EASTCOASTECONOMICREGIONDEVELOPMENTCOUNCILES November2010 by S5I8Y6

VIEWS: 12 PAGES: 16

									                             EXECUTIVE SUMMARRY


1.0    INTRODUCTION


       This Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment report was submitted to the
       Department of Environment for the proposed agropolitan project to develop an area of
       137.34 hectares.


       The proposed development is a Prescribed Activity under scheduled 1(b) of the
       Environmental Quality (Prescribed Activities), (Environmental Impact Assessment) Order,
       1987 which states that “Agriculture Programmes Necessitating the Resettlement of 100
       Families or More” requires the submission of a report on the impact on the environmental
       to the DOE for approval.


2.0    TITLE OF PROJECT


       The title of the proposed development project is “Proposed Development of Pekan
       Agropolitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5, 6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of
       Pekan, Pahng Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council”.


3.0    PROJECT PROPONENT


       The project proponent for this project is East Coast Economic Region Development
       Council (ECERDC). Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd., has been commissioned to
       prepare the Preliminary EIA Report.




Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                     Page ES   -1
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


4.0    STATEMENT OF NEEDS


       i.      Poverty Issue


               The Ninth Malaysia Plan, 2006–2010, repeated the commitment to achieve growth
               with distribution and set targets of reducing the overall poverty rate to 2.8% and
               eradicating hard-core poverty by 2010. It also set ambitious targets to narrow income
               disparities and improve equity. In order to help achieve these targets, ECER
               programmes have been formulated to specifically address the issues of growth with
               distribution in the eastern corridor, to identify specific programmes for the
               development of particular sub-regions in the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. The
               concept of agricultural growth corridors in PAP as proposed in ECER Master Plan
               would promote the economic, social and physical development of the east coast
               region.


       ii.     Demand For Livestock Products in Malaysia


               In the livestock industry, Malaysia is an exporter of poultry meat but a net importer
               of meat products, especially beef and mutton. The import values of livestock and
               livestock products totaled RM 4 billion in 2003 (Department of Veterinary, August
               2005). Of this, 5.5% was for the value of imported live animals. The remaining were
               from livestock products. Around RM 155 million imported live animals were for
               buffaloes, cattle, live sheep and live goats. This represented 69% of total value of
               live animals imported into the country, indicating a relatively large market for live
               animals.




Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                      Page ES- 2
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


5.0    PROJECT DESCRIPTIONS


       The proposed project will be developed on Plot Kawasan 3, 5, 6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim
       Lepar District of Pekan , Pahang Darul Makmur with grid coordinates of Latitude 03o
       31.25’ N to 03o 33.50’ and Longitude 103o 06.00’ E to 103o 06.75’ E. The project can be
       easily reachable through Tun Abdul Razak Highway (JKR R5) and can be reached either
       through Ecopalm Paper Mill (approximately 22.5 km from the exit of Gambang Toll) or
       through northern part of the project site.


       The secondary forest will developed into an agricultural area. The main activity shall be
       dorper sheep rearing together with fodder and development of resettlement area in the form
       of housing, basic amenities and infrastructure.




Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                      Page ES- 3
                                                                                                                                                Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council




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               Scale 1: 22400


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                                                                                                 Simpanan Jalan 15.24 meter (50')




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         PROPOSED
        PROJECT SITE




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FIGURE 1
Location Plan of the Project Site


Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                                                       Page ES- 4
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


6.0    THE EXISTING ENVIRONMENT


       6.1     Existing Physical Environment


               (a)     Topography


                       Generally, the Project area is situated on a flat terrain surrounded by oil palm
                       plantation and secondary forests. The low-lying land area at the south-eastern
                       region of the project site is drained by canals that flow into Sg. Pahang.


               (b)     Geology and Mineral


                       The soils consists Quaternary alluviums and basalt of tertiary age overlay most
                       of the Project site. Carboniferous sedimentary rocks and volcanic soils are
                       found at the northwest and southern boundary of the Project site, while a small
                       portion consists of permian sedimentary rocks and associated volcanic soil at
                       the southwest of the project. Clay deposits were found at the northern and
                       southern of the Project boundary.


