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									Health Training Package – General Health Services Delivery – Health Service Assistance
Unit HLTPAT1A Receive and prepare pathology specimens



UNIT HLTPAT1A Receive and prepare pathology specimens

Unit Descriptor
This unit of competency covers the ability to receive and prepare a range of samples for
pathology testing.
Work performed requires a range of well-developed skills where some discretion and
judgment is required. Individuals will take responsibility for their own outputs and
limited responsibility for the output of others.

ELEMENT                                           PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

1.      Receive specimens                          1.1     Specimens are received and processed as required
                                                           by organisational policies and procedures
                                                   1.2     Documentation is checked for accuracy and
                                                           legality to ensure that mandatory labelling
                                                           requirements are complete
                                                   1.3     Specimens are rejected in accordance with
                                                           organisational policies and procedures
                                                   1.4     Bar-code labels are affixed to request forms and
                                                           specimens
                                                   1.5     Requirements for specimen processing are
                                                           confirmed in accordance with organisational
                                                           policies and procedures
                                                   1.6     Infection control and workplace safety protocols
                                                           relating to the safe handling of specimens are
                                                           followed
                                                   1.7     Records are maintained of non-conformities in
                                                           accordance with organisational policies and
                                                           procedures
                                                   1.8     The organisation's procedures for information
                                                           recording are followed

2.      Process specimens for                      2.1     Specimens are processed for diagnostic testing in
        scientific testing                                 accordance with scientist/pathologist instructions
                                                           workplace health and safety guidelines
                                                   2.2     Equipment is operated and maintained in
                                                           accordance with organisational policies and
                                                           procedures
                                                   2.3     Infection control guidelines are followed during
                                                           processing of specimens
                                                   2.4     Data on specimens is entered into database in
                                                           accordance with organisational policies and
                                                           procedures


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Health Training Package HLT02 to be reviewed by January 2005 Version 1.0
                              Health Training Package – General Health Services Delivery – Health Service Assistance
                                                         Unit HLTPAT1A Receive and prepare pathology specimens



ELEMENT                               PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

3.    Despatch specimens              3.1     Specimens are checked to ensure they are
                                              appropriately secured for despatch
                                      3.2     Specimens are despatched to relevant department
                                              in accordance with organisational policies and
                                              procedures

4.    Collect, sort and deliver       4.1     Confidential reports are delivered within
      reports                                 acceptable timeframes




106                                                                        Australian National Training Authority
                                         Health Training Package HLT02 to be reviewed by January 2005 Version 1.0
Health Training Package – General Health Services Delivery – Health Service Assistance
Unit HLTPAT1A Receive and prepare pathology specimens




RANGE OF VARIABLES

Specimens may include:                                    Blood
                                                          Urine
                                                          Faeces
                                                          Swabs
                                                          Tissue samples
                                                          Body fluids
                                                          Smears
                                                          Sputum

Processing of specimens will                              Receipt
include:                                                  Checking
                                                          Verifying
                                                          Recording date and time of arrival

Equipment may include:                                    Computers
                                                          Printers
                                                          Centrifuge
                                                          Biohazard cabinet
                                                          Scanner
                                                          Laboratory equipment relevant to receipt and
                                                           preparation of specimens

Organisational policies and                               Safe use of equipment
procedures may relate to:                                 Use of personal protective equipment including
                                                           gloves, gowns, masks, goggles
                                                          Taking appropriate action when spills, biohazard
                                                           exposure or needlestick injuries occur
                                                          Infection control
                                                          Waste management
                                                          Safety and security of specimens for transport
                                                          Use of chemicals according to
                                                           manufacturer/organisation directions and material
                                                           data safety sheets
                                                          Guidelines for protection against needlestick
                                                           injuries
                                                          International aviation transport authority (IATA)
                                                           guidelines
 Australian National Training Authority                                                                       107
Health Training Package HLT02 to be reviewed by January 2005 Version 1.0
                           Health Training Package – General Health Services Delivery – Health Service Assistance
                                                      Unit HLTPAT1A Receive and prepare pathology specimens



RANGE OF VARIABLES


                                          Following appropriate laboratory manuals for
                                           safety, procedural, quality, registration
                                          Notification of infectious tests
                                          Maintaining equipment includes maintenance of
                                           centrifuge and all other in-house equipment

Documentation refers to the               Request forms
following, which must comply              Specimens
with legal requirements:
                                          Labels
                                          Bar-coding
                                          Database




