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Human Uses And Problems Of Fold Mountains

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					Human Uses And
Problems Of Fold
   Mountains
                   Farming
• Farming is a primary activity in all of the fold
  mountain ranges around the world.
• Mainly, due to the height and steepness of
  many of the slopes, this is restricted to cattle
  and sheep farming.
• However in the foothills of the Himalayas the
  Nepalese people use terraces in the
  mountainside to help them grow crops, and
  some southern facing Alpine slopes are used
  for vines and fruits.
                  Farming
• In the Alps a system called transhumance was
  used.
• This basically is the seasonal movement of
  grazing animals between the high ground in
  the warmer summer months and the valley
  floors in the colder autumn months.
• Nowadays transhumance is a little outdated as
  modern technology has meant that farmers
  can stay in one place all year.
                  Tourism
• Tourism is another major use of the Fold
  Mountains of the world.
• Because they are in more economically
  developed countries, the Alps and the Rockies
  are perhaps the best examples of the impact
  of tourism.
• However, it is an increasing industry in both
  the Andes and the Himalayas, as people look
  for less crowded places to go to.
                    Tourism
• The main tourist attraction in the Rockies and the
  Alps is skiing.
• Hundreds of thousands of people ski each year and
  this has brought great changes and problems to the
  main areas.
• The increase in tourism has meant much-improved
  infrastructure, a huge increase in hotels and
  restaurants and the development of entire resorts.
• It has brought a large amount of much needed
  money into these areas and allowed local people to
  diversify from farming into many other jobs.
                   Tourism
• Fold Mountains have a lot of other things to
  attract visitors.
• These include hill walking, the attractive
  scenery, river rafting, and climbing.
• All these have contributed to areas in the Alps
  and the Rockies becoming all year round
  holiday resorts.
                   Forestry
• Forestry is another big business in these
  mountainous regions.
• Examples of cultivated coniferous forests can
  be seen in the Alps, where the trees have
  been deliberately planted as crops.
• However in the foothills of the Himalayas
  large-scale deforestation is also taking place,
  with logging companies cutting down vast
  tracts of the deciduous rainforest there.
                     Forestry
• Many of the Fold Mountain regions of the world are
  prime spots for the generation of hydroelectric
  power (HEP).
• They have a plentiful supply of water; deep, narrow
  valleys with quick flowing rivers, and they are
  sparsely populated, meaning that few people are
  displaced when a reservoir is created.
• The HEP is then used either for electricity in cities
  some distance away, or as a power source for local
  industries, such as saw and paper mills.
Problems Of Living In These Areas
• Mountainous regions are particularly difficult
  to build in due to the steep sided valleys and
  cold climate.

• Roads and other communications links have to
  snake their way up wherever they can, and
  often these roads are not big enough to
  adequately service a large community.
Problems Of Living In These Areas
• The climate is very cold and wet, meaning that most
  industrial and agricultural activity is difficult.
• For farmers they have a very short growing season,
  and it is difficult to use machinery on the steep
  slopes.
• Avalanches are a constant threat, as was seen to
  devastating effect in Ranrahirca, Peru, in 1962.
• Huge amounts of money are spent each year to try
  and combat the avalanche threat, especially with the
  large amount of tourists using the mountains.

				
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posted:2/28/2012
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