               (c)     Soil Condition


                       The soil series were identified as Holyrood Series, Jelutong Series, Kg Pusu
                       Series, Kerayong Series and Tebok Series.


               (d)     Surrounding Landuse


                       The site has been previously logged over and very little vegetation remains.
                       The vicinity project site is mainly surrounded by mixed landuse that consist of
                       settlement area, agricultural area and business area. Major landuses within 3-
                       km radius of the Project site include villages, estates, housing estates, small
                       workshops and sawmills.




Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                      Page ES- 5
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


               (e)     Meteorology


                       The climate in the area is characterized by a warm and humid weather all year
                       round. The weather also comes under the influence of the Asian monsoonal
                       system. Its climate variation is characterized by the Southwest and Northeast
                       Monsoons, with two distinct monsoons, the Northeast Monsoon is from
                       November to March, and the Southwest Monsoon generally prevails from late
                       May to September. The Southwest Monsoons generally signify a relatively
                       drier climate while the Northeast Monsoon usually brings scattered to fairly
                       widespread heavy rain.


               (f)     Hydrology


                       Sg. Pahang is one of the largest rivers in the country and the largest in the State
                       of Pahang, with a catchments area of 29,300 km2. It has many tributaries and
                       the project site located within Mukim Lepar, is drained by one of several major
                       river tributary systems that flow generally in a north to south direction to join
                       Sg. Pahang.


                       The project site itself has no natural rivers in the vicinity and is mainly drained
                       by the adjacent earth canals that cut through from Ladang Resak, which is an
                       oil palm plantation the northern border with the Project site. The drains are
                       then connected to Sg. Rasau, which flows south to join Sg. Pahang.


               (g)     Water Quality


                       Water quality sampling was conducted at three (2) locations, one (1) location
                       for drainage canal and one (1) location for groundwater. Analysis results
                       obtained showing that the canal classified as Class III of National Water
                       Quality Standards. Based on Water Quality Index that based by parameters of
                       dissolved oxygen, pH, BOD, COD, NH3N and suspended solids, the canal can
                       be classified as slightly polluted. As for groundwater, all parameters are in
                       accordance with National Guidelines for Raw Drinking Water Quality.



Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                      Page ES- 6
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


               (h)     Air Quality


                       Ambient air quality sampling was carried out at two (2) locations. Pollutant
                       gaseous were not monitored as there are no activities at the project site emit
                       any gaseous that could contribute air pollution. In view of the idyllic nature of
                       the area, the air quality monitoring of Total Suspended Particulate (TSP) level
                       is comply with Malaysian Ambient Air Quality Guidelines with a values of
                                                             3
                       40.2553 and 35.6145µg/Nm .


               (i)     Noise Level Measurement


                       Noise level measurement was carried out at four (4) locations. The noise levels
                       at the project site are affected by sound of nature due to sound of birds,
                       movement of vegetation by wind and also movement of vehicles. The noise
                       level generated at the project area are insignificant and below than the
                       recommended limit by DOE for residential area i.e. 65 dB(A). The measured
                       noise level ranged from Leq 43.0 – 58.5 dB(A) for day-time period. The overall
                       noise level at the project site is optimum and has no potential annoyance to
                       nearby.


       6.2     Existing Biological Environment


               (a)     Flora


                       Various types of flora species were found at the Project site and its surrounding
                       area. 34 species from 22 Families of flora were recorded. Only 1 species of
                       fern (Microsorum) is listed as uncommon (A.G.Piggot: Ferns of Malaya). The
                       rest are common weeds (e.g. Chromolaena) or pioneering species of waste
                       lands (e.g. Macaranga, Mallotus, Melastoma). Remnant palms species found
                       on the peripheral are also common (Licuala, Oncosperma). None of the plants
                       documented at site is found in the list of threatened species (IUCN, 2009)
                       hence there is no need of any mitigation measures to be instituted where flora
                       is concerned.


Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                      Page ES- 7
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


               (b)     Avifauna


                       Seven species from six families of birds were recorded from Project site area.
                       The disappearance of a conducive environment as well as a fractured ecology
                       has not been able to provide food, shelter and roosting sites. Of the seven
                       species, three are under the Totally Protected category and one under P(1)
                       listing which requires a license to hunt it. None of the species are listed under
                       the IUCN list of threatened species.


