                                    A ccess to
                      A ccess to                    credit
                                                    F reedomto
      Political       Public                        dispose own
      P er B
       ow lock        sector               …        incom e
                                           .             …
                      Society                            .

             Social Block
                           n lmn
                          E ro e t

                           ro o t
                          D pu
                d c tio
               Eua n

                           ite c
                          L ra y

S c l P wr
 o ia o e                     h    e lth
                             C ildH a
    lo k
                             ife x e ta c
                            L e pc ny

                 e lth
                           e IV fe tio s
                          N wH in c n

                            im p n u f
                           T es e t o t o
                               w rk

       Social Block (Cont’d)
                      rimry n lm t te
                     P a E ro en ra

           E ro en
            n lm t    e o d ry n lm n te
                     S c n a E ro e t ra

                      e ry n lm t te
                     T rtia E ro en ra

                       rimry ro o t tio
                      P a D p u ra

Eua n
 d c tio    ro o t
           D pu

                      e o d ry ro o t tio
                     S c n a D p u ra

                      b         a n rite
                     A ilitytore da dw
            ite cy
           L ra

                      rimry h o o p te
                     P a sc o l c m le d

         Social Block (Cont’d)
                                  tu tin n e
                                 S n gu d r 3

                C ildHa
                      e lth      ne e h ne
                                U d rwig t u d r 3

                                  o lity n e
                                 Mrta u d r 5

               L e pc ny
                ife x e ta c    ife x e ta c t irth
                               L e p c n ya b

 e lth

              NwH in c n
               e IV fe tio s     e IV fe tio s
                                NwH in c n

              T es e t o t o
               im p n u f       im p n u f o
                               T es e t o t o w rk
                  w rk

            Economic Block
                                Wg s

                In o e
                                In o e

                                im se
                               T e-U
 E o o ic
  cnm            im -U r
                T e seo
P wrB c
 o e lo k        m lo m n
                E p y et
                               m lo m n
                              E p y et

                             e n f ro u tio
                            Ma s o p d c n
                A c ss to
                  so rc s
                re u e
                               a a em t
                              Mn g en

  Economic Block (Cont’d)
                       ag      g ltu
                      W es in A ricu re

                       ag       il
                      W es inciv service
          W es
                      ag       rm
                     W es in fo al sector

                     ag      fo al
                    W es inin rm sector

  co e
In m
                        com       fo al
                      In e fromin rm
                           en rise

                      In e fromsm   all
          In e         ricu ral o seh ld
                     ag ltu h u o
                           en rise

                       com        ittan
                     In e fromrem ces
                     d ter-h seh ld tran
                   an in    ou o        sfers

   Economic Block (Cont’d)

                          im e t       a et
                         T e sp n inm rk
                           c n m c ities
                         e o o ic a tiv

                         im e t       o -m rk t
                        T e sp n inn n a e
                           c ities o a u p id
                          a tiv     r s na
              im se
             T e-U           ily o e     a e
                        fam w rk r inm rk t
                                 c ities
                                a tiv

                         im e t       o estic
                        T e sp n ind m ,
                           a n o n e
                          c re a dv lu te r
 im -U r
T e seo                         c ities
                              a tiv
 m lo m n
E p y et

                         h re f a    p y es,
                        S a o p idem lo e
                         w -a c u t o e n
                        o n c o n w rk rs a d
             m lo m n
            E p y et         p y rs    ta
                           em lo e into l
                                p y et
                             em lo m n

     Economic Block (Cont’d)
                                  Ownership of rural/urban
                                       plots or land

            Means of production       Access to credit

                                  Freedom to dispose own

Access to

                                     High civil servants
                                         (Class A)
                                  Members of professional

                                  Administrative, scientific
                                    and technical staff

          Political Block

                  u lc et r
                 Pbi s co

  oii a
 oe l k
   r o
Pw B c

                  i l oi t
                 C i Scey

        Political Block (Cont’d)

              e es f ala e
             M br o Pri m t
               m          n            m
                                      e es f ala en
                                     M br o Pri m t

                a i e i ses
               CbntMi t r
                       n                       n
                                        a i e i ses
                                       CbntMi t r

 u lc         H hrc ut j de
               i e ors ugs
                g                       g
                                       i e ors ugs
                                      H hrc ut j de
 et r
s co

             e es f oa onis
            M br o l clc ucl
              m                       m
                                     e es f oa onis
                                    M br o l clc ucl

            i e oii n n i i evc
           H hrpstosi cvls r i e
             g                       g
                                    i e oii n n i i evc
                                   H hrpstosi cvls r i e

