TOP 10 TYPES OF
AND THEIR GRAPES
Which grapes make the various white wine
types, where are they grown, and what are
The flavor, characteristics, and
types of white wine can vary
widely and is largely dependent
upon the white grape variety
used in its making.
The Most Widely-Used
White Wine Grapes
The most widely used type of white wine grape and is easily
considered to be “Queen” of the white grapes.
The Chardonnay grapevine can grow under a
variety of conditions, which means that it is
grown in many wine producing regions.
2. Chenin Blanc
An acidic grape that is used best in making sweet, aged wines as is
done in the Anjou Valley of France.
Known as “Steen” in South Africa; other
names for it are Pinot Blanco or White Pinot.
Originated thousands of years ago in France’s
Loire Valley and continues to be cultivated there
today. Plants are also grown in California (used
in jug wines), Mexico, Argentina, South Africa,
Australia, and New Zealand.
Best described as one of the world’s most intensely flavored and aromatic
grapes creating wine that ranges in taste from spicy (Gewurztraminer
literally translated means spicy) and nutty to peachy and floral.
The grapes are usually used to make either a
very sweet wine or a very dry wine, both with
bold flavors and crisp acidity.
Primarily cultivated in Germany and
France’s Alsace region, but it is also grown
in Italy, Australia, Canada, and in New York
and California in the United States.
4. Pinot Grigio (aka Pinot Gris)
Typically produce a wine that is quite light-bodied with a lemon or
other citrus aroma and flavor, but its acidity varies by growing
The Pinot Grigio grape is cultivated extensively
in Northern Italy, Germany, Australia, and the
west coast regions of the United States, i.e.,
California, Oregon and Washington State.
In comparison to Chardonnay types of
white wine, a Pinot Grigio is significantly
Produce a fresh wine with hints of apples, apricots, and flowers and
mid- to high-acidity.
Riesling types of white wine are sometimes sweet dessert wines but they are just as often
crisp, dry and fruity wines from grapes that have been left to mature longer on the vine .
The Riesling grape is native to Germany where it
is used to make the classic sweet Rhine wine, but
it is also grown in nearly all wine regions.
6. Sauvignon Blanc (aka Fumé Blanc)
Typically produce a light, tangy wine with grassy, sour apple and
tropical fruit flavors having a crisp, light- to medium-acidity.
The Sauvignon Blanc grape is primarily
cultivated in France’s Bordeaux region where it
is blended with Semillon grapes. It’s also grown
in the Loire Valley of France, as well as in
California, Australia, and New Zealand.
Has a distinctly figgy, grassy flavor and it is rarely used in the making of a
stand-alone wine. The unripe grape is often blended with other grapes,
such as Sauvignon Blanc to help balance out the strong Semillon flavors.
Semillon is grown in the Bordeaux region
of France, as well as in Chile, Australia,
Argentina, and California.
Produces a complex, medium-body, low- to medium-acidity wine with
flavors and aromas that hint of apricots, peaches, and spice, but
without the floral aromas found in other types of white wine.
The Viognier grape originated in the Rhone
Valley of France and continues to thrive there
today. This varietal is also grown in California,
South America and Australia.
9. Moscato (aka Muscat and Muscatel)
An extremely grapey flavored grape that is used to make fruity,
sweet, dessert wines that carry a hint of musk. Its aroma is often that
of the grape itself.
The Moscato grape is grown in most grapevine
growing regions, including Italy, France (the
Rhone Valley), and Austria.
10. Pinot Blanc
A mutation of the Pinot Grigio grape that produces a very light wine.
It makes a white wine that is very similar in flavor to a Chardonnay.
The Pinot Blanc grape is cultivated in Alsace (Italy),
in Austria where it's referred to as Weissburgunder,
and in California where it is used to make sparkling
If you are looking for a lighter, refreshing
taste, go for the white wine!
Visit our site for more info on types of wines,
wine tasting, wine and food pairing…