108                                                                      Australian National Training Authority
                                       Health Training Package HLT02 to be reviewed by January 2005 Version 1.0
Health Training Package – General Health Services Delivery – Health Service Assistance
Unit HLTPAT1A Receive and prepare pathology specimens




EVIDENCE GUIDE

Critical aspects of assessment                            Receive and process correctly a range of samples
must include:                                              for pathology testing
                                                          Comply with relevant policies, protocols,
                                                           guidelines and procedures of the organisation
                                                          Effectively communicate with internal and
                                                           external customers
                                                          Maintenance of specimen integrity
                                                          Correct documentation procedures for receipt and
                                                           preparation of specimens

Relationship with other units:                            This unit can be delivered and assessed
                                                           independently, however holistic assessment
                                                           practice with other pathology units of competency
                                                           is encouraged.

Essential knowledge required                              Laboratory information processing procedures
includes:                                                 Medical terminology and chemical abbreviations
                                                           relevant to pathology
                                                          Departmental sub specialties
                                                          Pathology test requests
                                                          National laboratory standards
                                                          Identify blood tubes
                                                          Criteria for rejection of specimens
                                                          Pneumatic tube system
                                                          Bio-hazardous substances
                                                          Hospital environment
                                                          External customer locations
                                                          Laboratory policy and procedure manuals
                                                          Infection control manual
                                                          OHS manual
                                                          Relevant State and national legislation

Essential skills must include:                            Computer skills required to maintain database
                                                          Handling of hazardous chemicals
                                                          Using time management strategies to set priorities
                                                          Reading and writing skills - literacy competence
                                                           required to fulfill job roles in a safe manner and as
                                                           specified by the organisation. The level of skill
 Australian National Training Authority                                                                           109
Health Training Package HLT02 to be reviewed by January 2005 Version 1.0
                            Health Training Package – General Health Services Delivery – Health Service Assistance
                                                       Unit HLTPAT1A Receive and prepare pathology specimens



EVIDENCE GUIDE

                                            may range from the ability to understand symbols
                                            used in OHS signs, to reading workplace safety
                                            pamphlets or procedure manuals, to reading labels
                                            and handling chemicals. Literacy support
                                            available in the workplace may range from having
                                            access to support or assistance from
                                            expert/mentor/supervisor, to having no
                                            communication supports available. Literacy may
                                            be required in English or a community language.
                                           Oral communication skills and language
                                            competence required to fulfill job roles in a safe
                                            manner and as specified by the organisation.
                                            Assessors should look for skills in asking
                                            questions, providing clear information, listening to
                                            and understanding workplace instructions, and
                                            clarifying workplace instructions when necessary.
                                            Organisations may require competence in English
                                            or a community language, depending on client
                                            group.
                                           Numeracy skills may range from the ability to
                                            complete basic arithmetic calculations such as
                                            addition, subtraction, multiplication, division to
                                            recording numbers.
                                           Problem solving skills required included ability to
                                            use available resources

Resource implications                      Specimens
Resource requirements may                  Legislative guidelines
include:
                                           Area/division/guidelines
                                           Request forms
                                           Labels
                                           Database
                                           Equipment
                                           Laboratory policy and procedure manuals
                                           Infection control manual
                                           OHS manual
                                           Access to IATA course and accreditation

Method of assessment                       Observation of performance
Assessment may include:                    Oral questioning
                                           Computer-aided assessment
                                           Assesses portfolio, CV and documented evidence
110                                                                       Australian National Training Authority
                                        Health Training Package HLT02 to be reviewed by January 2005 Version 1.0
Health Training Package – General Health Services Delivery – Health Service Assistance
Unit HLTPAT1A Receive and prepare pathology specimens



EVIDENCE GUIDE

                                                           of work history
                                                          Authenticated evidence of relevant work
                                                           experience and/or formal/informal learning
                                                          Training register

Context of assessment:                            This unit is most appropriately assessed in the
                                                  workplace or in a simulated workplace and under the
                                                  normal range of workplace conditions. Assessment may
                                                  be conducted continuously to cover a variety of
                                                  situations.
                                                  A diversity of assessment tasks is essential for holistic
                                                  assessment.




 Australian National Training Authority                                                                      111
Health Training Package HLT02 to be reviewed by January 2005 Version 1.0
      Health Training Package – General Health Services Delivery – Health Service Assistance
                                 Unit HLTPAT1A Receive and prepare pathology specimens




112                                                Australian National Training Authority
                 Health Training Package HLT02 to be reviewed by January 2005 Version 1.0

								
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