               (c)     Mammals


                       No other mammals, except the Eurasian pig (Sus scrofa), were recorded from
                       site or the periphery during the visit. Vocalization of the Dusky Leaf monkey
                       was heard coming from a great distance away from site. The presence of the
                       wild pig was detected based on their hoof-prints as well as wallows found all
                       over the site.


       6.3     Traffic and Transportation


               The main road connects to the Project site is FR12, namely Tun Abdul Razak
               Highway or Jalan Kuantan-Gambang. Traffic survey is being done to access the
               movement and the volume of traffic was carried out at the point along the FR12
               which is adjacent to the Project site. The time was chosen to conduct the census
               which was at the most crowded and congested, namely: 0800-0900, 1200-1300 and
               1700-1800. Main vehicles types were from car, followed by lorries, trucks and heavy
               vehicles.


       6.4     Existing Human Environment


               There are three (3) settlements within the 3 kilometers range of the Project site from
               the border of the area. Most major villages are well equipped with modern amenities
               such as water supply, electricity and facilities such as a community hall, a
               kindergarten, bus stop, park, surau, mosque, government clinics, etc.


Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                      Page ES- 8
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


               Since the land area is covered with secondary and logged forest and swamp forest,
               there would be no economic loss for the transformation to take place. On the
               contrary, there will be tremendous gain in employment opportunities and economic
               spin-offs that can be derived from the development.


7.0    ASSESSMENT OF IMPACTS


       The adverse impacts that may arise are normally localized and some impacts on the
       environment predicted from the proposed project may be mitigated through various means
       that includes proper planning and incorporating environmental pollution control and
       abatement measures.


       7.1     Soil Erosion


               Site clearing and earthworks activities, by nature of the activities involved will cause
               exposure of land and this in turn, will result in surface soil particulate movement due
               to weathering agents such as surface run-off and wind.                                 Where uncontrolled,
               extensive surface losses cause soil erosion and consequently, siltation of streams.
               During periods of heavy rain, as much as 100 tonnes of soil may be detached from an
               acre of exposed surface (EPA, Oct. 1976). Any increase in runoff will drain into
               existing drainage canal at the border of Dawn Estate which discharges into Sungai
               Pahang. The Project site is generally flat, therefore, the impact of soil erosion is
               considered minor (refer Table 1 for the estimation of Potential Soil Erosion using
               USLE Modeling result).


               TABLE 1
               Estimation of Soil Erosion Rate (E) using USLE Modeling Result
                                       HOLYROOD JELUTONG KG PUSU KERAYONG                                             TEBOK
                                         SERIES    SERIES   SERIES   SERIES                                           SERIES
               E (ton/Ha/year)              0.0025   0.0025  0.00287    0.0025                                         0.0025




Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                      Page ES- 9
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


       7.2     Water Pollution

               Discharge of pollutants and sediment from the development of the project are the
               major source that contributes to water pollution that will degrade the water quality.
               Usually, the use of agriculture supplement such as fertilizer and other related
               development activities will have significant impacts of the water quality within the
               vicinity of the Project site. Some may pose a long-term threat while some may be
               localized in nature. The common parameter associated with sewage and sullages are
               COD, BOD, NH4N and E.coli.


       7.3     Air Pollution

               Major air pollution could be generated during earthworks, construction and traffic
               movements during operational stages. Air pollution as a result of project
               development is mainly related to the burning operation (if practiced) during land
               clearing. Minor air pollution may also occur due to the use of machinery and
               vehicles.


       7.4     Noise Pollution

               Noise is usually generated by the operation of heavy machinery, equipment and
               vehicles. Such noise emission is short-term in nature and it is seldom of public
               concern because the project site is far away from any major settlement and the noise
               impact surrounding the settlements will therefore insignificant. Nevertheless, the
               noise generated by the traffic along the access road may be of concern to the local
               residents. The workers who are dealing with noisy machinery and equipment may
               also be affected, though this may be recognized as an occupational hazard.


