At-the-Burial-of-Jesus-the-Christ by wanghonghx


									                                                            In the Agony Series - At the Burial of Jesus the Christ 1
                                                                                       Wes Garland 7/25/2010

                          At the Burial of Jesus the Christ
     1. After doing studies about this topic, I have realized that there is not a lot of preaching about the
        Burial of Christ.
     2. Preachers emphasize the Death and the Resurrection of Christ, but what about the Burial?
     3. This is part of the gospel of Christ ALSO!!!
            a. 1 Corinthians 15:1 ¶ Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached
                 to you, which also you received and in which you stand, 2 by which also you are saved, if
                 you hold fast that word which I preached to you--unless you believed in vain. 3 For I
                 delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins
                 according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third
                 day according to the Scriptures,
     4. Brethren, we MUST teach and preach on this subject to preach the WHOLE council of God
   I.   The History Records
            a. Burial History
                      i. Jewish Burials
                              1. The Hebrew custom for providing a burial place for the dead is first
                                  introduced in scripture with Abraham’s purchasing of a cave in the land
                                  of Canaan for the burial of Sarah (Gen 23:1ff).
                              2. The custom of the Jews was that any sentenced to death by the
                                  Sanhedrin was “not to be buried in the sepulchers of their fathers; but
                                  two burying places were appointed by the council, one for those who
                                  were slain by the sword and strangled, the other for those that were
                                  stoned who also were hanged and burnt.” Lightfoot
                              3. The purpose of Burial1
                                       a. The first reason for providing proper burial was for the sake of
                                           the dead themselves.
                                                 i. The great importance of proper burial provides the
                                                    backdrop for the passages that speak of those who will
                                                    not be buried, usually because of sin and divine
                                                ii. Jeremiah warns his own generation with the same
                                                    disturbing imagery: “And the dead bodies of this people
                                                    will be food for the birds of the air, and for the beasts of
                                                    the earth; and none will frighten them away . . . and
                                                    they shall not be gathered or buried; they shall be as
                                                    dung on the surface of the ground” (Jer 7:33; 8:2; cf.
                                                    14:16; 16:4; 20:6; 22:19; 25:33;…)
                                               iii. Josephus’ perspective is consistent with that expressed
                                                    in Tobit. Explaining Jewish ethical obligations, Josephus
                                                    states: “We must furnish fire, water, food to all who ask
                                                    for them, point out the road, not leave a corpse
                                                    unburied [a1tafon], show consideration even to
    Jewish Burial Traditions and the Resurrection of Jesus – Craig A. Evans
                                                          In the Agony Series - At the Burial of Jesus the Christ 2
                                                                                     Wes Garland 7/25/2010

                                                      declared enemies” (Against Apion 2.29 §211; cf. 2.26
                                        b.   A second reason for burying the dead is to avoid defilement of
                                             the land of Israel.
                                                   i. Deuteronomy 21:22-23 "If a man has committed a sin
                                                      deserving of death, and he is put to death, and you
                                                      hang him on a tree, 23 "his body shall not remain
                                                      overnight on the tree, but you shall surely bury him that
                                                      day, so that you do not defile the land which the LORD
                                                      your God is giving you as an inheritance; for he who is
                                                      hanged is accursed of God.
                                                  ii. Numbers 35:34 'Therefore do not defile the land which
                                                      you inhabit, in the midst of which I dwell; for I the LORD
                                                      dwell among the children of Israel.'"
                                        c.   What is important here is that even in the case of the executed
                                             criminal, proper burial was anticipated. Various restrictions may
                                             have applied, such as being forbidden burial in one’s family
                                             tomb—at least until the flesh had decomposed—or not being
                                             allowed to mourn publicly, but burial was to take place, in
                                             keeping with the scriptural command of Deut 21:22–23 and the
                                             Jewish customs that had grown up alongside it.
                                        d.   The commands of Scripture, taken with traditions regarding
                                             piety (as especially exemplified in Tobit), corpse impurity, and
                                             the avoidance of the defilement of the land, strongly suggest
                                             that under normal circumstances (i.e., peacetime) no corpse
                                             would remain unburied—neither Jew nor Gentile, neither
                                             innocent nor guilty. All were to be buried.
                                        e.   Josephus States: “Jews are so careful about funeral rites that
                                             even malefactors who have been sentenced to crucifixion are
                                             taken down and buried before sunset.”
                       ii. Roman Burials
                              1. The Burial customs for the Romans were to leave the bodies of those
                                 who have been charged to be crucified to decay and to feed the birds.2
                              2. One also noted, “For Pilate to release the body of a condemned criminal
                                 – especially one condemned of high treason – to someone other than a
                                 relative was highly unusual.” Wessel3
                              3. Peacetime Administration4
                                     a. Peacetime administration in Palestine appears to have
                                          respected Jewish burial sensitivities.
                                     b. A generation later Josephus asserts the same thing. The
                                          Romans, he says, do not require “their subjects to violate their
                                          national laws” (Contra Apionem 2.6 §73). Josephus adds that
                                          the Roman procurators who succeeded Agrippa I “by abstaining

