"Evidence-Based Parent Consultation"
Evidence-Based Parent Consultation What we know… Model: Parent Behavioral Consultation Goal: Address students’ academic, social, and behavioral needs by providing consultation services to parents Description: Indirect model for delivering intervention services to children through a series of interviews with a consultant and consultee (i.e., parent) Goals are identified and evaluated through a structured problem-solving process using behavioral principles for collecting and evaluating behavior change Intervention Procedures: Parent behavioral consultation includes four stages: o Problem identification: identify and operationally define the child’s behavior(s) that is of most concern to parent or teacher o Problem analysis: discussion of conditions and variables that may influence the child’s behavior by reviewing initial baseline data o Plan implementation: intervention selected by consultant and/or parent; intervention implemented by parent o Plan evaluation: evaluate the outcomes of the intervention for the targeted problem and decide whether to initiate plan changes or terminate consultation services Methodological Rigor: Reliable outcome measures Interventions manualized Multiple assessment methods Validity of measures reported Measures obtained from multiple sources Null findings reported Educational-clinical significance of change Program components linked to primary assessed outcomes Program components documented Follow-up data included Results: Interventions using parent behavioral consultation were effective in producing significant outcomes Structured parent behavioral consultation was effective for interventions targeting aggression (Cavell & Hughes, 2000), non-compliance/school preparation (Doll & Kratochwill, 1992), homework completion and accuracy (Loitz & Kratochwill, 1995; Rhoades & Kratochwill, 1998) Selected References: Cavell, T. A. & Hughes, J. N. (2000). Secondary prevention as context for assessing change processes in aggressive children. Journal of School Psychology, 38, 199-235. Doll, B. & Kratochwill, T. R. (1992). Treatment of parent-adolescent conflict through behavioral technology training: A case study. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation, 3, 281-300. Loitz, P. A. & Kratochwill, T. R. (1995). Parent consultation: Evaluation of a self-help manual for children’s homework problems. School Psychology International, 16, 389-396. Rhoades, M. M. & Kratochwill, T. R. (1998). Parent training and consultation: An analysis of a homework intervention program. School Psychology Quarterly, 13, 241-264. What we don’t know… Outcome effects with diverse groups If measures used in treatment support Long-term outcome effects primary or secondary outcomes PC Handout 1 PC Handout 1