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					 Chapter 13: Manifest Destiny
Section 2: The Texas Revolution
      Today we’re going to look at
        Mexicans and Americans
   And how one group – especially the immigrants
    are causing all kinds of problems.
   No one wants these immigrants to be there –
    they should go back home to their own country.
   They always break laws – they’re all a bunch of
    criminals.
   They don’t understand how to live in their new
    country.
   They take advantage of money and tax
    situations in their new country.
                   Around 1800
   There was some Spanish
    land near the Louisiana
    Territory called Tejas.
   Parts of this land had
    great forests.
   Parts had great farmland.
   Parts had huge grazing
    land for cattle.
   There were some good
    rivers leading to the Gulf
    of Mexico.
    But not many Tejanos lived in Mexico
    (Spanish people who lived in Mexico)
   Comanche, Apache,        The Spanish wanted
    and other tribes          more Spanish settlers
    fought against more       to move there – to
    Spanish people            help fight the Native
    settling in Texas         Americans – and keep
                              out Americans
    They just couldn’t find any Spanish
      settlers who would move there
   So they started letting some
    Americans come – like Moses
    Austin and his son Stephen
    Austin.
   But in 1820: Mexico gained
    its Independence from Spain.
   Mexico wouldn’t let them have
    this land for free like the
    Spanish did.
    The 5th of May is not Mexican Independence Day, but it should be! And Cinco de Mayo is
       not an American holiday, but it should be. Mexico declared its independence from
    mother Spain on midnight, the 15th of September, 1810. And it took 11 years before the
                  first Spanish soldiers were told and forced to leave Mexico.
The American settlers had to agree
     to live by certain rules:
                    They had to become
                     Mexican citizens.
                    The had to become
                     members of the Catholic
                     Church.
                    Stephen Austin even
                     required that his settler
                     families were moral,
                     would work hard, and
                     would not drink.
    But more and more Americans moved into
     Texas (The Mexican Territory of Texas)

   It got to the point where
    Mexico said there were too
    many Americans immigrating
    to their land.
   Very few of these immigrants
    spoke the Mexican language –
    and refused to learn.
   Mexicans thought the
    Americans were difficult to live
    with (they always wanted
    special treatment).
   Americans seemed unwilling to
    adapt to Mexican laws.
    The Mexican Government decided to crack
         down on all these immigrants
   They tried to stop American immigration.
   The Mexicans made Texan settlers pay taxes for the first time.
   They sent more Mexican troops to Texas to enforce the new rules.
       There’s talk of a rebellion
   And eventually there
    is one – between
    American settlers in
    Mexico’s Texas – and
    the Mexican
    government.
   There actually ends
    up being a war
    between the two
One of the more famous places they fought:

    At an old mission near where
     San Antonio is today.
    About 200 members of the
     Texas army fought against
     2000 Mexican forces.
    They actually held them off
     during a 13 day siege (36),
     but eventually ran out of
     ammunition and supplies.
    The battle cry of this war
     became:
    “Remember the Alamo”
                                      The Alamo - San Antonio, TX
            Surrounding and trying
             to capture something    The Alamo Site, History, Pictures,
                                             News, & More
            Another famous battle
           took place at San Jacinto
   In this battle half the
    Mexican army died in
    an 18 minute span.
   Mexican General
    Santa Anna was
    forced to sign a peace
    treaty – giving Texas
    its freedom, and its
    independence.
Texas became: The Lone Star Republic

                     It was it’s own country (even
                      though it kept asking the U.S.
                      if it could be added as a new
                      state.
                     The U.S. kept saying no – it
                      would probably become a
                      slave state.
                     That would make one more
                      slave than free states.
                     Mexico would probably end up
                      wanting to go to war with the
                      United States – and not just
                      Texas.
            So it’s true about
         Mexicans and Americans
   And how one group – especially the immigrants
    are causing all kinds of problems.
   No one wants these immigrants to be there –
    they should go back home to their own country.
   They always break laws – they’re all a bunch of
    criminals.
   They don’t understand how to live in their new
    country.
   They take advantage of money and tax
    situations in their new country.

				
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