  Wayne Jackson – “The Burial of Christ’s Body”
  Jewish Burial Traditions and the Resurrection of Jesus – Craig A. Evans
                                                       In the Agony Series - At the Burial of Jesus the Christ 3
                                                                                  Wes Garland 7/25/2010

                                              from all interference with the customs of the country kept the
                                              nation at peace” (J.W. 2.11.6 §220).
                                 4. We find in the summary of Roman law (a.k.a. Digesta) the following
                                         a. The bodies of those who are condemned to death should not be
                                              refused their relatives; and the Divine Augustus, in the Tenth
                                              Book of his Life, said that this rule had been observed. At
                                              present, the bodies of those who have been punished are only
                                              buried when this has been requested and permission granted;
                                              and sometimes it is not permitted, especially where persons
                                              have been convicted of high treason. (48.24.1) The bodies of
                                              persons who have been punished should be given to whoever
                                              requests them for the purpose of burial. (48.24.3)
                        iii. Jesus was crucified by Roman Authorities at the behest of rebellious Jews!
               b. Burial mixes
                          i. Embalming6
                                 1. That term is nowhere used with reference to the preparation of the
                                    Lord’s body. Certainly it was not an “embalming” analogous to what the
                                    Egyptians practiced, where there was a mutilation of the remains (see
                                    Morris, 496, 730). Among the Jews there was an anointing with spices,
                                    when such could be afforded, to retard the stench of decomposition (cf.
                                    John 11:39; see Borchert, 282).
     II.   The Biblical Examination
               a. The Biblical Passages
                          i. Matthew 27:57-66
                         ii. Mark 15:42-47
                        iii. Luke 23:50-56
                        iv. John 19:38-42
               b. People Present
                          i. Joseph
                                 1. Who was this man?
                                         a. He was a rich man (Mt. 27:57)
                                         b. He was a disciple of Christ. (Mt. 27:57)
                                         c. He was a prominent council member (Mark 15:43)
                                         d. He was one who waited for the Kingdom of God (Mark 15:43)
                                         e. He was a man of Courage (Mark 15:43)
                                         f. He was a Good man (Luke 23:50)
                                         g. He was a Just man (Luke 23:50)
                                         h. He did not vote to Kill Jesus with the multitude (Luke 23:50)
                                                   i. Implying that Joseph was of the Sanhedrin!
                                         i. He was from Arimathea (Luke 23:51)
                                         j. He was a secret Disciple of Jesus (John 19:38)
                                 2. What did he do?
                                         a. He took the body (Mt. 27:59)
                                         b. He wrapped the body in a clean linen cloth (Mt. 27:59)

    Wayne Jackson – “The Burial of Christ’s Body”
                                        In the Agony Series - At the Burial of Jesus the Christ 4
                                                                   Wes Garland 7/25/2010

