Livability and Sustainablity

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Livability and Sustainablity Powered By Docstoc
					Jim Thorne
FHWA - Resource Center
•   The Sustainable Communities Partnership and
    Livability Principles

•   Livability and the Planning Process

•   Livability Examples and Resources

•   Sustainability

•   Livability/Sustainability: where and how
   DOT, EPA, HUD
   Improve access to affordable housing, provide
    more transportation options and lower
    transportation costs while protecting the
    environment
   Encourages livability principles to be
    incorporated into federal programs and funding.
   Achieve our economic, social, and
    environmental goals most effectively when we
    work on them together.
Partnership Livability Principles
                Transportation Choices


                Housing Choices


                Economic Competitiveness


                Support Existing Communities


                Align Federal Policies


                Value Communities
   Targeting resources through grants and other
    programs to help states and communities create
    jobs and stronger economies by developing more
    sustainably.
   Removing regulatory and policy barriers at the
    federal level to make it easier for state and local
    governments to access federal services and
    resources.
   Aligning agency priorities and embedding the
    Livability Principles in each agency’s actions so
    that transportation, housing, and environmental
    protection efforts are coordinated.
   Transportation Investment Generating Economic
    Recovery (TIGER) Grants
   Joint DOT TIGER II-HUD Community Challenge Grants
   HUD Sustainable Communities Regional Planning
    Grants
   Funds for Urban Circulator and Bus & Bus Livability
    Projects
   State Revolving Funds for Water Infrastructure
   Smart Growth Implementation Assistance
   Greening America’s Capitals
   HUD Adoption of Sustainability Criteria in Scoring
    Grant Applications
   Executive Order on Federal Leadership in
    Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance

   Brownfields Policy Change
   Brownfields Pilot Communities
   Brownfields Area-Wide Planning Pilot Initiative

   Policy Statement on Bicycle and Pedestrian
    Accommodation Regulations and Recommendations

   Reducing Contracting Conflicts
   Change to Federal Transit Administration’s New
    Starts Program
   Coordinating Policies and Funding Programs

   HUD Office of Sustainable Housing and
    Communities

   EPA Office of Sustainable Communities

   Regional Partnerships
   Broaden Partnership

   Continue examining and, if necessary, modifying
    federal policies and actions on transportation,
    housing, and environmental protection to
    complement each other and to better reflect the
    Livability Principles.
Using the quality, location and type of
transportation facilities and services to
help achieve broader community goals
such as access to good jobs, affordable
housing, quality schools, and safe streets

 Livability, sustainability, smart growth,
 walkable communities, new urbanism,
 healthy neighborhoods, active living, transit
 oriented development, complete streets,
              Sustainawalkabilitism . . .
www.wordle.net/
   Support economic vitality
   Increase safety
   Increase security
   Increase accessibility and mobility
   Protect and enhance the environment
   Enhance connectivity across and between
    modes
   Promote efficient system management and
    operation
   Preserve the existing transportation
    system.
(E) protect and enhance the environment,
 promote energy conservation, improve
 the quality of life,
 and promote consistency between
 transportation improvements and
 State and local planned growth and
 economic development patterns;
More efficient use of resources

Increase accessibility

Improve connections and
 options

Reduce energy use

Environmental benefits

Health and Social benefits
                         Livable Communities are where people have access to
                         many different forms of transportation and affordable
                         housing…..”   U.S. DOT Secretary, Ray LaHood
   Goals, performance measures, policies related to
    livability, quality of life, . . .
   Help region develop vision related to community
    growth and development.
   Reach beyond usual groups to housing, public
    health, water resources, . . .
   Land use and transportation integration.
   Multi-modal planning.
   Interdisciplinary efforts.
   CSS in regional, corridor, project planning.
   Options and approaches vary.
   Connected streets
   Complete streets
   Pedestrian facilities
   Bicycle planning
   Scenario planning
   Land Use/Transportation integration
   Safe Routes to School
   Transit supportive land use
   Multi-modal planning
   Context Sensitive Solutions
   Management and Operations
   Safety
   Accessibility
   Integrated planning
   Public Engagement
   Freight
   Corridor planning
   GHG emission reduction
   Public health
   ?
Opportunities to Address Climate Change

