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DSEID Annex Y App 1 _Danish environmental Protection and

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DSEID Annex Y App 1 _Danish environmental Protection and Powered By Docstoc
					                               NATO UNCLASSIFIED
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                                                                     APPENDIX 1 TO
                                                                  ANNEX YANKEE TO
                                                                      DSEID PART 1

                                                                         Total pages: 8


           DANISH ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND REGULATIONS


References:
STANAG 7141 RP (Ed.1) – Joint NATO Doctrine for Environmental Protection during
NATO Led Operations and Exercises
NATO Military Principles and Policies for Environmental Protection (MC 469)
MARPOL 73/78 IMO, Guidelines for the development of Shipboard Marine Pollution
Emergency Plans
Danish laws and regulations about Environmental Protection


1.   GENERAL. All environmental aspects are to be forwarded and commented by
ADMIRALDANFLEET to respective national authorities:

      a.     Local Council Environmental Leader/Administrator

      b.     Civil Aviation Administration

      c.     Agriculture Society

      d.     Forestry Society and Wreck Masters

      e.     Fisheries Society.


2.     ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS. Following restrictions apply during execution of
exercises in Danish areas:

      a.      Fishing Activity Areas. In ADMIRALDANFLEET AOR intensive fishery
      activity of various characters takes place. Following general information about
      this activity is available. However, it must be remembered that fishing activity
      amongst others is governed by a series of varying factors, which may result in
      untraditional activity in almost all areas without any kind of warning. The
      information concerning fishing activity is therefore to be regarded only as
      guidelines. The added chart is presenting areas of major fishing activity.
      Following remarks are referring to fishing activity chart.
      Information on limitation on ground nets is found in relevant charts.
      Additional information in Quote in Danish “FISKERIAARBOGEN” and
      “FISKERITIDENDE” (www.fiskeritidende.dk) Unquote.
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a.     Skagerrak.
       Remark 1:      Norwegian trawlers work north of this line.
       Remark 2:      Up to 150 cutters are trawling in this area.
       Remark 3:      Not relevant during exercises.
       Remark 4:      50-100 shrimp trawlers work in this area along the 200 meter
                      curve, throughout the year.
       Remark 5:      Intensive fishery activity throughout the year in the hatched
                      area incl. areas 2 and 3.

Fishery takes place with following type of vessels:

       (1)     Beam trawlers: Dragging trawl
       (2)     Common trawlers: Dragging trawl
       (3)     Danish seiner: Partly stationary, requires a lot of space.
       (4)     Gill-net vessels: Long moored nets marked with buoys.
       (5)     Hook fishery: Few vessels fishes with hooks. Hook fishery requires a
       lot of space. Hook lines are marked iaw. the International Rules at Sea.
       (6)     Purse seiner: Herring purse fishery takes place during the spring and
       a major part of the summer.

b.     Kattegat, the Sound and the Belts.
       Remark 6:    Intensive trawling takes place in the northern part of Kattegat
                    through out the year.
       Remark 7:    Lump sucker fishery with nets takes place from early FEB until
                    the end of APR. Gill-net fishery takes place throughout the
                    year.
       Remark 8:    Approx. 200 trawlers work during the winter months in the
                    southern part of Kattegat.
       Remark 9:    Up to 40 trawlers work throughout the year in this area.
       Remark 10: Fishery with moored nets throughout the year takes place at
                    Wulfs Flag and Mejlgrund.
       Remark 11: Up to 10 vessels with herring nets work in this area throughout
                    the year.
       Remark 12: Up to. 20 trawlers work in this area from NOV to APR. During
                    DEC to MAR the activity in this area increases to approx. 40
                    trawlers and 15 fishery boats with nets.
       Remark 13: Fishery with moored nets takes place from mid FEB to APR.




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c.   Baltic Sea.
     Remark 16:    Fishery with moored and drifting nets takes place from APR to
                   NOV. The net depth below the surface is 1-2 feet.
     Remark 17:    Trawlers work in the area around Bornholm throughout the
                   year.
     Remark 18:    From mid SEP until the end of FEB, sections of drifting salmon
                   nets are placed in the area around Bornholm from noon to
                   sunrise the following day. The net sections are marked in both
                   ends with radar reflecting buoys. In between these buoys, the
                   nets are marked with light reflecting floats. Length of each
                   section is approx. 0.5 NM. Up to 35 sections can be placed in
                   a straight line with a narrow passage between the adjacent
                   sections. The sections will often form a rather irregular pattern
                   due to the influence of wind and current. It is therefore advised
                   that vessels, if possible, stay clear of areas where these nets
                   are used.
     Remark 19:    Ground nets up to 2 NM off the coast throughout the year.
     Remark 20:    Intensive Gill net fishery throughout the year.
     Remark 21:    Intensive trawler fishery in this area throughout the year.




