Unit 7 Section B
Are You a Workaholic?
• Lead-in activities
• Text understanding
• Notes to the text
• Words and expressions
There is a big difference between hard
work and workaholism.
From time to time, all of us put more
hours and effort into working than we
do into being with loved ones or
Workaholics operate in this fashion all
of the time, using their jobs as
escape...True workaholics are driven by
deeper, internal needs, rather than
external one—not that it's tax season or
baby needs a new pair of shoes, but
that the process of working satisfies an
inner, psychological hunger.
• Is work the activity you like to do best and talk about
• Do you turn your hobbies into money-making ventures?
• Have your family or friends given up expecting you on
• Do you underestimate how long a project will take and
then rush to complete it?
• Do you believe that it is okay to work long hours if you
love what you are doing?
• Are you afraid that if you don't work hard you will lose
your job or be a failure?
• Is the future a constant worry for you even when
things are going very well?
• Do you do things energetically and competitively,
• Do you get irritated when people ask you to stop doing
your work to do something else?
• Do you work or read during meals?
• Do you believe that more money will solve the other
problems in your life?
If you answered 'yes' to three or more of these
questions, there is a chance you are a
workaholic or well on your way to becoming
Make a Diagnosis
I. Make a Diagnosis
1. Respond to the questions with the help of
2. Make out a report of your diagnosis.
1. Respond to the questions
Is this guy a hard-working man or a
What makes him a
Which type of
workaholic does he
What are your
suggestions for him?
Guide for diagnose
2. Guide for diagnosing
a picture of a workaholic (Para. 2)
causes of workaholic (Para.3-5)
three types of workaholics (Para.6)
possible ways to help a workaholic
(add your own view when necessary)
A sample beginning of the report
3. A sample beginning
The guy in the picture is a
workaholic. He is disorganized,
not knowing when to stop work.
He is so busy with his work that
he moves his toilet to his office.
1. Workaholics, like those who are constantly drunk, suffer
from a controlling habit, usually defined as compelling
behavior despite negative consequences. (L8)
Workaholics are like the people who often get
excited by alcoholic drink. They suffer from a
habit that they are unable to escape. They
describe it as a type of behavior which
workaholics are compelled to commit although
they know it may bring harmful results.
2. Despite lip service to the contrary, most employers want
loyal employees who work longer hours, rewarding
them with higher pay and better benefits. (L11)
Though they claim that an employee who can
balance work and other parts of his life is a highly
efficient one, most employers support this idea
only by empty words. On the contrary, they offer
higher pay and better benefits to encourage
employees to work longer hours for their company.
3. Americans tend to become trapped in a working and
spending consumption mode, driven by merchants, that
leads them to rack up their expectations. (L15)
Americans are likely to get stuck in the patterns,
created by business people, of working more and
们抬高了自己的期望值。 Americans to spend
spending more,which leads
more money and therefore, they have to work
harder to make money.
Easily Misused Words
I. Word Using
1. involve (L2)
v. have as a necessary part; include
The job involves traveling abroad for three
months each year.
This war involved several countries.
1. involve sb./sth. in
cause sb./sth. to take part in, bring sb./sth. into …
Don’t involve me in solving your problem.
He was involved in a heated argument.
2. other than (L3)
① instead of, except for ② not; different from
The truth was other than what he thought.
She has no close friends other than me.
3. system (L10)
n. ① an ordered set of ideas, methods
② a group of related parts
a system of philosophy
the democratic system the solar
the digestive system
a good system teaching
language a railway
4. evident (L21)
a. easily noticed or understood; obvious
It was evident that she had once been
同义词 distinct, obvious, apparent
反义词 concealed, obscure, hidden
5. competition (L24)
n. a contest, a test of skill or ability
Because there is so much unemployment,
the competition for jobs is very fierce.
compete v. 比赛，竞争
competitive a. 竞争的
competitor n. 竞争者
6. deny + sth./doing sth. (L38)
v. refuse to accept as a fact
He said that I had stolen his bicycle, but I
He denied knowing anything about the matter.
7. schedule (L39)
n. a list of times of departures and arrivals; a timetable
The train was in an hour behind schedule.
She always has a full schedule.
Can you make a schedule of your daily
Time Monday Thursday
7:50~ 10:10 Listening Listening
10:10~10:30 Break Break
10:30~12:00 Reading Reading
12:00~12:40 Lunch break Lunch break
14:40~17:00 Lesson Lesson
II. Story Making
Make a story with the followings :
tend to do
burn the midnight oil
III. Easily Misused Words
happening, present continuing without
a person who is a person who employs
a way of operating, sth. that is a good
living example of its style
permit or approve a part of sth.
Practice: fill in the blanks with the above words
1. The brain needs a continuous supply of blood.
2. We have _________hot water in the house.
3. Each department has its own _______ of
4. She is a ________ of honesty. Her teacher calls on
the class to learn from her.
5. Dad is fond of reading the sportssection of the
morning newspaper every day.
6. Public opinions sanction a more liberal view on
7. He is the kind of __________ that the boss likes
very much because he is both hardworking and
8. Knowing what an _________ is looking for in a
potential employee can help an applicant to
prepare for an interview.
Cause and Effect
When you explain in writing the
reasons why something happens,
you are having a cause and effect
writing. Read the following passage
and tell the cause and effect.
(结果) Do you know why winter is colder
than summer? (原因1) One reason is that
there are fewer hours of sunlight in winter.
(原因2) But there is another reason. Winter
sunlight is cooler. It is the same sun, and it
shines just as bright as in the summertime,
and yet the earth gets less heat from it.
Find a model (outside the textbook):
a. Look for a typical paragraph of
cause and effect.
b. Put it down.
c. Exchange yours with other
classmates in class.
( Source: books available/online)
• Review Section B
• Finish the post-text exercises to
• Apply the cause-effect model to a
writing task of 100 words.