PowerPoint ???? by 917mMF

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 30

									         牙周疾病的分类

(Classification of Periodontal Diseases)


                               2012-2-28
             牙周疾病的分类
分类原则

1. 按病理学分类
2. 按临床表现分类
3. 按病因分类
4. 混合性分类(病因与临床表现,病因与病理)

发展史
•随着人类对疾病的病因、病理的进一步认识和深入研究,牙周
病的分类不断演变和改进。
          Gottlieb分类   (1928)

炎症性      不洁性脓漏(Schmutz pyorrhea)
         由口腔卫生不良所致
变性或萎缩 弥漫性牙槽萎缩(diffuse alveolar atrophy)
         由全身或代谢性原因所致
         (为青少年牙周炎最早的名称)
牙周脓漏(paradental pyorrhea)
             Orban 分类(1949)
炎症状态(inflammatory conditions)
  牙龈炎:急性或慢性;溃疡性或化脓性;局限性或全身性等。
  牙周炎:单纯性(由牙龈炎发展而来)
      复杂性(由牙周变性而来)
变性状态(degenerative conditions)
  牙龈变性(gingivosis):全身原因
  牙周变性( periodontosis ):主要为全身原因
萎缩状态(atrophic conditions)
  牙周萎缩
牙周创伤(periodontal traumatism)
  原发性    继发性
牙龈增生(gingival hyperplasia)
  感染   内分泌失调 药物性 特发性
  Page & Schroeder 分类 (1982)

I. 青春前期牙周炎(prepubertal periodontitis, PPP)
      •弥漫型
      •局限型
II. 青少年牙周炎(juvenile periodontitis, JP)
III. 快速进展性牙周(rapidly progresive periodontitis, RPP)
IV. 成人牙周炎(adult periodontitis, AP)
               牙周疾病分类(1989)
         世界临床牙周病学专题讨论会
 I. 成人牙周炎(adult periodontitis,AP)
II.早发性牙周炎 (early-onset periodontitis, EOP)
    青春前期 (prepubertal periodontitis,PPP) 局限型或广泛型
    青少年 (juvenile periodontitis, JP) 局限型或广泛型
    快速进展性(rapidly progressive periodontitis, RPP)
III. 伴有全身疾病的牙周炎
   (periodontitis associated with systemic diseases)
 IV. 坏死溃疡性牙周炎(necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis)
  V. 顽固性牙周炎 (refractory periodontitis)
(1989)分类 的不足:
①在疾病范畴上存在着某些重复。
②缺乏牙龈病分类。
③过分强调了疾病的始发年龄及进展速度。
④缺乏分类标准,或分类标准不够明确。
     牙周疾病和状况的国际新分类(1999)
     1999 international workshop for a classification of
            periodontal diseases and conditions
Ⅰ. 牙龈病 (gingival diseases)
Ⅱ. 慢性牙周炎 (chronic periodontitis)
Ⅲ. 侵袭性牙周炎 (aggressive periodontitis)
Ⅳ. 反映全身疾病的牙周炎 (periodontitis as a
   manifestation of systemic diseases)
Ⅴ. 坏死性牙周病 (necrotizing periodontal diseases)
Ⅵ. 牙周脓肿 (abscesses of the periodontium)
Ⅶ.伴牙髓病变的牙周炎 (periodontitis
    associated with endodontic lesions)
Ⅷ. 发育或获得性异常和状况 (developmental or
   acquired deformities and conditions)
    牙周疾病和状况的国际新分类(1999)
       1999 international workshop for a classification of
              periodontal diseases and conditions
  Ⅰ.  牙龈病 (gingival diseases)
  Ⅱ.  慢性牙周炎 (chronic periodontitis)
  Ⅲ.  侵袭性牙周炎 (aggressive periodontitis)
  Ⅳ.  反映全身疾病的牙周炎 (periodontitis as a
      manifestation of systemic diseases)
  Ⅴ. 坏死性牙周病 (necrotizing periodontal
diseases)
  Ⅵ. 牙周脓肿 (abscesses of the periodontium)
  Ⅶ.伴牙髓病变的牙周炎 (periodontitis
       associated with endodontic lesions)
  Ⅷ. 发育或获得性异常和状况 (developmental or
      acquired deformities and conditions)
  Ⅱ. 慢性牙周炎 Chronic Periodontitis
        成人牙周炎adult periodontitis