                        c. He laid the body in his new tomb (Mt. 27:60)
                        d. He rolled a large stone against the door of the tomb (Mt. 27:60)
                        e. He Departed (Mt. 27:60)
               3. Something to realize about Joseph
                        a. Bob Winton:
                                 i. The importance of what he did here is shown by the
                                    fact that all four gospel accounts record his hand in
                                    burying the Lord's body. "In times of distress and
                                    danger, God has frequently raised up a Joseph. When
                                    Israel was threatened with famine, when Herod would
                                    have slain the infant Christ, and then again when the
                                    helpless body of our Lord was upon the cross, there
                                    stepped forth upon the stage JOSEPH. The awful storm
                                    was at the full, the enemies glorying in their triumph,
                                    supposing Christ was out of the way forever; but in that
                                    hour came Joseph!" (Coffman, p.501). The name Joseph
                                    means "adding" (Gen. 30:24, mg.).
               4. What Joseph did fulfilled prophecy!
                        a. Bob Winton:
                                 i. "In the common version, the word 'rich' in Isaiah's
                                    prophecy (53:9) would appear as either singular or
                                    plural, but it is in reality singular, as evidenced by the
                                    more accurate translation in the RV..." (Coffman,
                                    p.500). Thus, the prophecy was fulfilled in Joseph
                                    burying the Lord's body in his own unused tomb.
               5. In the actions of Joseph
                        a. Joseph PREVIEWED the body of Christ on the Cross!
                        b. Joseph PROVIDED the place for the body of Christ!
                        c. Joseph PROTECTED the body of Christ!
       ii. Mary – the mother of Jesus
               1. She sat opposite of the tomb (Mt. 27:61)
               2. She prepared spices and fragrant oils (Luke 23:56)
      iii. Mary Magdalene
               1. She sat with the other Mary opposite of the tomb (Mt. 27:61)
               2. She prepared spices and fragrant oils (Luke 23:56)
      iv. Nicodemus
               1. He brought a mixture of 100 pounds of myrrh and aloes (John 19:39)
               2. He helped bind the body of Jesus with the linen and with spices (John
c. The Preparation of the Body
        i. They wrapped the body in a clean linen cloth (Mt. 27:59)
       ii. This cloth was not just a normal linen cloth, but was fine linen (Mark 15:46)
      iii. They prepared spices and fragrant oils for the body (Luke 23:56)
      iv. Nicodemus brought 100 pounds of mixture of myrrh and aloes for the wrapping
           of the body (John 19:39-40)
d. The Location and condition of the Tomb
        i. The location of the Tomb was 5 miles north of the city of Jerusalem.
                                        In the Agony Series - At the Burial of Jesus the Christ 5
                                                                   Wes Garland 7/25/2010

       ii. The condition of the tomb
               1. Luke 23:53 Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a
                   tomb that was hewn out of the rock, where no one had ever lain
               2. John 19:41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden,
                   and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid.
                       a. This was a new tomb!
                       b. The reason for the tomb needing to be new was for the reason
                           of not resurrecting a previous body in that tomb!
                                 i. 2 Kings 13:21 So it was, as they were burying a man,
                                    that suddenly they spied a band of raiders; and they put
                                    the man in the tomb of Elisha; and when the man was
                                    let down and touched the bones of Elisha, he revived
                                    and stood on his feet.
                                         1. If a great Prophet’s dead body touches another
                                             one’s bones, that person revived!!!
                                                 a. Therefore they did this to make sure
                                                      that Jesus’ body did not touch that of a
                                                      great one’s body and be revived.
e. What they did with the tomb
        i. They rolled the stone upon the opening (Mt. 27:60)
               1. In doing this, Joseph was protecting the body of Christ from those who
                   despised Him.
f. The Statements and Actions of Pilate and Pharisees
        i. On Saturday, the Sabbath, the Chief Priests and Pharisees come to Pilate to
           discuss a matter (Mt. 27:62-66)
               1. They bring to his attention, that Jesus said that He would raise the 3rd
                   day. (Mt. 27:63)
                       a. When did Jesus say this?
                                 i. Matthew 16:21 ¶ From that time Jesus began to show
                                    to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer
                                    many things from the elders and chief priests and
                                    scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.
                                ii. Matthew 17:23 "and they will kill Him, and the third day
                                    He will be raised up." And they were exceedingly
                               iii. Matthew 20:19 "and deliver Him to the Gentiles to
                                    mock and to scourge and to crucify. And the third day
                                    He will rise again."
                               iv. John 2:19 Jesus answered and said to them, "Destroy
                                    this temple, and in three days I will raise it up."
                                         1. Same accusation at the Jewish Trial
                                                 a. Mt 26:61 and said, "This fellow said, 'I
                                                      am able to destroy the temple of God
                                                      and to build it in three days.'"
                                                    In the Agony Series - At the Burial of Jesus the Christ 6
                                                                               Wes Garland 7/25/2010

