GIS and its Application

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					      Geographic Information
       Systems (GIS) and its
       Application at GRCC
What is GIS? It is a computer based software used
to store, retrieve, map and analyze geographic data.
•It is a digital representation or model of features or
phenomena occurring on or near the earth’s surface.
•Features stored in GIS represent specific locations
on the earth’s surface using coordinate systems of
longitudes and latitudes.
    Features Modeled in GIS
 Physical objects that are natural or man-made:
  e.g. Rivers, lakes, wetlands, water and sewage
  lines, buildings etc.
 Invisible features with locations that can be
  determined: political boundaries of states, cities,
  counties.
 Mobile objects: delivery trucks, cars, animals etc.
 Events occurring in time: earthquakes, crime
  scenes.
        Brief History of GIS
•The  GIS technology evolved from a long tradition of map
making dating back to the 1800s.
•The 1950s and 1960s: The software initially worked on in
different disciplines at universities with different
applications in mind.
•Private companies started the production and sale of the
software on commercial bases in the 1970s. E.g.
Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI).
•GIS software gained wide use across the U.S. in the
1990s.
 Some General Uses of GIS
•Scientific  investigation: monitoring of ecology in
Biological sciences, monitoring of natural hazards
such as earthquakes, volcanoes etc.
•Resource management: natural resources such
as vegetation, rivers, the ocean, lakes, wetlands.
•Land use/development planning: Population
growth, land use patterns, determination of optimum
location of places.
Location of places and features: e.g. roads,
streets, buildings, people, activity sites, commute
patterns, crime spot location and monitoring.
              GIS Application at GRCC.
Grandville Center Students by City of Origin, Fall 2008.




                                                       Sparta
                                                                       Rockford


                              Coopersville
                                                      Comstock Park
                                                                         Kent
                                                     Walker

                                                        Grand Rapids
                         Ottawa
                                                            East Grand Rapids
                                                                                                Lowell
                                          Jenison      Wyoming
                                            Grandville
                                     Hudsonville               Kentwood


                         Zeeland                   Byron Center
                                                                           Caledonia
               Holland




                                                                                  Legend

                                     Allegan                                      GrandVille_Cities
                                                                                  Total
                                         Allegan                                          1-2
                                                                                          3-5
                                                                                          6-9
                                                                                          10 - 18

                                                                                          19 - 32
Rockford Center Students by City of Origin,
                Fall 2008

                                                                        Missaukee




                                                 Howard City

                                                 Pierson
       Muskegon                                Sand Lake                  Montcalm
                                           Cedar Springs
                                                               Greenville
                                  Sparta
                                             Rockford
                                                                    Belding
                               Comstock Park
                                              Kent
                                                                                           Muir
                                  Grand Rapids
                  Ottawa                                   Lowell              Ionia
                                                                     Saranac
                           Jenison Wyoming
                                          Kentwood




                      Allegan
                                                                               Legend
                                                                               Rockford_Cities
                                                                               Total
                                                                                       1
                                                                                       2-3
                                                                                       4-8
                                                                                       9 - 28

                                                                                       29 - 62
County and City of Origin of GRCC Students at
       Holland Campus, Winter 2009.




                                                        Harrison
                                                        Clare




                                                                                    Saginaw
                                                                             Saginaw
                                                                                Saginaw Saginaw
         Muskegon                                                                 Saginaw
           Muskegon
     MuskegonMuskegon
            Muskegon            SpartaComstock Park
          Spring Lake    Grand Rapids                                                         Flint Flint
            Grand HavenAllendale       Kent                                              FlintGenesee
          West OliveOttawaGrand RapidsGrand Rapids                                             FlintFlint
             HollandZeeland  HudsonvilleGrand Rapids
                             Byron Center   Alto
                 Holland      Dorr                                                                            Auburn Hills
                                             Hastings                                                       Oakland
               Fennville Allegan               Barry
                         Allegan
           South Haven
                                                        Legend
                   Van Buren

                                                        Holland_ZIP
                                                        Total
                                                                   1 - 2
                                                                   3 - 7
                                                                   8 - 11
                                                                   12 - 29
                                                                   30 - 55
                                                                   Holland_Cnty
Byron Center Students by City of Origin, Fall 2008
         Oceana




    Muskegon
                    Muskegon                    Kent City
       Muskegon
                                                                        Cedar Springs
     Muskegon
                                                     Sparta
                                                                         Rockford
    Spring Lake                                 Comstock Park
                            Coopersville    Grand Rapids       Belmont
                                         Marne       Grand RapidsKent
                               Allendale
                           Ottawa         Grand RapidsGrand Rapids
                                                                                           Lowell
                                         Jenison    Wyoming Grand Rapids
                                                 Wyoming
                                                              Grand Rapids
                                   HudsonvilleGrandville Grand Rapids
          Holland           Zeeland                 Grand Rapids                      Alto
                                              Byron Center      Caledonia

               Holland
                                              Dorr
                                                                             Middleville
                             Hamilton                         Wayland

                                                 Hopkins                                     Hastings
          Fennville                 Allegan                   Shelbyville                    Barry

                                                               Martin


                                                                 Plainwell


         Legend
         ByronCenter_Zipcode
         Total
                 1-2                                               Kalamazoo
                 3-5                                     PortagePortage
                 6-7
                 8 - 20

                 21 - 71
                                                                                                        Branch
Students Unable to enroll at GRCC
between Fall, 2008 and Winter 2009.