取消“成人牙周炎adult periodontitis”的名称,因为
这种牙周炎发生的年龄范围广,可见于乳牙和恒牙
牙列。虽然该病最常见于成人,但也可见于儿童和
青少年。“慢性牙周炎chronic periodontitis”这一名
称较成人牙周炎受年龄的限制少些。
     牙周疾病和状况的国际新分类(1999)
     1999 international workshop for a classification of
            periodontal diseases and conditions
Ⅰ. 牙龈病 (gingival diseases)
Ⅱ. 慢性牙周炎 (chronic periodontitis)
Ⅲ. 侵袭性牙周炎 (aggressive periodontitis)
Ⅳ. 反映全身疾病的牙周炎 (periodontitis as a
   manifestation of systemic diseases)
Ⅴ. 坏死性牙周病 (necrotizing periodontal diseases)
Ⅵ. 牙周脓肿 (abscesses of the periodontium)
Ⅶ.伴牙髓病变的牙周炎 (periodontitis
    associated with endodontic lesions)
Ⅷ. 发育或获得性异常和状况 (developmental or
   acquired deformities and conditions)
  Ⅲ. 侵袭性牙周炎Aggressive Periodontitis



取消“青少年牙周炎、快速进展型牙周炎”的名称,
“侵袭性牙周炎Aggressive Periodontitis”较少受年
龄的限制。牙周炎的分类系统不应基于患者的就诊年龄,
而应根据临床、X线表现、病史和实验室发现来制定。
“局限型青少年牙周炎localized juvenile periodontitis” ,
“局限型侵袭性牙周炎
Localized Aggressive Periodontitis”


“广泛型青少年牙周炎generalized juvenile periodontitis”。
“广泛型侵袭性牙周炎
Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis”
     牙周疾病和状况的国际新分类(1999)
     1999 international workshop for a classification of
            periodontal diseases and conditions
Ⅰ. 牙龈病 (gingival diseases)
Ⅱ. 慢性牙周炎 (chronic periodontitis)
Ⅲ. 侵袭性牙周炎 (aggressive periodontitis)
Ⅳ. 反映全身疾病的牙周炎 (periodontitis as a
   manifestation of systemic diseases)
Ⅴ. 坏死性牙周病 (necrotizing periodontal diseases)
Ⅵ. 牙周脓肿 (abscesses of the periodontium)
Ⅶ.伴牙髓病变的牙周炎 (periodontitis
    associated with endodontic lesions)
Ⅷ. 发育或获得性异常和状况 (developmental or
   acquired deformities and conditions)
       IV. 反映全身疾病的牙周炎
 Periodontitis as a Manifestation of
          Systemic Diseases
A. 血液病 associated with hematological
          disorders
B. 遗传病 associated with genetic disorders
C. 不明确Not otherwise specified (NOS)
        IV. 反映全身疾病的牙周炎

A. 血液病 associated with hematological
       disorders
   1. 获得性中性白细胞减少症 acquired neutropenia
   2. 白血病 leukemia
   3. 其它 other
      IV. 反映全身疾病的牙周炎
B. 遗传病 associated with genetic disorders
  1. 家族性周期性中性白细胞减少症 familial and
    cyclic neutropenia
  2. Down综合征 Down syndrome
  3. 白细胞粘附缺陷综合征 leukocyte adhesion
    deficiency syndrome
  4. 掌跖角化牙周破坏综合征 Papillon-Lefevre
    syndrome
  5. Chediak-Higashi syndrome
  6. 组织细胞增多综合征 histocytosis syndrome
     牙周疾病和状况的国际新分类(1999)
     1999 international workshop for a classification of
            periodontal diseases and conditions
Ⅰ. 牙龈病 (gingival diseases)
Ⅱ. 慢性牙周炎 (chronic periodontitis)
Ⅲ. 侵袭性牙周炎 (aggressive periodontitis)
Ⅳ. 反映全身疾病的牙周炎 (periodontitis as a
   manifestation of systemic diseases)
Ⅴ. 坏死性牙周病 (necrotizing periodontal diseases)
Ⅵ. 牙周脓肿 (abscesses of the periodontium)
Ⅶ.伴牙髓病变的牙周炎 (periodontitis
    associated with endodontic lesions)
Ⅷ. 发育或获得性异常和状况 (developmental or
   acquired deformities and conditions)
          V. 坏死性牙周病
 Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases
A. 坏死性溃疡性龈炎
 Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG):
  (limited to the gingiva)
B. 坏死性溃疡性牙周炎
 Necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis (NUP):
  (including the attachment apparatus)
            V. 坏死性牙周病
   专家们建议将 “坏死性溃疡性龈炎 Necrotizing
Ulcerative gingivitis (NUG)” 和 “坏死性溃疡性牙周炎
Necrotizing Ulcerative Periodontitis (NUP)”集中称为
“坏死性牙周病 Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases”,因
为 NUG和NUP可能是同一种感染的不同阶段。近来尚
无足够的资料可将它们区分为不同的疾病范畴,仅有的
区别在于前者感染局限于牙龈,后者累及所有的牙周组
织。坏死性牙周病的分类主要基于临床表现.
坏死性溃疡性牙周炎:
  此种感染的特点为牙龈组织、牙
周膜和牙槽骨的坏死。常见于患有系
统性疾病的人,但并不局限于HIV感
染、严重营养不良和免疫抑制性疾病。
     牙周疾病和状况的国际新分类(1999)
     1999 international workshop for a classification of
            periodontal diseases and conditions
Ⅰ. 牙龈病 (gingival diseases)
Ⅱ. 慢性牙周炎 (chronic periodontitis)
Ⅲ. 侵袭性牙周炎 (aggressive periodontitis)
Ⅳ. 反映全身疾病的牙周炎 (periodontitis as a
   manifestation of systemic diseases)
Ⅴ. 坏死性牙周病 (necrotizing periodontal diseases)
Ⅵ. 牙周脓肿 (abscesses of the periodontium)
Ⅶ.伴牙髓病变的牙周炎 (periodontitis
    associated with endodontic lesions)
Ⅷ. 发育或获得性异常和状况 (developmental or
   acquired deformities and conditions)
          VI. 牙周脓肿
  Abscesses of the Periodontium