        Political Block (Cont’d)
              S. p sto sp ltc lpri s
               r oii n oii a ate          r oii n oii a ate
                                         S. p sto sp ltc lpri s

            S. p sto sTa eu i n
             r oii n r d no s           r oii n r d no s
                                       S. p sto sTa eu i n

               S. p sto sE po e’
                r oii n ml yr s            r oii n ml yr s
                                          S. p sto sE po e’
                    as cai n
                     s oi t o s                 s oi t o s
                                               as cai n
Ci v
  i l
 oi t
               S. p sto sPoeso a
                r oii n r f si nl          r oii n r f si nl
                                          S. p sto sPoeso a
                     s n i ae
                      y dc t s                   y dc t s
                                                s n i ae

               e d r a gr f G s
              Ha so m a eso N O
                      n                          n
                                          e d r a gr f G s
                                         Ha so m a eso N O

              Ha so c m u i ybs d
               e d f o mnt - ae           e d f o mnt - ae
                                         Ha so c m u i ybs d
               as cai n o u i n
                soi to s r no s            soi to s r no s
                                          as cai n o u i n

      Computation of the GSI
Guiding principles:
Each basic indicator has the same weight
 in each sub-component;
Each sub-component has the same weight
 in each component;
Each component of the GSI has the same
 weight in each block;
Finally, each block has the same weight in
 the GSI.

 Computation of the GSI (Cont’d)
  For each variable, the indicator of gender
equality is calculated the same way:
Comparison (ratio) of female achievement to
male achievement. The closer the indicator is
to 1, the better the performance on gender
equality is in the country:
Example: Primary enrolment rate for girls:
Primary enrolment rate for boys: 80%
Enrolment rate indicator: 65/80 = 0.8125
 Computation of the GSI (Cont’d)
The value for each sub-component,
 component and block is calculated as the
 simple arithmetic mean of respectively the
 indicators, sub-components and
The GSI is then compiled as the mean of the
 three blocks to give the overall gender profile
 of the country.

 Computation of the GSI (Cont’d)
Exceptions (Deprivation indicators):
 5 indicators do not follow the rule: These are
  related to education (dropout), health (stunting,
  underweight, mortality) and time-use (domestic,
  care and volunteer activities): Here we compute
  male result versus female result.
 If an indicator is missing, the other indicators of
  the sub-component are re-weighted, to take
  account of the actual number of available

   The African Women Progress
       Scoreboard (AWPS)
The (AWPS) is a matrix that captures
 qualitative issues in relation to the
 performance of gender policies of African
It provides an assessment of the gap
 between political commitment and the
 implementation of gender policies.

                 AWPS Focus
 Women’s rights : CEDAW and its optional
  protocol, the Protocol to the African Charter of
  Human and People’s Rights on Women’s Rights.
 Social Power: BPfA, Violence against women
  (domestic, sexual, rape, traffic),African Charter on
  the rights of child, ICPD PoA+5 (STIs,
  HIV/AIDS, maternal mortality, contraception),
  2001 Abuja declaration on HIV/AIDS, education
  (girls drop out, education on women’s rights).

         AWPS Focus (Cont’d)
 Economic Power: ILO Convention (100, 111, 183,
  policy on HIV/AIDS), Engendering NPRS,
  Access to agricultural extension services, access
  to technology, equal access to land.
 Political Power: UN security council resolution
  1325, Beijing PFA effective and accessible
  national machinery, Policy for women’s quota
  and affirmative action, Policy to support
  women’s in decision making positions within
  parliament/ministries, Gender mainstreaming in
  all departments

        Vertical Axis
1. Ratification
2. Reporting
3. Law
4. Policy Commitment
5. Development of a Plan
6. Targets
7. Institutional Mechanism
8. Budget
9. Human resources (Training)
10. Research
11. Involvement of civil society
12. Monitoring and evaluation
13. Information and dissemination

                 AWPS FORMAT

Block       Ratification   Reporting   Law   …


Social                     Score



             Scoring AWPS
Simple scoring system that is sensitive to
 progress made;
The scoring is done on a three-point scale;
For all cells where it is possible, a three
 point score (0 – 1 – 2,) is used:


Block       Gender Status Index               African Women Progress Scoreboard

Social      Secondary dropout ratio = 0.507   Girls drop out Law=0, Policy=0, Plan=0

Economic    Ownership of plot/land = 0.843    Equal access to land law=2, Policy=2

            Members of local councils =       Support women in decision making
            0.328                             Law=2, Policy=1, Plan=0

Please visit to download the AGDI booklet


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