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					ENCOUNTERS AND EMPIRES:
 MAKING AND MAPPING NEW
WORLDS IN COLONIAL NORTH
         AMERICA

      Huntington Library,
       March 28, 2009
California as Island
 The Multiple Frontiers of Colonial
          North America
• The Anglo and Eastern Biases of Colonial
  History
• The “Indian Side” of Colonial History
• Frontiers of Inclusion and Exclusion
• Patterns of Domination, Accommodation,
  and Incorporation
• Indians as Expansionists
Spanish Expansion
  New Mexico in the Seventeenth
            Century
• Military Conquests and Spiritual Contests
• Limited Colonization and Incomplete
  Consolidation
• Cultural and Environmental Change
     The Spanish Frontier in the
        Eighteenth Century
• Revolt and Reconquest
• 1692 in Comparative Perspective:
  Witchcraft in Salem and Santa Fe
• Accommodation
• Defensive Expansion
         Missionization and Its
             Discontents
•   “Reduction” to Civilization
•   Persistence
•   Punishment
•   Resistance: Rebellions, Raids, Runaways
•   Quiet Defiance
•   Civilized or Syphilized?
French Expansion
“Fish, Fur, and the Faith”
       Missionary Positions
• Conversions
• Reversions
• Syncretism
         The Fur Trade and the
    Transformation of Indian Warfare
•   Mourning Wars
•   Beaver Wars
•   The Impact of Guns, Germs, and Alcohol
•   From Mutuality to Dependency
Mixed Worlds and Mixed
       Peoples
Expansion of British Colonies
Thanksgiving and Pocahontas: The
        Great Exceptions
 Gold, God, and Glory

Fish, Fur, and the Faith

Land, Land, and Land
           British Expansion

From Dependency to Domination
Family Migrations
Land Hunger
Colonization as Conquest
        Countering Colonialism
•   Migration
•   Accommodation
•   Incorporation
•   Confederation
•   Revitalization
•   Indian Expansion
The “Sioux” and Comanches as
Winners of the West in the 18th
           Century
Washington D.C. Subway Map
Indian America in 1492
Diversity and Dynamism: The Problem
 with “Culture Areas” and “Language
               Families”
Mapping Expansionism
                                                   Bibliography

•   Aron, Stephen. American Confluence: The Missouri Frontier from Borderland to Border State. Bloomington, IN.,
    2006.
•   Barr, Julianna. Peace Came in the Form of a Woman: Indians and Spaniards in the Texas Borderlands. Chapel
    Hill, 2007.
•   Calloway, Colin. One Vast Winter Count: The Native American West before Lewis and Clark. Lincoln, NE, 2003.
•   DuVal, Kathleen. The Native Ground: Indians and Colonists in the Heart of the Continent. Philadelphia, 2006.
•   Hackel, Steven. Children of Coyote, Missionaries of St. Francis: Indian-Spanish Relations in Colonial California,
    1769-1850. Chapel Hill, 2005.
•   Hamalainen, Pekka. The Comanche Empire. New Haven, 2008.
•   Elliott, John H. Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, 1492-1830. New Haven, 2006.
•   Richter, Daniel. Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America. Cambridge, MA., 2001.
•   Taylor, Alan. American Colonies: The Settling of North America. New York, 2001.
•   Weber, David. The Spanish Frontier in North America. New Haven, 1992.
•   White, Richard. The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815. New
    York, 1991.
                                                Assigned Readings


•   Jeremy Adelman and Stephen Aron, “From Borderlands to Borders: Empires, Nation-states, and the Peoples in
    Between in North American History,” American Historical Review, 104 (1999): 814-41.
•   Julianna Barr, “A Diplomacy of Gender: Rituals of First Contact in the ‘Land of the Tejas’,” William and Mary
    Quarterly, 3d. Ser., 61 (2004): 393-434.
•   Steven W. Hackel, “The Staff of Leadership: Indian Authority in the Missions of Alta California,” William and Mary
    Quarterly, 3d. Ser., 54 (1997): 347-76.

				
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