Planning for:
  ◦ Grid street patterns, short blocks,
    streetscapes
  ◦ Transit and transit supportive
    land use
  ◦ Planning for bike and pedestrian
    travel
  ◦ Land use (as it supports
    transportation and vice versa)
  ◦ System efficiencies
  ◦ Travel Demand Management
   Goal Driven
   Community engagement and outreach
   Place Based
   Context Sensitive
   Recognizes existing values and assets
   Interdisciplinary
   Comprehensive
   Explores inter-relationships of key elements
   Collaborative
 Public and decision maker understanding that
  land use and transportation are intertwined.
 Livability Goals and Performance Measures.
 Safe, connected, multimodal roadway
  networks.
 Plans, programs and projects support
  broader community goals.
 Interdisciplinary approach: partners and
  efforts that support range of community
  goals.
Atlanta, GA—Livable Centers Initiative (LCI)
 ◦ LCI program initiated in 1999 to better link transportation and
   land use planning with long-term goals of VMT and
   congestion reduction and improved air quality.
 ◦ Awards grants to prepare plans to enhance existing centers
   and corridors.
 ◦ More than 100 studies had been completed, representing
   nearly $9 million in planning assistance funding.
Chattanooga, TN
Riverfront Parkway Transportation and Urban
 Design Plan

   Converted the Riverfront Parkway from a four-lane,
    limited-access expressway to an urban surface street.
   Three primary objectives guided the design:
    ◦ Better vehicular and pedestrian connections to downtown,
    ◦ Improving riverfront area
    ◦ Capacity that better matched expected traffic volumes.
   The project has improved access, commuting patterns,
    and renewed economic viability for the eastern portion of
    downtown.
Chattanooga, TN
Riverfront Parkway Transportation and Urban
 Design Plan
Every   transportation
project is an opportunity
to improve the quality of
life in a community.
Rural Communities

                    1) Support the rural
                       landscape

                    2) Help existing
                     places thrive

                    3) Create great new
                     places

                            icma.org
• Set Regional Framework
• Improve Local Accessibility
• Enhance Community Design


www.trb.org
PennDOT’s Smart Transportation Guidebook


                     “Smart Transportation
                     is a collaborative
                     approach to
                     supporting great
                     communities for
                     future generations of
                     Pennsylvanians.”



         www.smart-transportation.com
                        RURAL
Traditionally– it’s
been either urban or    SUBURBAN
rural                     CORRIDOR

Land use context –        SUBURBAN
                               CENTER
land area comprising
unique combination of              SUBURBAN
                                NEIGHBORHOOD
land uses, density,
building form                     TOWN / VILLAGE
                                           CENTER
Common place types
                                     TOWN / VILLAGE
found in every                        NEIGHBORHOOD
PennDOT district                                    URBAN
                                                      CORE
       Capital District
       Transportation
         Committee –
      Albany, NY MPO
www.cdtcmpo.org/linkage.htm
    Collaborative
    Interdisciplinary
    Involves all stakeholders


   Results in facility that complements;
   Physical setting, and
   Preserves scenic, aesthetic, and historic and
    environmental resources, while
   Maintaining safety and mobility
www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/csd.htm
Pedestrian and Bicycle Enhancements