       7.5     Impacts on Flora

               There are no rare and endemic species among the remaining flora at the project site.
               The forest as a whole is no longer ecologically intact due to the previous logging
               activities. Some of the species recorded, although included very few endemic
               species, they are not unique to the area and have been found and collected elsewhere.



Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                     Page ES- 10
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


       7.6     Impacts on Fauna

               The project development will drive off mobile such as birds and mammals, which
               will move into the adjacent forest. During the burning off vegetation, there will be a
               total loss of the less mobile animals such as reptiles, amphibians, and slow moving
               ground mammals as well as most invertebrates. Besides the loss of fauna from the
               area, their habitats will also be completely destroyed by land clearing, artificial
               drainage.


       7.7     Generation of Traffic

               Traffic is anticipated to increase along the main roads in the vicinity of the proposed
               site. During the development stage and the construction of the infrastructure and
               buildings, mobile heavy machinery will be moving about. The traffic generated only
               during construction activities and will only be short-term and temporary in nature.
               During operational stage, the traffic impact is expected to source from light vehicles
               such as cars and motorcycles.


       7.8     Solid Wastes

               While the development progresses, green/vegetative waste generated by land
               clearing will form the bulk of the solid wastes. Other solid wastes include mainly the
               short-term construction waste such as cement, steel bar, bricks, plastic materials
               generated by the construction works, and the long-term domestic solid wastes
               generated by the presence of staff and workers living on-site. These wastes may
               cause hazardous to people.


       7.9     Human Environment

               The local people living nearby are generally very supportive of the project. However,
               some of them may be wary of the project for the certain reason such a concern with
               the pollution. Locals are usually not keen to work as construction worker due to low
               wage in the sector that attracts Indonesian and Bangladeshis.




Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                     Page ES- 11
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


               The importation of foreigners into the project site will create a new social strata an
               racial mix in the region. Health and medical problems also usually associated with
               this importation such as outbreak of diseases.


       7.10 Abandonment

               Soil erosion and the associated water pollution will be much less problematic as
               compared to the initial land preparation. Once the project gets under way, sudden
               and premature abandonment is most unlikely. If abandonment did happen, the
               environmental impacts would depend on the stage at which this happen. Physical
               environmental change would be most critical.


8.0    MITIGATION AND ABATEMENT MEASURES

       8.1     Soil Erosion

               Recommendations:

               i)      Earthwork and Site Filling Works Schedule

                       Proper planning and timing of work must be established. Sites that have
                       already been cleared including temporary excavation must not be left for too
                       long before the next activity is carried out. During period of high rainfall,
                       clearing and other high-disturbance activities should be stopped temporarily to
                       minimize erosion or loss of soil from surface runoff.

               ii)     Sedimentation Control

                       The Proponent is required to establish suitable sediment trapping or settlement
                       devices, such as siltation ponds, to filter runoff before it is dispersed to stable
                       areas or discharged into watercourses downstream of the site. Such measures
                       should be instituted at an early stage of major clearing and earthmoving
                       operations.




Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                     Page ES- 12
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


               iii)    Maintenance Of Erosion Control Structures

                       The design of the erosion control structures must comply with standards
                       established by the Drainage and Irrigation Department (DID) or other relevant
                       authority. Close monitoring of the performance of the erosion control
                       structures and the existing drainage structures is essential to prevent clogging
                       and malfunction of the mentioned facilities.


       8.2     Water Pollution

               Recommendations:
                      Optimal uses of on-farm inputs and minimize use of external inputs.
                      Waste oil that generated from workshop activities must be properly managed.
                      All raw sewage should not discharge directly into water bodies.
                      A proper storage tank for fuel, oil and grease should be provided

       8.3     Air Pollution

               Recommendations:
                      To check the excessive emission of noxious gases from the exhaust of
                       machinery, equipment and vehicles, a regular engine maintenance program
                       must be drawn up.
                      Ground speed of vehicles especially lorries and trucks traveling on dirt road
                       must be limited.
                      Gravelling the access main roads will reduce dust problems.
                      Open burning should be prohibited.