             Keweenaw


                    Keweenaw

               Houghton
        Ontonagon  Baraga
      Gogebic                                      Luce
                           Marquette                     Chippewa
                   Iron              AlgerSchoolcraft
                        Dickinson                       Mackinac
                                     Delta                           Chippewa

                          Menominee           CharlevoixEmmet
                                                           Cheboygan
                                                     Charlevoix Presque Isle
                                          Leelanau                   Alpena
                                                      AntrimOtsego
                                             Leelanau
                                            Benzie   Kalkaska OscodaAlcona
                                        ManisteeWexford        OgemawIosco
                                                    Osceola
                                         MasonLake       ClareGladwin Arenac
                                              Mecosta                         Huron
                                      OceanaNewaygo   Isabella     Bay
                                                                Midland TuscolaSanilac
                                        MuskegonMontcalmGratiotSaginaw
                                                                           Lapeer
                                           OttawaKent IoniaClinton Genesee      St. Clair
                                                                                Macomb
                                             Allegan BarryEatonIngham Oakland
                                           Van Buren CalhounJackson       Wayne
                                       BerrienCass     Branch      LenaweeMonroe
                                               St. JosephHillsdale




                        Legend
                                   Address Location of Students
                                   Michigan Counties
                                                                                                           b
                                                                                                      bb
                                                                                                                b


Grand Rapids Area Students not Able to Enroll at
                                  bb
                                    b
  GRCC between Fall 2008 and Winter 2009b
                                   bb
                                     bb                                                                     .
                                                                                               b b
                                                                                              bb b b
                                                                                               Rockford




                                              b b             b
                                                              b                           b
                                                b Park
                                                b
                                                b                         b b  b       b
                                            Comstock
                                               b
                                               b                               bb
                                                                              Northview

                                              bb b                             b
                                b          bb b b
                                           b                 b      b
                                                                    b
                                           b b b              b                                                      b
                                      b
                                                          b b  b b bb  b
                                                       b       b         b
                      b b
                                                       bb
                                            b b b bb b b
                                             b           bbb         b b
                                                                     b                b
           b b bb                          b             bb
                                         bb bb b bbbbb b bbb b
                                           b
                                          bb b
                                          b b b b bb         b b      bb
       b           b      b      b bb          b          bb
                                                           bb b
                                              b Grand Rapidsb b
                                                             b        b b
                                                                        b
                                                                         b
                                       b bb bb bb b b
                                                                                                 Forest Hills
                  b        b         bb bb                 bb
                                                          b bb
                                                           bb b                         b
          b             b                   b
                                     b b bb b bb b b b b b
                                           bbb        bbb b b b
                                                      bbb
                                                       b
                                                       b                           b
                                           bb         b         b b bb b
               Walker
                                             b b bbb b b b
                                             b b                bb b b
                                                            bbb b b
                                                        bbbb b bb
                                                        b b b bb
                                                             b    b
                                             b b          bbb
                                                        bb b bb bb
                                                                 bb
                                        bb b   b             b    bb
                                                                   bb                                            b
                                          b b b                b b bb b
                                           b b b b bbbbb b b b b                                    bb
                          b
                               b
                               b         b b
                                        b bbb                b bb b b
                                                             bb
                                                        bb bbb
                                                              bb b
                                                              b b
                                                                      b
                                                                         b          b
                                                                             b b b bb b b    bb b               b
                                    b      b b           b b b    bb b                      b
           b                  bb
                               bb
                                   b
                                   b      b     b b b bb b      bb         bb bb b
                                                                                b
              b              bb bbb b
                                   bb          b bb b b
                                              bb      b        b      b b
                                                                           bb b b  b          b
                                                                                              bbb
                                                                                                bb
         b Grandville                b
                                     b                 b b                 b      b b
       b         bb b b                   b bb b b
                                          Wyoming
                                          bb b
                                                                   b b
                                                                    b
                                                                             b        b           b
      b                b bb bb
                         b     b        b bb
                                           b              b b        b bb b
               b                     b b b    b                       bb    b b   b      Kentwood

         b            b bb bb
                           b
                           b
                             b                b                     b
                                                     b bb b b b b bbb
                                                     b     b b b b b bb    b               b
                            b                  b b
                                                           b b b b   bb b b  bb                b
                                                      b              b
                                                                  b bb b
                                                                     b                     b
                                                                                          b b
                                                               bb b bb
                                                                bb    b b   b
                                        bb b  b bb bb
                                                       b
                                                Cutlerville

                               b           b          bb b
                       b        b      b
                            b
                        Byron Center
                                       b
                           b               Legend
                                             b     Geocoding Result: GR_Area_Student_Location                        bb
                                                    Grnd_Rapids_Area_Cities
Students within 5 Miles Radius of GRCC that could
not Enroll at GRCC Between Fall 2008 and Winter
2009.




