Essential Questions Webquests Power Quests2 by 91ORROB


									Essential Questions



                 By Kathy Beck
 What Are Essential Questions
• Requires the student to make a
  decision or plan a course of action
• Fosters higher order thinking skills
• Promotes critical thinking skills and
  problem solving
• Promotes multi-disciplinary
Blooms Taxonomy
                                      Blooms Taxonomy

  Evaluation: (Give Opinion, Criticize, Discriminate, Summarize)
  What is the significance of this photo for the time period of their dress?
  Compare this photo with working women of today. How do they differ?
  Synthesis: (Create, Construct, Plan, Role Play)
  What might these women say about their skills in an interview?
 Analysis: (Analyze, Separate, Compare, Contrast)
 Why are these women here?
 Application: tell about them by the way they
 What can you(Modify, Solve, Change, Explain)are dressed?
 How would you describe this photo to others?
 What caption would you write for this photo?
 Comprehension: (Describe, Name, Identify, Discuss)
 What is happening in this picture?
Knowledge: (List, Define, Tell, Label)
 Why are they dressed like this?
When was this picture taken?
Where was this picture taken?
  What makes a good Essential Question?

• Essential Questions
  reside at the top of
  Blooms Taxonomy

• Answers to Essential Questions can not be
  found – they must be invented

• Essential Questions usually lend themselves
  well to multi-disciplinary investigations
    What are the most important
 concepts my students should learn
            from this?
• Essential questions are concepts in the form of
  questions. Questions suggest inquiry.
• Essential questions are organizers and set the
  focus for the lesson or unit.
• Essential questions are initiators of creative and
  critical thinking.
• Essential questions are conceptual
  commitments focusing on key concepts in the
  area of study.
Essential Questions engage
students in real life applied
 kinds of problem solving.
An Essential question is the heart of
the curriculum. It is the essence of
what you believe students should
examine and know in the short time
they have with you.

 Dr. Heidi Hayes Jacobs.
 Teachers can use questions
before a learning experience to
  establish a mental set with
  which students process the
     learning experience.

  Marzano, Pickering, Pollock
 Questions designed to help
  students obtain a deeper
understanding of content will
  eventually increase their
     interest in the topic.

 Marzano, Pickering, Pollock
   Essential questions are
    designed with deeper
   understanding in mind.

Marzano, Pickering, Pollock
      Essential Questions:

What specific questions will guide
this unit and focus teaching and
 How to Write Essential Questions
• Require students to use thinking skills
  – Analysis: Categorize, Sequence, Assume,
  – Synthesis: Compose, Invent, Solve, Prove
  – Evaluation: Defend, Justify, Prioritize, Prove
• Begin with a strong verb
• High level vs lower level questions
• Open ended vs close-ended questions
          Literature Examples
         of Essential Questions
•   Number the Stars
•   No more Dead Dogs
•   That was Then, This is Now
•   The Giver
•   Two Suns in the Sky
•   The Devil’s Arithmetic
•   Animal Farm

                                 Skip examples
               Essential Question
                Number the Stars
                     by Lois Lowry

•What part does religion play in war?

•What causes war?

•What are the results of war?

•How do children respond to and resolve the conflict
around them?

•How does courage, resourcefulness and discrimination
play a role in times of war?
          Essential Question
         No More Dead Dogs
              by Gordon Korman
•Is honesty always the best policy?

•When is it alright to tell a lie?

•Rick-isms? Meanings behind the words

•What is a hero?

•Hero worship

           Essential Question
      That was Then - This is Now
                          by SE Hinton
•What is considered (what events mark) coming of age in today's

•Accepting responsibilities for one's actions whether good or

•Anger Management

•Interpersonal Conflict

•Gang Rivalries


•Changing Relationships
                Essential Question
               The Giver by Lois Lowry
•What comparisons can be made with the Ceremony in the book with
our lives?

•How does Jonas’s assignment differ from his peers?

•Are there any situations in our lives that we are given assignments?

•What are the advantages of Jonas's society? Disadvantages?

•What are some similarities of Jonas’s community to ours? What are
some differences?

•What types of behaviors or activities show sameness in Jonas’s

•What are some examples of sameness in our world?