 • Bike Lanes

 • Recreational multi-use trails

 • Pedestrian refuge islands,
 sidewalks, countdown signals
Series of urban and rural case studies and strategies
that facilitate:
 •Revitalizing rural small towns
 •Better connecting downtowns with neighborhoods
 •Completing street networks
 •Supporting compact, mixed use development
 •Maximize efficiency of existing transportation
 infrastructure
 •Mitigate impacts of climate change
 •Preserve natural and cultural resources
   Livability Guidebook
   Livability Implementation Research Paper
   5 Regional workshops with key stakeholders to
    identify opportunities and obstacles.
    ◦ Locations—Sacramento, CA; Denver, CO; Kansas
      City, MO; Atlanta, GA; Boston, MA
   National Association of Development
    Organizations Peer Exchanges that focused on
    Rural Livability.
    ◦ GA, NC and CA
   Livability Performance Measures
   TIGER 3
    ◦ NOFA
    ◦ Open until October
   FTA
    ◦ Bus Livability Grants
   HUD
    ◦ Capacity Building NOFA
    ◦ Second Round of Sustainable Communities Regional
      Planning Grants
    ◦ NOFA
   EPA
    ◦ Greening America’s Capitals
    ◦ Smart Growth Technical Assistance
www.sustainablecommunities.gov
   Atlanta Regional Commission – Atlanta, GA
   Capital District Transportation Committee (CDTC) –
    Albany, NY
   Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission
    (DVRPC) – Philadelphia, PA
   Denver Regional Council of Governments (DRCOG)
    – Denver, CO
   Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC) –
    Oakland, CA
   North Central Texas Council of Governments
    (NCTCOG) – Dallas-Fort Worth, TX
   Portland Metro (Metro) – Portland, OR
   Transportation and Land Use Integration
   Transportation Planning Process
   Programming and Project Prioritization
   Funding
   Project Implementation
   Program Evaluation and Performance
    Measures
   Partnerships and Outreach
   Use scenario planning to engage the public in
    conversations about transportation and land
    use and inform updates to the long-range
    transportation plan – ARC, CDTC, DRCOG,
    MTC, NCTCOG

   Prepare a regional comprehensive plan in
    conjunction with a long-range transportation
    plan – ARC, DRCOG, DVRPC, Metro
   Integrate land use criteria into the TIP Process,
    such as considering minimum zoning
    requirements in the project evaluation and
    selection criteria for TIP programming – CDTC,
    DRCOG, MTC, NCTCOG

   Update the regional transportation demand
    model to better address land use development
    and associated travel behavior – ARC, DRCOG,
    MTC, NCTCOG
   Pay staff or consultants to track and monitor
    development or land values in the region to
    identify opportunities for strategic transportation
    investments – Metro, NCTCOG

   Provide design guidelines and information,
    training or technical assistance on complete
    streets – ARC, DVRPC, DRCOG, MTC,
    NCTCOG
Sustainability - A set of environmental, economic and
social conditions in which all of society has the capacity and
opportunity to maintain and improve its quality of life indefinitely
without degrading the quantity, quality or the availability of
natural, economic and social resources (from American Society
of Civil Engineers)

                      Source: Transportation Planning and Sustainability Guidebook
                      FHWA, 2011
•Livability and sustainability promote environmentally sustainable travel
options, consideration of human health issues, social equity, and
economic development.

•Sustainability includes long term, multi-generational focus.

•Livability initiatives as a subset of sustainability; focused more on near
term planning, funding and implementation at the community level.

•Sustainability addresses larger environmental goals such as improving
air and water quality, reducing climate impacts, increasing energy
efficiency, and decreasing dependence on foreign oil.

•Livability may be less specific about larger environmental goals.

•Transportation solutions that support both are likely similar.
Examines how sustainability
 considerations could be better
 incorporated into transportation
 planning through case studies
 identified from a review of
 sustainability planning practices
 at State DOTs and from a
 literature review of U.S. and
 international practices.


      http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/hep/climate/sustainability/index.cfm
   FHWA encourages sustainable highway
    practices throughout the project lifecycle:
    ◦ Planning
    ◦ Project Development
    ◦ Operations and Management
   FHWA is developing a Sustainable Highways
    Tool in order to:
    ◦ Help agencies measure sustainability and quantify
      tradeoffs
    ◦ Provide a framework for communicating with
      stakeholders about sustainability
    ◦ Establish a method for evaluating sustainable
      highways
   For sustainability to
    be fully integrated
    into highway and
    transit programs, it
    must be considered
    throughout the
    project lifecycle
   Must address
    sustainability from
    planning through
    operations
System Planning             Operations and
 ◦ Integrated Planning       Maintenance
 ◦ Mitigation banking         • Strong asset
                                management
 ◦ Fiscal planning            • Roadside vegetation
Project Development             management
 ◦ Cost Benefit Analysis
 ◦ Construction Equipment
   Emission Reduction
 ◦ Recycling and Reuse of
   materials
◦ Self-evaluation tool to measure
  sustainability over the life cycle
  of a transportation project
◦ Collection of best practices
◦ Web-based
◦ Based on triple bottom line
  Environmental
  Economic
  Social
◦ Pilot Test Version