                                                       2. They understood at that time, that Jesus was
                                                           talking about His body and not the Actual
                                     b. Bob Winton States:
                                               i. They did not believe he would be resurrected, but they
                                                   did not want anyone later to claim he had been raised.
                                                   The best way to prevent this would be to insure that his
                                                   body remained where it was buried. But their
                                                   precautions only served to furnish undeniable proof
                                                   that he was resurrected. They feared the resurrection,
                                                   but by their actions here they made belief in the
                                                   resurrection even more believable.
                            2. They wanted to make sure that the Disciples did not have the chance of
                                stealing the body to get people to believe that He rose from the dead,
                                so they COMMAND Pilate to secure the tomb (Mt. 27:64).
                                     a. They stated that if they were to do this, it would be worse than
                                          the first deception (Mt. 27:64)
                            3. Pilate gives them a guard and tells them to “Go and make it as secure as
                                you know how.” (Mt. 27:65)
                            4. The Chief Priests and the Pharisees go and sealed the tomb and set the
                                guard at the tomb to keep watch (Mt. 27:66)
III.   What is the Significance of the Burial and the Contents?
         a. The Body of Jesus
                     i. Bob Winton States:
                            1. That his body was in the tomb for the three days, under the Roman seal
                                and guard, proves that no one stole the body; it also proves that the
                                Lord was truly dead, not merely in some kind of coma. Many today
                                foolishly deny that he was dead, claiming he had merely swooned, and
                                later slipped from the tomb after he had revived. The fact that he was in
                                the grave three days, after undergoing all the terrible things during his
                                last day, precludes the notion that he was not dead!
         b. The Actions of Joseph
                     i. Touching of the Body
                            1. By touching the dead body of Jesus, This would have caused Joseph to
                                be unclean for 7 days!
                            2. This would then mean that he would not be able to take part in the
                                Jewish proceedings!
                            3. He SACRIFICED taking part in the Jewish proceedings to take care of the
                                     a. Are we willing to SACRIFICE ourselves to do the will of the
                    ii. Showed Affection to the Savior and to Mary!
                            1. He showed affection by provided his tomb to place the body of Christ.
                                     a. He showed AFFECTION, are we?
                   iii. Risking disfavor and discipline from the Sanhedrin
                            1. Through Joseph taking the body of Christ and protecting it, he risked
                                severe disfavor and discipline from the Sanhedrin.
                                                  In the Agony Series - At the Burial of Jesus the Christ 7
                                                                             Wes Garland 7/25/2010