A. 牙龈脓肿 Gingival abscess
B. 牙周脓肿    Periodontal abscess
C. 冠周脓肿 Pericoronal abscess
     牙周疾病和状况的国际新分类(1999)
     1999 international workshop for a classification of
            periodontal diseases and conditions
Ⅰ. 牙龈病 (gingival diseases)
Ⅱ. 慢性牙周炎 (chronic periodontitis)
Ⅲ. 侵袭性牙周炎 (aggressive periodontitis)
Ⅳ. 反映全身疾病的牙周炎 (periodontitis as a
   manifestation of systemic diseases)
Ⅴ. 坏死性牙周病 (necrotizing periodontal diseases)
Ⅵ. 牙周脓肿 (abscesses of the periodontium)
Ⅶ.伴牙髓病变的牙周炎 (periodontitis
    associated with endodontic lesions)
Ⅷ. 发育或获得性异常和状况 (developmental or
   acquired deformities and conditions)
       VII.伴牙体牙髓病损的牙周炎
Periodontitis Associated   With   Endodontic Lesions



             牙周牙髓联合病损
  combined periodontal-endodontic lesion
    牙周疾病和状况的国际新分类(1999)
    1999 international workshop for a classification of
             periodontal diseases and conditions
  Ⅰ.  牙龈病 (gingival diseases)
  Ⅱ.  慢性牙周炎 (chronic periodontitis)
  Ⅲ.  侵袭性牙周炎 (aggressive periodontitis)
  Ⅳ.  反映全身疾病的牙周炎 (periodontitis as a
      manifestation of systemic diseases)
  Ⅴ. 坏死性牙周病 (necrotizing periodontal
diseases)
  Ⅵ. 牙周脓肿 (abscesses of the periodontium)
  Ⅶ.伴牙髓病变的牙周炎 (periodontitis
       associated with endodontic lesions)
  Ⅷ. 发育或获得性异常和状况 (developmental or
      acquired deformities and conditions)
       VIII. 发育或获得性异常和状况
  Developmental or Acquired Deformities and
Conditions
A.促进菌斑性龈病/牙周炎的局部牙因素
   localized tooth-related factors that modify or predispose
   to plaque-induced gingival diseases/ periodontitis
B. 膜龈异常和状况
   mucogingival deformities and conditions around teeth
C.无牙嵴膜龈异常和状况
  Mucogingival deformities on edentulous ridges
D.咬合创伤 Occlusal Trauma
   VIII. 发育或获得性异常和状况


D.咬合创伤 occlusal trauma
 1. 原发性咬合创伤 Primary occlusal trauma
 2. 继发性咬合创伤 Secondary occlusal trauma
D.咬合创伤 occlusal trauma
咬合创伤:合力导致的损伤使附着装置发生组织学改变。
1. 原发性咬合创伤:
  过大的牙合力作用于有健康支持组织的牙齿,造成损
  伤,发生组织学改变。可发生在:1)正常骨高度,2)
  正常附着水平,和3)过大牙合力。
2. 继发性咬合创伤:
 正常的或过大的牙合力作用于牙周支持组织减少的牙
 齿而造成损伤,发生组织学改变。可发生在:1)骨
 吸收,2)附着丧失,和3)“正常”/过大牙合力。
国际新分类(1999)   1989分类
牙龈病           牙龈病

慢性牙周炎           成人牙周炎
侵袭性牙周炎          青少年牙周炎
                快速进展性牙周炎
反映全身疾病的牙周炎      伴有全身疾病的牙周炎
              X 顽固性牙周炎
坏死性牙周病          急性坏死性溃疡性牙周炎
牙周脓肿            牙周脓肿
伴牙髓病变的牙周炎       牙周牙髓联合病变
发育或获得性异常和状况     牙龈退缩
              X 根分叉病变

								
To top