•Questions about diversity and conformity
          Essential Questions
          Two Suns in the Sky
               by Miriam Bat-Ami

•Bubble vs. walnut - what is the difference between
these conceptions of the world?

•What do stars signify in different cultures?

•Questions about tolerance and its absence

•Being different
             Essential Questions
             The Devil’s Arithmetic
                     by Jane Yolen
•Names play a significant role in various cultures...why?

•How does one's heritage define who they are?

•What roles do prophets play in religion? Significance

•Questions about the importance of remembering

•Questions about the importance of exploring and
studying history
           Essential Questions
        Animal Farm by George Orwell
•What causes people to rise up and rebel?

• What prevailing conditions cause revolt?

• What is the nature of power and how do people get it,
take and use or abuse it?

• What are the stages of a revolution and how does
Animal Farm follow this formula?

• What are the qualities of a good leader?

• How does revolution affect individuals both rich and
poor, leaders and followers?
        Essential Questions
               Big 6
• What product can you use to follow
  Big 6 research skills to assist
  students in their assignment?
What is a Webquest?

  and what is a Powerquest?
•   Inquiry Based Learning
•   Student Centered
•   Combines instructional strategies
•   Uses and processes information
•   Can be short term or long term
•   Organized in a specific way that is
Webquest / Powerquest Format
•   Introduction
•   Task
•   Resources
•   Process
•   Evaluation
•   Conclusion
•   Teachers guide - optional

      See Template              See Designing a Webquest
        Inquiry Based Learning
• Focus students’ inquiry on questions that are challenging
  and have to be solved
• Teach students specific procedures and strategies in the
  process of solving the quest
• Include opportunities for students to access information
  that is essential to the inquiry
• Give students opportunities to work with peers
  (cooperative learning)
• Help students develop competencies while completing a
  sequence of activities
• Provides the opportunity for performance/presentation
• Involve students in the process of deriving the standards
  for performance
• Rely on authentic assessment for learning
          Student Centered
• Students play a role
• Not text book driven
• Teacher as a facilitator
• Choosing themes that have meaning to
• Have a stake in the presentation and set
  up their own criteria
• Cross curricular
• Meaningful learning
• Comprehension and transferable
• Greater retention of information
          Cooperative Learning
•   Working in a team
•   Social skills
•   Learn how to deal with constructive feedback
•   Learn how to reach a consensus
•   Awareness of their contribution
•   Learn about different jobs and roles
•   Listening skills
•   Verbal skills
•   Appreciate diversity
            Affective Learning
•   Enthusiasm
•   Motivation
•   Expressing opinions
•   Talking about frustrations
•   Reflection
               Learning Styles
• Speaks to all types of learners
  – Tactile
  – Auditory
  – Visual
• Working on students strengths and
    Webquest - - Powerquest
• Turn your webquest into a powerpoint and
  you have a powerquest.
• Use the webquest/powerquest template.
• This product can be embellished with
  appropriate coordinated backgrounds and
  images and posted to the web to share
  with other staff.
• A webquest built within a PowerPoint. A WebQuest is a
  learning activity used by educators. During this activity
  learners read, analyze and synthesize information using
  the World Wide Web. Learners typically complete
  Webquests as cooperative groups. Each learner within
  a group can be given a role or specific area to research.
  WebQuests may take the form of role-playing scenarios,
  where students take on the personas of professional
  researchers or historical figures.

• Template for Powerquest – on webpage
                  Where to Begin
• Get together with other teachers – combine
  strengths and expertise
• Explore webquests that are already available –
  don’t duplicate if you don’t have to. There are
  many sources..
  – – 30 day free trial, $20.00 to subscribe

• Assess your students needs – multiple
• Start slow
         In Preparation
      for Collaboration on
   Webquests or PowerQuests

– Read the book,
– Or choose your topic
– Or theme
– Basic knowledge of PowerPoint
– Prepare Essential Questions – becomes the
  topic of your PowerQuest or Webquest
– Identify SCOS objectives
     Bring or email to yourself:

Email to yourself ( or save on flash drive and bring):
  • Links to sites that can be used to obtain
    information (Kathy will provide some)
  • Appropriate clip art to enhance their PowerQuest
    (Kathy will provide some)
  • Bibliography of Resources
Created by Kathy Beck
Iredell Statesville Schools

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