                       www.sustainablehighways.org
   Voluntary Web-based Tool
   Lists “sustainable criteria” based on best
    practices for three project phases:
    ◦ Systems Planning
    ◦ Project Development
    ◦ Operations and Maintenance
   Each criterion assigned a point value based on
    expected sustainability impact
   In coordination with ASCE effort
   Other sustainable highways tools used as
    references(GreenLITES, I-LAST, Greenroads)
             www.sustainablehighways.org
 Encourage sustainable highway practices
  ◦ Internal improvement
  ◦ External recognition
 Help agencies measure sustainability and
  quantify tradeoffs
 Provide a framework for communicating
  with stakeholders about sustainability
 Establish a method for evaluating
  sustainable highways
PD-1 Cost Benefit Analysis       PD-9 Stormwater
PD-2 Highway and Traffic         PD-10 Ecological Connectivity
     Safety                      PD-11 Recycle & Reuse
PD-3 Context Sensitive Project         Materials
     Development (or             PD-12 Create Renewable
     equivalent)                  Energy
PD-4 Lifecycle Cost Analysis     PD-13 Site Vegetation
PD-5 Freight Mobility            PD-14 Pedestrian Access
PD-6 Educational Outreach        PD-15 Bicycle Access
PD-7 Tracking Environmental      PD-16 Transit & HOV Access
     Commitments
PD-8 Habitat Restoration
PD-17 Historical,                 PD-24 Contractor Warranty
      Archaeological, and         PD-25 Earthwork Balance
      Cultural Preservation       PD-26 Construction
PD-18 Scenic, Natural, or               Environmental Training
      Recreational Qualities      PD-27 Construction Equipment
PD-19 Low-Emitting Materials            Emission Reduction
PD-20 Energy Efficient Lighting   PD-28 Construction Noise
PD-21 ITS for System                    Mitigation
 Operations                       PD-29 Construction Quality Plan
PD-22 Long-Life Pavement          PD-30 Construction Waste
      Design                            Management
PD-23 Reduced Energy and
      Emissions in Pavement
      Materials
   Testing will be done on the Project
    Development (PD), System Planning (SP) and
    Operations & Maintenance (OM) criteria
   Objectives for Conducting the Pilot Testing
    ◦ Provide input on how to make tool easier to use
    ◦ Obtain input on further refinement to criteria
    ◦ For calibration of scoring and achievement levels
   Schedule for Pilot Testing
    ◦ July thru October 2011
                        For INVEST
                        • Revise additional criteria
For Sustainable            – Revise O&M criteria –
  Highways Program           July
 Continue strong          – Revise System Planning
  coordination within        criteria – August
  FHWA and with         • Pilot Testing
  partners and             – Call for Pilot Projects
  stakeholders               (PD criteria)– June
                           – Call for Pilot Programs
 Create program
                             (SP & OM) – July
  structure, partner
                        • Weighting & Scoring
  on key
                          Review - ongoing
  program/research
  gaps                  • Updates to Website -
                          ongoing
                        • Version 1.0 Release –
                          December 31, 2011
•   How do we incorporate livability and
    sustainability into our planning?

•   What do you need to move forward
    with livability and sustainability
    initiatives?
“Trend Is Not Destiny”
         Lewis Mumford
•   Broaden Community Engagement
•   Livability Goals and Performance Measures
•   Integrate Land Use and Transportation Planning
•   Pursue Connected Street Networks
•   Improve Access Management Programs
•   Support Projects that Reconnect Communities
•   Develop Multimodal Projects
•   Advance Travel Demand Management and
    Operational Strategies
•   Consider Freight Movement and Needs
•   Use CSS Approach: Planning, Project Development
•   Address Transportation Safety
•   Conduct Multimodal Corridor Planning

				
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