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WE SHALL OVERCOME The Civil Rights Movement A Pictorial Brown vs. Board of Education School Integration Opposed Elizabeth Eckford Little Rock Nine Ruby Bridges Emmett Till Rosa Parks, arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus, December, 1955. 1960 - 1963 Sit-ins, swim-ins, read-ins, pray- ins, marches, and other protests erupt across the South at segregated restaurants, swimming pools, libraries, churches... June, 1964. Black children integrate the swimming pool of the Monson Motel. To force them out, the owner pours muriatic acid into the water. St. Augustine, FL, police ensuring that the beach remains "White Only." Nashville, TN. High-school students picketing a segregated restaurant. Their line is attacked by racists. The police club the demonstrators. A 15-year old girl lies unconscious in the street where she was beaten down, her sister kneels beside her. Students busted for protesting segregation fill the Nashville jail to overflowing. Police attack the marchers with tear gas and fire hoses, and force them into the "stockade." A huge mob gathered, with open police support while the three of us sat there for three hours. I was attacked with fists, brass knuckles and the broken portions of glass sugar containers, and was burned with cigarettes. I'm covered with blood and we were all covered by salt, sugar, mustard, and various other things. More than 1,000 students march in support of anti- segregation, sit-ins at downtown lunch counters. Freedom Riders Organized by CORE, two integrated groups of Freedom Riders enter Alabama on May 14, 1961. One bus is ambushed and burned by a racist mob outside of Anniston, the other arrives in Birmingham where another mob brutally assaults the riders. Arrested for trying to read a book in a segregated library. Albany, GA. 1962. On the orders of Bull Connor, high- pressure firehoses are used against young demonstrators Mississippi 1963 Addie Mae Collins (14) Cynthia Wesley (14) Carole Robertson (14) Denise McNair (11) Killed in the 16th Street Baptist Church KKK bombing In the deep south the KKK operates openly with the support of police and politicians. Parents bring their children to public Klan rallies to teach another generation the lessons of hate and bigotry. March on Washington August 1963 I HAVE A DREAM Mississippi Freedom Summer — 1964 Voter Registration High school students under arrest for marching in support of voter registration, February, 1965. Sheriff Jim Clarke supervises their incarceration for crimes against the southern way of life. To prevent any further marching, the police stretch a rope across Sylvan Street outside of Brown Chapel. It is guarded by a line of cops. Anyone marching past the rope faces arrest, a beating, or worse. March from Selma to Montgomery 1965 The Selma Movement takes up the march to Jackson, Mississippi. The March to Montgomery, Alabama. The March crosses Lowndes County, a stronghold of the Ku Klux Klan. Population: 81% Black, 19% white. Voter registration: Blacks 0, whites 2240 (118%) Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) addresses Florida A&M Malcolm X students on Black Power. 1967.
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