       8.4     Noise Pollution

               Recommendations:
                      Work should be restricted to daytime hours.
                      Noise emission may be reduced by keeping the machineries in good working
                       conditions.
                      Workers exposed to noisy machineries and equipment and to noise level
                       exceeding 80 dB(A) must wear ear plug.


Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                     Page ES- 13
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


                      Generator should be placed in specially designated room far away from staff
                       quarters.


       8.5     Impacts on Flora

               Recommendations:
                      With the clearing of the project site, protection of the surrounding vegetation
                       becomes important.
                      Establishment of buffer zones on either sites of the river would help to
                       conserve some of the natural vegetation.
                      Since zero burning concepts are a must, therefore open burning should not be
                       applicable.


       8.6     Impacts on Fauna


               Recommendations:
                      Hunting activity is prohibited.
                      For effective insecticide control, mechanized spraying by motorized mist-
                       blower.


       8.7     Generation of Traffic

               Recommendations:
                      Off-site transportation activities should be regulated to avoid traffic congestion.
                      Vehicles conveying lose materials during construction should be covered by
                       tarpaulin.
                      Vehicles must not exceed the permissible tonnage to minimize road damage.
                      Good planning and co-ordination will reduce the frequency of delivery and
                       number of trips.
                      Warnings signs must be displayed at strategic locations.
                      Access roads must be graveled if not tar-sealed to avoid avoiding mud.




Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                     Page ES- 14
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


       8.8     Solid Wastes

               Recommendations:
                      Vegetation wastes should be disposed off by burying in a soil pit at a suitable
                       location within the project site.
                      Proper garbage cans should be provided at the staff quarters, labor lines, office
                       and workshop to be easily collected on regular basis.
                      Open burning is prohibited.


       8.9     Human Environment

               Recommendations:
                      Local workers should be given the priority and foreign workers must be
                       rigorously screened.
                      Attractive wage structure to entice local people to involve in the development
                       of the project.
                      A structured health and disease-monitoring program should be drawn up.
                      Training must be on an on-going basis to improve work and environmentally
                       safe conditions.


       8.10 Abandonment

               Recommendations:
                      Orderly removal of all structures and installations during development and
                       maintenance stage.
                      Proper restoration and rehabilitation program must be instituted.




Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                     Page ES- 15
                                                                                                           Executive Summary
            Preliminary Environmental Impacts Assessment for Proposed Development of Pekan Agroplitan Project on Plot Kawasan 3, 5,
  6, 7 and 9 at Batu 8, Mukim Lepar, District of Pekan, Pahang Darul Makmur for East Coast Economic Region Development Council


9.0    RESIDUAL IMPACTS

       The three basic residual impacts that could derive from this project activity are dust
       pollution, noise pollution and water quality degradation while others are rather
       complementary. Even though dust problem is a typical problem for any construction
       activities, reduction in air quality can be severe. For this Project, the impact of dust may
       affect the residents within the Project site. Due to the environment of the Project area, the
       speed of vehicles traveling on-site can be lowered down to a limit that dust dispersion can
       be controlled. Activities during construction stage are the main source of noise generation
       within the project area.             Noise usually generates from piling activities, movement of
       vehicles and operation of heavy machineries such as dump trucks, bulldozers, excavator
       and etc. The potential degradation of the water quality could arise from the wastewater
       from the development. The performance of sewage treatment system will monitored to
       ensure that functioning at their maximum efficiency. Prohibition of discriminate dumping
       through of efficient waste disposal and collection system can mitigate the impact of water
       quality.


10.0 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN

       Environmental Management Plan (EMP) is concerned with the mitigation of
       environmental impacts at the planning stage to ensure the impacts from the development of
       this project do not induce impacts that surpass the regulatory environmental parameter
       levels. This is to ensure the project activities are controlled at the management level to curb
       the incidence of unacceptable impacts occurring, the EMP also defines a monitoring
       inventory and sampling schedule for the collection of data and information to assess the
       project performance. EMP was covers all phases of the project including planning, pre-
       construction, construction and operational phases.


11.0 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION


       Based on the analysis and assessments carried out, the Project can be implemented at the
       proposed site if all the proposed mitigation measures are taken into consideration.




Surawaki Environmental Sdn. Bhd.                                                                                     Page ES- 16

								
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