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3.   GUIDANCE FOR USERS OF IN-SERVICE ACTIVE SONAR’S TO MITIGATE
AGAINST MARINE MAMMAL DISTURBANCE:

IOT preserve and protect the habitats of several species, units operating and/or exercising
within Danish TTW are to pay special attention when within the special protection areas
depicted below.
The guiding principle for the use of active sonar should be “Plan, Look, Listen, Act”. This is a
process which guides other environmental planning such as existing Environmental Impact
Assessments (EIA). It also underlines the awareness philosophy which underpins the principles
of environmental compliance.
In addition, 3 key principles, in terms of the use of in-service sonar, are established:’

       a.      Awareness. Key to this issue is developing an awareness of emerging
       responsibilities for mammals and action necessary to minimise potential damaging
       effects whilst maintaining OC. This concept is ship/ aircraft wide, not just those
       personnel directly involved in ASW.

       b.      Planning. When planning active sonar operations, every effort should be made
       to take into account the factors which may have a potentially damaging environmental
       effect and ensure that mitigation measures are pre-planned where possible.

       c.      Execution. Where there is clear evidence of mammal activity in close proximity
       to the ship or aircraft, and where it is safe to do so, then action should be taken to
       minimise potential disturbance.




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   Special Protection Areas

                                            proposede
                                            d
                                            existing

                                            Subject
                                            forenlarge
                                            ment




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4.     MARPOL. According to the MARPOL convention article 3 application (3) and the
Danish law regarding protection of the sea (“Havmiljøloven”) chapter 1 § 2 (2) the rules in
the convention / law do not apply to warships, auxiliary ships or other ships owned or
operated by a state and not used in commercial service. However, such ships are
expected to follow the rules in the convention as far as possible taken in to consideration
the operations these ships are involved in.
As the exercise takes place inside a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) as defined in
MARPOL the following rules comply with the special restrictions in force within Special
Areas. The expression “land” means The Base Line from which the Territorial Sea is
established. The following rules are the ones in force according to MARPOL and in
addition the rules in force in Danish Territorial Waters and EEZ according to Danish Law
are added. Other rules and restrictions might be in force within the EEZ and Territorial sea
of other countries in the Baltic and the North Sea.

       a.     Any disposal of garbage into the sea (e.g. glass, rags, packing materials,
       metal, plastic and donnage) is prohibited (ref. MARPOL Regulation 5, 2 (a),(b).
       (Havmiljøloven) chapter 7 § 21.

       b.     Any discharge of food waste is prohibited closer than 12 nautical miles from
       land (ref. MARPOL Annex V Regulation 5, 2 (b) Havmiljøloven chapter 7 § 22 ).

       c.     Sewage from ships of 400 gross tonnage and above or ships certified to
       carry more than 15 persons which has been comminuted and disinfected can be
       discharged into the sea more than 3 nautical miles from land (ref. MARPOL Annex
       IV Regulation 11.1). In Danish waters sewage from any ship no matter the size
       which has been comminuted and disinfected can be discharged into the sea more
       than 4 nautical miles from land (ref. Havmiljøloven chapter 6 § 20 (1),(2)) if this can
       be done without visible trace on the surface .

       d.      Sewage can be discharged into the sea more than 12 nautical miles from
       land. If the sewage comes from a holding tank it can only be discharged if the ship
       is “en route” and the speed is more than 4 knots (ref. MARPOL Annex V regulation
       11.1. Havmiljøloven chapter 6 § 20 (3)).

       e.     All discharge of oil into the sea is prohibited. Oily mixture is considered clean
       water if the oil contend is less than 15ppm (the water has been led out through a
       15ppm separator). For tankers no discharge of tank cleaning water or oil residues
       from the cargo is allowed.


5.     POINT OF CONTACT. Point Of Contact For Environmental Issues Is As Follow:

       ADMIRAL DANISH FLEET HEAD QUARTERS: +45 8943 309
       Ask For The Duty Officer.


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