                                  a. Would we ourselves do the things that could cause disfavor and
                                     maybe even discipline from others for doing what we know we
                                     need to do?
         c. The Stone
                  i. Bob Winton States:
                           1. The great stone with which the tomb was closed is important to the
                               story. The Greek text describes this stone by the words lithon megan
                               (Matt. 27:60) which is the source of our English word "megalith" (a huge
                               stone). Several women knew they could not move it, thus no beaten,
                               crucified man who had been severely wounded in the side by a spear
                               could do so. The stones used to close ancient tombs usually were set in
                               a sloping groove, a runway, with the lowest point being in front of the
                               tomb entrance. It would require far more strength to remove the stone
                               than to roll it into place. The stone was round with the front and back
                               being flat, like a great stone wheel. When it was moved, it was not
                               merely pushed a little to the side so that Jesus could squeeze through,
                               but was moved completely away from the tomb opening (John 20:1).
                               Matthew reports that the tomb had been hewn out of THE rock—thus it
                               was hewn from solid rock.
         d. The Mixtures of oils and myrrh.
                  i. The Mixtures of oils, myrrh, and aloes were used for the embalming processes
                      back then.
                 ii. It was used to preserve the bodies of the dead and not cause the body to stink.
                iii. Wayne Jackson States:
                           1. Here is an important observation. The fact that the friends of Christ
                               provided spices, and anointed his body for burial, clearly reveals that
                               they had not grasped the significance of Psalm 16:10, namely that his
                               flesh would not experience “corruption” (cf. Acts 2:25-28) because he
                               would be raised. What is the importance of this point?
                           2. After Jesus’ death, the disciples did not concoct some outlandish plan to
                               steal the body and proclaim that he had been resurrected! They did not
                               anticipate the resurrection. They fully expected the corpse to decay
                               and return to the dust. It was only seeing him on that Sunday following
                               his death (and subsequently for 40 days) that generated their faith in a
                               “risen Lord.” This is extremely powerful circumstantial evidence of the
                               genuine resurrection of the Savior’s body.
IV.   How does all of this relate to us?
         b. We also must DIE!
                  i. Physically
                           1. It does not matter if you are the Son of God or just mere man, Death is
                               common for everyone!
                                    a. Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed for men to die once, but
                                        after this the judgment,
                 ii. Spiritually
                           1. You must die to sins in order to bring about that New Man!
                                                   In the Agony Series - At the Burial of Jesus the Christ 8
                                                                              Wes Garland 7/25/2010

                                    a. Romans 6:4 Therefore we were buried with Him through
                                        baptism into death,…
                                    b. Romans 6:6 knowing this, that our old man was crucified with
                                        Him, that the body of sin might be done away with, that we
                                        should no longer be slaves of sin.
                            2. We must make sure that the Old Man does not come back, because it is
                                    a. 2 Peter 2:20 For if, after they have escaped the pollutions of the
                                        world through the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus
                                        Christ, they are again entangled in them and overcome, the
                                        latter end is worse for them than the beginning.
           c. This shows the separation of Soul and Body!
                    i. If you noticed how they spoke of Christ during the burial, they said that this was
                       the BODY of Christ!
                   ii. They did not say that this WAS Christ, but only the BODY of Christ.
                  iii. The Bible teaches that when man dies, the body goes back to the ground, the
                       soul goes to Hades, and the spirit returns unto God who gave it!
                            1. Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then the dust will return to the earth as it was, And
                               the spirit will return to God who gave it.
                            2. Acts 2:31 "he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the
                               Christ, that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see
           d. This is the Gospel in which we PREACH!
                    i. 1 Corinthians 15:1-4 Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I
                       preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand, 2 by which
                       also you are saved, if you hold fast that word which I preached to you--unless
                       you believed in vain. 3 For I delivered to you first of all that which I also
                       received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He
                       was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures,
           e. This Gospel is what brought forth that form of Doctrine that Saves mankind!
                    i. Romans 6:17 But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you
                       obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered.
           f. This Form of Doctrine is what frees a man from the bondage of SIN!
                    i. Romans 6:18 And having been set free from sin, you became slaves of
   1. Have you obeyed this form of Doctrine?
   2. If not, you are still under the grasp and bondage of sin!
   3. Don’t you want to be set FREE from the bondage of sin?
   4. Obey Today!!!

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