                                Grand Rapids
                                        ((
                                        !!




                      Wyoming




                                         Legend
                                             (
                                             !   GRCC Location
                                                 GRapids_Students_Location
                                                 Grand_Rapids_Street
                                                 Grand_Rapids_Buffer
                                                 Grand_Rapids
Students in Kent and Neighboring Counties Unable
 to Enroll at GRCC between Fall 2008 and Winter
                      2009.




                                                          Grant                                  Pierson
                                                                                                                      Trufant
                                                                                           Sand Lake
                                                     Bailey
                                                                                                                        Gowen
                                                    Casnovia         Kent City
                                      Ravenna                                               Cedar Springs                                                        Carson City
                                                                                                                                Greenville
           Muskegon                                                                                                                                              Carson City
                                                                       Sparta
                Fruitport                                                                                                                              Fenwick
                                                    Conklin                                    Rockford
        Spring Lake         Nunica                                                                                                                Orleans
                                                                   Comstock Park Belmont
                                     Coopersville                                                                                Belding
                                                            Grand Rapids                                                                                                   Muir
                                                    Marne
                 Grand Haven                                     Kent
                                                                    Grand Rapids
                                                                Grand Rapids
                                  Allendale                  Grand Rapids          Ada
                                                                                                                                      Ionia            Ionia
                     Ottawa                      Grand Rapids
                                                                                                                       Lowell
              West Olive                              Grand RapidsGrand Rapids                                                                                        Lyons
                                                                           Grand Rapids                                               Saranac
                                             Jenison         WyomingGrand Rapids
                                                         Wyoming
                                     Hudsonville    Grandville           Grand Rapids
                                                                  Grand Rapids                                                                                  Portland
               Holland      Zeeland                           Grand Rapids                                                      Clarksville
                                                                                                               Alto
                                                                Byron Center           Caledonia                                                  Lake Odessa

                                                                                                                      Freeport                                  Sunfield
                       Holland
                                                              Dorr
                                                                                                                                              Woodland              Mulliken
                                                                                 Wayland         Middleville
                                     Hamilton
           Saugatuck
                                                                     Hopkins                                              Hastings                          Vermontville

                 Fennville                                                       Shelbyville                    Barry                           Nashville
                      Allegan                   Allegan                           Martin
                                                                                                           Delton                 Dowling
                      Pullman                                        Otsego
                                                                                     Plainwell                                                      Bellevue
                                                                                                       Hickory Corners
       South Haven
                      Grand Junction
                                                                                                                                   Battle Creek
                                 Bloomingdale                                                        Richland
                                                    Gobles
                                                                                                                    Augusta

                                                                     Kalamazoo




                                                                                      Legend
                                                                                                     Address Location of Students
                                                                                                     Kent_and_Surrounding_Counties
                                                                                                     ZIPCode
Students in Kent County not able to Enroll at
GRCC between Fall and Winter 2009. Non-GR N=
368



                    Grant                                              Pierson
                                                                                              Trufant
                                                          Sand Lake
        Bailey

                              Kent City                                                    Gowen
        Casnovia
                                                                 Cedar Springs



                                 Sparta                                                     Greenville

        Conklin
                                                                 Rockford


                                                                                             Belding
                                 Comstock Park
                                                            Belmont
                    Grand Rapids
        Marne
                                 Kent             Grand Rapids

                                  Grand Rapids
                        Grand Rapids                                  Ada
           Grand Rapids
                                           !
                                           (
                                Grand Rapids
                                                                                           Lowell
                                            Grand Rapids
                                      Grand Rapids     Grand Rapids
        Jenison
                            WyomingWyoming
                    Grandville                     Grand Rapids
                             Grand RapidsGrand Rapids
                                                                                               Clarksville

      Hudsonville                                                                   Alto
                            Byron Center                 Caledonia

                                                                                             Freeport



                     Dorr

                                               Wayland                Middleville
GRCC Students Resident within 5 Miles of 4
    Miles Rd and Byron Center Rd.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Wolverine
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                        State Hwy 45                                                  State Hwy 45                                   State Hwy 45                                                                                                                                                 Bridge                                                                                  Michigan                                                                                                                            rl State
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         48th




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      36th                                          36th                                               36th
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                                                                 21




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Thank You




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